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Martin County, Florida
Seal of Martin County, Florida
Map of Florida highlighting Martin County
Location in the state of Florida
Map of the U.S. highlighting Florida
Florida's location in the U.S.
Founded May 30, 1925
Named for John W. Martin
Seat Stuart
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

752.79 sq mi (1,950 km²)
555.62 sq mi (1,439 km²)
197.18 sq mi (511 km²), 26.19%
 - (2010)
 - Density

263/sq mi (101.68/km²)

The new Roosevelt Bridge

The Gazebo on the grounds of the new courthouse complex

The Old Martin County Courthouse, built in 1937

Golden Gate Building, built in 1925

Martin County is a county in the U.S. state of Florida. As of 2000, the population was 126,731. The U.S. Census Bureau 2008 estimate for the county is 138,660.[1] Its county seat is Stuart, Florida.

History[edit | edit source]

Martin County was created in 1925 with the northern portion coming from St. Lucie County and southern portion coming from Palm Beach County. It was named for John W. Martin, Governor of Florida from 1925 to 1929.

Geography[edit | edit source]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 752.79 square miles (1,949.7 km2), of which 555.62 square miles (1,439.0 km2) (or 73.81%) is land and 197.18 square miles (510.7 km2) (or 26.19%) is water, much of it in the Atlantic Ocean and Lake Okeechobee.[2]

Martin County is part of the Port St. Lucie Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Major highways[edit | edit source]

Adjacent counties[edit | edit source]

National protected area[edit | edit source]

Demographics[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1930 5,111
1940 6,295 23.2%
1950 7,807 24.0%
1960 16,932 116.9%
1970 28,035 65.6%
1980 64,014 128.3%
1990 100,900 57.6%
2000 126,731 25.6%
2010 146,318 15.5%

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 126,731 people, 55,288 households, and 36,213 families residing in the county. The population density was 228 per square mile (88 /km2). There were 65,471 housing units at an average density of 118 per square mile (46 /km2). The racial makeup of the county was 89.88% White, 5.27% Black or African American, 0.30% Native American, 0.60% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 2.72% from other races, and 1.14% from two or more races. 7.50% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

In 2000 there were 55,288 households out of which 21.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.00% were married couples living together, 7.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.50% were non-families. 29.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.71.

In the county the population was spread out with 18.60% under the age of 18, 5.30% from 18 to 24, 22.90% from 25 to 44, 24.90% from 45 to 64, and 28.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47 years. For every 100 females there were 96.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $43,083, and the median income for a family was $53,244. Males had a median income of $36,133 versus $27,000 for females. The per capita income for the county was $29,584. About 5.60% of families and 8.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.80% of those under age 18 and 5.20% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit | edit source]

Martin County is a non-chartered county and its form of government is prescribed by the Florida Constitution and Florida Statutes, as follows:

Board of County Commissioners[edit | edit source]

Tabebuia off Savanna Road in Jensen Beach. April 2010. Typical of such trees blooming throughout Martin county in the spring

The Board of County Commissioners is the legislative body of the county and has charge of all county executive and administrative functions, except those assigned by the Constitution to independent county officers or to the independent school district. The board also has some quasi-judicial functions. Some of functions exercised by the board are county-wide, while others are applicable only in the unincorporated areas of the county, where the board has many of the functions of a municipality. The county commissioners are elected by county-wide vote, but each one represents a specific district. The board appoints the county administrator who is responsible to it for the day-to-day operations of the county government. The current county commissioners by district number are:

  • 1. Doug Smith, Chair
  • 2. Ed Fielding
  • 3. Patrick Hayes
  • 4. Sarah Heard
  • 5. Ed Ciampi, Vice Chair

Constitutional Officers[edit | edit source]

The elected Constitutional Officers are:

  • Clerk (Clerk of Courts, County Clerk, etc.): Marsha Ewing
  • Property Appraiser: Laurel Kelly
  • Sheriff: Robert Crowder
  • Supervisor of Elections: Vicki Davis
  • Tax Collector: Ruth Pietruszewski

School District[edit | edit source]

The independent Martin County School District has an elected Superintendent of Schools and elected School Board, as follows:

  • The Superintendent, Nancy Kline (R), is the chief administrator of the district.
  • The School Board is the legislative body of the district and also exercises quasi-judicial powers. School Board members are elected county wide but each one represents a specific district. The current board members by district are:
    • 1. Lorie Shekailo
    • 2. Sue Hershey
    • 3. Laurie Gaylord, Chair
    • 4. Maura Barry-Sorenson
    • 5. Dr. David Anderson

Cities, towns and other places[edit | edit source]

Downtown Stuart, in the heart of the county seat

Incorporated[edit | edit source]

  1. Town of Jupiter Island
  2. Town of Ocean Breeze Park
  3. Town of Sewall's Point
  4. City of Stuart

Unincorporated[edit | edit source]

Sunset from the intracoastal waterway at Hobe Sound

Attractions[edit | edit source]

Florida panther at Possum Long, September, 1992

Historic areas[edit | edit source]

On the National Register of Historic Places:

Other historic areas listed in 1989 by the Florida Chapter of the American Institute of Architects:[7]

  • All Saints Episcopal Church, Waveland (Jensen Beach, Florida), 2377 N.E. Patrician Street, 1898,
  • Bay Tree Lodge (Kiplinger House), 143 S. River Road (originally 104 S. Sewall's Point Road), Sewall's Point, 1909
  • Dudley-Bessey House, 110 S.W. Atlanta Avenue, Stuart, 1909
  • Dyer Homestead, 1006 S.W. St. Lucie Crescent, Stuart, 1904
  • Feroe Building, 73 S.W. Flagler Avenue, corner of St. Lucie, Stuart, 1913
  • France Apartments, 524 St. Lucie Crescent, Stuart, 1927
  • Golden Gate Building, 3225 S.E. Dixie Highway in Golden Gate south of Stuart, 1925
  • Kitching House, 210 S.W. Atlanta Avenue, Stuart, 1894
  • Stuart Feed Store, 101 S.W. Flagler Avenue, Stuart, 1905
  • Sunrise Inn, S.E. Old St. Lucie Boulevard, Port Sewall. ca. 1925 (demolished)
  • John E. Taylor House, 204 S.E. Atlanta Avenue, Stuart, 1914

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

External links[edit | edit source]

View of St. Lucie River and Stuart from Sewall's Point

View of St. Lucie Inlet and Sailfish Point

St. Lucie Locks and Dam

Governmental[edit | edit source]

Non-governmental[edit | edit source]

Coordinates: 27°05′N 80°24′W / 27.08, -80.40

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