For the Lebanese political coalition, see
March 14 Alliance.
is the 74th day of the year (75th in March 14 leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 291 days remaining until the end of the year.
1489 - The Queen of Cyprus, Catherine Cornaro, sells her kingdom to Venice.
1590 - Battle of Ivry: Henry of Navarre and the Huguenots defeat the forces of the Catholic League under the Duc de Mayenne during the French Wars of Religion.
1647 - Thirty Years' War: Bavaria, Cologne, France and Sweden sign the Truce of Ulm.
1757 - On-board the , Admiral HMS Monarch John Byng is executed by firing squad for neglecting his duty.
1794 - Eli Whitney is granted a patent for the cotton gin.
1869 - Defeat of Titokowaru.
1889 - German Ferdinand von Zeppelin patents his " "
Navigable Balloon 1900 - The Gold Standard Act is ratified, placing United States currency on the gold standard.
1903 - The Hay-Herran Treaty, granting the United States the right to build the Panama Canal, is ratified by the United States Senate. The Colombian Senate would later reject the treaty.
1910 - Lakeview Gusher, the largest U.S. oil well gusher near Bakersfield, California, vented to atmosphere.
1915 - World War I: Cornered off the coast of Chile by the Royal Navy after fleeing the disastrous Battle of the Falkland Islands, the German light cruiser SMS is abandoned and scuttled by her crew.
Dresden 1926 - Río Virilla, Costa Rica: the fall of a train in the Río Virilla killed 248 and injured 93 victims.
1939 - German troops fully occupy the Czechoslovak provinces of Bohemia and Moravia.
1942 - John Bumstead and Orvan Hess became the first in the world to successfully treat a patient, Anne Miller, using penicillin.
1943 - World War II - The Kraków Ghetto is 'liquidated'.
1951 - Korean War: For the second time, United Nations troops recapture Seoul.
1964 - A jury in Dallas finds Jack Ruby guilty of killing Lee Harvey Oswald, assassin of John F. Kennedy.
1967 - The body of President John F. Kennedy is moved to a permanent burial place at Arlington National Cemetery.
1978 - The Israeli Defense Force, invades and occupies southern Lebanon, in Operation Litani
1979 - In China, a Hawker Siddeley Trident crashes into a factory near Beijing, killing at least 200.
1980 - In Poland, a plane crashes during an emergency landing near Warsaw, killing 87 people, including a 14-man American boxing team.
1984 - Gerry Adams, head of Sinn Féin, is seriously wounded in an assassination attempt in central Belfast.
1994 - Timeline of Linux development: Linux kernel version 1.0.0 is released.
1995 - Manned space mission: Astronaut Norman Thagard becomes the first American astronaut to ride to space on-board a Russian launch vehicle.
1997 - The Chinese city of Chongqing (formerly Chunking) is upgraded to a centrally administered municipality.
1998 - An earthquake measuring 6.9 on the Richter scale hits southeastern Iran.
2004 - Vladimir Putin is re-elected president of Russia, while the PSOE wins elections in Spain just days after terrorist attacks in Madrid.
2005 - Cedar Revolution, where one million Lebanese went into the streets of Beirut to demonstrate against the Syrian military presence in Lebanon, and against the government, following the assassination of Prime Minister Rafik Hariri.
2007 - In India, 15 people were killed when police open fired on protesters at Singur, Nandigram in West Bengal. The farmers were protesting against the forceful acquisition of agricultural land by the government for setting up factories in collaboration with Tata Motors.
