Revisions and sourced additions are welcome.

German Americans (German: Deutschamerikaner) are citizens of the United States of German ancestry; they form the largest ethnic ancestry group in the United States, accounting for 17% of U.S. population.[1] The first significant numbers arrived in the 1680s in New York and Pennsylvania. Some eight million German immigrants have entered the United States since that point. Immigration continued in substantial numbers during the 19th century; the largest number of arrivals came 1840–1900, when Germans formed the largest group of immigrants coming to the U.S., outnumbering the Irish and English.[2] Some arrived seeking religious or political freedom, others for economic opportunities greater than those in Europe, and others for the chance to start afresh in the New World. California and Pennsylvania have the largest populations of German origin, with more than six million German Americans residing in the two states alone.[3] More than 50 million people in the United States identify German as their ancestry; it is often mixed with other Northern European ethnicities.[4]

Americans of German descent live in nearly every American county, from the East Coast, where the first German settlers arrived in the 17th century, to the West Coast and in all the states in between. German Americans and those Germans who settled in the U.S. have been influential in almost every field, from science, to architecture, to entertainment, and to commercial industry.

Art and literatureEdit



Elisabeth Ney by Friedrich Kaulbach

Elisabet Ney

Charles Schulz NYWTS

Charles Schulz of Charlie Brown fame


Political cartoonist Thomas Nast

Authors and writersEdit

John Steinbeck 1962

John Steinbeck

L. Frank Baum (1911)

L. Frank Baum, The Wonderful Wizard of Oz writer

H l mencken

H. L. Mencken, satirist, social critic, cynic, freethinker


Actors and actressesEdit

Clark Gable - publicity

Clark Gable, actor

Astaire, Fred - Never Get Rich

Fred Astaire, dancer

Leonardo DiCaprio visited Goddard Saturday to discuss Earth science with Piers Sellers (26105091624) cropped

Leonardo DiCaprio, actor

Marlene Dietrich in No Highway (1951) (Cropped)

Marlene Dietrich, actress, singer, and entertainer

Studio publicity Mitzi Gaynor

Mitzi Gaynor, actress, singer, and dancer

Jon Voight 2012

Jon Voight, actor

Grace Kelly MGM photo

Grace Kelly, actress who became Princess of Monaco

Marg Helgenberger- Intelligence 2013

Marg Helgenberger, actress


Keith Olbermann - small

Keith Olbermann

Willie Geist

Willie Geist

Directors, producers, screenwriters and film editorsEdit




Cindy Crawford

Composers and musiciansEdit

Lawrence welk norma zimmer 1961

Lawrence Welk

Bix Beiderbecke cropped

Bix Beiderbecke

John Denver 1973

John Denver

Foo Fighters Tenacious D concert in 2011

Dave Grohl

Businesspeople and entrepreneursEdit

John Jacob Astor IVb

Businessman John Jacob Astor, IV


Henry J. Heinz, ketchup founder and businessman

John D. Rockefeller 1885

John D. Rockefeller, industrialist


Washington Augustus Roebling, civil engineer

Levi Strauss

Levi Strauss, blue jeans

Brewers Edit

Adolphus busch2

Adolphus Busch, Brewer

Historical figuresEdit

Neil Armstrong pose

Neil Armstrong, astronaut

File:Laura Bullion 1890s.jpg
Pat nixon

Pat Nixon, first lady

Hermann Raster portrait

Hermann Raster

George Atzerodt2

George Atzerodt

Military Edit

G a custer

George Armstrong Custer, U.S. cavalry commander

Major General Friedrich Wilhelm Augustus Baron von Steuben by Ralph Earl

Baron von Steuben, Continental Army

File:Lt. Aleda E. Lutz.jpg



Dwight D. Eisenhower, official photo portrait, May 29, 1959

Dwight D. Eisenhower, 34th President of the U.S.

Henry Kissinger

Henry Kissinger, 56th U.S. Secretary of State


Christopher Gustavus Memminger, First C.S. Secretary of the Treasury


Carl Schurz, 13th U.S. Secretary of the Interior

Lorenz Brentano

Lorenz Brentano, Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Illinois

Donald Trump official portrait

Current President of the United States, Donald Trump


Scientists and inventorsEdit

Wernher von Braun

Wernher von Braun, rockets and spaceships



Honus Wagner (crop)

Honus Wagner

Babe Ruth2

Babe Ruth

Lou Gehrig as a new Yankee 11 Jun 1923

Lou Gehrig

Lou Bierbauer baseball card

Lou Bierbauer


Bill Dahlen

Orel Hershiser 1993

Orel Hershiser

1933 Goudey Sport Kings 42 Carl Hubbell

Carl Hubbell

File:Erskine Mayer.jpg
Barney Pelty

Barney Pelty

Max Scherzer on July 12, 2015

Max Scherzer

Mike Schmidt

Mike Schmidt


Scott Schoeneweis

Wildfire Schulte

Frank Schulte

Kyle Schwarber, 2015 All-Star Futures Game

Kyle Schwarber


Tom Brady 2017

Tom Brady

David Diehl 2013

David Diehl


John Heisman

Mitchell Schwartz

Mitchell Schwartz


Wes Welker



Dirk Nowitzki


Adolph Rupp

Ice hockeyEdit

Wrestling, mixed martial arts, and boxingEdit

Max Baer publicity-A

Max Baer




Other sportsEdit

First Ladies of the United StatesEdit

(in order by their husband's presidency)

