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Mansa district
ਮਾਨਸਾ ਜ਼ਿਲ੍ਹਾ
—  district  —

Mansa district
Location of the district headquarters in Punjab, India
Coordinates: 29°59′N 75°23′E / 29.983, 75.383Coordinates: 29°59′N 75°23′E / 29.983, 75.383
Country  India
State Punjab
Headquarters Mansa
 • Total 2,174 km2 (839 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 768,808
 • Density 350/km2 (900/sq mi)
 • Official Punjabi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
ISO 3166 code IN-PB
Sex ratio 1000/880 /
Literacy 63%

Mansa district (Punjabi: ਮਾਨਸਾ ਜ਼ਿਲ੍ਹਾ) falls under the Indian state of Punjab. The headquarter is Mansa city. The district has three tehsils,[1] Budhlada, Mansa, Sardulgarh and five development blocks, Bhikhi, Budhlada, Mansa, Jhunir and Sardulgarh with three sub-tehsils.

Geography[edit | edit source]

Districts of Indian Punjab along with their headquarters

The district is roughly triangular in shape, and is bounded on the northwest by Bathinda district, on the northeast by Sangrur district, and on the south by Haryana state. It is situated on the Bathinda-Jind-Delhi railway and the Barnala-Sardulgarh-Sirsa road. The district is divided into three tehsils, Budhlada, Mansa, and Sardulgarh. The Ghaggar River flows through the Sardulgarh tehsil in the southwestern corner of the district.

Punjabi is the mother tongue as well as the official language of the district.

History[edit | edit source]

Mansa District was formerly a part of Phulkia Sikh Dynasty (1722–1948) then part of Kaithal Sikh Kingdom (1762–1857). The present district was formed on 13 April 1992 from the erstwhile Bathinda district.

Ancient period[edit | edit source]

The ancient history of the Mansa district has been traced to the Indus Valley civilization. The archaeological finds at different villages of Mansa district are almost similar to those of Harappa and Mohanjodaro.[2][3] It is divided into three parts Pre-Harappa, Harappa and Late Harappa. That are:

  1. Alipur Mandran
  2. Baglian dee Theh
  3. Bareh
  4. Chhoti Mansa
  5. Gurni Kalan
  6. Hasanpur
  7. Hirke
  8. Lakhmir Wala
  9. Naiwala Theh
Harappan Period
  1. Ali Da Theh
  2. Alipur Mandran
  3. Baglian dee Theh
  4. Chhoti Mansa
  5. Dalewan
  6. Gurni Kalan
  7. Hassanpur
  8. Hirke
  9. Karanpura
  10. Lakhmir Wala
  11. Lalu Wala
  12. Lallian Wali
  13. Naiwala Theh
Late Harappan Period
  1. Ali Da Theh
  2. Alipur Mandran
  3. Bareh
  4. Bhikhi
  5. Chhoti Mansa
  6. Danewala
  7. Dalewala
  8. Nehriwala
  9. Sahnewali

Demographics[edit | edit source]

According to the 2011 census Mansa district has a population of 7,68,808,[4] roughly equal to the US state of Alaska.[5] This gives it a ranking of 489th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 350 inhabitants per square kilometre (910 /sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 11.62%. Mansa has a sex ratio of 880 females for every 1000 males and a literacy rate of 62.8%.[4]

Agriculture and industry[edit | edit source]

Mansa is situated in the cotton belt of Punjab and therefore popularly called the "Area of white gold". Indeed agriculture forms the backbone of the district economy.

Industrially, the district is very deficient, yet some trade and industry is being carried out in urban areas.

Major cities and towns[edit | edit source]

Budhlada[edit | edit source]

Budhlada was named after the two brothers, Budha and Ladha, who were khatri by caste. It is situated on Bathinda-Delhi railway line. It was the largest market of Eastern Punjab and a very big recruitment centre for military personnel.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. ^ "Gurpreet gets Mansa seat". News in English. The Tribune (Ludhiana). January 10, 2012. Retrieved July 17, 2012. 
  2. ^ Lal, B.B; Gupta, S.P. (1984) [1981-82]. Frontier of Indus Valley Civilization. Delhi. 
  3. ^ "Ancient history of Mansa district". B.B. Lal and S.P. Gupta. Retrieved 23 January 2012. 
  4. ^ a b "District Census 2011". 2011. Retrieved 22 January 2012. 
  5. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "Alaska 710,231" 

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