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During the eight years of this war a total of 375 Marlborough men were in service, amounting to 25% of the population of the Town. This is remarkable as the scenes of action shifted more and more to the south as the war progressed. These men, of course, were not in service all at the same time, but, when the war ended at least 75% of the male population were veterans. Fortunately, however, the casualties were small.

For more information see Massachusetts Colonial Militia in the Revolutionary War.

Battles of Lexington and Concord[]

Sometime near midnight of 18/19 April 1775, express riders arrived into Marlborough with news of a British column on the march inland. Their most likely errand would be to sieze weapon stores. The Massachusetts militia had two large weapon stores, one at Lexington and the other at Cambridge.

The Marlborough militiamen (some 190 from list of four companies below) assembled quickly and marched to Cambridge. This would have placed them on the route to intercept British soldiers on their long retreat back to Boston late in the day of 19 April 1775. It is reasonable to assume that many of this men here had saw some form of action that day.

Additionally many of the men here probably stuck around to participate in the Siege of Boston which started immediately afterwards. (19 Apr 1775 - 17 Mar 1776)

The Massachusetts Line[]

Immediately after the Battles of Lexington and Concord, many of these minutemen, plus a great deal more, immediately became involved with Siege of Boston (1775-1776). Many were recruited into Read's Regiment led by Colonel Joseph Read, it was first designated the 6th Massachusetts Regiment and then renamed as the 13th Continental Regiment.

After Boston, Colonel Read rushed this unit with Gen. Washington down to New York City (summer of 1776) to intercept the British invasion there and participated in the Famous Battles of Trenton and Princeton before disbanding at the end of 1776.

In 1777, many of these men would continue to serve the war effort in either the 4th Middlesex County Militia Regiment or the 6th Middlesex County Militia Regiment (led by Col Jonathan Reed) which participated in the Battle of Saratoga in upper New York.


Noteworthy Men in the Service[]

The following Marlborough men were in the service during the war:

  1. Barnes, Asa (1756-1812) - a private in Capt. Silas Gates' Co., Ward's regiment, 1775. He was born in Marlboro.
  2. Barnes, Daniel, Capt (1736-1813) - Capt of company of Minute men who marched 19 Apr 1775, but arrived after skirmish was over. Commissioned Captain 25 May 1775, served in 15th regiment.
  3. Barnes, John (1763-1834) - was placed on the pension roll of Orange Co., Vt., 1818, for service of private # Brigham, Henry (1752-1829) - turned out as sergeant on the 1775 Lexington Alarm in Capt. William Brigham's company, Colonel Ward's regiment. He was born in Marlboro; He died in Barre.
  4. Brigham, Uriah, Lt. (1727-1782) -
  5. Brigham, William, Capt (1735-1793) - Captain William Brigham was the commanding officer of one of four companies listed in the Marlborough 1775 Minuteman Roster that marched on the alarm of 19 April 1775.
  6. Rice, Jabez (1728-1809) was a minute man from Marlboro at the Lexington Alarm under Capt. Daniel Barnes. Later was a private in Capt. Robert's company, 15th Massachusetts battalion under Col. Timothy Bigelow. He was born in Shrewsbury; died in Marlboro, Mass.
  7. Ward, Artemas, Gen. (1727-1800) - The Continental Army at Boston was under command of General Artemus Ward of Shrewsbury MA (and the same of Marlborough parents), until July 3, 1775 when he was succeeded, by order of the Continental Congress, by George Washington (1732-1799). On July 2nd, Washington stopped at the Williams Tavern in Marlborough, being escorted by an honor guard of prominent citizens of this and adjoining towns, and he then proceeded through Marlborough along the Post Road, accompanied by a military delegation from the Boston battle front to Cambridge where he took over Gen. Ward’s command. The 1775 minuteman companies are frequently listed as part of Ward's Regiment.
  1. Aaron Ames (1759-1824)
  2. Joel Babbett
  3. Silas Baker
  4. Benjamin Bartlett
  5. Abraham Beaman
  6. Joel Beaman
  7. Richard Bradford
  8. George Brigham (1730-1808)
  9. Alexander Church
  10. Jonathan Crosby
  11. John Dexter (1735-1800)
  12. Zerubbabel Eager
  13. Samuel Gates
  14. William Goodall
  15. Pomeroy Grove
  16. Joel Hager
  17. Robert Horn
  18. Abraham Howe
  19. Luke Howe
  20. Samuel Hudson
  21. David Hunter
  22. Samuel Kelley
  23. Edward Knapp
  24. Jonathan Lamb
  25. William Loring
  26. Samuel McNale
  27. Francis Mensurve
  28. Francis Morse
  29. Joseph Newton
  30. Aaron Nurse
  31. Roger Phelps (1760-1832)
  32. Joseph Pulling
  33. Ashbel Rice
  34. Gershom Rice
  35. Joseph Robbins
  36. John Stow
  37. David Sale
  38. William Shield
  39. Robert Scott
  40. Samuel Spofford
  41. Peter Stevenson
  42. Quartus Stow (1755-1798)
  43. David Walt
  44. Samuel Ward
  45. Joseph Waters - a Scotch Highlander in the English Service, was captured by the Americans, came to Marlborough and then enlisted into the American Service and served in many campaigns of the war. He later settled in Marlborough and lived to an old age.
  46. Alexander Watson
  47. William Weeks (1762-1810)
  48. Fortunatus Wheeler
  49. Asa Witt
  50. John Wiggins
  51. Joseph Williams
  52. Morse Williams
  53. Thomas Williams
  54. John Wyman (1745-1813)
  55. Jonathan Wyman
  56. Samuel Wyman
  57. Samuel Willard


