|London Borough of Hounslow|
|— London borough —|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Ceremonial county||Greater London|
|Incorporated||1 April 1965|
|• Type||London borough council|
|• Body||Hounslow London Borough Council|
|• Leadership||Leader & Cabinet (Labour)|
|• Mayor||Cllr Nisar Malik |
|• MPs||Seema Malhotra
|• London Assembly||Tony Arbour AM for South West|
|• EU Parliament||London|
|• Total||21.61 sq mi (55.98 km2)|
|Area rank||264th (of 326)|
|Population (2006 est.)|
|• Rank||56th (of 326)|
|• Ethnicity||53.6% White British
2.4% White Irish
6.7% Other White
0.7% White & Black Caribbean
0.5% White & Black African
1.2% White & Asian
0.9% Other Mixed
2.4% Other Asian
1.3% Black Caribbean
3.2% Black African
0.4% Other Black
|Time zone||GMT (UTC0)|
|• Summer (DST)||BST (UTC+1)|
|Police force||Metropolitan Police|
The London Borough of Hounslow ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a London borough in west London, England, forming part of Outer London. The borough stretches from near Central London in the east to the border with Surrey in the west, covering Chiswick, Brentford, Isleworth and Feltham in addition to Hounslow itself; it borders the boroughs of Richmond upon Thames, Hammersmith and Fulham, Ealing and Hillingdon, plus the Surrey borough of Spelthorne. Landmarks include Osterley Park, Gunnersbury Park, Syon House, the London Museum of Water & Steam and Chiswick House. The local authority is Hounslow London Borough Council.
Districts in HounslowEdit
|Post Town||Other localities|
|Hounslow||Cranford||Grove Park||Lampton||Heston||North Hyde|
|South Acton (Part)[n 1][n 2]|
|Chiswick[n 3]||Bedford Park||Gunnersbury||Strand-on-the-Green||Turnham Green|
The various electoral wards of Hounslow are grouped into five Areas, each of which is given an extent of self-government:
- Chiswick Homefields
- Chiswick Riverside
- Turnham Green
- Hounslow Town
- Hounslow Central
- Hounslow Heath
- Hounslow South
- Hounslow West
- Isleworth and Brentford
- Osterley and Spring Grove
- Heston East
- Heston Central
- Heston West
- Feltham North
- Feltham West
- Hanworth Park
53.3% of the borough's population is White, 34.4% is Asian, and 11.6% is Black. There is a major split between ethnic diverse areas and those that are not: the eastern part of the borough (e.g. Chiswick, Turnham Green) and the western part (e.g. Bedfont, Feltham) have White British majorities and have a low foreign-ethnic population. Meanwhile, the central wards, consisting of the areas of Hounslow, Hounslow West, Hounslow Heath, Cranford and Heston, have a very high ethnic diversity with a low White British population.
In terms of religion, 42% identify themselves as Christian, 14% Muslim, 10.3% Hindu, 9% Sikh, 1.4% Buddhist and 0.3% Buddhist. At nine percent, Hounslow has the largest proportion of Sikhs in London, and the third highest in England before Slough and Wolverhampton. In addition, 18% of the population are not religious.
Unemployment is highest in the Heston West, Brentford and Hounslow Central wards. Population density is highest in Hounslow West and Hounslow Central wards, and lowest in Bedfont, Grove, Heston West and Hanworth Park wards.
Elections across the London Boroughs are currently held every four years. Since the Hounslow borough was formed it has been controlled by the Labour Party on all but two elections: in 1968 the Conservatives formed a majority until they lost control to Labour in 1971. The 2006 local elections produced a no overall control result. Although Labour was the largest party on the Council, the Conservatives formed a coalition with the six Councillors from the independent Isleworth Community Group (ICG) which administered the area until the 2010 local elections when Labour regained control.
Seat distribution as of 2014 elections:
Reflecting how votes were cast in the national elections, in separate polls held the same day, for the 2010-2014 period, the Conservatives and Labour won fifteen seats each from the Brentford and Isleworth (UK Parliament constituency). Overall, control was held by the Council's Labour administration as 20 Labour Party Councillors and 10 Conservative Party Councillors were elected for wards in the Feltham and Heston half of the borough.
Between 1998 and 2006 Independents were elected to the London Borough of Hounslow from the area. The first Independent Community Group (ICG) Councillor was elected in 1998 as Isleworth Community Group in Isleworth. In 2002 three ICG Councillors were elected in Isleworth. In 2006 six ICG Councillors were elected (Syon and Isleworth wards), and former Labour Leader of the Council John Connelly was re-elected as an Independent in Hounslow Heath ward. All seven of the Independents were defeated in the local elections held on 6 May 2010 by, in their respective wards, Labour Party candidates. Since then one Conservative councillor has become an Independent and four Conservative Councillors have defected to UKIP.
