|March 23 in recent years
March 23 is the 82nd day of the year (83rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 283 days remaining until the end of the year.
- 625 - Battle of Uhud takes place between Muslims and Pagans in Arabia
- 1174 - Jocelin, abbot of Melrose, is elected bishop of Glasgow
- 1568 - Peace of Longjumeau ends the Second War of Religion in France. Again Catherine de' Medici and Charles IX of France make substantial concessions to the Huguenots.
- 1708 - James Francis Edward Stuart lands at the Firth of Forth.
- 1775 - American Revolutionary War: Patrick Henry delivers his famous speech -"give me liberty or give me death" at St. John's Church in Richmond.
- 1801 - Tsar Paul I of Russia is struck with a sword, then strangled, and finally trampled to death in his bedroom at St. Michael's Castle.
- 1806 - After traveling through the Louisiana Purchase and reaching the Pacific Ocean, explorers Lewis and Clark and their "Corps of Discovery" begin their arduous journey home.
- 1821 - Battle and fall of city of Kalamata, Greek War of Independence.
- 1848 - The ship John Wickliffe arrives at Port Chalmers carrying the first Scottish settlers for Dunedin, New Zealand. Otago province is founded.
- 1857 - Elisha Otis's first elevator is installed at 488 Broadway New York City.
- 1868 - The University of California is founded in Oakland when the Organic Act is signed into law.
- 1889 - Land run: President Benjamin Harrison opens Oklahoma to white settlement starting on April 22.
- 1889 - The free Woolwich Ferry officially opens in east London.
- 1889 - The Ahmadiyya Muslim Community was established by Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad in Qadian India.
- 1896 - The Raines Law is passed by the New York State Legislature, restricting Sunday sale of alcohol to hotels
- 1903 - The Wright Brothers apply for a patent on their invention of one of the first successful airplanes.
- 1908 - American diplomat Durham Stevens is attacked by Korean assassins Jeon Myeong-un and Jang In-hwan, leading to his death in hospital two days later
- 1909 - Theodore Roosevelt leaves New York for a post-presidency safari in Africa. The trip is sponsored by the Smithsonian Institution and National Geographic Society.
- 1919 - In Milan, Italy, Benito Mussolini founds his Fascist political movement.
- 1931 - Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev embrace the gallows during the Indian struggle for independence. Their request to be shot by a firing squad is refused.
- 1933 - The Reichstag passes the Enabling act of 1933, making Adolf Hitler dictator of Germany.
- 1935 - Signing of the Constitution of the Commonwealth of the Philippines.
- 1940 - The Lahore Resolution (Qarardad-e-Pakistan or the then Qarardad-e-Lahore) is put forward at the Annual General Convention of the All India Muslim League.
- 1942 - World War II: In the Indian Ocean, Japanese forces capture the Andaman Islands.
- 1956 - Pakistan becomes the first Islamic republic in the world. (Republic Day in Pakistan)
- 1962 - NS Savannah, the first nuclear-powered cargo-passenger ship, was launched as a showcase for Dwight D. Eisenhower's Atoms for Peace initiative.
- 1965 - NASA launches Gemini 3, the United States' first two-man space flight (crew: Gus Grissom and John Young).
- 1978 - The first UNIFIL troops arrived in Lebanon for peacekeeping mission along the Blue Line.
- 1980 - Archbishop Óscar Romero of El Salvador gives his famous speech appealing to men of the El Salvadoran armed forces to stop killing the Salvadorans.
- 1982 - Guatemala's government, headed by Fernando Romeo Lucas García is overthrown in a military coup by right-wing General Efraín Ríos Montt.
- 1983 - Strategic Defense Initiative: President Ronald Reagan makes his initial proposal to develop technology to intercept enemy missiles.
- 1989 - Stanley Pons and Martin Fleischmann announce cold fusion at the University of Utah.
- 1992 - Education (Universities Funding Council) (Supplementary Functions) Order Sustained
- 1994 - Wayne Gretzky sets all-time NHL goal scoring record with 804.
- 1994 - At an election rally in Tijuana, Mexican presidential candidate Luis Donaldo Colosio is assassinated by Mario Aburto Martínez.
- 1994 - Aeroflot Flight 593 crashes in Siberia when the pilot's fifteen-year old son accidentally disengages the autopilot, killing 75.
