is the 131st day of the year (132nd in May 10 leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 234 days remaining until the end of the year.
1291 - Scottish nobles recognize the authority of Edward I of England.
1497 - Amerigo Vespucci allegedly leaves Cádiz for his first voyage to the New World.
1503 - Christopher Columbus visits the Cayman Islands and names them after the numerous Las Tortugas sea turtles there.
1534 - Jacques Cartier visits Newfoundland.
1768 - John Wilkes is imprisoned for writing an article for the severely criticizing North Briton King George III. This action provokes rioting in London.
1774 - Louis XVI becomes King of France.
1775 - American Revolutionary War: Fort Ticonderoga is taken by a small force led by Ethan Allen and Colonel Benedict Arnold.
1775 - American Revolutionary War: Representatives from the 13 colonies of the United States meet in Philadelphia and raise the Continental Army to defend the new republic. They place it under command of George Washington of Virginia.
1796 - First Coalition: Napoleon I of France wins a decisive victory against Austrian forces at Lodi bridge over the River Adda in Italy. The Austrians lose some 2,000 men.
1801 - First Barbary War: The Barbary pirates of Tripoli declare war on the United States.
1824 - National Gallery in London opens to the public.
1837 - Panic of 1837: New York City banks fail, and unemployment reaches record levels.
1857 - Indian Mutiny: In India, the first war of Independence begins. Sepoys revolt against their commanding officers at Meerut.
1864 - American Civil War: Colonel Emory Upton leads a 10- regiment "Attack-in-depth" assault against the Confederate works at The Battle of Spotsylvania, which, though ultimately unsuccessful, would provide the idea for the massive assault against the Bloody Angle on May 12. Upton was wounded slightly but immediately is promoted to Brigadier general.
1865 - American Civil War: Jefferson Davis is captured by Union troops near Irwinville.
1865 - American Civil War: Union soldiers ambush and mortally wound Confederate raider William Quantrill in Kentucky, who lingers until his death on June 6.
1869 - The First Transcontinental Railroad, linking the eastern and western United States, is completed at Promontory Summit, Utah (not Promontory Point) with the golden spike.
1872 - Victoria Woodhull becomes the first woman nominated for President of the United States.
1877 - Romania declares itself independent from Turkey, following the Senate adoption of Mihail Kogălniceanu's Declaration of Independence. This act was recognized on March 26, 1881 after the end of the Romanian War of Independence.
1908 - Mother's Day is observed for the first time ( Andrew's Methodist Church in Grafton, USA).
1922 - The USA annexes the Kingman Reef.
1924 - J. Edgar Hoover is appointed the Director of the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation, and remains so until his death in 1972.
1926 - planes piloted by Major Harold Geiger and Horace Meek Hickam, students at the Air Corps Tactical School, collided in mid-air at Langley Field, Virginia. Hickam parachuted to safety.
1933 - Censorship: In Germany, the Nazis stage massive public book burnings.
1940 - World War II: The first German bombs of the war fall on England at Chilham and Petham, in Kent.
1940 - World War II: Germany invades Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg.
1940 - World War II: Winston Churchill is appointed Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
1940 - World War II: Invasion of Iceland by the United Kingdom.
1941 - World War II: The House of Commons in London is damaged by the Luftwaffe in an air raid.
1941 - World War II: Rudolf Hess parachutes into Scotland in order to try and negotiate a peace deal between the United Kingdom and Nazi Germany.
1942 - Thai Phayap Army invaded the Shan States during the Burma Campaign of World War II.
1954 - Bill Haley & His Comets release " Rock Around the Clock", the first rock and roll record to reach number one on the charts.
1960 - The nuclear submarine USS completes the first underwater circumnavigation of the Triton earth.
1969 - The Battle of Dong Ap Bia begins with an assault on Hill 937. It will ultimately become known as Hamburger Hill.
1970 - The Boston Bruins win their first Stanley Cup since 1941 when Bobby Orr makes an overtime winning goal followed by a leap in the air that would become one of the most famous photographs in ice hockey ("The Goal").
1979 - The Federated States of Micronesia becomes self-governing.
1981 - François Mitterrand takes office as the first Socialist President of France.
1988 - Michel Rocard becomes Prime Minister of France.
1993 - In Thailand, a fire at the Kader Toy Factory kills 188 workers, mostly young women.
1994 - Nelson Mandela is inaugurated as South Africa's first black president.
1996 - Excel Communications, Inc. becomes the youngest company ever to join the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE), trading under the symbol (ECI).