Marlborough 1775 Minuteman Rosters[]

From the book History of Middlesex County - Vol III, page 822-823 by Duane Hamilton Hurd: On 19 April 1775, news reached Marlborough that the British Army had left Boston and were marching to sieze rebel arms at Concord. Within a few hours, four companies of Marlborough men, consisting of 190 men, were marching to battle.

In 1774, three companies of “Minutemen” were organized in Marlborough under Captain Cyprian Howe, William Brigham and Daniel Barnes, representing (roughly) the east, west and central parts of the To9wn respectively, and each, seemingly, based on a separate tavern. At the first intelligence of bloodshed at Lexington and Concord as of the morning of April 19, 1775, these companies assembled and marched for the scene of action, probably to Watertown MA to prevent any of the English army moving out on the Post Road.

According to the army payrolls some of these men were away but a few days and some for as long as forty days, in their original companies. They then were reorganized and many served throughout the siege of Boston which was lifted March 16, 1776, and which ended British occupation in Massachusetts.

Roll of Captain Howe's Company[]

They marched to Cambridge on 19 April 1775, absent from home 16 days.

  1. Cyprian Howe (1726-1790), Captain
  2. Amasa Cranston, Lieutenant, later led expedition to Claverack, in 1780. But other records show he died in 1777?
  3. Uriah Eager (1700-1780), Ensign
  4. Solomon Bowers, Sergeant
  5. Robert Hunter, Sergeant
  6. William Hager
  7. Matthias Moseman
  8. Josiah Wilkins (1717-1783)
  9. Jeduthan Alexander
  10. John Baker
  11. Joseph Baker
  12. Joel Barnard (1732-1775)
  13. Asa Barnes (1756-1812)
  14. Silas Barnes
  15. Joel Brigham (1714-1797)
  16. William Brown
  17. James Bruce
  18. Nathaniel Bruce
  19. Timothy Bruce
  20. Jabez Bush
  21. Timothy Darling
  22. Abner Dunton
  23. Aaron Eager
  24. Ebenezer Eames
  25. Abner Goodale (1755-1823)
  26. Thomas Goodale
  27. Luke Hager
  28. Nebediah Howe
  29. Peter Howe (1756-1842) - later settled in Vermont, then Ohio.
  30. David Hunter
  31. Frances James
  32. Ephraim Maynard (1745-1826)
  33. Simon Maynard
  34. Joseph Miller
  35. Alpheus Morse
  36. Adonijah Newton
  37. James Priest
  38. Jacob Priest (1757-1824)
  39. Jabez Rice (1728-1809) - ??? Documented for Barnes Company only.
  40. Thaddeus Shattuck
  41. William Speakman
  42. Hiram Stow
  43. Jonathan Temple (1735-1813)
  44. Frederick Walcott
  45. Amos Walt
  46. Forunatus Wheeler
  47. Abraham Whitney

Roll of Captain Brigham's Company[]

They marched to Cambridge on 19 April 1775, saw service of 10-30 days.