- 1994 - A United States Air Force (USAF) F-16 aircraft collides with a USAF C-130 at Pope Air Force Base and then crashes into a group of United States Army soldiers on the ground, killing 24 people in what is often called the Green Ramp Disaster.
- 1996 - Taiwan holds its first direct elections and chooses Lee Teng-hui as President.
- 1997 - The pilot episode of the successful Midsomer Murders series with John Nettles airs for the first time, attracting 13.5 million viewers
- 1999 - Gunmen assassinate Paraguay's Vice President Luis María Argaña.
- 2001 - The Russian Mir space station is disposed of, breaking up in the atmosphere before falling into the southern Pacific Ocean near Fiji.
- 2003 - In Nasiriyah, Iraq, 11 soldiers of the 507th Maintenance Company as well as 18 U.S. Marines are killed during the first major conflict of Operation Iraqi Freedom.
- 2003 - The Australian cricket team defeats India in the cricket World cup to win their second successive Cricket World Cup.
- 2004 - Andhra Pradesh Federation of Trade Unions holds its first conference in Hyderabad, India.
- 2005 - The United States 11th Circuit Court of Appeals, in a 2-1 decision, refuses to order the reinsertion of Terri Schiavo's feeding tube.
- 2005 - A major explosion at the Texas City Refinery kills 15 workers.
- 2006 - Federal Reserve discontinues publishing M3 money supply.
- 2007 - Burnley Tunnel catastrophe occurs in Melbourne Australia.
- 2007 - Iranian Navy seize Royal Navy personnel in Iraqi waters.
- 1429 - Margaret of Anjou, wife of Henry VI of England (d. 1482)
- 1638 - Frederik Ruysch, Dutch physician and anatomist (d. 1731)
- 1645 - William Kidd, Pirate Legend From Scotland (d. 1701)
- 1699 - John Bartram, American botanist (d. 1777)
- 1723 - Agha Mohammad Khan Ghajar, King of Iran (d. 1771)
- 1732 - Marie Adélaïde of France, daughter of Louis XV (d. 1800)
- 1749 - Pierre Simon de Laplace, French mathematician and astronomer (d. 1827)
- 1754 - Baron Jurij Vega, Slovenian mathematician, physicist, and artillery officer (d. 1802)
- 1769 - William Smith, English geologist and cartographer (d. 1839)
- 1769 - Augustin Daniel Belliard, French general (d. 1832)
- 1823 - Schuyler Colfax, Vice President of the United States (d. 1885)
- 1826 - Léon Minkus, German/Czech composer and violinist (d. 1917)
- 1831 - Eduard Schlagintweit, German writer (d. 1866)
- 1834 - Julius Reubke, German composer (d. 1858)
- 1858 - Ludwig Quidde, German pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1941)
- 1868 - Dietrich Eckart, early supporter of Adolf Hitler's Nazi Party and member of Thule Society (d. 1923)
- 1878 - Franz Schreker, Austrian composer (d. 1934)
- 1880 - Heikki Ritavuori, Finnish politician (d. 1922)
- 1881 - Roger Martin du Gard, French writer, Nobel laureate (d. 1958)
- 1881 - Hermann Staudinger, German chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1965)
- 1882 - Emmy Noether, German mathematician (d. 1935)
- 1887 - Juan Gris, Spanish artist (d. 1927)
- 1887 - Josef Čapek, Czech writer (d. 1945)
- 1887 - Prince Felix Yussupov, Russian assassin of Rasputin (d. 1967)
- 1893 - Cedric Gibbons, American art director (d. 1960)
- 1899 - Dora Gerson, German actress and singer (d. 1943)
- 1900 - Erich Fromm, German-born psychoanalyst (d. 1980)
- 1904 - H. Beam Piper, American science fiction author (d. 1964)
- 1905 - Lale Andersen, German singer and cabaretist (d. 1972)
- 1905 - Joan Crawford, American actress (d. 1977)
- 1907 - Daniel Bovet, Swiss-born scientist, Nobel laureate (d. 1992)
- 1910 - Akira Kurosawa, Japanese film director (d. 1998)
- 1912 - Wernher von Braun, German-born physicist and engineer (d. 1977)
