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Mayflower2016

Mayflower at Provincetown Harbor

This is a list of the passengers on board the Mayflower during its trans-Atlantic voyage of September 6 - November 9, 1620, the majority of them becoming the settlers of Plymouth Colony in what is now Massachusetts. One of many Immigrant Ships of New England.

Of the passengers, 37 were members of the separatist Leiden congregation seeking freedom of worship in the New World. The Mayflower launched with 102 passengers, as well as at least two dogs, and a crew of 25-30 headed by Captain Christopher Jones. One baby was born during the trip and named Oceanus Hopkins. Another, Peregrine (meaning "wanderer") White, was born on the Mayflower in America on November 20, before the settlement at Plymouth. About half of these emigrants died in the first winter. Many Americans can trace their ancestry back to one or more of these individuals who, 'Saints' and 'Strangers' together, would become known as the Pilgrims.

In all, there were 102 passengers on the Mayflower - 74 males and 28 females

Leiden, Holland congregation Edit

Provincetown2016

1909 Pilgrim monument in Provincetown MA.

Persons with an asterisk after their name are known to have died in the winter of 1620-1621

Servants of Leiden Separatists Edit


The More Children Edit

Four small children sailed on the Mayflower, the subjects of a bitter divorced when Samuel More (c1585-) found his wife in an illicit affair. He signed over all four children to agents for the Mayflower company: John Carver (1565-1621), Robert Cushman (1577-1625), and Thomas Weston and thence assigned to senior Pilgrim families as indentured servants. Three of the four children died that first winter and are buried in an unmarked grave with other pilgrims that died on Cole's Hill and recognized on the Pilgrim Memorial Tomb in Plymouth.

Recruited Planters Edit

Recruited by Thomas Weston, of London merchant adventurers [6]

Servants of the Planters Edit

Mayflower Crew Edit

According to author Charles Edward Banks, the Mayflower had fourteen officers consisting of the captain, four mates, four quartermasters, surgeon, carpenter, cooper, cook, boatswain, gunner and about thirty-six men before the mast, making a total of fifty. Other authors in more recent times estimate a crew of about thirty. The entire crew stayed with the Mayflower in Plymouth through the winter of 1620-21. During that time, about half of the crew died. The crewmen that survived returned on the Mayflower which sailed for London on April 5, 1621.

Crewmen Hired to Stay One Year Edit

  • Alden, John (c1699-1687) (Harwich, Essex) - considered a ship's crewman (he was the ship's cooper) but joined settlers (Signer #7 of the Mayflower Compact). He married Priscilla Mullins (above) and started one of the largest Mayflower posterity groups in North America.
  • Allerton, John (c1590-1621)*, was listed as a hired man but was apparently related to one of the Pilgrim families on board, Isaac Allerton's, who all came from Leiden. He sailed in order to settle in North America, and was to return to England to help the rest of the group immigrate, but died during the first winter of the Pilgrims' settlement. He may have been a relative of the "Pilgrim" Allerton family.
  • Ely, Richard, hired as seaman, returned to England after term was up but later returned to New England and died there. He is mentioned briefly as a sailor by name of Ely in "Of Plymouth Plantation."
  • English, Thomas*, hired to master a shallop but died in the winter
  • Trevore, William, hired as seaman, returned to England after term was up - made several more trips deliving immigrants to Plymouth and Boston.

Unlisted Crew Edit

The Mayflower contained probably close to 30 crew members, many are not listed in Bradford's journal. They all shared in the hardships of the first winter, some died there even.

  1. William Trevore (c1590-) - Mayflower crewman/ hired hand stayed one 9 months at Plymouth and returned to England on the Fortune in Dec 1621.


Hoax PassengersEdit

Despite common rumours in many genealogical circles, the following people have been proven to NOT be Mayflower passengers:


AnimalsEdit

At least two dogs are known to have participated in the settling of Plymouth. In Mourt's Relation Edward Winslow writes that a female mastiff and a small springer spaniel came ashore on the first explorations of what is now Provincetown. There may have been other animals on the Mayflower, but only these two dogs had been mentioned.[9]


ReferencesEdit

Mayflower 2016a


General SourceEdit

Categpru: Plymouth Colony


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at List of Mayflower passengers. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

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