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ United States Census Bureau. "US demographic census". Retrieved November 16, 2009. ; In 2009, 50.7 million claimed German ancestry. The 2000 census gives 15.2% or 42.8 million. The 1990 census had 23.3% or 57.9 million.
  2. ^ Adams, J. Q.; Pearlie Strother-Adams (2001). Dealing with Diversity. Chicago, Illinois: Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company. ISBN 0-7872-8145-X. 
  3. ^ German-American Heritage Foundation Script error
  4. ^ [1] "U.S. Census Bureau, German ancestry – German: 50,764,352"
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-06-15. Retrieved 2012-03-19.  "Dankmar Adler (1844–1900) was born in a small town in Germany."
  6. ^ Brody, Seymour "Sy"; biographical sketch of Dankmar Adler in the Jewish Virtual Library
  7. ^ "Adolf Cluss, Architect: From Germany to America – The Book to Accompany the Exhibitions". 2006-05-20. Retrieved 2014-05-22. 
  8. ^ Obituary The New York Times, October 29, 2007
  9. ^ [2] "Walter Gropius was a German architect and art educator"
  10. ^ "BHL: Albert Kahn papers 1896–2011". University of Michigan. 1909-12-06. Retrieved 2014-05-22. 
  11. ^ [3] "German-born architect famous for his wire rope suspension bridge designs, in particular, the design of the Brooklyn Bridge."
  12. ^ [4] Script error Quote: "Washington Roebling grew up in Saxonburg, a village of German farmers who had just made the journey to America. John Roebling founded this settlement by leading a group of immigrants from Mühlhausen, Germany, to America in 1832. Roebling surveyed and planned the village and distributed land to the families."
  13. ^ [5] "Frederick C. Sauer was a German immigrant-architect and builder who established a Pittsburgh office in 1884, and practiced locally for many years.
  14. ^ [6] "The church was designed by Frederick C. Sauer. While at Technical School in Wittenberg, Germany he worked as a stone cutter, brick layer arid carpenter. After graduation in 1879 he came to Pittsburgh at the age of 19."
  15. ^ Aurand, Martin. 1994. The Progressive Architecture of Frederick G. Scheibler, Jr., University of Pittsburgh Press. Pittsburgh.
  16. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-03-23. Retrieved 2007-04-29.  "German-born designer of the US capitol dome. (c. 1817–1900)"
  17. ^ [7] "The Legacy of the Schuler School of Fine Arts"
  18. ^ Faust, Albert Bernhardt (1908). The German Element in the United States with Special Reference to Its Political, Moral, Social, and Educational Influence. Houghton Mifflin Co.. pp. 64–65. 
  19. ^ Baltzell, Edward Digby. Puritan Boston & Quaker Philadelphia (Transaction Publishers, 1996), pp. 332–33. ISBN 1-56000-830-X
  20. ^ [8] "German-born Architect"
  21. ^ [9] "German-born American Textile Artist"], Artcyclopedia
  22. ^ Peter Palmquist, "Robert Benecke", Pioneer Photographers from the Mississippi to the Continental Divide (Stanford University Press, 2005), pp. 102–103.
  23. ^ [10] "German-born Bierstadt, whose teachers had included the German Romantic painter Lessing ..."
  24. ^ [11] "Born in Heide, Germany, Rudolph Dirks moved with his parents to Chicago at the age of seven."
  25. ^ Alfred Eisenstaedt. 2009. Retrieved June 7, 2009. "born December 6, 1898, Dirschau, West Prussia ... pioneering German-American photojournalist" 
  26. ^ James, George Wharton; Eytel, Carl (illustrator) (1906). The Wonders of the Colorado Desert (Southern California). Boston: Little, Brown, and Company. ISBN 978-1-103-73361-3.  LCCWp globe tiny F868.S15 J2
  27. ^ a b c d e "German-American Artists"
  28. ^ [12] "Lyonel Feininger (Léonell Charles Feininger) is born in New York City on July 17. He is the first child of the violinist Karl Feininger from Durlach in Baden (South West Germany) and the American singer Elizabeth Cecilia Feininger, born Lutz, who is also of German descent."
  29. ^ James A. Hoobler and Sarah Hunter Marks, Nashville: From the Collection of Carl and Otto Giers (Arcadia Publishing, 2000), p. 7.
  30. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-06-17. Retrieved 2006-05-18.  "early 20th century German artist, George Grosz."
  31. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-10-19. Retrieved 2008-01-30.  "Ulrike Herzner ("Uli"), is a 35-year-old German native who currently resides in Miami Beach."
  32. ^ [13] "German-American painter and teacher, often called the dean of abstract expressionism"
  33. ^ Penelope Green, "The Serial Sleepover Artist", The New York Times, April 13, 2011.
  34. ^ [14] "Kleibacker Clan"
  35. ^ Harold H. Knerr Lambiek Comiclopedia "Harold Hering Knerr was the son of an emigrated German physician."
  36. ^ [15] "Born in Ebingen, Württemberg. Krimmel immigrated to the United States in 1810. Settled in Philadelphia, where he painted portraits, miniatures and gently satirical street and domestic scenes. He returned to Germany from 1817 to 1818. Back in Philadelphia in 1819. Early 1821 he was elected president of the Association of American Artists, but on July 15 of the same year he accidentally drowned near Germantown, Pennsylvania."
  37. ^ [16] "German Americans also have influenced greatly our artistic heritage. Emanuel Leutze's 1851 painting, Washington Crossing the Delaware River, remains a cherished and recognized symbol of American courage and determination."
  38. ^ [17] "... born in Germany. Worked as an itinerant artist in Europe before immigrating to the United States in 1837. While living in New York City he married a French-Canadian and spent most of his life in Canada."
  39. ^ [18] "German-born artist, designed the first Confederate flag and the Confederate uniform".
  40. ^ [19] "German/American, 1832–1932"
  41. ^ [20] "NAHL, Charles Christian (1818–1878), born in Kassel, immigrated to United States in 1849".
  42. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-05-18. Retrieved 2006-05-18.  "Thomas Nast – German-born Father of American Caricature ..."
  43. ^ [21] "German American art historian who gained particular prominence for his studies in iconography (the study of symbols and themes in works of art)."
  44. ^ [22] "German-American painter trained in the "Munich School" style who is best known for his nudes, clowns and portraits and his ill-fated voyage of the South Pacific which nearly cost him his life"
  45. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-05-02. Retrieved 2006-05-18.  "German native Severin Roesen is most famous for his abundant fruit ..."
  46. ^ [23] "... born most likely in Nuremberg, landscape and botanical painter. Studied art in Düsseldorf and Munich. In 1825 he went to Switzerland, where he stayed for 20 years before he emigrated to America in 1845."
  47. ^ [24] "... earliest type founder in America, published the first Bible in German, 1743, and the first religious magazine in America, 1764. The magazine was published by Christopher Sauer II, who took over the printshop after his father died in 1758."
  48. ^ [25] "Schwartz first worked at MetaDesign Berlin, developing typefaces for Volkswagen and logos for a number of corporations. He then returned to the US and joined the design staff at The Font Bureau, Inc., working for a wide range of corporate and publication clients."
  49. ^ [26] "... born in Tilsit, East Prussia, came to America at the age of 17."
  50. ^ [27] "Gustavus Sohon was born in Tilsit, Germany on December 10, 1825. He came to America at the age of 17 and lived in Brooklyn, New York. A gifted linguist (he spoke English, French, and German) ..."
  51. ^ [28] "Gustavus Sohon, a native of East Prussia, arrived on the Columbia River in 1852 as a private in the US Army."
  52. ^ [29] "Birthplace: Cologne, Germany"
  53. ^ [30] "Though her father (Rene Von Drachenberg) is of German descent and her mother (Sylvia Galeano) has Spanish-Italian roots, both her parents are native Argentinians."
  54. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-04-10. Retrieved 2008-04-09.  "Her father René Drachenberg and her mother Sylvia Galeano were both born in Argentina, though René's family origins were German and Sylvia's Spanish-Italian"
  55. ^ Category:German noble templates "Freiin, under German Nobles"
  56. ^ [31] "German American Corner: WIMAR, Karl Ferdinand (1828–1862)"
  57. ^ [32] "German Heritage"
  58. ^ "Matthias Bartgis, MSA SC 3520-14987". 
  59. ^ Rogers, p. 1.
  60. ^ Actors Directors from Germany, Austria, Switzerland – German-Hollywood Connection Script error
  61. ^ Día de conmemoración a don Salvador Brau Asencio
  62. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-06-12. Retrieved 2006-05-18.  "So when Bukowski, who was German-born, got along with this young ..."
  63. ^ Catalano, Grace (February 1997). Leonardo DiCaprio: Modern-Day Romeo. New York: Dell Publishing Group. pp. 7–15. ISBN 0-440-22701-1. 
  64. ^ [33] "Part of a large German-American family, and the ninth of ten children, his childhood was marked by poverty." [34] "Theodore Dreiser was the son of a German Catholic immigrant father and a German-Moravian Mennonite mother."
  65. ^ [35] "1829 – Gomried Duden's published travel report encourages thousands of Germans to come to America, especially Missouri"
  66. ^ [36] "I could hear the pain in my German-American father's voice as he recalled being yanked out of Lutheran school during World War I and forbidden by his immigrant parents ever to speak German again."