HistoryEditSee for the history of each
The town of Hounslow, which has existed since the 13th Century, is located at the centre of the Borough of Hounslow. The name Hounslow means 'Hund's mound'; the personal name Hund is followed by the Old English hlaew meaning mound or barrow. (The mound may have been his burial place.) It was recorded in the Domesday Book as Honeslaw.
The borough was formed in 1965, under the London Government Act 1963, by the merger of the area of the former Brentford and Chiswick Urban District, Feltham Urban District and the Heston and Isleworth Urban District (which held borough status as did Brentford and Chiswick) of Middlesex.
This outer borough of Greater London lies on the Middlesex bank of the River Thames and was the site of the first stop on an important coach route to Southampton, Bath, Bristol and Exeter. The A30 "Great South West Road" trunk road, which runs down to Penzance in Cornwall, starts in the borough. Hounslow town developed on either side of the main Great West Road from London to the West of England (not to be confused with the modern road of the same name), causing a large number of inns to be built to serve the travellers. A few, such as The Bell retain their names, although the buildings have largely been replaced. The Bell marks the former junction of the coaching routes. Historic milestones are preserved on the Staines Road (now re-numbered as the A315 but joining the "old" A30 again just inside the borough's western boundary)
Hounslow grew rapidly in the latter half of the 20th century due to other travel, a connection to the largest of London's airports since the 1940s, Heathrow Airport which is in the Hounslow post town. Little known is that aviation dates to the early 1900s here when one of London's earliest airfields was situated on Hounslow Heath because of the extremely flat terrain. The Great West Road, which crosses the borough from Chiswick to Heathrow, at one time served nationally and globally famous manufacturers including Firestone, Gillette and Coty. As a result, the area became known as the "Golden Mile". A few of these factory sites remain today, such as Gillette Corner, and the Great West Road is still home to many prestigious names (see "famous companies" below), providing them with easy non-motorway access between Slough, London Heathrow Airport and Central London.
Hounslow has suffered from crime for decades (eg drug dealing, knife crime). It has been called the drug capital of UK by people for decades due to its notoriety. Recently a wide police crackdown on drugs and knife crime has helped crime rates settle down in Hounslow. Several residents have reported anti social behaviour on roads particularly caused by youth who are vulnerable to gangs and knife crime. Police have recently started an operation in the area to stop anti social behaviour spreading in hounslow.
Hounslow abuts the perimeter of London Heathrow Airport in the London Borough of Hillingdon. Plans for the expansion of Heathrow Airport are vigorously opposed by Hounslow if such plans increase or widen noise and pollution, weighed against arguments of greater employment and spending.
The borough has forty-seven bus routes (27, 65, 81, 90, 94, 105, 110, 111, 116, 117, 120, 190, 195, 203, 222, 235, 237, 267, 272, 281, 285, 290, 391, 423, 440, 481, 482, 490, 635, 681, 813, 941, E2, E3, E6, E8, H20, H22, H25, H26, H28, H32, H37, H91, H98, R70, X26), some of which are 24 hours services, and two night services (N9 and N11).
The borough's railway stations are:
- on the North London Line: Gunnersbury.
- on the Hounslow Loop Line: Chiswick, Kew Bridge, Brentford, Isleworth, Syon Lane, and Hounslow.
- on the mainline: Feltham.
Principal roads in Hounslow include the A4 (Great West Road), the elevated section of the M4 motorway, the A406 (North Circular) and A205 (South Circular) roads, all of which meet at Gunnersbury just west of Chiswick. The A4 runs eastwards into central London via the Hogarth Roundabout where it meets the A316 (Great Chertsey Road) which runs south-west, eventually joining the M3 motorway.
- Stamford Brook: District line, Richmond and Ealing Broadway branches;
- Turnham Green: District line, Richmond and Ealing Broadway branches and Piccadilly line (early mornings and late evenings only);
- Gunnersbury: District line, Richmond branch
- Boston Manor: Heathrow branch (as all stations below);
- Hounslow East
- Hounslow Central
- Hounslow West
Three stations lie just outside the borough's northern boundaries. Chiswick Park and Acton Town (both in the London Borough of Ealing) and Hatton Cross tube station (in the London Borough of Hillingdon) serve the borough's residents.