- 1915 - Vasily Zaitsev, Soviet World War II hero (d. 1991)
- 1920 - Neal Smith, former United States Congressman
- 1921 - Donald Campbell, British car and motorboat racer (d. 1967)
- 1922 - Marty Allen, American comedian and actor
- 1922 - Ugo Tognazzi, Italian actor, director and screenwriter (d. 1990)
- 1924 - Bette Nesmith Graham, American inventor (d. 1980)
- 1925 - David Watkin, English cinematographer
- 1929 - Sir Roger Bannister, English runner
- 1931 - Yevgenij Grishin, Russian speed skater (d. 2005)
- 1931 - Viktor Korchnoi, Russian chess player
- 1932 - Don Marshall, Canadian ice hockey player
- 1933 - Philip Zimbardo, American psychologist, known for the Stanford prison experiment
- 1934 - Ludvig Faddeev, Russian mathematician
- 1934 - Fernand Gignac, Canadian singer and actor (d. 2006)
- 1934 - Mark Rydell, American film and television director
- 1937 - Craig Breedlove, American land speed record holder
- 1937 - Robert Gallo, American physician
- 1938 - Maynard Jackson, first black mayor of Atlanta (d. 2003)
- 1939 - Pepe Lienhard, Swiss band leader and entertainer
- 1941 - Jim Trelease, American educator and children's literature author
- 1942 - Walter Rodney, Guyanese historian and political figure (d. 1980)
- 1943 - Nils-Aslak Valkeapää, Finnish writer (d. 2001)
- 1944 - Michael Nyman, British minimalist composer
- 1948 - David Olney, American musician
- 1949 - Ric Ocasek, American musician (The Cars)
- 1950 - Anthony De Longis, American actor
- 1950 - Corinne Clery, French actress
- 1951 - Ron Jaworski, American football player and analyst
- 1952 - Kim Stanley Robinson, American author
- 1953 - Bo Diaz, Venezuelan baseball player (d. 1990)
- 1953 - Chaka Khan, American singer
- 1954 - Geno Auriemma, American basketball coach
- 1955 - Moses Malone, American basketball player
- 1955 - Petrea Burchard, American actress
- 1956 - José Manuel Barroso, Portuguese politician, president of the European Commission
- 1957 - Amanda Plummer, American actress
- 1957 - Robbie James, Welsh footballer (d. 1998)
- 1958 - El Duce, American singer and drummer (The Mentors) (d. 1997)
- 1959 - Epic Soundtracks, English musician (Swell Maps, Crime and the City Solution, These Immortal Souls) (d. 1997)
- 1960 - Nicol Stephen, Deputy First Minister of Scotland
- 1961 - Helmi Johannes, Indonesian television newscaster
- 1964 - Hope Davis, American actress
- 1964 - John Pinette, American comedian
- 1965 - Richard Grieco, American actor and singer
- 1965 - Marti Pellow, Scottish singer
- 1965 - Gary Whitehead, American poet
- 1967 - David Ford, Canadian kayaker
- 1968 - Damon Albarn, English musician (Blur and Gorillaz)
- 1968 - Mitch Cullin, American novelist
- 1968 - Fernando Hierro, Spanish footballer
- 1968 - Michael Atherton, English cricketer
- 1971 - Yasmeen Ghauri, Canadian supermodel
- 1971 - Karen McDougal, American model
- 1971 - Gail Porter, British television presenter
- 1971 - Alexander Selivanov, Russian ice hockey player
- 1971 - Hiroyoshi Tenzan, Japanese professional wrestler
- 1972 - Judith Godrèche, French actress and author
- 1973 - Jerzy Dudek, Polish footballer
- 1973 - Wim Eyckmans, Belgian racing driver
- 1973 - Jason Kidd, American basketball player
- 1975 - Alydar, American racehorse (d. 1990)
- 1976 - Michelle Monaghan, American actress
- 1976 - Keri Russell, American actress
- 1976 - Ricardo Zonta, Brazilian racing car driver
- 1977 - Jean Carlos Gamarra, Peruvian taekwondo practitioner
- 1978 - Walter Samuel, Argentine footballer
- 1978 - Nicholle Tom, American actress
- 1979 - Mark Buehrle, American baseball player
- 1979 - Emraan Hashmi, Indian actor