  67. ^ [37] "Born May 27, 1917, in Hamburg, Germany; died February 11, 2006, in Las Vegas, Nevada. Came to United States in 1938; resided in New York City from 1938 to 2006."
  68. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2005-03-24. Retrieved 2006-05-18.  "Like Charles Follen and Carl Schurz, Lieber was a German revolutionary and patriot but only America allowed him to develop his talents to the full."
  69. ^ [38] "German: from a short form of a Germanic personal name cognate with Old High German gratag 'greedy'."
  70. ^ Benjamin Balint. "From Frankfurt to New Haven", The Forward, May 22, 2008.
  71. ^ Dan Webster, "Ursula Hegi" Script error, Spokesman Review, April 3, 2003.
  72. ^ Liukkonen, Petri. "Patricia Highsmith". Finland: Kuusankoski Public Library. Archived from the original on April 30, 2007. . Quote: "Her father was of German descent and she did not meet him until she was twelve – the surname Highsmith was from her stepfather..."
  73. ^ [39] "The two most distinguished German Sinologists at the turn of the century, Friedrich Hirth (1845–1927) and Berthold Laufer ..."
  74. ^ Gates Jr., Henry Louis (2016). Finding Your Roots, Season 2: The Official Companion to the PBS Series. The University Of North Carolina Press. pp. 17. ISBN 9781469626185. 
  75. ^ [40] Script error "German-American film historian, sociologist and author, best known for his 1947 book From Caligari to Hitler: A Psychological History of the German Film. His Theory of Film (1960) was Kracauer's second influential, if also controversial, work. Born in Germany, the former editor of a Frankfurt newspaper and German film critic came to America in 1941. His studies concentrated on how cinema both influences and is influenced by social and economic conditions."
  76. ^ "The American Language: Video Lesson Plan". C-SPAN. Archived from the original. Error: If you specify |archiveurl=, you must also specify |archivedate=. Retrieved 19 July 2016. "Mencken came from a German-American neighborhood and family." 
  77. ^ [41] "... largely German-speaking neighborhood (Miller's grandparents had emigrated from Germany"
  78. ^ [42] "Pennsylvania Dutch Identity: Anna Balmer Myers"
  79. ^ [43] "Public Letter to Oswald Ottendorfer" by Carl Schurz – From Frederic Bancroft, ed., Speeches, Correspondence and Political Papers of Carl Schurz, Volume III, pp. 261–280. Oswald Ottendorfer was editor of the N. Y. Staats-Zeitung. This letter was written in German. The translation, taken from one of the New York newspapers, was probably made hastily and not by Carl Schurz."
  80. ^ [44] "Ottendorfer's desire was to help to uplift both the body and the mind of his fellow Germans in the United States ('dem Körpen und dem Geisten zu helfen')."
  81. ^ [45] "In Lady Lazarus, Sylvia Plath does many things: she explores her guilt about being German during World War II ..."
  82. ^ Dorsey, Dr. Leroy G. (2007). We Are All Americans, Pure and Simple: Theodore Roosevelt and the Myth of Americanism. University Alabama Press. pp. 120. ISBN 978-0817315924. 
  83. ^ "A History of Joseph Pulitzer - For Reading Addicts" (in en-GB). For Reading Addicts. 2017-04-10. 
  84. ^ "Erich Remarque". Retrieved 2009-06-25. 
  85. ^ "North Side: People: Mary Roberts Rinehart". Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh. Archived from the original on 2014-05-22. Retrieved 2014-05-22. 
  86. ^ [46] "When St. Louis housewife Irma von Starkloff Rombauer (1877–1962) self-published The Joy of Cooking in 1931, she was, at age 54, a total amateur in the kitchen. She sets Rombauer's German-American roots in the context of a thriving Midwestern immigrant community and also unravels both her and her daughter's tangled, acrimonious relationship with Bobbs-Merrill."
  87. ^ News, A. B. C. (2008-07-18). "Diane Finds She's a True Kentucky Woman" (in en). 
  88. ^ [47] "Charles Sealsfield (1793–1864): German and American novelist of the nineteenth century."
  89. ^ Soderburg, Wendy (2010-08-05). "UCLA author's latest novel: A young mother, her nanny and hard choices". Retrieved 2015-07-07. 
  90. ^ "Bard College:faculty Biography-Mona Simpson". Bard College. Retrieved 2015-07-07. 
  91. ^ [48] Script error "German screenwriter for B-movies and classic monster movies such as The Wolf Man (1941), I Walked with a Zombie (1943), Frankenstein Meets the Wolf Man (1943) and Son of Dracula (1943). He also wrote scripts for Berlin Express (1948) and Tarzan's Magic Fountain (1948). He went to Hollywood in 1938."
  92. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-10-03. Retrieved 2007-07-08.  "She is the youngest of five surviving children of Daniel Stein and Amelia Keyser. Both parents belonged to German Jewish immigrant families who settled in Baltimore, Maryland before the Civil War."
  93. ^ [49] "Allegheny City (Deutschtown), Pittsburgh, PA birth placard"
  94. ^ About the USA > "Germans in America"
  95. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-03-05. Retrieved 2010-04-06.  "John Ernst Steinbeck was born in Salinas, California, on February 27, 1902 of German and Irish ancestry."
  96. ^ "About the USA > Germans in America". U.S. Diplomatic Mission to Germany. Retrieved 2014-05-22. 
  97. ^ [50] Script error "German-born US journalist and financier"
  98. ^ [51] "Vonnegut, a fourth generation German-American, was sent to a POW camp in Dresden." [52]
  99. ^
  100. ^ Weigel is a German surname.
  101. ^ [53] "Johanna (mother) had been born in Omaha, but her parents, David Geilus and Wilhelmina Klaatke, were German-speaking, Lutheran immigrants from East Prussia and Alsace"
  102. ^ [54] "It's a small but serious and intriguing museum (trace their ancestry and you find that Fred Astaire, Babe Ruth and Herbert Hoover were German Americans),"
  103. ^ [55] "German Ancestry"
  104. ^ Template:Cite podcast
  105. ^ "Kim Basinger". 
  106. ^ Homer, Trevor (2007). The Book of Origins: Discover the Amazing Origins of the Clothes We Wear, the Food We Eat, the People We Know, the Languages We Speak, and the Things We Use. Plume. ISBN 978-0452288324. 
  107. ^ "Ancestry of Halle Berry". 2013-01-16. 
  108. ^ [56] In this interview, he states that his surname's origin is German.
  109. ^ "Jessica Biel: Actress" (in en). 
  110. ^ [57] Script error "Born in Berlin, Bois worked as a "wide-eyed" character and stage actor for many years in Germany until he was forced to leave ..."
  111. ^ "julie bowen". Retrieved 2014-05-22. 
  112. ^ [58] "Born Hans Gudegast, Eric Braeden emigrated to the US in 1959 from the port city of Kiel, West Germany and became a naturalized citizen while attending college. In 1989, Eric served as a member of the German-American Advisory Board along with the likes of Dr. Henry Kissinger. Eric has also been awarded the Federal Medal of Honor by the President of Germany for promoting a "positive, realistic image of Germans in America."
  113. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-10-24. Retrieved 2008-01-11.  "Hans Gudegast (a.k.a. Eric Braeden) is a German-born actor whose career has been very different from that of most other German-speaking actors who have made it big in Hollywood."
  114. ^ "#78 Royal Descents, Notable Kin, and Printed Sources: Ten Further Hollywood Figures (or Groups Thereof)". New England Historic Genealogical Society. Archived from the original on January 13, 2009. Retrieved February 6, 2009. 
  115. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-01-01. Retrieved 2009-02-06.  "After going through professional nursing school, she married my father, who was an American of German and English descent, and had five kids."
  116. ^ Ernst Klee. Das Kulturlexikon zum Dritten Reich. Wer war was vor und nach 1945. S. Fischer, Frankfurt am Main 2007, pp. 73–74.
  117. ^ [59] Script error "German actor who came to Hollywood in 1937 after fleeing Nazi Germany via France. In the US he was busy as a character actor in many films of the 1940s."
  118. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-02-06. Retrieved 2007-01-25.  "...Bruckner is definitely German"
  119. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-06-24. Retrieved 2006-05-18.  "The half-German, half-Alabaman Bullock was born in Washington, D.C. ...
  120. ^ Sarah Chalke "Her mother is originally from Rostock, Germany. According to a Scrubs commentary track, she used to attend the German school in her hometown twice a week."
  121. ^ [60] "Her grandfather was Nordic-German ..."
  122. ^ "RetroCRUSH interviews Claudia Christian". retroCRUSH. 2007. 
  123. ^ "Claudia Christian Profile". Metacritic. 
  124. ^ "Error: no |title= specified when using {{Cite web}}". Retrieved 2009-02-18.  "... I would learn later, after she had passed away, that her name was really Klotz! And I don't ever remember her telling me that herself, you know, that's kind of a German name, but she would always say, 'Well, I'm half Irish.'"
  125. ^ Eig, Jonathan (1 September 1992). "The voice of experience Stormy life lends emotion to Clooney's singing". 
  126. ^ [61] "The Costners, of Irish and German descent ..."
  127. ^ [62] "Ancestry of Tom Cruise"
  128. ^ [63] Script error "...the 19-year-old was then able to get to safety in America."
  129. ^ [64] "though as it happens, Doris Day, née Doris Kappelhoff, is purebred German. "And I have a beautiful shitsu called Wesley Winfield.""