Travel to workEdit
In March 2011, the main forms of transport that residents used to travel to work were (of all residents aged 16–74):
- driving a car or van, 26.7%;
- bus, minibus or coach, 10.5%;
- underground, metro, light rail, tram, 10.5%;
- train, 5.5%;
- on foot, 5.0%;
- work mainly at or from home, 2.9%;
- bicycle, 2.2%.
The borough is home to the headquarters of GlaxoSmithKline, and British Sky Broadcasting's studio complex, both based in Brentford's 'Golden Mile'. Fuller's Griffin Brewery is also in the borough, in Chiswick. Aston Martin were based in Feltham for several years before moving to Newport Pagnell, Buckinghamshire.
Air France-KLM's head office for United Kingdom and Ireland operations, which includes facilities for Air France and KLM, is located in Plesman House in Hatton Cross in the borough.[n 4] The Plesman House, outside of Terminal 4 of London Heathrow Airport, has the UK commercial team, sales team, and support team. Sega Europe has its head office in Brentford. Menzies Aviation has its head office by the airport in Feltham. JCDecaux UK has its head office in Brentford.
Sport and leisureEdit
The borough of Hounslow has several Non-League football clubs:
- CB Hounslow United F.C. who play at the Osterley Sports Ground.
- Hanworth Villa F.C. who play at Rectory Meadow.
- Feltham F.C. who currently play at the Orchard in East Bedfont.
- Bedfont Sports F.C. who play at the Bedfont Sports Recreation Ground.
- Ashford Town F.C. (Middlesex) who play at The Robert Parker Stadium.
The borough is also home to Staines Rugby Football Club who play at the "Reeves" in Hanworth.
People from HounslowEdit
Notes and ReferencesEdit
- ^ Data Management and Analysis Group, Greater London Authority, Demography Update October 2007, (2007)
- ^ http://www.hounslow.gov.uk/demographic_profile_analysis_jsna.pdf
- ^ BBC News - 2010 Local Elections
- ^ Room, Adrian: "Dictionary of Place-Names in the British Isles", Bloomsbury, 1988
- ^ hounslow.gov.uk Campaigns/Heathrow
- ^ "2011 Census: QS701EW Method of travel to work, local authorities in England and Wales". Office for National Statistics. http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/rel/census/2011-census/key-statistics-and-quick-statistics-for-wards-and-output-areas-in-england-and-wales/rft-qs701ew.xls. Retrieved 23 November 2013. Percentages are of all residents aged 16-74 including those not in employment. Respondents could only pick one mode, specified as the journey’s longest part by distance.
- ^ "Heritage". Aston Martin. http://www.astonmartin.com/heritage. "1947 saw the dawn of the 'David Brown Era' [...] with the next few years seeing [...] the relocation of production to Hanworth Park, Feltham, Middlesex. [....] Production was moved to Newport Pagnell in 1954 [...]"
- ^ "Online Shipping." DHL Air UK. Retrieved on 23 April 2014. "DHL International (UK) Limited Registered Office: Orbital Park, 178-188 Great South West Road, Hounslow, Middlesex TW4 6JS"
- ^ "AIR FRANCE and KLM celebrate official inauguration of new office in London." Air France. 6 July 2006. Retrieved on 13 February 2010.
- ^ "Career Opportunities." Air France UK and Ireland. Retrieved on 13 February 2010.
- ^ "Corporate." SEGA. Retrieved on 31 January 2011. "SEGA Europe Ltd. 27 Great West Road Brentford Middlesex TW8 9BW United Kingdom ."
- ^ "Contact Us." Menzies Aviation. Retrieved on 18 February 2011. "Menzies Aviation plc, 4 New Square, Bedfont Lakes, Feltham, Middlesex, TW14 8HA, United Kingdom."
- ^ "Head Office Location." Menzie's Aviation. Retrieved on 18 February 2011.
- ^ "Contact Us." JCDecaux UK. Retrieved on 28 September 2011. "JCDecaux UK - Head Office 991 Great West Road Brentford, Middlesex"
- ^ "Contact." British Mediterranean Airways. 26 June 2006. Retrieved on 20 May 2009.
- ^ "Maps & GIS." London Borough of Hounslow. Retrieved on 20 May 2009.
- ^ Cumber, Robert (17 December 2010). "Council to revive links with Palestinian town". Hounslow, Heston & Whitton Chronicle. http://www.hounslowchronicle.co.uk/west-london-news/local-hounslow-news/2010/12/17/council-to-revive-links-with-palestinian-town-109642-27845665/. Retrieved 16 August 2012.
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