This article is about the day. For the 1994 novel, see The Fifth of March.
March 5 in recent years
is the 64th day of the year (65th in March 5 leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 301 days remaining until the end of the year.
Events [ ]
363 - Roman Emperor Julian moves from Antioch with an army of 90,000 to attack the Sassanid Empire, in a campaign which would bring about his own death.
1046 - Naser Khosrow begins the seven-year Middle Eastern journey which he will later describe in his book . Safarnama
1496 - England King Henry VII issues letters patent to John Cabot and his sons, authorizing them to explore unknown lands.
1689 - Daniel Finch, 2nd Earl of Nottingham is named Secretary of State for the Northern Department.
1766 - Antonio de Ulloa, the first Spanish governor of Louisiana, arrives in New Orleans.
1770 - Boston Massacre: Five Americans, including a black man named Crispus Attucks, and a boy are killed by British troops in an event that would contribute to the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War five years later.
1784 - Thomas Townshend, 1st Viscount Sydney is named President of the Board of Trade.
1793 - French troops are defeated by Austrian forces and Liège is recaptured.
1824 - First Burmese War: The British officially declare war on Burma.
1836 - Samuel Colt makes the first production-model revolver, the .34-caliber.
1842 - Over 500 Mexican troops led by Rafael Vasquez invade Texas, briefly occupy San Antonio and then head back to the Rio Grande.
1848 - Louis Antoine Garnier-Pages is named French minister of Finance.
1850 - The Britannia Bridge across the Menai Strait between the Isle of Anglesey and the mainland of Wales is opened.
1860 - Parma, Tuscany, Modena and Romagna vote in referendums to join the Kingdom of Sardinia.
1861 - The " Stars and Bars" is adopted as the flag of the Confederate States of America.
1868 - A court of impeachment is organized in the United States Senate to hear charges against President Andrew Johnson. 1868 -
, an opera by Mefistofele Arrigo Boito premieres at La Scala.
1872 - George Westinghouse patents the air brake.
1894 - Archibald Philip Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery becomes First Lord of the Treasury.
1904 - Nikola Tesla, in Electrical World and Engineer, describes the process of the ball lightning formation.
1905 - Russian troops begin to retreat from Mukden, Manchuria after losing 100,000 troops in three days.
1907 - The second Duma opens in St. Petersburg, Russia and 40,000 demonstrators have to be dispersed by Russian troops.
1912 - Italian forces are the first to use airships for military purposes, using them for reconnaissance behind Turkish lines.
1915 - World War I: The LZ 33, a zeppelin, is damaged by enemy fire and stranded south of Ostend.
1933 - Great Depression: President Franklin D. Roosevelt declares a " bank holiday", closing all U.S. banks and freezing all financial transactions. 1933 - In
Germany, the Nazis win 44 percent of the vote in parliamentary elections.
1936 - First flight of the Supermarine Spitfire fighter aircraft.
1940 - Members of Soviet politburo sign an order for the execution of 25,700 Polish intelligentsia, including 14,700 Polish POWs, known also as the Katyn massacre.
1943 - First flight of Gloster Meteor jet aircraft in the United Kingdom.
1945 - World War II: The " Battle of the Ruhr" begins.
1946 - Winston Churchill uses the phrase " Iron Curtain" in his speech at Westminster College, Missouri. 1946 -
Hungarian Communists and Social Democrats co-found the Left Bloc.
1949 - The Jharkhand Party is founded in India.
1958 - The Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region is established. 1958 -
Explorer 2 spacecraft launches and fails to reach Earth orbit.
1960 - The Aquatic Ape Hypothesis originates when Alister Hardy publicly announces his idea that ape-human divergence may have been due to a coastal phase.
1964 - Ceylon declares emergency crisis due to unrest.
1965 - March Intifada: A Leftist uprising erupts in Bahrain against British colonial presence.
1966 - BOAC Flight 911 crashes on Mount Fuji, Japan, killing 124.
1970 - The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty goes into effect after ratification by 43 nations. 1970 -
Dubnium atoms are first detected conclusively.
1973 - Donald DeFreeze, the future Symbionese Liberation Army leader, escapes from Vacaville Prison.
1974 - Yom Kippur War: Israeli forces withdraw from the west bank of the Suez Canal.
1976 - The British pound falls below $2 USD for the first time.
1978 - The Landsat 3 is launched from Vandenberg AFB in California.
1979 - Detection equipment picks up a gamma ray burst originating from the Large Magellanic Cloud, leading to the discovery of soft gamma repeaters. 1979 -
Voyager 1's closest approach to Jupiter, 172,000 miles.
1982 - Venera 14, a Soviet satellite arrives at the planet Venus.
1988 - Constitution of Turks and Caicos Islands is restored and revised.