  130. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-07-20. Retrieved 2007-07-05.  "Doris Day (Doris Mary Ann von Kappelhoff, 1924– ; some bios claim she was born in 1922) – American film actress and TV personality born in the Cincinnati suburb of Evanston, Ohio in her family's house, "attended by a good German midwife." Both her parents were children of German immigrants. (Her maternal grandfather Welz came from Berlin.) Despite being Catholics, Doris' parents separated over William von Kappelhoff's extramarital affair when Doris was eleven, and later divorced. In the 1940s in California, the singer began to use the stage name Doris Day."
  131. ^ Levy, Shawn (2014). De Niro: A Life. Crown Archetype. ISBN 978-0307716798. 
  132. ^ "About Johnny". 
  133. ^ "Cameron Diaz: Hollywood crowd-pleaser" (in en-GB). BBC News. 2005-07-29. 
  134. ^ Jenkins, David (2003). "Girl, interrupted" (in en-GB). The Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. 
  135. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-05-09. Retrieved 2006-05-20.  "He's half-German, half-Italian."
  136. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-03-23. Retrieved 2006-04-05.  "His dad, George DiCaprio, half German and half Italian, is an underground comic book artist.... DiCaprio's mother, Irmelin Indenbirken (sometimes spelled In Den Birken), was born in a German air raid shelter in the midst of a World War II air raid. After the war, in the 1950s, she emigrated to the US with her parents as a young child.... DiCaprio's maternal grandparents, Wilhelm and Helene Indenbirken, continued to live in the US for many years before returning to Germany to enjoy their retirement."
  137. ^ [65] "How did you choose the name Leonardo Wilhelm? My daughter Irmelin's husband is Italian. Leonardo goes well with the last name DiCaprio. But so he would also have something German about him, we added the name of my husband Wilhelm. His roots, by the way, lie far to the east where our ancestors come from."
  138. ^ Sheridan, Patricia (2009-07-13). "Patricia Sheridan's Breakfast With ... Angie Dickinson". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. "I came from a German Catholic family in the Depression era." 
  139. ^ [66] "German-American motion-picture actress whose aura of sophistication and languid sensuality made her one of the most glamorous of all film stars."
  140. ^ [67] "German its actually von dinklage (dink-lager)".
  141. ^ Call Me Anna: The Autobiography of Patty Duke. Bantam Books. 1987. pp. 8. ISBN 978-0553272055. 
  142. ^ [68] Script error "... posters of this Swedish/German beauty will be plastered in locker rooms everywhere ..."
  143. ^ "Shore Leave". June 6, 1994.,,20108283,00.html. "[Her father] Rolf Eggert, a German-born executive..." 
  144. ^ "12 internationally famous people you didn't know had Estonian roots" (in en-US). Estonian World. 2014-05-15. 
  145. ^ "16 things you don't know about Chris Evans" (in en-AU). 
  146. ^ Dakota Fanning – "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-05-22. Retrieved 2006-07-22.  "I'm also half German" "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-07-01. Retrieved 2006-08-16.  "My Grandmother was German, and the tradition was to hide an ornament in a pickle, and whoever find it gets a prize. It's a lot of fun."
  147. ^ Schuman, Michael A. (2011). Tina Fey: TV Comedy Superstar. Enslow Pub Inc. pp. 10. ISBN 978-0766035577. 
  148. ^ "Jodie Foster Makes It Work". Rolling Stone. 
  149. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-03-30. Retrieved 2008-11-25.  "In actuality, Franz is Dennis's middle name, and the first name of his father, a German immigrant. Though unfailingly mispronounced, 'Franz' is less difficult to say than his given surname. "'Schlachta' was never easy for people to hear, say or spell", says Dennis."
  150. ^ [69] "He was played by Dennis Franz, the son of German immigrant postal workers from Chicago, who was also a graduate of Robert Altman's acting company."
  151. ^ "Brendan Fraser on Playing John Crowley in Extraordinary Measures | Irish America" (in en-US). 
  152. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-07-20. Retrieved 2007-07-05.  "... born in Cadiz, Ohio. Both Gable's mother (Adeline Hershelman) and father (William H. Gable) had German ancestors (Frankenfield, Hershelman, and Haupt) who had settled in Pennsylvania."
  153. ^ [70] "Germanic Surname Lexikon (Gerber)"
  154. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-02-03. Retrieved 2010-10-04.  "Gish Biography – Bio and Lyrics"
  155. ^ [71] "Actually, my last name does mean "glow" as it is German. My ancestry is Scotch-Irish and German."
  156. ^ [72] "Uta Hagen, a German actress who achieved fame in her role in Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf, died on Wednesday. Uta was 84. Uta was born on June 12, 1919 in Göttingen, Germany. Her family was very artistic. At age 7, her father got a job as head of the art history department of University of Wisconsin."
  157. ^ [73] "As you might expect for someone with solid St. Louis roots, Jon Hamm has German heritage. Roughly three-eighths of his family tree traces back to the fatherland, but he's equally English and one-quarter Irish."
  158. ^ Stated on Who Do You Think You Are?, August 6, 2012
  159. ^ [74] "... Hasselhoff took advantage of his fluency in the German language to establish a phenomenal successful singing career in Europe."
  160. ^ "No plain Jane | The Courier-Mail". 2012-07-02.,23739,21468251-5003420,00.html. 
  161. ^ [75] "Joseph Kamp, b. Büren, Germany, 16 Sept. 1863, bapt. Sankt Nikolaus Katholisch Kirch, Büren, Westfalen, Preußen, 20 Sept. 1863"
  162. ^ [76] "Jonathan Vincent Voight was born in Yonkers, NY, on 29 December 1938. His paternal grandfather immigrated from Košice, now the Slovak and European home of U.S. Steel, his maternal grandfather came from Büren, Germany, his grandmothers were born in the U.S."
  163. ^ [77] "Raised in Connecticut with her two older brothers, Holt and Jason, and older sister Meg, the half-Irish, half-German natural blonde was a child model for Sears catalogs before landing small roles in commercial work."
  164. ^ [78] "Her Irish-German beauty helped her grab her first TV gig back in her native Nebraska..."
  165. ^ [79] " my family, the Herrmanns, who were German on my father's side. My father didn't speak English until he went to school. They were the most highly respected immigrant group in America, the Germans. They were models of immigrant application and education and hard work and honesty. They went from that to being vilified in about two years from 1914 to 1916. He was thrown off streetcars for forgetting and speaking German in public."
  166. ^ NARA. "Fredrick Holm; United States Census, 1920". Katie Holmes's paternal grandfather, Fredrick Holm, was born to German immigrants in Ohio.. 
  167. ^ "Hyer Name Meaning Americanized spelling of German Heier, Hayer, or Heyer".
  168. ^ "Although in his autobiography the actor falsely claimed Brooklyn as his birthplace, Emil Jannings (Theodor Friedrich Emil Janez, July 23, 1884 – January 3, 1950) was actually born in Rorschach, Switzerland to a German mother (Margarethe Schwabe) and an American father (Emil Janez). He grew up as a German citizen in Switzerland, Leipzig, and Görlitz, Germany. Jannings began his acting career on the German stage. He made his first film in 1914, but his first real movie success came a few years later when he worked with the German (later Hollywood) director Ernst Lubitsch at the Ufa studios near Berlin."
  169. ^ "Van Johnson Biography." Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved: October 28, 2011.
  170. ^ [80] "German – Zeidler"
  171. ^,1607939&dq=grace+kelly+irish+german&hl=en
  172. ^ [81] "Princess Kaiulani stars German born actress Q'orianka Kilcher."
  173. ^ [82] "Naturalized US Citizen: Birthplace: Cologne, Germany"
  174. ^ [83] "[...] His father had once told him he had a great-grandfather from Bavaria said Kevin Kline in an interview. "Somewhere deep in me slumbers German DNA" [...]"
  175. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-03-30. Retrieved 2011-12-28.  "Reporter: How do I pronounce your last name? We were having a debate in my office about how to pronounce it. DK: 'Kekner.' Everyone butchers it; it's German. I come from a small town called Tipton, Missouri which started as a German community. I guess I could have taken a stage name to make it easier, but then I would have to answer to my hometown."
  176. ^ [84] "Naturalized US Citizen – Birthplace: Michenberg, Germany"
  177. ^ [85] "On the 1910 Census of Delaware County, Pennsylvania, it shows that the grandfather of Constance "Veronica" was born in Germany instead of Sweden..."
  178. ^ "Jessica Phyllis Lange". Retrieved 2014-05-22. 
  179. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-04-15. Retrieved 2010-03-08.  "LR: How can you be Italian with a name like Lauper? CL: Lauper's my father's name. He's German and Swiss and my mom's Italian. So I'm German, Swiss and Sicilian. Kinda like cold cuts. [laughs] The German and the Italian in me are always fighting and the Swiss guy in the middle is goin', "OK, let's talk here. Everybody calm down." [both laugh]"