  1. William Brigham (1735-1793), Captain
  2. Silas Gates (1727-1793), 1st Lieutenant
  3. Ithamar Brigham, 2nd Lieutenant
  4. Brigham, Henry (1752-1829) - turned out as sergeant on the 1775 Lexington Alarm in Capt. William Brigham's company, Colonel Ward's regiment. He was born in Marlboro; He died in Barre.
  5. Noah Beaman, Sergeant
  6. Joseph Brigham, Sergeant
  7. Lewis Brigham (1756-1803), Corporal
  8. Ichabod Jones, Corporal
  9. Josiah Priest, Corporal
  10. Thomas Rice (1747-1840), Corporal
  11. Ephraim Ward, Corporal
  12. James Ball (1754-1834)
  13. John Bagley
  14. Timothy Baker
  15. Jonathan Barnes, Jr
  16. Abraham Beaman
  17. Jabez Bent
  18. Abraham Brigham
  19. George Brigham (1730-1808)
  20. Gershom Brigham (1749-1817)
  21. Lovewell Brigham
  22. Silas Carly
  23. Alexander Church
  24. Samuel Eames
  25. Ezekiel Gilsby
  26. Ithamar Goodnow
  27. Frederick Goodsew
  28. Oliver Hale
  29. Robert Horn
  30. Ephraim Howe
  31. Luke Howe
  32. Phineas Howe (1739-1832) - Served until 1777 in Reed's Regiment
  33. Reuben Howe
  34. Samuel Howe (1756-1842)
  35. Simon Howe (1722-1806)
  36. Thomas Joslie
  37. William Loring
  38. Isaac Morse
  39. Jonah Newton
  40. Abijah Perry
  41. Gershom Rice, Jr
  42. Jabez Rice (1728-1809) - ??? Documented for Barnes Company only.
  43. Willard Rice
  44. Redist Stewart
  45. Samuel Ward, Jr
  46. Ephraim Wilder
  47. Moses Williams, Jr
  48. Reuben Wyman

Roll of Captain Barne's Company[]

They marched to Cambridge on 19 April 1775, saw service 10-40 days.

  1. Daniel Barnes (1736-1813) - Capt of company of Minute men who marched 19 Apr 1775, but arrived after skirmish was over. Commissioned Captain 25 May 1775, served in 15th regiment.
  2. William Morse (1738-1802) - first lieutenant
  3. Paul Brigham (1732-1777) ??? - second lieutenant
  4. Ephraim Baker - sergeant
  5. John Loring - sergeant
  6. Antipas Brigham (1740-1791) - corporal
  7. Jedediah Taister - corporal
  8. Robert Ames (1738-1821)
  9. John Baker
  10. Nathan Baker
  11. Moses Barnes (1740-1781)
  12. Obadiah Barre
  13. Ivory Bigelow (1741-1804) -
  14. James Bowers
  15. Benjamin Boyd
  16. Jonathan Brigham (1754-1848)
  17. Peter Bent (1702-1798) ???
  18. Jonas Darling
  19. Levi Fay
  20. Stephen Felton (1752-1827)
  21. Abraham Gould
  22. Dudley Hardy
  23. John Harrington (1743-1824)
  24. Klizer Holyoke
  25. Benjamin Howe
  26. Thaddeus Howe
  27. John Lamb
  28. Elihu Maynard
  29. Hezekiah Maynard (1742-1824)
  30. Francis Morse
  31. Nahum Newton
  32. Isaac Sherman
  33. Stephen Phelps
  34. Daniel Rice
  35. Jabez Rice (1728-1809) - Later was a private in Capt. Robert's company, 15th Massachusetts battalion under Col. Timothy Bigelow. He was born in Shrewsbury; died in Marlboro, Mass.
  36. John Rice
  37. John Rice Jr
  38. William Rice (1755-1815)
  39. Daniel Robbins
  40. Moses Roberts
  41. Nathaniel Prentice Russell (1744-1812)
  42. Oliver Russell (1753-1820)
  43. Robert Saintclair
  44. Benjamin Stevens
  45. Daniel Stevens (1727-)
  46. Ephriam Stow
  47. Heman Stow
  48. Francis Walkup (1754-1831)
  49. Jonathan Weeks
  50. Aaron Wheeler
  51. William Williams
  52. Asa Witt
  53. John Woods
  54. David Wyman