1996 - A "rogue storm" near the summit of Mount Everest kills eight climbers, making this the deadliest day in the mountain's history. Among the dead are experienced climbers Rob Hall and Scott Fischer, both of whom were leading paid expeditions to the summit.
1997 - Pope John Paul II visits Lebanon
2001 - In Ghana, a stampede at a football game kills over 120 spectators.
2002 - FBI agent Robert Hanssen is given a life sentence without the possibility of parole for selling United States secrets to Moscow for $1.4 million in cash and diamonds.
2003 - Record shattering tornado activity during the May 2003 Tornado Outbreak Sequence.
2005 - A hand grenade allegedly thrown by Vladimir Arutinian lands about 65 feet(20 meters) from United States President George W. Bush while he is giving a speech to a crowd in Tbilisi, Georgia, but malfunctions and does not detonate.
1265 - Emperor Fushimi of Japan (d. 1317)
1604 - Jean Mairet, French dramatist (d. 1686)
1641 - Dudley North, English economist (d. 1691)
1727 - Anne Robert Turgot, French statesman (d. 1781)
1746 - Gaspard Monge, French mathematician (d. 1818)
1760 - Johann Peter Hebel, German poet (d. 1826)
1760 - Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle, French composer ( La Marseillaise) (d. 1836)
1770 - Louis Nicolas Davout, French marshal (d. 1823)
1775 - Antoine Charles Louis Lasalle, French cavalry general (d. 1809)
1788 - Augustin-Jean Fresnel, French physicist (d. 1827)
1788 - Catherine Pavlovna of Russia, German queen (d. 1819)
1813 - Montgomery Blair, American politician (d. 1883)
1838 - John Wilkes Booth, American actor and assassin of Abraham Lincoln (d. 1865)
1840 - Hadzhi Dimitar, Bulgarian revolutionist (d. 1868)
1841 - James Gordon Bennett Jr., American publisher (d. 1918)
1843 - Benito Pérez Galdós, Spanish novelist (d. 1920)
1847 - Wilhelm Killing, German mathematician (d. 1923)
1866 - Léon Bakst, Russian artist (d. 1924)
1868 - Ed Barrow, American baseball manager (d. 1953)
1872 - Marcel Mauss, French sociologist (d. 1950)
1874 - Moses Schorr, Polish rabbi, senator, historian and orientalist (d. 1941)
1876 - Ivan Cankar, Slovenian writer (d. 1918)
1878 - Gustav Stresemann, Chancellor of Germany, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1929)
1879 - Symon Petlura, Ukrainian statesman (d. 1926)
1886 - Karl Barth, Swiss Protestant theologian (d. 1968)
1886 - Olaf Stapledon, British author and philosopher (d. 1950)
1886 - Felix Manalo, Founder and 1st Executive Minister of the Iglesia ni Cristo (d. 1963)
1887 - Mir Ghotbeddin Mohammad Angha, 40th Sufi master of the Oveyssi order (d. 1962)
1888 - Max Steiner, Austrian composer (d. 1971)
1889 - Mae Murray, American actress (d. 1965)
1890 - Alfred Jodl, German general (d. 1946)
1897 - Einar Gerhardsen, Prime minister of Norway (d. 1987)
1898 - Ariel Durant, American historian (d. 1981)
1899 - Fred Astaire, American dancer and actor (d. 1987)
1899 - Dimitri Tiomkin, Ukrainian-born composer (d. 1979)
1902 - Anatole Litvak, Ukrainian-born film director (d. 1974)
1902 - David O. Selznick, American film producer (d. 1965)
1903 - Otto Bradfisch, Nazi leader (d. 1994)
1905 - Markos Vamvakaris, Greek rebetiko musician and songwriter (d. 1972)
1909 - Maybelle Carter, American musician (d. 1978)
1911 - Bel Kaufman, American author
1915 - Denis Thatcher, British businessman and husband of Margaret Thatcher
1916 - Milton Babbitt, American composer
1923 - Heydar Aliyev, Ex-President and Leader of Azerbaijan Republic (d. 2003)
1926 - Hugo Banzer, Bolivian dictator (d. 2002)
1927 - Nayantara Sahgal, Indian author
1928 - Arnold Rüütel, Estonian president
1929 - Antonine Maillet, French Canadian novelist and playwright
1930 - Pat Summerall, American football player and broadcaster
1930 - Scott Muni, American radio DJ (d. 2004)