  180. ^ [86] "Of German and Irish descent, Lauter does both redneck and roughneck with great relish and subtle variation, and though he excels at looming and hulking, he appears equally at home (and equally unnerving) behind a clipboard and a white lab coat."
  181. ^ [87] "I am only French, Dutch and German. I get my skin color from the French side of my family."
  182. ^ Lee, Linda (1989). The Bruce Lee Story. United States: Ohara Publications. ISBN 978-0897501217. 
  183. ^ "janine – internet adult film database". Internet Adult Film Database. Archived from the original on 2015-11-02. Retrieved 2015-01-21. 
  184. ^ Dr. F. A. Brick Dead; 1 Jersey Educator The New York Times; October 17, 1932; pg. 15
  185. ^ [88] "Born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, the part Panamanian, part German, and all woman Candice Michelle"
  186. ^ "50 fun facts you missed about actress Michelle Monaghan". Booms Beat. June 12, 2015. "Is of mostly Irish and German descent." 
  187. ^ Green, Matt (2017). Celebrity Biographies - The Amazing Life Of Jack Nicholson - Famous Actors. Matt Green at Google Play. 
  188. ^ [89] "Nolte's father was Franklin, of German origin and, so the story goes, one of a tribe of giants – Nolte's uncles Bener and Poob, plus his dad, all rode in at over 6ft 6in"
  189. ^ Polunsky, Bob. "Express-News Archives :". Newsbank. 
  190. ^ [90] Script error "German actress who at one time was married to Rex Harrison. She arrived in Hollywood via France and England in 1945."
  191. ^ Who Do You Think You Are? NBC transmitted March 5, 2010
  192. ^ Sarah Jessica Parker bio Script error Who Do You Think You Are? website
  193. ^ " – Penny Pax – Model – Los Angeles, California, US". Retrieved August 24, 2013. 
  194. ^ Hiltbrand, David (February 6, 2004). "William Petersen didn't have a clue 'CSI' would be a huge hit". Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved December 10, 2007. 
  195. ^ Shipman, David (1991). The Great Movie Stars: The Independent Years. Boston: Little, Brown and Company. ISBN 0-316-78489-3. 
  196. ^ [91] "Erich Pommer ranks with the most important personalities of the German silent movie era and he was participated in the worldwide success. No other producer had so influenced the German film like Erich Pommer."
  197. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-07-09. Retrieved 2008-01-26.  "Raft was born George Ranft in ****'s Kitchen, New York City to Conrad Ranft (a German immigrant) and an Italian-American mother, where he quickly adopted the "tough guy" persona that he would later use in his films."
  198. ^ [92] Script error "Born in Düsseldorf, Germany on Jan. 12, 1910. She became a US citizen in 1940"
  199. ^ [93] "Lutheran Mullenberger"
  200. ^ "'Hurt Locker' Star Jeremy Renner on Ditching His Mom, Dancing With Madonna (VIDEO)". September 23, 2010. Archived from the original on February 11, 2012. Retrieved February 22, 2012. 
  201. ^ Galloway, Stephen (April 4, 2012). "Jeremy Renner's Shot at Playing Hero". The Hollywood Reporter. 
  202. ^ Smolenyak, Megan (2011-02-27). "Julia Roberts Isn't a Roberts" (in en-US). 
  203. ^ Corliss, Richard. That Old Feeling: The Oscar Race. Time magazine. 6 April 2002.
  204. ^ [94] "Half German, half Native Indian"
  205. ^ [95] Script error "Born Maximilian Josef Sommer in Greifswald, Germany, Sommer came to the US as a youth."
  206. ^ [96] "The Nevada-bred beauty is a multicultural cocktail of Hawaiian, French, Dutch, Irish, Filipino and German ancestry."
  207. ^ "Contemporary Notables of the name Switzer". 2014-03-25. Retrieved 2014-05-22. 
  208. ^ CHANNING TATUM & JAMIE BELL fun interview for The Eagle,  on YouTube
  209. ^ [97] [98] "a naturalized US Citizen of note."
  210. ^ "Mario Van Peebles". African American Registry. 
  211. ^ "Biography". Archived from the original on August 21, 2006. Retrieved January 25, 2008. 
  212. ^ [99] "His maternal grandparents were German his paternal grandfather was an immigrant from Austria-Hungary."
  213. ^ [100] "German Ancestry"
  214. ^ [101] "Jenna: (On her last name) My last name is German and both my grandparents immigrated from Germany. The name is actually composed of two parts..."von", denotes land ownership, and "Oy" refers to a region in the lower Rhine. The family name predates any national borders and the ancestral estates are in present day Holland. In fact, ruins of a castle still exist there. In current Dutch, the "Oy" mimics the Dutch word for stork and our family crest does portray a stork."
  215. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-01-21. Retrieved 2008-01-03.  "Both of his parents were immigrants – his father, Paul, from Germany; his mother, Rosalie, from Scotland."
  216. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-08-22. Retrieved 2006-08-22.  "I'm Irish and German, I thought that I could go toe-to-toe but it's hard to keep up with the Aussies."
  217. ^ [102] "Ethnicity: German/American"
  218. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-02-23. Retrieved 2008-01-11.  "Weissmuller was born in the tiny hamlet of Freidorf ("free village" in German, Hungarian Szabadfalu) not far from Timişoara (Ger., Temeschburg). Even today the area around Timişoara is dotted with small towns bearing German names such as Gottlob, Johanisfeld and Liebling, reflecting the German ethnic influence on the region. Weissmuller's family left Banat for America in 1904, shortly after Johnny's birth, settling first in Pennsylvania, where many other Austrians and Germans lived (and where brother Peter was born in 1905), and later in Chicago, another Germanic stronghold and the home of Weissmuller's maternal grandparents. The original German family name Weissmüller translates literally as "white miller" or "wheat miller" (Weizen)."
  219. ^ Jewish News, Jewish Newspapers – Script error
  220. ^ [103] "The German-born, New Jersey-raised Willis, 43, is one of Hollywood's biggest ..."
  221. ^ [104] Script error "Zilzer and Palfi married in 1943 and soon moved to New York. Both continued to act, mostly in television. Zilzer died in Berlin in 1991, and his former wife (they divorced amicably when Zilzer was seriously ill and wanted to go to Germany), who refused to return to Germany, died just a few months later in New York."
  222. ^ "Political Commentators in the United States in the 20th Century: A Bio-Critical Sourcebook: His maternal ancestors were mid-nineteenth century German immigrants"
  223. ^ [105] "Naturalized US Citizen – Birthplace: Rosenheim, Bavaria, Germany"
  224. ^ [106] "The simple sight (and a tiny bite) of a German chocolate cake always reminds Willie Geist of his family and childhood birthday celebrations. Though his last name is German, Willie said, "when you really break it down, he is part German, French, English, Irish and Norwegian."
  225. ^ a b Entertainment News, Celebrity News, Movie News, Music News, TV News – AOL News Script error
  226. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-07-05. Retrieved 2006-07-29.  "I think German guys are really hot ... I am German."
  227. ^ [107] "Naturalized US Citizen – Birthplace: Nordenham, Germany"
  228. ^ [108] "But the workaholic, something he picked up from his father, an executive vice president for IBM, and his stay-at-home mother, looks forward to work every day as he is surrounded by genuine members of his German-Italian family."
  229. ^ [109] "German: variant of Sandmeyer."
  230. ^ "Irish-American actors (dis)honored with a Razzie" (in en). 2009-03-13. 
  231. ^ "'Countdown with Keith Olbermann' for August 2, 2007".  "You know, the same way the anti-immigrant bigots didn't want my immigrant German ancestors changing the tempo of the whole neighborhood in 1900."
  232. ^ Schroeder "Schroeder is a North German (from Schröder) occupational name for a cloth cutter or tailor, from an agent derivative of Middle Low German schroden, schraden ‘to cut’."
  233. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-11-29. Retrieved 2010-02-24.  "Born in Berlin, established in the USA"
  234. ^ Gevinson, Alan. Within Our Gates: Ethnicity in American Feature Films, 1911–1960. University of California Press, 1997. P.372
  235. ^ [110] "... the German director of Hollywood films including Stargate, Independence Day, Godzilla, The Patriot, and The Day After Tomorrow, was born in Stuttgart."
  236. ^ [111] "German-American motion-picture director"
  237. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-07-06. Retrieved 2007-07-05.  "Ernst Lubitsch (1892–1947) came to Hollywood from his native Berlin in 1922—at the request of Mary Pickford. It was in the German film capital that he began to develop what would later be known simply as "the Lubitsch Touch." In the American film capital his success would be phenomenal."
  238. ^ [112] Script error "Born Emil Anton Bundmann. German-American director. (Sullivan's Travels, Border Incident, Winchester '73, The Glenn Miller Story, God's Little Acre, El Cid)"
  239. ^ [113] "Big Bosoms and Square Jaws: The Biography of Russ Meyer, King of the Sex Film – 'Certainly Lydia's most significant betrothal was to William Arthur Meyer, a Missouri-born East Oakland cop of German heritage ...'"
  240. ^ [114] F. W. Murnau Facts
