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|SizeRank= 6th
 
|SizeRank= 6th
 
|Size= 427,810 (1,731 km²)
 
|Size= 427,810 (1,731 km²)
|CountyTown= {{wp|Dolgellau}}
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|CountyTown= [[Wikipedia:Dolgellau|Dolgellau]]
 
|ChapmanCode=MER
 
|ChapmanCode=MER
 
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'''Merionethshire''' ({{lang-cy|Meirionnydd, Sîr Feirionydd}}) is one of thirteen {{wp|traditional counties of Wales|historic counties}} of {{wp|Wales}}, and a former administrative county.
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'''Merionethshire''' ({{lang-cy|Meirionnydd, Sîr Feirionydd}}) is one of thirteen [[Wikipedia:traditional counties of Wales|historic counties]] of [[Wales|Wales]], and a former administrative county.
   
The administrative county of Merioneth, created under the {{wp|Local Government Act 1888}}, was abolished under the {{wp|Local Government Act 1972}} on {{wp|April 1}}, {{wp|1974}}. The bulk formed the {{wp|Meirionnydd}} district in the new county of {{wp|Gwynedd}}, with a small protusion in the north-east (the {{wp|Edeyrnion Rural District}}) becoming part of the {{wp|Glyndŵr}} district of {{wp|Clwyd}}. Since {{wp|Local Government (Wales) Act 1994}} came into force in 1996 the Glyndwr part now forms part of the principal area of {{wp|Denbighshire}}, with the rest remaining in Gwynedd.
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The administrative county of Merioneth, created under the [[Wikipedia:Local Government Act 1888|Local Government Act 1888]], was abolished under the [[Wikipedia:Local Government Act 1972|Local Government Act 1972]] on [[April 1]], [[1974]]. The bulk formed the [[Wikipedia:Meirionnydd|Meirionnydd]] district in the new county of [[Wikipedia:Gwynedd|Gwynedd]], with a small protusion in the north-east (the [[Wikipedia:Edeyrnion Rural District|Edeyrnion Rural District]]) becoming part of the [[Wikipedia:Glyndŵr|Glyndŵr]] district of [[Wikipedia:Clwyd|Clwyd]]. Since [[Wikipedia:Local Government (Wales) Act 1994|Local Government (Wales) Act 1994]] came into force in 1996 the Glyndwr part now forms part of the principal area of [[Denbighshire|Denbighshire]], with the rest remaining in Gwynedd.
   
 
==Geography==
 
==Geography==
Merionethshire is a maritime county, bounded to the north by [[Caernarfonshire]], to the east by [[Denbighshire]], to the south by [[Montgomeryshire]] and [[Cardiganshire]], and to the west by {{wp|Cardigan Bay}}. Its total area is 1,731 km², and it is one of the more sparsely populated counties of the [[United Kingdom|UK]]. It is also one of the strongest {{wp|Welsh language|Welsh-speaking}} parts of [[Wales]]. The coastline consists alternately of cliffs and stretches of sand and the county generally is the most mountainous in Wales; a large part of the {{wp|Snowdonia National Park}} lies within it. The greatest heights are {{wp|Aran Fawddwy}} 905 m (2970 ft) and {{wp|Cadair Idris}} 893 m (2929 ft). The chief rivers are the {{wp|River Dwyryd|Dwyryd}}, the {{wp|Mawddach}} and the {{wp|Afon Dyfi|Dyfi}}. Waterfalls and small lakes are numerous, the largest being {{wp|Bala Lake}} (4 miles long and 1 mile broad).
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Merionethshire is a maritime county, bounded to the north by [[Caernarfonshire]], to the east by [[Denbighshire]], to the south by [[Montgomeryshire]] and [[Cardiganshire]], and to the west by [[Wikipedia:Cardigan Bay|Cardigan Bay]]. Its total area is 1,731 km², and it is one of the more sparsely populated counties of the [[United Kingdom|UK]]. It is also one of the strongest [[Wikipedia:Welsh language|Welsh-speaking]] parts of [[Wales]]. The coastline consists alternately of cliffs and stretches of sand and the county generally is the most mountainous in Wales; a large part of the [[Wikipedia:Snowdonia National Park|Snowdonia National Park]] lies within it. The greatest heights are [[Wikipedia:Aran Fawddwy|Aran Fawddwy]] 905 m (2970 ft) and [[Wikipedia:Cadair Idris|Cadair Idris]] 893 m (2929 ft). The chief rivers are the [[Wikipedia:River Dwyryd|Dwyryd]], the [[Wikipedia:Mawddach|Mawddach]] and the [[Wikipedia:Afon Dyfi|Dyfi]]. Waterfalls and small lakes are numerous, the largest being [[Wikipedia:Bala Lake|Bala Lake]] (4 miles long and 1 mile broad).
   