1933 - Barbara Taylor Bradford, English writer
1934 - Cliff Wilson, Welsh snooker player (d. 1994)
1934 - Jeanine Basinger, American film scholar
1935 - Larry Williams, American singer and songwriter (d. 1980)
1936 - Gary Owens, American actor and announcer
1937 - Tamara Press, Soviet athlete
1937 - Jim Hickman, American baseball player
1938 - Marina Vlady, French actress
1940 - Wayne A. Downing, retired United States Army general
1942 - Youssouf Sambo Bâ, Burkinabé politician
1943 - Richard Darman, American economist
1944 - Jim Abrahams, American film director
1944 - Maureen Lipman, English actress
1944 - Marie-France Pisier, French actress
1946 - Donovan, Scottish musician
1946 - Graham Gouldman, British musician and songwriter ( 10cc)
1946 - Dave Mason, English musician ( Traffic)
1947 - Caroline Cooney, American author
1947 - Jay Ferguson, American musician and composer
1952 - Kikki Danielsson, Swedish singer
1953 - John Diamond, English journalist (d. 2001)
1955 - Ashoka Jahnavi-Prasad scientist
1955 - Chris Berman, American sportscaster
1955 - Mark David Chapman, American assassin of John Lennon
1956 - Vladislav Listyev, Russian television anchor and journalist (d. 1995)
1957 - Sid Vicious, English bassist ( The Sex Pistols) (d. 1979)
1958 - Rick Santorum, U.S. Senator
1958 - Yu Suzuki, Japanese creator of Virtua Fighter series
1958 - Gaétan Boucher, Canadian speed skater
1959 - Danny Schayes, American basketball player
1960 - Bono, Irish singer ( U2)
1960 - Victoria Rowell, American actress
1961 - Danny Carey, American drummer ( Tool, Pigmy Love Circus)
1963 - Lisa Nowak, American astronaut
1965 - Linda Evangelista, Canadian supermodel
1965 - Darren Matthews, English professional wrestler
1966 - Jonathan Edwards, English athlete
1967 - Scott Brison, Canadian politician
1967 - Jon Ronson, British journalist and author
1967 - Young MC, American rapper
1968 - Erik Palladino, American actor
1969 - Dennis Bergkamp, Dutch footballer
1969 - John Scalzi, American writer
1970 - David Weir, Scottish footballer
1970 - Perry Blake, Irish singer/songwriter
1971 - Ådne Søndrål, Norwegian speed skater
1972 - Radosław Majdan, Polish footballer
1973 - Craig Mack, American rapper
1973 - Joshua Eagle, Australian tennis player
1973 - Aviv Geffen, Israeli singer/songwriter ( Blackfield)
1974 - Sylvain Wiltord, French footballer
1975 - Hélio Castroneves, Brazilian race car driver
1975 - Adam Deadmarsh, American ice hockey player
1976 - Stuart Braithwaite, Scottish musician ( Mogwai)
1976 - Rob Malda, American internet writer/editor ( Slashdot)
1976 - Udo Mechels, Belgian singer
1976 - Aggeliki Tsiolakoudi, Greek javelin thrower
1977 - Henri Camara, Senegalese footballer
1977 - Nick Heidfeld, German Formula 1 driver
1977 - Denise Ho, Hong Kong singer
1978 - Kenan Thompson, American actor
1979 - Lee Hyori, South Korean singer
1981 - Humberto Suazo, Chilean footballer
1982 - Adebayo Akinfenwa, English footballer
1982 - Katherine Bates, Australian cyclist
1982 - Jeremy Gable, American playwright
1982 - Daniel Harris, Australian rules footballer
1983 - Gustav Fridolin, Swedish politician
1984 - Edward Mujica, Venezuelan baseball player
1989 - Lindsey Shaw, American actress
1989 - Sam Mac, Australian radio and television personality
1993 - Mirai Shida, Japanese actress
2000 - Shyann McClure, American actress and model
1034 - Mieszko II of Poland (b. 990)
1290 - Duke Rudolph II of Austria (b. 1271)
1424 - Go-Kameyama, Emperor of Japan
1482 - Paolo dal Pozzo Toscanelli, Italian mathematician and astronomer (b. 1397)
1493 - Colin Campbell, Scottish politician
1521 - Sebastian Brant, Alsatian humanist (b. 1457)
1566 - Leonhart Fuchs, German botanist (b. 1501)
1641 - Johan Banér, Swedish soldier (b. 1596)
1657 - Gustaf Horn, Swedish soldier and politician (b. 1592)