1638 - Johann Georg Gichtel, German mystic (d. 1710)
1681 - Georg Philipp Telemann, German composer (d. 1767)
1790 - Ludwig Emil Grimm, German painter and engraver (d. 1863)
1804 - Johann Strauß, Sr., Austrian composer (d. 1849)
1807 - Josephine of Leuchtenberg, queen of Sweden and Norway (d. 1876)
1813 - Joseph Philo Bradley, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (d. 1892)
1822 - Teresa of the Two Sicilies, Empress of Brazil (d. 1889
1823 - Théodore de Banville, French writer (d. 1891)
1835 - Giovanni Schiaparelli, Italian astronomer (d. 1910)
1844 - King Umberto I of Italy (d. 1900)
1853 - Ferdinand Hodler, Swiss painter (d. 1918)
1854 - Paul Ehrlich, German scientist, Nobel laureate (d. 1915)
1854 - Alexandru Macedonski, Romanian writer (d. 1920)
1854 - John Lane, British publisher (d. 1925)
1862 - Vilhelm Bjerknes, Norwegian physicist (d. 1961)
1863 - Casey Jones, American railroad engineer (d. 1900)
1866 - Alexey Troitsky, Russian chess problemist (d. 1942)
1869 - Algernon Blackwood, British writer (d. 1951)
1879 - Albert Einstein, German-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1955)
1880 - Princess Thyra, daughter of Frederick VIII of Denmark (d. 1945)
1882 - Waclaw Sierpinski, Polish mathematician (d. 1969)
1885 - Raoul Lufbery, American World War I pilot (d. 1918)
1886 - Firmin Lambot, Belgian cyclist (d. 1964)
1887 - Sylvia Beach, American publisher (d. 1962)
1887 - Charles Reisner, American silent actor and film director (d. 1962)
1888 - Marc-Aurèle Fortin, Quebec painter (d. 1970)
1894 - Osa Johnson, American explorer (d. 1953)
1898 - Arnold Chikobava, Georgian linguist (d. 1985)
1899 - K.C. Irving, Canadian industrialist (d. 1992)
1903 - Mustafa Barzani, Kurdish politician (d. 1979)
1903 - Adolph Gottlieb American painter (d. 1974)
1904 - Doris Eaton Travis, American actress, Ziegfeld girl
1905 - Raymond Aron, French philosopher (d. 1983)
1912 - Les Brown, American bandleader (d. 2001)
1912 - Charles Van Acker, Belgian racing driver (d. 1998)
1914 - Lee Elhardt Hays, American folksinger (d. 1981)
1914 - Bill Owen, British actor (d. 1999)
1914 - Lee Petty, American race car driver (d. 2000)
1915 - Alexander Brott, Canadian conductor and composer (d. 2005)
1916 - Horton Foote, American author, playwright and screenwriter
1918 - Dennis Patrick, American actor (d. 2002)
1920 - Hank Ketcham, American cartoonist (d. 2001)
1922 - Les Baxter, American musician and composer (d. 1996)
1923 - Diane Arbus, American photographer (d. 1971)
1925 - William Clay Ford, American owner of the Detroit Lions
1925 - Francis A. Marzen, American Catholic prelate (d. 2004)
1928 - Frank Borman, American astronaut and CEO
1931 - Phil Phillips, American singer and songwriter
1932 - Naina Yeltsina, Russia's first First Lady
1933 - Sir Michael Caine, British actor
1933 - René Felber, former member of the Swiss Federal Council
1933 - Quincy Jones, American musician and composer
1934 - Eugene Cernan, American astronaut
1934 - Paul Rader, the 15th General of The Salvation Army
1936 - Bob Charles, New Zealand golfer
1939 - Raymond J. Barry, American actor
1939 - Bertrand Blier, French film director and screenwriter
1939 - Stavros Xarhakos, Greek composer
1941 - Wolfgang Petersen, German director
1942 - Rita Tushingham, British actress
1943 - Anita Morris, American actress (d. 1994)
1945 - Jasper Carrott, British comedian
1945 - Walter Parazaider, American saxophonist Chicago
1946 - Steve Kanaly, American actor
1947 - Pam Ayres, British poet
1947 - William J. Jefferson, American politician
1948 - Billy Crystal, American actor and comedian
1950 - Rick Dees, American disc jockey
1951 - Jerry Greenfield, American co-founder of Ben & Jerry's ice cream
1956 - Jonathan Bowen, British computer scientist
1957 - Andrew Robinson, British author
1958 - Albert II
1959 - Tamara Tunie, American actress
1960 - Kirby Puckett, American baseball player (d. 2006)
1961 - Greg Anderson, American NHRA driver
1961 - Penny Johnson Jerald, American actress
1961 - Hiro Matsushita, Japanese racing driver
1963 - Bruce Reid, Australian cricketer
1965 - James Kevin Brown, American baseball player
1965 - Catherine Dent, American actress
1965 - Aamir Khan, Indian actor
1965 - Kiana Tom, American fitness guru and model
