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Mehedinți County
Județul Mehedinți
—  County   —

Coat of arms
Administrative map of Romania with Mehedinți county highlighted
Coordinates: 44°38′N 22°53′E / 44.63, 22.88Coordinates: 44°38′N 22°53′E / 44.63, 22.88
Country Romania
Development region Sud-Vest
Historical region Oltenia, Banat
Capital Drobeta-Turnu Severin
Area
 • Total 4,933 km2 (1,905 sq mi)
Area rank 30th
Population (2011)
 • Total 254,570
 • Rank 39th
 • Density 52/km2 (130/sq mi)
Telephone code (+40) 252 or (+40) 352[1]
ISO 3166 code RO-MH
Website County Council
Prefecture

Mehedinți is a county (judeţ) of Romania. It is mostly located in the historical province of Oltenia, with one municipality (Orșova) and three communes (Dubova, Eșelnița and Svinița) located in the Banat. The county seat is Drobeta-Turnu Severin.

Demographics[edit | edit source]

In 2002, it had a population of 306,732 and the population density was 62/km².

Year County population[3]
1948 304,788
1956 304,091
1966 310,021
1977 322,371
1992 332,673
2002 306,732

Geography[edit | edit source]

This county has a total area of 4,933 km².

In the North-West there are the Mehedinţi Mountains with heights up to 1500 m, part of the Western end of the Southern Carpathians.

The heights decrease towards the East, passing through the hills to a high plain - the Western end of the Romanian Plain.

In the South the Danube flows, forming a wide valley, with channels and ponds. Another important river is the Motru River in the East side, an affluent of the Jiu River. Also, in the West side there is the Cerna River forming a passage between the Oltenia region and the Banat region.

Neighbours[edit | edit source]

Economy[edit | edit source]

The energetic sector is highly developed in the county, on the Danube being two big hydro electrical power plants (Iron Gates I and Iron Gates II). Also in NE of Drobeta-Turnu Severin there is a heavy water complex (Romag Prod).

The predominant industries in the county are:

  • Chemical industry.
  • Food and beverages industry.
  • Textile industry.
  • Mechanical components industry.
  • Railway and ship equipments industry.
  • Wood and paper industry.

In the North, coal and copper are extracted.

The South is mainly agricultural, suited for growing cereals on large surfaces. Also vegetables are cultivated and there are important surfaces of wines and fruit orchards.

Tourism[edit | edit source]

The main touristical destinations are:

Administrative divisions[edit | edit source]

Mehedinţi County has 2 municipalities, 3 towns and 61 communes

References[edit | edit source]

  1. ^ The number used depends on the numbering system employed by the phone companies on the market.
  2. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populaţia după etnie"
  3. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populaţia la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992 şi 2002"

External links[edit | edit source]

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