1691 - Colonel John Birch, English soldier (b. 1615)
1696 - Jean de La Bruyère, French writer (b. 1645)
1717 - John Hathorne, American magistrate (b. 1641)
1726 - Charles Beauclerk, English soldier (b. 1670)
1733 - Barton Booth, English actor (b. 1681)
1737 - Nakamikado Emperor of Japan (b. 1702)
1774 - King Louis XV of France (b. 1710)
1787 - William Watson, English physician and scientist (b. 1715)
1792 - John Stevens, American delegate to the Continental Congress
1807 - Comte de Rochambeau, French soldier (b. 1725)
1818 - Paul Revere, American patriot (b. 1735)
1829 - Thomas Young, English physician and linguist (b. 1773)
1850 - Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac, French chemist and physicist (b. 1778)
1863 - Stonewall Jackson, American Confederate general (b. 1824)
1868 - Henry Bennett, American politician (b. 1808)
1889 - Mikhail Saltykov-Shchedrin, Russian satirist (b. 1826)
1897 - Andrés Bonifacio, Filipino revolutionary leader (b. 1863)
1904 - Andrei Ryabushkin, Russian painter (b. 1861)
1945 - Richard Glücks, German SS officer (b. 1889)
1950 - Belle da Costa Greene, librarian, bibliographer, archivist (b. 1883)
1955 - Tommy Burns, Canadian boxer (b. 1881)
1955 - John Radecki, Australian stained glass artist (b. 1865)
1960 - Yury Olesha, Russian novelist (b. 1899)
1963 - Gene "Big Daddy" Lipscomb, American football player (b. 1931)
1964 - Mikhail Larionov, Russian painter (b. 1881)
1967 - Lorenzo Bandini, Italian racing driver, (b. 1935)
1968 - Scotty Beckett, American child actor (b. 1929)
1976 - Elias Aslaksen, Leader of Smith's Friends (b. 1888)
1977 - Joan Crawford, American actress (b. 1905)
1982 - Peter Weiss, German writer and artist (b. 1916)
1988 - Shen Congwen, Chinese writer (b. 1902)
1989 - Woody Shaw, American jazz musician (b. 1944)
1990 - Walker Percy, American author (b. 1916)
1990 - Susan Oliver, American actress (b. 1922)
1992 - Sylvia Syms, American jazz singer (b. 1917)
1994 - John Wayne Gacy, American serial killer (executed) (b. 1942)
1999 - Shel Silverstein, American poet and composer (b. 1930)
2000 - Dédé Fortin, Quebec singer and songwriter ( Les Colocs) (b. 1962)
2000 - Jules Deschênes, Quebec superior court judge (b. 1923)
2001 - Deborah Walley, American actress (b. 1943)
2002 - Lynda Lyon Block, convicted murderer (b. 1948)
2002 - Yves Robert, French actor, screenwriter and director (b. 1920)
2003 - Milan Vukcevich, Yugoslavian chemist and chess problem composer (b. 1937)
2005 - David Wayne, American singer ( Metal Church) (b. 1958)
2006 - Raizo Matsuno, Japanese politician (b. 1917)
2006 - A. M. Rosenthal, American newspaper editor (b. 1922)
2006 - Soraya, Colombian-American singer (b. 1969)
2006 - Val Guest, British film director (b. 1911)
Holidays and observances Edit
Astronomy Day in the United States.
Birds' and Trees' Day in Hungary
Buddha's Birthday in Hong Kong, Macau, Taiwan, and South Korea.
Celebration of the Clandestine Retreat of Ma'at and Ra in Ancient Egypt.
Confederate Memorial Day in North Carolina and South Carolina.
Constitution Day in the Federated States of Micronesia.
Inauguration Day in South Africa.
Mania in Ancient Rome.
The marriage of Shiva to Meenakshi in Madurai, India
Mother's Day in much of South America, El Salvador, India, Mexico, Oman, Pakistan, and Qatar.
Native American Day among Indigenous North Americans.
Parent's Day in South Korea.
The first possible day on which Pentecost may fall.
The Ploughing Ceremony in Thailand.
Tin Hau's Day in China.
Start of Tori no Mawari/ Bird Week in Japan.
Tritopatores in Ancient Greece.
Liturgical feasts Edit
Saints in the Roman Catholic Church:
External links Edit
95 Familypedia people were born on May 10
103 Familypedia people died on May 10
95 Familypedia people were first married on May 10