1965 - Kevin Williamson, American screenwriter
1968 - Megan Follows, Canadian actress
1969 - Larry Johnson, American basketball player
1970 - Ebru Kavaklıoğlu, Russian athlete
1970 - Meredith Salenger, American actress
1974 - Patrick Traverse, Canadian ice hockey player
1975 - Stephen Harper, British/English footballer
1975 - Johan Paulik (aka Daniel Ferenčík), Slovak porn star
1975 - Wendy Rice, American actress
1976 - Merlin Santana, American actor (d. 2002)
1977 - Aki Hoshino, Japanese model
1978 - Pieter van den Hoogenband, Dutch swimmer
1979 - Nicolas Anelka, French footballer
1979 - Chris Klein, American actor
1979 - Love, Angolan footballer
1979 - Sead Ramović, German-born Bosnian footballer
1980 - Aaron Brown, British/English footballer
1980 - Matteo Grassotto, Italian racing driver
1980 - Ben Herring, New Zealand rugby union footballer
1980 - Mercedes McNab, Canadian-born actress
1981 - Bobby Jenks, American baseball player
1981 - Mei-Ting Sun, Chinese-born pianist
1983 - Bakhtiyar Artayev, Kazakh boxer
1983 - Taylor Hanson, American musician, member of Hanson
1985 - Eva Angelina, American porn star
1985 - Idaira, Spanish singer
1986 - Jamie Bell, British actor
1986 - Elton Chigumbura, Zimbabwean cricketer
1986 - Andy Taylor, British/English footballer
2007 - Simeon Hassan Muñoz, grandson of Simeon II of Bulgaria
752 - Pope Zachary
968 - Matilda of Ringelheim, German Queen
1457 - Jingtai Emperor of China (b. 1428)
1471 - Sir Thomas Malory, English author (b. 1405)
1647 - Frederick Henry (b. 1584)
1648 - Ferdinando Fairfax, English general (b. 1584)
1680 - René Le Bossu, French critic (b. 1631)
1682 - Jacob Isaakszoon van Ruysdael, Dutch painter (b. 1628)
1696 - Jean Domat, French jurist (b. 1625)
1698 - Claes Rålamb, Swedish statesman (b. 1622)
1748 - George Wade, British military leader (b. 1673)
1757 - John Byng, British admiral (executed) (b. 1704)
1791 - Johann Salomo Semler, German historian and Bible commentator (b. 1725)
1803 - Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock, German writer (b. 1724)
1805 - Stanisław Szczęsny Potocki, Russian general (b. 1753)
1811 - Augustus FitzRoy, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1735)
1823 - Charles François Dumouriez, French general (b. 1739)
1883 - Karl Marx, German political theorist (b. 1818)
1884 - Quintino Sella, Italian statesman (b. 1827)
1932 - George Eastman, American inventor, and founder of Eastman Kodak (b. 1854)
1946 - Werner von Blomberg, field marshal (b. 1878)
1949 - John Callan O'Laughlin, American political and military figure and journalist (b. 1873)
1957 - Evagoras Pallikarides, Cypriot freedom fighter (b. 1938)
1973 - Howard Aiken, American engineer (b. 1900)
1973 - Rafael Godoy, Colombian composer (b. 1907)
1973 - Chic Young, American cartoonist (b. 1901)
1975 - Susan Hayward, American actress (b. 1917)
1976 - Busby Berkeley, American choreographer and director (b. 1895)
1977 - Fannie Lou Hamer, American civil rights activist (b. 1917)
1980 - Mohammad Hatta, Indonesian politician (b. 1902)
1983 - Maurice Ronet, French film actor (b. 1927)
1989 - Edward Abbey, American author and environmental activist (b. 1927)
1991 - Howard Ashman, American lyricist and playwright (b. 1950)
1991 - Doc Pomus, American composer (b. 1925)
1991 - Margery Sharp, children's author (b. 1905)
1992 - Jean Poiret, French actor, director and screenwriter (b. 1926)
1995 - William Alfred Fowler, American physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1911)
1997 - Fred Zinnemann, Austrian-born director (b. 1907)
1999 - Kirk Alyn, American actor (b. 1910)
2002 - Hans-Georg Gadamer, German philosopher (b. 1900)
2002 - Cherry Wilder, New Zealand-born author (b. 1930)
2003 - Jack Goldstein, Canadian-born artist (b. 1945)
2003 - Jean-Luc Lagardère, French publisher (b. 1928)
2006 - Lennart Meri, former president of Estonia (b. 1929)
2007 - Lucie Aubrac, French history teacher and member of the French Resistance (b. 1912)
2007 - Gareth Hunt, English actor (b. 1943)
Holidays and observances Edit
Liturgical feasts Edit
External links Edit
101 Familypedia people were born on March 14
117 Familypedia people died on March 14
101 Familypedia people were first married on March 14