1991 - Iraq releases all Gulf War prisoners.
1998 - NASA announces that the Clementine probe orbiting the Moon has found enough water to support a human colony.
1999 - Paul Okalik is elected first Premier of Nunavut.
2001 - In Mecca, 35 Muslim pilgrims are crushed to death during the annual Hajj pilgrimage.
2003 - In Haifa, 17 Israeli civilians are killed by a Hamas suicide bomb in the Haifa bus 37 massacre. 2005 - The Burkinabé Party for Democracy and Socialism holds its first National Convention.
Births [ ]
1133 - King Henry II of England (d. 1189)
1324 - King David II of Scotland (d. 1371)
1512 - Gerardus Mercator, Flemish cartographer (d. 1594)
1563 - John Coke, English politician (d. 1644)
1575 - William Oughtred, English mathematician (d. 1660)
1585 - John George I, Elector of Saxony (d. 1656)
1658 - Antoine Laumet de La Mothe, sieur de Cadillac, French explorer (d. 1730)
1693 - Johann Jakob Wettstein, Swiss theologian (d. 1754)
1696 - Giovanni Battista Tiepolo, Italian painter (d. 1770)
1703 (N.S.) - Vasily Kirillovich Trediakovsky, Russian poet (d. 1768)
1723 - Princess Mary of Great Britain (d. 1773)
1739 - Benjamin Ruggles Woodbridge, doctor, Massachusetts militia officer, member of the Massachusetts legislature (d. 1819)
1748 - Jonas C. Dryander, Swedish botanist (d. 1810) 1748 -
William Shield, English musician (d. 1829)
1750 - Jean-Baptiste Gaspard d'Ansse de Villoison, French classical scholar (d. 1805)
1794 - Jacques Babinet, French physicist (d. 1872) 1794 -
Robert Cooper Grier, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1870)
1814 - Wilhelm von Giesebrecht, German historian (d. 1889)
1815 - John Wentworth, American politician (d. 1888)
1817 - Austen Henry Layard, English archaeologist (d. 1894)
1836 - Charles Goodnight, American cattle rancher (d. 1929)
1853 - Howard Pyle, American author and illustrator (d. 1911)
1867 - Louis-Alexandre Taschereau, Premier of Quebec (d. 1952)
1869 - Michael von Faulhaber, German cardinal and archbishop (d. 1952)
1870 - Frank Norris, American writer (d. 1902)
1871 - Rosa Luxemburg, Socialist revolutionary (d. 1919)
1873 - Olav Bjaaland, Norwegian explorer and cross-country skier (d. 1961)
1874 - Henry Travers, British actor (d. 1965)
1879 - Sir William Beveridge, British economist (d. 1963)
1883 - Marius Barbeau, French Canadian ethnographer and folklorist (b. 1969)
1886 - Dong Biwu, High-ranking member of the Communist Party of China (d. 1975)
1887 - Heitor Villa-Lobos, Brazilian composer (d. 1959)
1897 - Set Persson, Swedish communist politician (d. 1960)
1898 - Zhou Enlai, Premier of the People's Republic of China (d. 1976) 1898 -
Soong May-ling, Chinese wife of Chiang Kai-Shek (d. 2003)
1904 - Karl Rahner, German theologian (d. 1984)
1908 - Irving Fiske, American writer, playwright, (d. 1990) 1908 - Sir
Rex Harrison, English actor (d. 1990)
1914 - Philip Farkas, American horn player and teacher (d. 1992)
1915 - Laurent Schwartz, French mathematician (d. 2002)
1918 - Milt Schmidt, Canadian ice hockey player, coach and manager 1918 -
Red Storey, Canadian football player and ice hockey referee (d. 2006) 1918 -
James Tobin, American economist, Nobel laureate (d. 2002)
1920 - José Aboulker, Jewish Communist 1920 -
Virginia Christine, American actress (d. 1996)
1921 - Elmer Valo, American baseball player (d. 1998)
1922 - James Noble, American actor 1922 -
Pier Paolo Pasolini, Italian writer and film director (d. 1975) 1923 -
Laurence Tisch, American investor
1927 - Jack Cassidy, American actor (d. 1976)
1929 - Erik Carlsson, Swedish rally driver
1930 - Del Crandall, American baseball player
1931 - Fred Othon Aristidès, French comics artist 1931 -
Barry Tuckwell, Australian horn virtuoso
1933 - Tommy Tucker, American blues singer and pianist (d. 1982)
1934 - Daniel Kahneman, Israeli economist, Nobel laureate 1934 -
James B. Sikking, American actor
1936 - Canaan Banana, first President of Zimbabwe (d. 2003) 1936 -
Dean Stockwell, American actor