Roll of Capt Silas Gates' Company[]

Called out on the Lexington Alarm, 19 April 1775:

  1. Silas Gates (1727-1793) - Captain
  2. Aaron Ames (1759-1824) - private
  3. Asa Barnes (1756-1812) - a private in Capt. Silas Gates' Co., Ward's regiment, 1775. He was born in Marlboro.
  4. Elisha Barnes
  5. Benjamin Bartlett
  6. Abraham Bearman
  7. Joel Brewer
  8. George Brigham (1730-1808)
  9. Henry Brigham (1752-1829) - sergeant
  10. Usiah Brigham
  11. Alexander Church
  12. John Dexter (1735-1800)
  13. Matthias Felton
  14. Samuel Gates
  15. Abner Goodale (1755-1823)
  16. William Goodale
  17. Joel Hager
  18. Robert Horn
  19. Aaron Howe
  20. Abraham Howe
  21. Luke Howe
  22. David Hunter
  23. John Kelly
  24. Joshua Lamb
  25. William Loring
  26. Joseph Maynard (1750-1785)
  27. Francis Morse
  28. Ashbel Rice
  29. Gershom Rice
  30. Quartus Stow (1755-1798)
  31. Samuel Ward
  32. Joseph Williams
  33. Moses Williams
  34. Thomas Williams
  35. Jelothan Wyman

1775 Additional Service[]

Military Rolls of men who enrolled for eight months extended service- 8 month's men.

  1. Edward Barnes (1744-1803) - Lt Col
  2. Paul Brigham (1732-1777) - Capt
  3. Daniel Barnes (1736-1813) - Capt
  4. Amasa Cranston - Capt
  5. Silas Gates - Capt
  6. Moses Barnes (1740-1781) - Lieutenant
  7. Obadiah Bruce - Lieutenant
  8. William Morse (1738-1802) - Lieutenant
  9. Simon Adams (1748-1825)
  10. Jeduthun Alexander - killed at Bunker Hill where a portion of the Marlborough men were engaged under the command of Lt Col Jonathan Ward and Maj Edward Barnes of Marlborough.
  11. Stephen Allen
  12. James Ball (1754-1834)
  13. John Baker
  14. Ephraim Barber (1748-1817)
  15. George Bender
  16. Peter Bent (1707-1798)
  17. James Bowers
  18. William Boyd (1735-1817)
  19. Abraham Brigham
  20. Artemas Brigham
  21. Jonathan Brigham (1754-1848)
  22. Jonas Darling
  23. Robert Eames (1733-1821)
  24. Frederick Goodnow
  25. Abraham Gould
  26. Elizur Holyoke
  27. Nehemiah Howe (1720-1777) ???
  28. Obadiah Johnson
  29. John Kidder
  30. Elihu Maynard
  31. Hezekiah Maynard (1742-1824)
  32. Joseph Miller
  33. Paul Newton
  34. Daniel Rice
  35. John Rice
  36. John Rice, Jr
  37. William Rice (1755-1815)
  38. Daniel Robbins
  39. Moses Robbins
  40. Oliver Russell (1753-1820)
  41. John Sawin
  42. Ephraim Simonde
  43. Francis Walkup (1754-1831)
  44. David Wyman
  45. Asa Witt
  46. John Woods
  47. John Wright
  48. Reuben Wyman

Draft Registers[]