  241. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-10-24. Retrieved 2007-07-05.  "(1897–1961, aka Nebenzal) – German-American film producer born in New York, educated there and in Berlin, Germany. Together with his father Heinrich Nebenzahl (died 1938), Seymour founded film companies and produced many of the classic movies of the Weimar period, including PANDORA'S BOX with Louise Brooks and M with Peter Lorre. In Hollywood Seymour worked as a producer at MGM and his own Nero Films."
  242. ^ [115] Script error "German-born director Kurt Neumann came to the US in the early talkie era, hired to direct German-language versions of Hollywood films."
  243. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-10-07. Retrieved 2006-05-18.  "Mike Nichols, the German-born director of HBO's Angels in America, tells the Washington Post his feel for Yiddish rushed back in a skit when Elaine May ..."
  244. ^ [116] "Yahoo! Movies Biography"
  245. ^ [117] "Pfister: South German and Swiss German: occupational name for a baker, from Middle High German pfister 'baker' (from Latin pistor)."
  246. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-10-24. Retrieved 2007-07-05.  "... came to the US at the age of 19. The second son of Max Reinhardt (below), Gottfried was born in Berlin but lived in both Germany and the US before he died in Los Angeles in 1994."
  247. ^ "Ringling Brothers". Encyclopædia Britannica, 2014.
  248. ^ [118] "Schertzinger was born in Mahanoy City, Pennsylvania, a son of musical parents Pennsylvania Dutch German descent"
  249. ^ [119] Script error "German-American cinematographer and inventor of the "Schüfftan process" for optical special effects, used until it was replaced by the simpler matte method. Camera work: Menschen am Sonntag (1929), The Hustler (1961, Acad. Award), Lilith (1964)."
  250. ^ [120] Script error "German director and actor. After a long career in Germany that included directing and writing the screenplay for Viktor und Viktoria (1933, remade by Blake Edwards in 1982), Schünzel came to the U.S. in 1938. In Hollywood he acted (Hangmen Also Die, The Hitler Gang, Notorious, Golden Earrings, Berlin Express) and directed (Rich Man Poor Girl, Ice Follies of 1939, New Wine)."
  251. ^ [121] Script error "German director and brother of Hollywood screenwriter, Curt Siodmak. Although born in Memphis, Tenn., Robert grew up and was educated in Germany. He began his film career at the German UFA studios in 1925"
  252. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-02-17. Retrieved 2008-01-14.  "Wim Wenders was born Ernst Wilhelm Wenders on August 14, 1945 in Düsseldorf, Germany. After living in Los Angeles for eight years, the director returned to his homeland to make his first German-language film since moving to the US The German director has made most of his films in English in the US He has been living in Los Angeles since the 1980s, although he spends part of each year in Germany and Berlin (his favorite city)."
  253. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-10-09. Retrieved 2008-01-11.  "... born in Mülhausen (Mulhouse), Alsace-Lorraine (then German, now part of France) on the first day of July 1902. ... Wyler became a US citizen in 1928."
  254. ^ John Arthur Garraty and Mark Christopher Carnes (eds.), American National Biography, Vol. 24. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999, pp. 239–240.
  255. ^ "Michael Ian Black Biography (1971-)". Retrieved 2013-03-15. 
  256. ^ [122] "Ancestry of David Letterman"
  257. ^ [123] "16 Things You Didn't Know About Daniel Tosh"
  258. ^ "Twitter/CindyCrawford". June 4, 2010. 
  259. ^ Von Kühn, Alexander (2012-02-27). "Isch geh als isch" (in German). Spiegel Online. Retrieved 18 February 2014. 
  260. ^ "Ancestry of Uma Thurman". William Addams Reitwiesner Genealogical Services. Retrieved 2014-05-22. 
  261. ^ Greene, David Mason (1985). Greene's Biographical Encyclopedia of Composers. Reproducing Piano Roll Fnd.,. pp. 1297–98. ISBN 978-0-385-14278-6. 
  262. ^ Nikkhah, Roya (2007-12-30). "Jon Bon Jovi: New hair, old roots" (in en-GB). ISSN 0307-1235. 
  263. ^ "Eva Cassidy and her incredible after-life". February 12, 2011. 
  264. ^ "Dahlheimer – York, PA" "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-09-27. Retrieved 2010-09-16. 
  265. ^ [124] "German-American conductor and composer"
  266. ^ "Ancestry of John Denver". William Addams Reitwiesner Genealogical Services. Retrieved 2014-05-22. 
  267. ^ [125] "German-born US composer, pianist, and conductor"
  268. ^ [126] "Frauenheim was the fifth of seven children born to Edward J. and Antoinette Marie "Nettie" Vilsack Frauenheim whose own parents were the co-founders of the Pittsburgh Brewing Company"
  269. ^ "{An Unofficial Website} Biography". Archived from the original on June 13, 2012. Retrieved March 8, 2012. 
  270. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-07-20. Retrieved 2007-07-05.  "... born in San Francisco. His father was a cellist trained in Dresden, Germany; his mother, Eva König, was born in Germany. Because he could speak German, Warner Bros. assigned Friedhofer to work with the Austrian composers Erich Wolfgang Korngold and Max Steiner. Despite his own strong skills, he remained in their shadow for many years. Friedhofer won an Academy Award for his score for The Best Years of Our Lives (1946)."
  271. ^ [127] "Reinhold Heil was born in a small town in West Germany."
  272. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-04-07. Retrieved 2007-05-02.  "Elbert Joseph Higgins of Portuguese, Irish and German descent ..."
  273. ^ [128] "... one of the most important figures in 20th century music, and an influential teacher. Hindemith was born in Hanau on Nov. 16, 1895, and studied at the Hock Conservatory in Frankfurt. ... He went to the US in 1940 and taught at Yale University"
  274. ^ [129] Script error "German-born American choreographer of modern dance and Broadway musicals"
  275. ^ "Horst P. Horst on artnet". Retrieved 2014-05-22. 
  276. ^ [130] "Naturalized US Citizen – Birthplace: Breslau, Silesia, Germany"
  277. ^ [131] "German descendant pop singer Nick Lachey was first popular as a member of the multi-platinum selling boy band 98 Degrees ..."
  278. ^ [132] "Charles Martin Loeffler (1861–1935) was a German-American violinist and composer"
  279. ^ "Courtney Love". Conversations from the Edge with Carrie Fisher. Oxygen. 2002-03-03Wp globe tiny.
  280. ^ a b [133] Script error "Their last name is German and is pronounced Miss-Shall-Car."
  281. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-05-22. Retrieved 2009-09-30.  "The Latin name PASTORIUS was once the German Schäfer, meaning shepherd. Jaco's father, John Francis Pastorius II, was born in Pennsylvania from German and Irish descendants."
  282. ^ Smolenyak, Megan (2011-06-14). "Willow Tree: The Roots of Pink and Carey Hart's Baby Girl" (in en-US). 
  283. ^ [134] "Elvis' descends from the PRESSLER family of the Southern Palatinate, Johann Valentin Pressler changed his name to PRESLEY during the Civil War."
  284. ^ "Ramones: Facts Of Dee Dee Ramone". Archived from the original on 2008-09-19. Retrieved 2014-05-22. 
  285. ^ "Ancestry of Trent Reznor compiled by William Addams Reitwiesner". William Addams Reitwiesner Genealogical Services. Retrieved 2014-05-22. 
  286. ^ [135] "Born Heinrich Erich Roemheld in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, he was one of four children of German immigrant Heinrich Roemheld and his wife Fanny Rauterberg Roemheld."
  287. ^ [136] "Milwaukee-born Heinz Roemheld followed a circuitous route to a career as a film composer. At age four he was identified as a piano prodigy; he later studied with Ferruccio Busoni and Egon Petri in Berlin, and performed as a guest soloist with the Berlin Philharmonic at 23."
  288. ^ [137] "Father was Federico (Fred) Ronstadt – 1868–1954. His father was Herr Frederick Augustus Ronstadt, a German mining engineer, who came to the West in the 1850s from Hamburg, Germany. He settled in Las Delcias, Sonora, and married Margarita Redondo. She gave birth to Federico, known later as Fred, on January 30, 1868. Fred was brought to Tucson in 1882, when he was 14, to work and help support the family of four children: Gretchen, Peter, Linda & Mike. During the 1960s, Gretchen, Peter & Linda played and sang at coffeehouses in Tucson."
  289. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-12-05. Retrieved 2006-10-30.  "(The German surname comes from a grandfather who married into the Mexican family.)"
  290. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-08-10. Retrieved 2007-07-05.  "Salter came to the United States in 1937 and composed scores for some 150 Hollywood movies."
  291. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-01-18. Retrieved 2008-12-02.  "1941 – Birth of his son Lawrence on 27 January. Arnold, Gertrud and Nuria are granted American citizenship."
  292. ^ [138] "His father, John Antonio Sousa, was born in Spain of Portuguese parents, and his mother, Marie Elizabeth Trinkaus, was born in Bavaria."
  293. ^ [139] "Stoermer Name Meaning North German (Störmer): nickname for a hot-tempered person, from a derivative of Middle Low German storm ‘storm’."
  294. ^ "Taylor Swift Ancestor Chart (27010)". 
  295. ^ Miller, Thomas (2017). Taylor Swift Royal Ancestry. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform. ISBN 978-1546558644. 
  296. ^ [140] "German-born American conductor who was largely responsible for the role of symphony orchestras in many American cities."
