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Madera County, California
Map of California highlighting Madera County
Location in the state of California
Map of the U.S. highlighting California
California's location in the U.S.
Founded 1893
Seat Madera
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

2,153 sq mi (5,576 km²)
2,136 sq mi (5,532 km²)
17 sq mi (44 km²), 0.81%
 - (2000)
 - Density

57/sq mi (22/km²)

Madera County is a county of the U.S. state of California, located in the Central Valley north of Fresno County. It is part of the Madera Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of the 2000 census the population was 123,109. The county seat is Madera.

The southernmost part of Yosemite National Park is located in the county's northeast.

History[edit | edit source]

Madera County was formed in 1893 from parts of Fresno County.

Madera in Spanish means timber or lumber. The county derives its name from the town of Madera, named when the California Lumber Company built a log flume to carry lumber to the railroad there in 1876.

Geography[edit | edit source]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 5,577 km² (2,153 sq mi). 5,532 km² (2,136 sq mi) of it is land and 45 km² (17 sq mi) of it is water. The total area is 0.81% water.

Cities and towns[edit | edit source]

Adjacent Counties[edit | edit source]

Transportation Infrastructure[edit | edit source]

Major Highways[edit | edit source]

Public Transportation[edit | edit source]

Airports[edit | edit source]

Demographics[edit | edit source]

As of the census2 of 2000, there are 123,109 people in the county, organized into 36,155 households, and 28,598 families. The population density is 22/km² (58/sq mi). There are 40,387 housing units at an average density of 7/km² (19/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county is 62.23% White, 4.12% Black or African American, 2.61% Native American, 1.27% Asian, 0.17% Pacific Islander, 24.35% from other races, and 5.25% from two or more races. 44.28% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race. 63.6% spoke English and 33.7% Spanish as their first language.

There are 36,155 households out of which 40.2% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.9% are married couples living together, 12.2% have a female householder with no husband present, and 20.9% are non-families. 16.5% of all households are made up of individuals and 7.7% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 3.18 and the average family size is 3.52.

In the county the population is spread out with 29.6% under the age of 18, 9.9% from 18 to 24, 29.1% from 25 to 44, 20.4% from 45 to 64, and 11.0% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 33 years. For every 100 females there are 91.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 86.0 males.

The median income for a household in the county is $36,286, and the median income for a family is $39,226. Males have a median income of $33,658 versus $24,415 for females. The per capita income for the county is $14,682. 21.4% of the population and 15.9% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 28.6% of those under the age of 18 and 9.0% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

Politics[edit | edit source]

Presidential election results
Year GOP DEM Others
2004 64.0% 24,871 34.7% 13,481 1.3% 498
2000 60.7% 20,283 34.9% 11,650 4.4% 1,462
1996 53.8% 16,510 36.7% 11,254 9.5% 2,898
1992 43.2% 13,066 35.9% 10,863 20.9% 6,316
1988 54.6% 13,255 43.8% 10,642 1.6% 384
1984 60.0% 13,954 38.7% 8,994 1.3% 293
1980 53.6% 10,599 39.3% 7,783 7.1% 1,398
1976 46.0% 6,844 51.2% 7,625 2.8% 423
1972 52.6% 7,835 44.2% 6,580 3.2% 477
1968 43.5% 6,229 48.5% 6,932 8.0% 1,142
1964 32.2% 4,461 67.7% 9,391 0.1% 10
1960 41.8% 5,869 57.8% 8,126 0.4% 62

Madera is a strongly Republican county in Presidential and congressional elections. The last Democrat to win a majority in the county was Jimmy Carter in 1976.

The vast majority of Madera is part of California's 19th congressional district, which is held by Republican George Radanovich; a tiny part of Madera is in the 18th district, which is held by Democrat Dennis Cardoza. In the State Assembly, most of Madera is in the 25th district with a small part in the 19th district. Both districts are held by Republicans, Tom Berryhill and Michael Villines respectively. In the State Senate, Madera is part of the 12th and 14th districts, which are held by Republicans Jeff Denham and Dave Cogdill respectively.

See also[edit | edit source]

External links[edit | edit source]

Coordinates: 37°13′N 119°46′W / 37.22, -119.77

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