1777 Draft List[]

  1. John Barnes (1763-1834)
  2. James Bruce
  3. Stephen Baker
  4. John Gott Brigham
  5. Lovewell Brigham
  6. Jonas Darling
  7. Robert Eames (1733-1821
  8. Matthias Felton
  9. James Hunter
  10. Ebenezer Howe
  11. Samual Hunting
  12. John Fay
  13. Eli Goodnow
  14. Theophilus Hardy
  15. Jason Harrington
  16. John Harrington (1743-1824)
  17. Elizur Holyoke
  18. Josiah Newton
  19. Jacob Priest (1757-1824)
  20. Reuben Priest
  21. Ashbel Rice
  22. Phinehas Rice
  23. John Sawin
  24. Jonas Smith (1754-1845)
  25. Joseph Williams
  26. Zelates Whitcomb (1759-1863)
  27. Jonathan Wyman

1778 Draft List[]

In the service three months.

  1. Jonathan Weeks - Lieutenant
  2. Aaron Brigham (1762-1831)
  3. Abner Dunton
  4. Samuel Howe (1756-1842)
  5. David Hunter
  6. Aaron Eager
  7. Nathaniel Prentice Russell (1744-1812)
  8. John Woods

White Plains Battle 1778[]

  1. Amasa Cranston - Captain
  2. Daniel Barnes (1736-1813)
  3. Silas Barnes
  4. Abner Goodale (1755-1823)
  5. James Gleason
  6. Robert Hunter
  7. Edward Wilkins
  8. Josiah Wilkins (1717-1783)

1778 nine months[]

Saaw nine months service in 1778

  1. Silas Baker
  2. Joseph Johnson
  3. Phinehas Moore
  4. Josiah Priest
  5. Reuben Priest
  6. Timothy Rand
  7. Abner Ward

1779 Service[]

May to July 1779, Capt Moses Barnes (1740-1781) was in service for two months with the following Marlborough men under him:

  1. Aaron Beaman
  2. David Brigham (1745-1824)
  3. Phineas Brigham (1757-1813)
  4. William Gates
  5. Nathan Rice
  6. Quartus Stow (1755-1798)

1779 Six Months Men[]

  1. Joshua Bailey
  2. Stephen Baker
  3. Aaron Beaman
  4. Aaron Brigham (1762-1831)
  5. David Brigham (1745-1824)
  6. Paul Brigham (1737-1777)
  7. Zerubbabel Eager
  8. Samuel Gates
  9. David Holloway
  10. Joseph Johnson
  11. Elihu Maynard
  12. Joseph Newton
  13. Roger Phelps (1760-1832)
  14. Joseph Robbins
  15. David Sale
  16. Abraham Stow
  17. John Stow
  18. Joseph Waters
  19. Asa Witt
  20. David Wait
  21. Alexander Watson
  22. William Weeks (1762-1810)

1779 Rhode Island Service[]

  1. Jotham Bayley
  2. Aaron Beaman
  3. Aaron Brigham (1762-1831)
  4. Daniel Brigham (1760-1818)
  5. Lovewell Brigham (1754-1824)
  6. Paul Brigham (1737-1777)
  7. Samuel Brigham (1756-1830)
  8. Stephen Brigham
  9. Israel Brown
  10. Jacob Brown
  11. Morris Clary
  12. William Dawson
  13. Aaron Eager
  14. Stephen Eager
  15. Uriah Eager
  16. Moses Eames
  17. John Gates (1764-1839)
  18. Samuel Gates
  19. Silas Gates (1727-1793)
  20. William Gates
  21. Jonathan Goodnow
  22. Tolman Howe
  23. Elihu Maynard
  24. David Greenleaf
  25. Israel Greenleaf
  26. David Holloway
  27. Joseph Robbins
  28. William Rice (1755-1815)
  29. Putnam Phelps
  30. Roger Phelps (1760-1832)
  31. Abraham Priest
  32. Abraham Show
  33. Winslow Stow
  34. David Wait
  35. Joseph Waters
  36. Alexander Watson
  37. William Weeks (1762-1810)
  38. Jonas Wilkins
  39. Moses Williams
  40. Thomas Williams
  41. Silas Wilson
  42. Asa Witt

1780 Claverack Expedition[]

  1. Amasa Cranston - Captain
  2. Silas Baker
  3. Noah Beaman, Jr
  4. Aaron Brigham (1762-1831)
  5. John Dunn (1761-1832)
  6. Ephraim Jewell
  7. Nathan Rice
  8. Samuel Dunton
  9. William Goodale
  10. Alexander Watson