- 1979 - Misty Hyman, American swimmer
- 1979 - Donncha O'Callaghan, Irish International rugby player
- 1980 - Russell Howard, British Comedian
- 1981 - Luciana Carro, Canadian actress
- 1981 - Erin Crocker, American NASCAR driver
- 1983 - Jerome Thomas, English footballer
- 1985 - Maurice Jones-Drew, American football player
- 1990 - Princess Eugenie of York
- 1999 - Prince Beltran of Bulgaria
- 1103 - Eudes I (b. 1058)
- 1361 - Henry of Grosmont (b. c.1310)
- 1369 - King Pedro of Castile (b. 1334)
- 1548 - Itagaki Nobukata, retainer of Takeda Shingen
- 1555 - Pope Julius III (b. 1487)
- 1559 - Emperor Gelawdewos of Ethiopia (killed in battle) (b. 1521/1522)
- 1596 - Henry Unton, English diplomat
- 1606 - Justus Lipsius, Flemish humanist (b. 1547)
- 1618 - James Hamilton, Scottish politician
- 1653 - Johan van Galen, Dutch naval officer (b. 1604)
- 1680 - Nicolas Fouquet, French statesman (b. 1615)
- 1742 - Jean-Baptiste Dubos, French writer (b. 1670)
- 1747 - Claude Alexandre de Bonneval, French soldier (b. 1675)
- 1748 - Johann Gottfried Walther, German music theorist, organist, and composer (b. 1684)
- 1754 - Johann Jakob Wettstein, Swiss theologian (b. 1693)
- 1783 - Charles Caroll, American lawyer and delegate to the Continental Congress (b. 1723)
- 1801 - Tsar Paul of Russia (b. 1754)
- 1842 - Stendhal, French writer (b. 1783)
- 1927 - Paul César Helleu, French artist (b. 1859)
- 1931 - Bhagat Singh, Rajguru Sukhdev Indian freedom fighters
- 1935 - Florence Moore, American actress (b. 1886)
- 1955 - Artur da Silva Bernardes, President of Brazil (b. 1875)
- 1960 - Franklin Pierce Adams, American newspaper columnist (b. 1881)
- 1964 - Peter Lorre, Hungarian-born actor (b. 1904)
- 1965 - Mae Murray, American actress (b. 1885)
- 1968 - Edwin O'Connor, American novelist and Pulitzer Prize for Fiction winner (b. 1918)
- 1970 - Del Lord, Canadian director (b. 1894)
- 1972 - Cristóbal Balenciaga, Spanish fashion designer (b. 1895)
- 1979 - Ted Anderson, English footballer (b. 1911)
- 1982 - Barney Clark, first artificial heart recipient (b. 1921)
- 1985 - Richard Beeching, chairman of British Railways (b. 1913)
- 1985 - Peter Charanis, Greek-American scholar and professor (b. 1908)
- 1990 - John Dexter, English stage and film director
- 1991 - Parkash Singh, Indian soldier, recipient of the Victoria Cross (b. 1913)
- 1992 - Friedrich Hayek, Austrian economist, Nobel laureate (b. 1899)
- 1994 - Luis Donaldo Colosio, Mexican politician (b. 1950)
- 1994 - Giulietta Masina, Italian actress (b. 1921)
- 1994 - Donald_Swann, British composer, musician and entertainer (b. 1923)
- 1995 - Davie Cooper, Scottish footballer (b. 1956)
- 1998 - Gerald Stano, American serial killer (b. 1951)
- 1999 - Luis María Argaña, Paraguayan politician (b. ?)
- 2001 - Rowland Evans, American journalist (b. 1921)
- 2002 - Eileen Farrell, American soprano (b. 1920)
- 2002 - Ben Hollioake, English cricketer (b. 1977)
- 2003 - Fritz Spiegl, Austrian-born journalist (b. 1926)
- 2004 - Rupert Hamer, Australian politician (b. 1916)
- 2006 - David B. Bleak, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1932)
- 2006 - Desmond Doss, American soldier and first conscientious objector Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1919)
- 2006 - Cindy Walker, American singer, songwriter and dancer (b. 1918)
- 2007 - Paul J. Cohen, American mathematician, Fields Medal winner (b. 1934)
- 2007 - Eric Medlen, American NHRA drag racer (b. 1973)
Holidays and observances
143 Familypedia people were born on March 23
150 Familypedia people died on March 23
91 Familypedia people were first married on March 23