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Martin County, North Carolina
Map of North Carolina highlighting Martin County
Location in the state of North Carolina
Map of the U.S. highlighting North Carolina
North Carolina's location in the U.S.
Founded 1774
Seat Williamston
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

461 sq mi (1,194 km²)

0 sq mi (0 km²), 0.07%
 - (2000)
 - Density

54/sq mi (21/km²)

Martin County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. As of 2000, the population was 25,593. Its county seat is Williamston6.

History[edit | edit source]

The county was formed in 1774 from the southeastern part of Halifax County and the western part of Tyrrell County. It was named for Josiah Martin, the last royal governor of North Carolina (1771-1775). Whereas Dobbs County and Tryon County, named for Martin's predecessors Arthur Dobbs and William Tryon, were abolished after American independence, Martin County was neither abolished nor renamed, a fact which has been attributed to the popularity of Alexander Martin, twice governor of the state (1782-1784, 1789-1792).

Law and government[edit | edit source]

Martin County is a member of the Mid-East Commission regional council of governments.

Geography[edit | edit source]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,195 km² (461 sq mi). 1,194 km² (461 sq mi) of it is land and 1 km² (0 sq mi) of it (0.07%) is water.

Townships[edit | edit source]

The county is divided into ten townships: Bear Grass, Cross Roads, Goose Nest, Griffins, Hamilton, Jamesville, Poplar Point, Robersonville, Williams, and Williamston.

Adjacent Counties[edit | edit source]

Demographics[edit | edit source]

As of the census² of 2000, there were 25,593 people, 10,020 households, and 7,194 families residing in the county. The population density was 21/km² (56/sq mi). There were 10,930 housing units at an average density of 9/km² (24/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 52.54% White, 45.37% Black or African American, 0.29% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.90% from other races, and 0.63% from two or more races. 2.06% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 10,020 households out of which 31.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.30% were married couples living together, 17.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.20% were non-families. 25.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.50% under the age of 18, 7.50% from 18 to 24, 26.80% from 25 to 44, 25.00% from 45 to 64, and 15.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 86.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $28,793, and the median income for a family was $35,428. Males had a median income of $29,818 versus $19,167 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,102. About 16.30% of families and 20.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.50% of those under age 18 and 25.70% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns[edit | edit source]

Map of Martin County, North Carolina With Municipal and Township Labels

Coordinates: 35°50′N 77°06′W / 35.84, -77.10

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