1937 - Olusẹgun Ọbasanjọ, President of Nigeria
1938 - Paul Evans, American singer and songwriter 1938 -
Fred Williamson, American football player and actor
1939 - Samantha Eggar, English actress 1939 -
Peter Woodcock, Canadian serial killer 1939 -
Pierre Wynants, Belgian chef
1940 - Malcolm Hebden, English actor
1942 - Felipe González, Prime Minister of Spain 1942 -
Mike Resnick, American science fiction author
1943 - Billy Backus, American boxer
1944 - Lucio Battisti, Italian singer (d. 1998) 1944 -
Roy Gutman, American journalist, Pulitzer Prize winner
1946 - Murray Head, British actor and singer 1946 -
Richard Bell, Canadian musician ( The Band)
1947 - Eddie Hodges, American actor and singer 1947 -
Clodagh Rodgers, Irish singer 1947 -
Kent Tekulve, American baseball player
1948 - Eddy Grant, Guyana-born singer 1948 -
Richard Hickox, English musical conductor 1948 -
Elaine Paige, English singer and actress 1948 -
Paquirri, Spanish bullfighter (d. 1984)
1949 - Franz Josef Jung, Commander-in-chief of the German Bundeswehr
1951 - Giorgos Ninios, Greek actor
1952 - Alan Clark, English keyboardist ( Dire Straits)
1954 - Marsha Warfield, American actress, comedienne
1955 - Penn Jillette, American magician and comedian
1956 - Adriana Barraza, Mexican actress 1956 -
Teena Marie, American singer
1957 - Mark E. Smith, English singer ( The Fall)
1958 - Andy Gibb, English-born Australian singer and teen idol (d. 1988)
1959 - Vazgen Sargsyan, Armenian politician (d. 1999) 1959 -
David Fury, American television writer and producer
1960 - David Tibet, English musician ( Current 93)
1962 - Jonathan Penner, American reality show contestant 1962 -
Charlie and Craig Reid, Scottish musicians ( The Proclaimers)
1966 - Michael Irvin, American football player 1966 -
Bob Halkidis, Canadian hockey player 1966 -
Aasif Mandvi, Indian-born American actor and comedian
1969 - Paul Blackthorne, British actor 1969 -
Moussa Saïb, former Algerian footballer 1969 -
MC Solaar, French rapper
1970 - John Frusciante, American musician ( Red Hot Chili Peppers) 1970 -
Lisa Robin Kelly, American actress
1971 - Jeffrey Hammonds, American baseball player 1971 -
Evil Jared Hasselhoff, American musician ( Bloodhound Gang) 1971 -
Yuri Lowenthal, American actor/author/painter 1971 -
Filip Meirhaeghe, Belgian mountainbiker
1972 - Luca Turilli, Italian musician ( Rhapsody)
1973 - Yannis Anastasiou, Greek footballer 1973 -
Ryan Franklin, American baseball player
1974 - Kevin Connolly, American television actor and comedian 1974 -
Jens Jeremies, German footballer 1974 -
Matt Lucas, English comedian 1974 -
Eva Mendes, American actress
1975 - Jolene Blalock, American actress 1975 -
Sasho Petrovski, Australian soccer player 1975 -
Niki Taylor, American model 1975 -
Luciano Burti, Brazilian racing driver
1976 - Šarūnas Jasikevičius, Lithuanian basketball player 1976 -
Paul Konerko, American baseball player 1976 -
Katerina Matziou, Greek actress 1976 -
Tim Sylvia, American mixed martial artist
1977 - Bryan Berard, American ice hockey player 1977 -
Mike MacDougal, American baseball player 1977 -
Wally Szczerbiak, American basketball player
1978 - Mike Hessman, American baseball player 1978 -
Kimberly McCullough, American actress
1978 - Papoose, American rapper
1979 - Tang Gonghong, Chinese weightlifter
1981 - Andreas Wiig, Norwegian snowboarder 1981 -
Paul Martin, American ice hockey player 1981 -
Shugo Oshinari, Japanese actor
1982 - Daniel Carter, New Zealand Rugby player 1982 -
Giorgia Palmas, Italian television personality and model
1985 - Ken'ichi Matsuyama, Japanese actor 1985 -
Whitney Port, Cast member of The Hills TV series
1986 - Matty Fryatt, English footballer
1987 - Anna Chakvetadze, Russian tennis player
1988 - Trevor Carson, Northern Irish footballer 1988 -
Bjarni Viðarsson, Icelandic footballer 1989 - Jake Lloyd, American actor
Deaths [ ]
1534 - Antonio da Correggio, Italian painter (b. 1489)
1539 - Nuno da Cunha, Portuguese governor in India (b. 1487)