The county was formed in [[1284]] under the terms of the {{wp|Statute of Rhuddlan}} from the ''{{wp|Cantref}}i'' of:
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The county was formed in [[1284]] under the terms of the [[Wikipedia:Statute of Rhuddlan|Statute of Rhuddlan]] from the ''[[Wikipedia:Cantref|Cantref]]i'' of:
   
* {{wp|Meirionnydd}}
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* [[Wikipedia:Meirionnydd|Meirionnydd]]
* {{wp|Dunoding}} (but only the larger {{wp|Ardudwy}} ''{{wp|commote}}'')
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* [[Wikipedia:Dunoding|Dunoding]] (but only the larger [[Wikipedia:Ardudwy|Ardudwy]] ''[[Wikipedia:commote|commote]]'')
* {{wp|Penllyn (cantref)|Penllyn}} and the ''Lordship'' of {{wp|Lordship of Dinmael|Dinmael}}
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* [[Wikipedia:Penllyn (cantref)|Penllyn]] and the ''Lordship'' of [[Wikipedia:Lordship of Dinmael|Dinmael]]
   
The main towns are {{wp|Bala, Gwynedd|Bala}}, {{wp|Barmouth}}, {{wp|Blaenau Ffestiniog}}, {{wp|Corwen}}, {{wp|Dolgellau}}, {{wp|Ffestiniog}} and {{wp|Tywyn}}. The main industries are agriculture and tourism.
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The main towns are [[Wikipedia:Bala, Gwynedd|Bala]], [[Wikipedia:Barmouth|Barmouth]], [[Wikipedia:Blaenau Ffestiniog|Blaenau Ffestiniog]], [[Wikipedia:Corwen|Corwen]], [[Wikipedia:Dolgellau|Dolgellau]], [[Wikipedia:Ffestiniog|Ffestiniog]] and [[Wikipedia:Tywyn|Tywyn]]. The main industries are agriculture and tourism.
   
Places of special interest ({{wp|British national grid reference system|grid reference}}): {{wp|Castell y Bere}} ({{gbmappingsmall|SH667085}}); Cymer Abbey ({{gbmappingsmall|SH721195}}); {{wp|Ffestiniog Railway}} ({{gbmappingsmall|SH6946}}); {{wp|Harlech Castle}} ({{gbmappingsmall|SH5731}}); {{wp|Portmeirion}} Italianate village ({{gbmappingsmall|SH589372}}); Rhug Chapel ({{gbmappingsmall|SJ063439}}); Tomen-y-mur Roman Fort ({{gbmappingsmall|SH7038}}).
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Places of special interest ([[Wikipedia:British national grid reference system|grid reference]]): [[Wikipedia:Castell y Bere|Castell y Bere]] ({{gbmappingsmall|SH667085}}); Cymer Abbey ({{gbmappingsmall|SH721195}}); [[Wikipedia:Ffestiniog Railway|Ffestiniog Railway]] ({{gbmappingsmall|SH6946}}); [[Wikipedia:Harlech Castle|Harlech Castle]] ({{gbmappingsmall|SH5731}}); [[Wikipedia:Portmeirion|Portmeirion]] Italianate village ({{gbmappingsmall|SH589372}}); Rhug Chapel ({{gbmappingsmall|SJ063439}}); Tomen-y-mur Roman Fort ({{gbmappingsmall|SH7038}}).
   
 
[[Image:Merioneth_arms.png|thumb|140px|left|The Arms of '''Merionethshire County Council''']]
 
[[Image:Merioneth_arms.png|thumb|140px|left|The Arms of '''Merionethshire County Council''']]

Revision as of 00:52, 29 June 2009

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Template:Infobox Wales historic county Merionethshire (Welsh: Meirionnydd, Sîr Feirionydd) is one of thirteen historic counties of Wales, and a former administrative county.

The administrative county of Merioneth, created under the Local Government Act 1888, was abolished under the Local Government Act 1972 on April 1, 1974. The bulk formed the Meirionnydd district in the new county of Gwynedd, with a small protusion in the north-east (the Edeyrnion Rural District) becoming part of the Glyndŵr district of Clwyd. Since Local Government (Wales) Act 1994 came into force in 1996 the Glyndwr part now forms part of the principal area of Denbighshire, with the rest remaining in Gwynedd.

Geography

Merionethshire is a maritime county, bounded to the north by Caernarfonshire, to the east by Denbighshire, to the south by Montgomeryshire and Cardiganshire, and to the west by Cardigan Bay. Its total area is 1,731 km², and it is one of the more sparsely populated counties of the UK. It is also one of the strongest Welsh-speaking parts of Wales. The coastline consists alternately of cliffs and stretches of sand and the county generally is the most mountainous in Wales; a large part of the Snowdonia National Park lies within it. The greatest heights are Aran Fawddwy 905 m (2970 ft) and Cadair Idris 893 m (2929 ft). The chief rivers are the Dwyryd, the Mawddach and the Dyfi. Waterfalls and small lakes are numerous, the largest being Bala Lake (4 miles long and 1 mile broad).

The county was formed in 1284 under the terms of the Statute of Rhuddlan from the Cantrefi of:

The main towns are Bala, Barmouth, Blaenau Ffestiniog, Corwen, Dolgellau, Ffestiniog and Tywyn. The main industries are agriculture and tourism.

Places of special interest (grid reference): Castell y Bere (SH667085); Cymer Abbey (SH721195); Ffestiniog Railway (SH6946); Harlech Castle (SH5731); Portmeirion Italianate village (SH589372); Rhug Chapel (SJ063439); Tomen-y-mur Roman Fort (SH7038).

The Arms of Merionethshire County Council


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Merionethshire. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.