  297. ^ [141] "German composer, American citizen from 1943"
  298. ^ [142] "Lawrence Welk, German-American bandleader"
  299. ^ [143] "He was born in a small German town of Strasburg, North Dakota. His parents had immigrated to America in 1892, escaping the strife going on in Alsace-Lorraine (Germany at the time). They lived in a homestead in ND which is a tourist attraction today.
  300. ^ a b [144] "German: from a pet form of the personal name Werner, or, especially in eastern regions, from a short form of the Slavic personal name Wenceslaw."
  301. ^ a b [145] "German-American merchant and financier, born near Heidelberg, Germany."
  302. ^ Johnson, Rossiter (ed.) (1904). The Twentieth Century Biographical Dictionary of Notable Americans. Boston: The Biographical Society. pp. unpaginated. Retrieved June 7, 2009. "ASTOR, John Jacob, merchant, was born at Walldorf near Heidelberg, Germany, July 17, 1768" 
  303. ^ (1865) "John Jacob Astor". Harper's New Monthly Magazine 30: 308–323. Retrieved on June 7, 2009. 
  304. ^ [146] "German Heritage"
  305. ^ [147] "German Heritage"
  306. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-05-01. Retrieved 2007-04-19.  "One of the oldest continually operating companies in the US today, Bausch & Lomb traces its roots to 1853, when John Jacob Bausch, a German immigrant, set up a tiny optical goods shop in Rochester, New York."
  307. ^ [148] "German-born electrical engineer invested $200,000 in a quirky search engine in 1998. Google returned the favor—and $1.5 billion."
  308. ^ a b "Famous German-Americans | Profiles – Biographies". 2014-03-13. Retrieved 2014-05-22. 
  309. ^ [149] "The story of the Bernheim family: A book written in 1910 by Isaac Wolfe Bernheim presenting a history of the Bernheim family. Includes stories and portraits of various family members."
  310. ^ Blum, Nava. (2006). "The Development of PM&R in the USA" in the book: ha — Shikum asah historia: maarakhot shikum refui be Yisrael 1940–1956.(Tsefat)pp. 25–26.
  311. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-01-18. Retrieved 2010-01-15.  "William E. Boeing was born in Detroit to Wilhelm and Marie Boeing in 1881. His father, who arrived in the United States in 1868, had come from an old and well-to-do family in Hohenlimburg, Germany, and had served a year in the German army. He had a lust for adventure, however, and left his family, emigrating to the United States when he was 20 years old."
  312. ^ [150] "Bonwit, Paul J. (29 Sept. 1862-11 Dec. 1939), retail merchant, was born Paul Joseph (or Josef) Bonwit near Hanover, Germany, the son of Bernard Bonwit."
  313. ^ Chance, Carl. "CLYDE VERNON CESSNA". 
  314. ^ [151] "The American founder of Chrysler was a descendent of the German Johann Phillip Kreisler (1672–1742) who sailed to the New World in 1709."
  315. ^ [152] "Kay Baker Gaston, "George Dickel Tennessee Sour Mash Whiskey: The Story Behind the Label", Tennessee Historical Quarterly, Vol. 57, No. 2 (Fall 1998), pp. 51-64."
  316. ^ "MCV LEGENDS - Chris Deering",, (Retrieved 12 November 2015)
  317. ^ [153] "Noah Dietrich was born February 28, 1889 in Madison, Wisconsin and was the fourth of six children born to Sarah Peters and German-born evangelical Lutheran minister John Dietrich."
  318. ^ "Walt Disney - 100 Years of Walt Disney". 2006-03-17. 
  319. ^ "Driehaus at Turtletrader". Retrieved 2014-05-22. 
  320. ^ a b [154] "The property No. 34, today Salzufler Strasse 48, since 1995 private home and office of, is the house where the brothers Fritz and August Düsenberg lived until emigration to America in the year 1885 "
  321. ^ a b [155] "Emigration from Lippe to the USA"
  322. ^ a b [156] "Fritz und August Duesenberg aus Kirchheide"
  323. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-01-09. Retrieved 2012-03-19.  "William Filene"
  324. ^ [157] "The Firestone family goes back to German immigrants named Feuerstein. Harvey Firestone's great-great-great grandfather was Hans Nikolaus Feuerstein, born March 25, 1712 in Berg, Alsace, a German-speaking region now in France. Hans and his wife Catharina arrived in America in September 1753 and Hans is believed to have died in Pennsylvania in 1763."
  325. ^ a b [158] "The grandson of German and Italian immigrants, he embodies the entrepreneurial spirit of risking it all for a shot at success."
  326. ^ Markov, Sergey. "Bill Gates – Co-founder and first Chairman of Microsoft | Genvive" (in en-US). 
  327. ^ His father was a stern, yet kind German immigrant. Hy's mother was highly respected for her gentle and kindhearted nature.
  328. ^ a b "Famous German-Americans – Part 3: G-H-I". Retrieved 2014-05-22. 
  329. ^ [159] "Like most of the people whom he knew, he was the descendant of people who had come to Pennsylvania from Switzerland and Germany in the 1700s. He grew up speaking the "Pennsylvania Dutch" dialect and inherited from these people characteristics such as a zest for hard work, diligence, and thriftiness."
  330. ^ [160] Father: Augustus Holver Hilton (Norwegian) – Mother: Mary Laufersweiler (German)
  331. ^ [161] "George Albert Hormel, the son of German immigrants, used the knowledge, skills, and values he learned from his family to succeed as an independent meatpacker in an industry dominated by corporate giants."
  332. ^ [162] "When a baby was born to the 23-year-old Jandali – now known as John – and his 23-year-old German-American girlfriend, Joanne Schieble, in 1955, there was no chance he'd be able to grow up with his biological parents."
  333. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-05-13. Retrieved 2007-08-13.  "Having made a fortune in the pharmaceutical industry, he endowed the Max Kade foundation with the goal of promoting the mutual understanding of the people and cultures of Germany and the United States."
  334. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-03-09. Retrieved 2006-05-18.  "Born a middle-class, assimilated German Jew ..."
  335. ^ [163] "Otto Kahn was the son of banker Bernard Kahn in Mannheim, southwestern Germany."
  336. ^ [164] "German: nickname from Middle High German kec 'lively', 'active' (cognate of English quick), which later changed its meaning to 'bold', 'forward', 'fresh'."
  337. ^ East Tennessee Historical Society, Mary Rothrock (ed.), The French Broad-Holston Country: A History of Knox County, Tennessee (Knoxville, Tenn.: East Tennessee Historical Society, 1972), p. 436.
  338. ^ [165] "Kluge, a German-born billionaire, donated a whopping $60 million to start the ..."
  339. ^ [166] "Born in Bremen in Germany, Kleinfeld began his career as a marketing consultant in 1982 but before long had joined Siemens, the global engineering and technology services firm, and one of Germany’s greatest companies."
  340. ^ [167] "From music have come – beside the piano- and organ-makers, Steinway, Knabe"
  341. ^ "Lynne Koplitz – Out of the Pink". Retrieved 2014-05-22. 
  342. ^ "Company Spotlight: Kraft Foods, Inc". The Fundraising Journal (January 2010).
  343. ^ [168] "Kroger was born in Cincinnati, Ohio the fifth of ten children in a family of German immigrants."
  344. ^ [169] "When he was 13, in the Panic of 1873, Bernard Kroger's German immigrant father's Cincinnati dry goods store failed."
  345. ^ [170] "Born 1743 in Germany"
  346. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-02-08. Retrieved 2012-03-18.  "Johan Adam Lemp was born in Gruningen, Germany"
  347. ^ a b [171] "It's a bit of an irony that the Blue Note label — synonymous with jazz, the seminal American music form — was created by two German immigrants. In Blue Note Records, The Biography, author Richard Cook tells the story of Alfred Lion and Francis Wolff, who formed the label in 1939."
  348. ^ (Aug 1976) "The Founding Father". 
  349. ^ a b c [172] "Famous German-Americans"
  350. ^ [173] "Bausch & Lomb Incorporated, one of the oldest continuously operating companies in the U.S. today. Bausch & Lomb traces its roots to 1853, when John Jacob Bausch, a German immigrant, set up a tiny optical goods shop in Rochester, New York."
  351. ^ [174] "Ludens"
  352. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-04-17. Retrieved 2008-01-30.  "Among the black-and-whites is a shot of a burly German man. That would be Great Uncle Peter – more specifically, Peter Luger, who in 1887 opened a beer garden in the Williamsburg section of Brooklyn, New York, that started off selling sandwiches and steak tidbits before graduating to full-fledged steak dinners."
  353. ^ Scheiffarth, Engelbert: "Der New Yorker Gouverneur Nelson A. Rockefeller und die Rockenfeller im Neuwieder Raum". Genealogisches Jahrbuch, 9 (1969), pp. 16–41.
  354. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-12-22. Retrieved 2008-01-08.  "Soon Oscar's brother Gottfried, a "wurstmacher" (or sausage-maker) from Nuremberg, Germany, would join Oscar in the states, and together they leased the Kolling Meat Market on Chicago's north side. Before long, customers in their German neighborhood were standing in line for Mayer specialties like bockwurst, liverwurst, and weisswurst. By the time a third brother, Max, joined them from Germany, the brothers had moved into their own establishment."
  355. ^ "Carrie Marcus Neiman (1883–1953)". Immigrant Entrepreneurship: German-American Business Biographies.