1592 - Michael Coxcie, Flemish painter (b. 1499)
1611 - Shimazu Yoshihisa, Japanese warlord and samurai (b. 1533)
1622 - Ranuccio I Farnese, Duke of Parma (b. 1569)
1695 - Henry Wharton, English writer (b. 1664)
1726 - Evelyn Pierrepont, 1st Duke of Kingston-upon-Hull, English politician
1770 - Crispus Attucks a free black American
1776 - Yeongjo of Joseon, ruler of Korea (b. 1694)
1778 - Thomas Arne, English composer (b. 1710)
1815 - Franz Mesmer, Austrian developer of hypnotism (b. 1734)
1827 - Pierre-Simon Laplace, French mathematician (b. 1749) 1827 -
Alessandro Volta, Italian physicist (b. 1745)
1829 - John Adams, last surviving HMS Bounty mutineer (b. 1766)
1849 - David Scott, Scottish painter (b. 1806)
1876 - Marie d'Agoult, German-born writer (b. 1805)
1893 - Hippolyte Taine, French historian (b. 1828
1895 - Nikolai Leskov, Russian writer (b. 1831) 1895 -
Henry Rawlinson, British soldier and scholar (b. 1810)
1903 - George Francis Robert Henderson, British soldier (b. 1854)
1907 - Friedrich Blass, German classical scholar (b. 1843)
1925 - Johan Jensen, Danish mathematician (b. 1859)
1926 - Clément Ader, French aviation pioneer (b. 1841)
1927 - Franz Mertens, German mathematician (b. 1840)
1929 - David Dunbar Buick, Scottish-born American automobile pioneer (b. 1854)
1931 - Fr. Arthur Tooth SSC, Anglican Clergyman prosecuted and imprisoned for ritualist activities (b. 1839)
1940 - Cai Yuanpei, Chinese educator (b. 1868)
1944 - Max Jacob, French poet and writer (b. 1876)
1945 - Lena Baker, American murderer (b. 1901)
1947 - Alfredo Casella, Italian composer (b. 1883)
1953 - Sergei Prokofiev, Russian composer, (b. 1891) 1953 -
Joseph Stalin, Georgian leader of the Soviet Union (b. 1879) 1953 -
Herman J. Mankiewicz, American screenwriter (b. 1897)
1955 - Antanas Merkys, President of Lithuania (b. 1888)
1963 - Patsy Cline, American singer (b. 1932) 1963 -
Cowboy Copas, American singer (b. 1913) 1963 -
Hawkshaw Hawkins, American singer (b. 1921)
1965 - Chen Cheng, Chinese politician (b. 1897) 1965 -
Pepper Martin, American baseball player (b. 1904)
1966 - Anna Akhmatova, Russian poet (b. 1889)
1967 - Georges Vanier, Governor General of Canada (b. 1888)
1973 - Michael Jeffery, British music manager (b. 1933)
1974 - Billy De Wolfe, American actor (b. 1907) 1974 -
Sol Hurok, Russian-born impresario (b. 1888)
1977 - Tom Pryce, Welsh Formula One driver (b. 1949) 1977 -
Jansen Van Vuuren, Dutch volunteer safety marshall at the 1977 South African Grand Prix
1980 - Jay Silverheels, Canadian actor (b. 1912) 1980 -
Winifred Wagner, German opera producer (b. 1897)
1981 - Yip Harburg, American lyricist (b. 1896)
1982 - John Belushi, American actor (b. 1949)
1984 - Tito Gobbi, Italian baritone (b. 1915) 1984 -
William Powell, American actor (b. 1892)
1988 - Alberto Olmedo, Argentine comedian (b. 1933)
1990 - Gary Merrill, American film actor (b. 1915)
1993 - Cyril Collard, French author and filmmaker (b. 1957)
1995 - Vivian Stanshall, English musician ( Bonzo Dog Band) (b. 1943) 1995 -
Gregg Hansford, Australian motorcycle and touring car racer (b. 1952)
1996 - Whit Bissell, American actor (b. 1909)
1997 - Samm Sinclair Baker, American diet author (b. 1909)
1999 - Richard Kiley, American actor (b. 1922)
2000 - Lolo Ferrari, French pornographic actress (b. 1962)
2004 - Walt Gorney, American actor (b. 1912)
2006 - Richard Kuklinski, American Mafia hit man (b. 1935) 2008 - Joseph Weizenbaum, German-American professor of computer science (b. 1923)
Holidays and observances [ ]
Learn from Lei Feng Day in China. Approximate beginning of month of
in jīngzhé Chinese calendar.
St Piran's Day - Cornwall's national day. Feast of
St. Ciarán Saighir, patron of the Diocese of Ossory, in Irish calendar.
Saint Theophile (d. 195)
Saint Olivia (d. 308) March 5 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
External links [ ]
115 Familypedia people were born on March 5
136 Familypedia people died on March 5
76 Familypedia people were first married on March 5