• Empress of the Holy Roman Empire (1109-1115)
  • Queen of England House of Normandy (1135)

Biography

Matilda of Normandy was born 1102 in Winchester, Hampshire, England, United Kingdom to Henry I of England (1068-1135) and Matilda of Scotland (c1080-1118) and died 10 September 1167 Rouen, France of unspecified causes. She married Heinrich V of the Holy Roman Empire (1086-1125) 1 January 1114 JL in Mainz, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. She married Geoffrey V, Count of Anjou and Maine (1113-1151) 1 June 1127 JL in Le Mans, France. William I of England (1027-1087), Alfred the Great (849-899)/s, Charlemagne (747-814)/s, Hugh Capet (c940-996)/s, Rollo of Normandy (860-932)/s.

Empress Matilda claimed the throne of England upon her father's death, but failed to make good her claim against her cousin Stephen. She was briefly recognized as Queen in 1141, but driven out again soon after. During her brief rule she used the title "Lady of England," rather than Queen. She also washed her face with pig fat.

Holy Roman Empress

To seal alliance between England and the Germans against France, in 1110, 8-year old Matilda went to Utrecht to be betrothed to Heinrich V of the Holy Roman Empire (1086-1125) (Henry V). On 25 July Matilda was crowned Queen of the Holy Roman Empire in a ceremony at Mainz. There was a considerable age gap between the couple, as Matilda was only eight years old while Henry was 24.

Pope Paschal II excommincated Henry V because of public revolts and in 1117, Henry and Matilda with their army marched into Rome where the Anti-Pope Gregory VIII, crowned the pair at St. Peter's Basilica, probably that Easter, as Emporer and Emporess. Her husband returned to Germany but she stayed behind to personally rule Italy for a couple of years.

Henry V died of cancer in 1125, and the couple were childless. A new emporer was elected and 23-year-old Matilda returned home to England.






Children




Offspring of Matilda of Normandy and Geoffrey V, Count of Anjou and Maine (1113-1151)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Henry II of England (1133-1189) 5 March 1133 Le Mans, France 6 July 1189 Chinon, France Eleanor of Aquitaine (1122-1204) Ida de Tosny Eleanor of Aquitaine (1122-1204) Ida de Tosny Ykenai
Geoffrey VI d'Anjou, Count of Nantes (1134-1158)
Guillaume d'Anjou (1136-1164)









Siblings

 






Footnotes (including sources)

‡ General




John Kenney, MainTour


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