|Merced County, California|
Location in the state of California
California's location in the U.S.
1,972 sq mi (5,107 km²)
1,929 sq mi (4,996 km²)
43 sq mi (111 km²), 2.19%
109/sq mi (42/km²)
Merced County (pronounced "Mer-SED"), is a county located in the Central Valley of the U.S. state of California, north of Fresno and southeast of San Jose. As of 2000 the population was 210,554. The county seat is Merced. The county is named after the Merced River.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Transportation infrastructure
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Politics
- 6 See also
- 7 External links
History[edit | edit source]
The county derives its name from the Merced River, or El Río de Nuestra Señora de la Merced (River of Our Lady of Mercy); named in 1806 by an expedition, headed by Gabriel Moraga, which came upon it at the end of a hot dusty ride.
Geography[edit | edit source]
Cities and towns[edit | edit source]
Cities over 10,000 population[edit | edit source]
Incorporated cities under 10,000 population[edit | edit source]
Unincorporated Communities[edit | edit source]
Adjacent counties[edit | edit source]
- San Benito County - southwest
- Santa Clara County - west
- Stanislaus County - north
- Mariposa County - east
- Madera County - southeast
- Fresno County - south
Transportation infrastructure[edit | edit source]
Major highways[edit | edit source]
- Interstate 5
- California State Route 33
- California State Route 59
- California State Route 99
- California State Route 140
- California State Route 152
- California State Route 165
Public transportation[edit | edit source]
- Merced County Transit, or "The Bus" provides local service in Merced as well as connecting service between most cities in Merced County.
- The University of California operates its own transit system, Cat Tracks. This system connects with Merced County Transit.
- Yosemite Area Regional Transportation System, or YARTS connects Merced with Yosemite National Park.
- Greyhound buses and Amtrak trains provide long distance intercity service.
Airports[edit | edit source]
Merced Municipal Airport, located just southwest of downtown Merced, has a few commercial passenger flights. General aviation airports in the county include Castle Airport, Gustine Airport, and Los Banos Municipal Airport.
Demographics[edit | edit source]
As of the census² of 2000, there were 210,554 people, 63,815 households, and 49,775 families residing in the county. The population density was 42/km² (109/sq mi). There were 68,373 housing units at an average density of 14/km² (36/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 56.21% White, 3.83% Black or African American, 1.19% Native American, 6.80% Asian, 0.19% Pacific Islander, 26.13% from other races, and 5.65% from two or more races. 45.34% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 55.1% spoke English, 35.3% Spanish, 3.2% Hmong, 2.9% Portuguese and 1.0% Panjabi as their first language.
There were 63,815 households out of which 45.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.8% were married couples living together, 14.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.0% were non-families. 17.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.25 and the average family size was 3.69.
In the county the population was spread out with 34.5% under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 27.9% from 25 to 44, 17.8% from 45 to 64, and 9.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females there were 99.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.6 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $35,532, and the median income for a family was $38,009. Males had a median income of $31,721 versus $23,911 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,257. About 16.9% of families and 21.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.4% of those under age 18 and 10.7% of those age 65 or over.
Politics[edit | edit source]
|2004||56.5% 32,773||42.3% 24,491||1.2% 696|
|2000||51.8% 26,102||45.1% 22,726||3.1% 1,590'|
|1996||44.4% 20,847||46.4% 21,786||9.2% 4,305|
|1992||36.5% 17,981||40.8% 20,133||22.7% 11,170|
|1988||51.2% 21,717||47.4% 20,105||1.4% 592|
|1984||58.8% 24,997||40.1% 17,012||1.1% 468|
|1980||48.8% 18,043||42.9% 15,886||8.3% 3,067|
|1976||46.1% 14,842||51.6% 16,637||2.3% 729|
|1972||54.3% 17,737||42.6% 13,914||3.1% 997|
|1968||40.9% 11,595||51.0% 14,453||8.1% 2,301|
|1964||31.2% 8,814||68.7% 19,431||0.1% 24|
|1960||43.4% 11,990||56.2% 15,545||0.4% 111|
Merced is part of California's 18th congressional district, which is held by Democrat Dennis Cardoza. In the state legislature Merced is in the 17th Assembly district, which is held by Democrat Cathleen Galgiani, and the 12th Senate district, which is held by Republican Jeff Denham.
See also[edit | edit source]
[edit | edit source]
|This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Merced County, California. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.|