|• Mayor||Oleksandr Hrycajenko|
|• Total||45.6 km2 (17.6 sq mi)|
|Elevation||158 m (518 ft)|
|Population (1 May 2018)|
|• Total||45 659|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||EET (UTC+3)|
|Area code(s)||+380 5361|
Lubny (Ukrainian: Лубни́|, Russian: Лубны́) is a city in Poltava Oblast (province) of central Ukraine. Serving as the administrative center of Lubny Rauon (district), the city itself is administratively incorporated as a city of oblast significance and does not belong to the raion. Population: 45,659.
Initially, it was a small wooden fortress above the Sula River. The fortress quickly grew, and in the 15th or 16th century, it was owned by the powerful Wisniowiecki family. The town was ruled by Magdeburg rights and had a coat of arms.
In 1596, Lubny was the site of the last battle of Severyn Nalyvaiko against the Poles. In the 17th century the city was one of the largest in the area. In 1638 it had 2,646 inhabitants.
After Khmelnytsky Uprising, between 1648 and 1781, the town was the headquarters of the Lubny Cossack Regiment.
In 1782 Lubny became an uyezd center of Kiev Viceroyalty, in 1793 the town was included into Malorossiya Governorate, since 1802 - into Poltava Governorate
After a railroad line was constructed through Lubny in 1901, industry quickly grew and expanded in the city.
During the German occupation in the Second World War, Lubny was the centre of major partisan (resistance) movement. On October 16, 1941 over a thousand of the city's Jews, including women and children, were massacred by German Einsatzgruppen on the outskirts of the city.
Today, Lubny is a large industrial and cultural centre. Many automotive and farm equipment factories were established during the growth of industry between 1901 and the 1930s. As well, Lubny is a major producer of meat and milk products, furniture and bread. Over 40 types of ice cream are made in the milk factories, and the Lubny bread is known across Ukraine.
Lubny also has its own soccer team, Lubny Nyva (Ukrainian: Нива|). Several museums and art galleries are located there, and the Lubny institute district is known for the bookstores that carry a wide variety of technical and non-technical books.
A second local newspaper, Visnyk (Ukrainian: Вісник|) is published in the city since 1994.
The main landmark of the Lubny District is the Mharsky Monastery, with a large six-pillared Ukrainian Baroque cathedral, built in 1684–92 and renovated after a conflagration in 1754, and a neoclassical bell tower, started in 1784 but not completed until 1844.
Lubny is divided into eight microdistricts, each raion is governed by a specially-appointed secretary, and has its own branch of the police force. The secretaries are responsible for handling issues in their raion.
Notable people from Lubny
- Lyudmila Rudenko, Soviet chess world champion (1904–1986)
- Natalya Meklin, pilot (1922-2005)
- ^ Лубны // Советский энциклопедический словарь. редколл., гл. ред. А. М. Прохоров. 4-е изд. М., «Советская энциклопедия», 1986. стр.728
- ^ "Чисельність населення на 1 травня 2018 року" (in Ukrainian). Головне управлiння статистики у Полтавськiй областi. http://pl.ukrstat.gov.ua/.
- ^ Лубны // Большая Советская Энциклопедия. / редколл., гл. ред. Б. А. Введенский. 2-е изд. том 25. М., Государственное научное издательство «Большая Советская энциклопедия», 1954. стр.439
- ^ № 6800 «Красная Лубенщина» («Червона Лубенщина») // Газеты СССР 1917—1960. Библиографический справочник. том 3. М., «Книга», 1978. стр.224
- ^ Газеты дореволюционной России 1703—1917. Каталог. СПб., 2007. стр.91
- ^ United States Holocaust Museum, Einsatzgruppen (Mobile Killing Units) Script error: No such module "webarchive".
- (Ukrainian) Lubny News
- (Ukrainian) Official city administration site
- History of Jewish Community in Lubny
- The murder of the Jews of Lubny during World War II, at Yad Vashem website.
|This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Lubny. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.|