1780 Three Month's Men[]

  1. Elisha Auetia
  2. John Baker
  3. Noah Beaman
  4. Aaron Brigham (1762-1831)
  5. Nathaniel Brown
  6. William Cory
  7. John Dunn (1761-1832)
  8. Samuel Dunton
  9. Samuel Gates
  10. Adam Harrington
  11. Daniel Harrington (1707-1795)
  12. Eli Howe
  13. Gardner Howe
  14. Luke Howe
  15. Solomon Howe
  16. Charles Hudson - Killed by Friendly fire when returning at night from a mission scouting enemy lines.
  17. Stephen Hudson (-1827)
  18. John Jennison
  19. Timothy Johnson
  20. Francis Jones
  21. Eber Keyes
  22. Joseph Johnson
  23. Peter Little
  24. John Maccanella
  25. Jedediah Maynard
  26. William Mercer
  27. Elias Morse
  28. Phinehas Morse
  29. Dana Newton
  30. Caleb Parker
  31. Stephen Phelps
  32. Isaac Proctor
  33. William Rice (1755-1815)
  34. Samuel Ruse
  35. David Sale
  36. Stephen Smith
  37. Francis Soames
  38. Silas Stow
  39. Joseph Temple
  1. Joseph Weeks
  2. James Whitney
  3. Jonathan Wiggins
  4. Ephraim Wilder
  5. Reuben Wilder
  6. Moses Williams
  7. Elias Witt
  8. William Woods
  9. David Wyman

Three Years' Men[]

  1. Silas Baker
  2. Thomas Baker
  3. John Barnes (1763-1834)
  4. William Bigelow (1764-1807)
  5. Aaron Brigham (1762-1831)
  6. John Cain
  7. Alexander Crawford
  8. Jonathan Crosby
  9. John Dexter (1735-1800)
  10. Jonathan Dexter
  11. John Dunn (1761-1832)
  12. Zerubbabel Eager
  13. William Foedick
  14. Jacob Groun
  15. David Harris
  16. David Hill
  17. Enoch Kidder
  18. Samuel Little
  19. James Mahew
  20. Joseph Miller
  21. John Newton
  22. Jonah Newton
  23. Joseph Newton
  24. Jonathan Pollard
  25. Nathan Pratt
  26. Josiah Priest
  27. Reuben Priest
  28. John Rice
  29. Stephen Russell
  30. Silas Sawin
  31. Abner Smith
  32. Levi Fletcher
  33. Job Spaulding
  34. Samuel Ditson
  35. Thomas Ditson
  36. Thomas Ridgeway
  37. Josiah Bailey
  38. Thomas Greenough
  39. James Ely
  40. John Gilliard
  41. Silas Hawthorn
  42. William Messer
  43. Thomas Ridgeway
  44. James Parker
  45. Andrew Kettle
  46. Patrick Mahony
  47. Peter Willard
  48. Joseph Dawson
  49. Robert Mansfield
  50. William Rice
  51. John Johnson
  52. Samuel French
  53. John Ansel
  54. Charles Benjean
  55. John Denmark
  56. Jonathan Newton
  57. John Torrey
  58. Samuel Fletcher
  59. Benjamin Roberts
  60. Nathaniel Prentice Russell (1744-1812)
  61. William Goodale
  62. Ephraim Newton
  63. Joseph Waters
  64. Peter Sieverance
  65. Samuel Spofford
  66. Israel Greenleaf
  67. Benjamin Gould
  68. Richard Wyman
  69. Abel Ray
  70. Job Spaulding
  71. John Rice
  72. Joel Bartlett
  73. Francis Menford
  74. John Gates
  75. Samuel McNair
  76. Edward Knapp
  77. Thomas Joslis
  78. John Newton
  79. Stephen Phelps
  80. Robert Scott
  81. William Shield
  82. William Walker
  83. Joseph Waters
  84. Samuel Willard
  85. Dean Wyman
  86. Reuben Wyman
  87. Samuel Wyman

References[]

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