  356. ^ [175] "Bremen, Germany Merchant"
  357. ^ Database Debunkings – About Script error
  358. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2017-05-10. Retrieved 2017-05-10.  "In 1849, a young German chemist, Charles Pfizer, and his cousin Charles Erhart, who had come to America seeking new opportunities, founded the business that bears the Pfizer name."
  359. ^ [176] "Son of John Augustus Reitz, born on December 17, 1815, in Dorlar, Prussia. He grew up in a German family that emphasized skill, thrift, and hard work. He came to the United States in the 1830s when many other Germans came, and for the same reasons: to find better business opportunities and a more "republican" form of government."
  360. ^ [177] "John Augustus Reitz was born on December 17, 1815, in Dorlar, Prussia. He grew up in a German family that emphasized skill, thrift, and hard work. He came to the United States in the 1830s when many other Germans came, and for the same reasons: to find better business opportunities and a more "republican" form of government."
  361. ^ [178] "William Rittenhouse was born in what is now Germany, near the Dutch border. His name was then Wilhelm Rittenhausen, later changed in America"
  362. ^ "German American Corner: ROEBLING, John Augustus (1806–69)". 1926-07-21. Retrieved 2014-05-22. 
  363. ^ a b Harvey Frommer. "1927 New York Yankees: The Greatest Baseball Team Ever". Archived from the original on 2008-02-07. Retrieved 2008-07-08. "The team had a pronounced German-American flavor from its owner beer baron Jacob Ruppert to Lou Gehrig, Babe Ruth, Mark Koenig, Bob Meusel, George Pipgras, Dutch Ruether and half Germans Waite Hoyt and Earle Combs." 
  364. ^ [179] "Popular, wealthy, and well-connected within the German-American community, Ruppert was a natural for politics."
  365. ^ Brendan I. Koerner (September 29, 2006). "The Other Trojan War – What's the best-selling condom in America?". Slate. Retrieved 2007-07-21. "Jules Schmid, a onetime sausage-maker who'd started making lamb-gut condoms in the 1880s; by the time Trojan debuted, he was manufacturing rubber condoms under the Ramses and Sheik brand names. Schmid's packages often featured romantic Egyptian or Arab images...." 
  366. ^ "Julius Schmid". PBS. Retrieved 2011-09-25. "Born into poverty in Schorndorf, Germany, in 1865, the half-paralyzed Jewish immigrant arrived in New York at the age of 17 to make his fortune...." 
  367. ^ [180] "Pauline Farabaugh and John Schwab, both of whose parents were German-born Catholics, were married in western Pennsylvania a week after the president appealed for volunteers to put down the rebellious Southern states. John wanted to join the Union Army with his pals. Pauline talked him out of it."
  368. ^ [181] "The roll call of German-American leaders in business and finance includes names like Astor, Boeing, Chrysler, Firestone, Fleischman, Guggenheim, Heinz, Hershey, Kaiser, Rockefeller, Steinway, Strauss (of-blue jeans fame), Singer (originally Reisinger)..."
  369. ^ [182] "Middle High German spiegel, German Spiegel ‘mirror’ (via Old High German from Latin speculum, a derivative of specere 'to look')."
  370. ^ "Modie J. Spiegel (1871–1943)". Immigrant Entrepreneurship: German-American Business Biographies.
  371. ^ [183] "Claus Spreckels was born on July 9, 1828 and started off as a poor German immigrant who first settled in North Carolina upon arriving in America in 1846."
  372. ^ [184] "Heinrich Engelhard Steinweg, a German master-carpenter, builds his first instrument in his Seesen..."
  373. ^ [185] ""
  374. ^ [186] "the founder of the modern day denim industries"
  375. ^ [187] "Pennsylvania-German-built Conestoga wagons carried the pioneers westward, some armed with "Kentucky rifles", also made in Pennsylvania by Germans. A leading German-American wagon builder, Clement Studebaker, later produced the popular car that bore his name."
  376. ^ [188] "The roll call of German-American leaders in business and finance includes names like Astor, Boeing, Chrysler, Firestone, Fleischman, Guggenheim, Heinz, Hershey, Kaiser, Rockefeller, Steinway, Strauss (of-blue jeans fame), Singer (originally Reisinger), Sulzberger, Wanamaker, and Weyerhaueser."
  377. ^ [189] "German-born Swiss pioneer settler and colonizer in California..."
  378. ^ a b "Our Story". Vons. 
  379. ^ "Famous German-Americans by Category". 2014-03-13. Retrieved 2014-05-22. 
  380. ^ [190] "1914 – ...Frederick Weyerhaeuser, German-born lumber king, dies. His fortune: $300,000,000."
  381. ^ [191] "Rudolph Wurlitzer (born January 30, 1831, Schöneck, Saxony [Germany]—d. January 14, 1914, Cincinnati, Ohio), emigrated to the United States in 1853, settling in Cincinnati."
  382. ^ [192] "German-born American cofounder of the firm later to be known as Anheuser-Busch Companies, Inc., one of the largest breweries in the world."
  383. ^ [193] "Valentin was a German-American brewer and banker. He was born in Bavaria and worked at his father's brewery in his youth. He started a brewery which became home to Blatz Beer. Valentin was one of the many "beer barons" of Milwaukee. So many, in fact, that there is a section at Forest Home Cemetery in Milwaukee called 'Beer Baron's Hill' which houses a few of these men."
  384. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-08-10. Retrieved 2006-05-18.  "Adolphus Busch, was a Corporal Co. E 3rd Regiment US Reserve Infantry Corps (3 months, 1861) after the war became St. Louis most famous German immigrant."
  385. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-03-09. Retrieved 2016-05-10.  "And so it was with Adolph Coors, the young German immigrant who founded Coors Brewing Company..."
  386. ^ John M. Haffen The Bronx and its people A History 1609-1927 Board of Editors: James L. Wells, Louis F. Haffen Josiah A. Briggs. Historian: Benedict Fitspatrick Publisher: The Lewis Historical Publishing Co., Inc. New York 1927
  387. ^ [194] "Frederick Miller, a German immigrant who started his own brewery in 1855..."
  388. ^ * John J. Raskob - Businessman who developed the Empire State Building [195] "The history of Penn Brewery making great German beers began with Tom Pastorius' great-great-great-great-great-great-great grandfather, Franz Daniel Pastorius. Today considered the father of German-Americans, Franz Daniel Pastorius was an idealistic scholar..."
  389. ^ [196] "'F. & M.', as most breweriana buffs know, stands for Frederick and Maximilian, the brothers who founded Schaefer. Frederick Schaefer, a native of Wetzlar, Prussia, Germany, emigrated to the US in 1838. When he arrived in New York City on October 23rd he was 21 years old and had exactly $1.00 to his name. There is some doubt as to whether or not he had been a practicing brewer in Germany, but there is no doubt that he was soon a practicing brewer in his adopted city."
  390. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-05-12. Retrieved 2008-04-23.  Schaefer Center at the 1939 World's Fair
  391. ^ Schlitz – Go for the Gusto Script error
  392. ^ [197] "Kosmos Spoetzl, a German immigrant brewmaster, learned of the Shiner operation and coleased the facility with Oswald Petzold with an option to buy in 1915."
  393. ^ [198] "According to Texas historian Patrick J. Wagner, an organization founded by German investors known as the Shiner Brewing Association wanted to drink home brew, rather than city brew. "So they recruited Kosmos Spoetzl, a Bavarian brewmaster with an old-world brewing recipe that had been in his family for generations." "
  394. ^ [199] "Peter STRAUB – Christening: 29 Jun 1850, Katholisch, Felldorf, Schwarzwaldkreis, Wuerttemberg. Father: Anton STRAUB; Mother: M. Anna EGER. Source: Kirchenbuch, 1801–1968. Katholische Kirche Felldorf (OA. Horb)"
  395. ^ [200] "Brigitte Wambsganß, "Buzz Aldrin: Mond-Mann mit Trupbacher Wurzeln", Der Westen (Germany), July 17, 2009." Script error
  396. ^ "Neil Armstrong grants rare interview to accountants organization", CBC News, May 24, 2012. Retrieved May 24, 2012.
  397. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-01-24. Retrieved 2016-02-14.  "German-born George Atzerodt immigrated to the United States with his family in 1843, at the age of eight."
  398. ^ a b [201] "Ethnicity Swiss/German"
  399. ^ [202] "Hitz Name Meaning German: from a pet form of a Germanic personal name formed with the first element hild ‘strife’, ‘battle’."
  400. ^ [203] "Willard Erastus Christiansen was born in Ephraim, Utah to a Swedish father and German mother – both Mormon converts."
  401. ^ [204] "This biography joins the ranks of several others on second-echelon German-American political and intellectual figures such as Frederick Hecker and Francis Hoffmann that have recently appeared."
  402. ^ [205] "The ancestral home of the Earhart family is in the German province of Bavaria. Earhart is a German nickname surname. Such names came from eke-names, or added names, that described their initial bearer through reference to a physical characteristic or other attribute."
  403. ^ [206] "In Texas, there were several substantial waves of German immigration. The first, when Friedrich Ernst, "Father of German Immigration to Texas", arrived in Texas in 1831 and received a grant of more than 4,000 acres (16 km²) in what is now Austin County. He set about encouraging other Germans to join him. This tract of land formed the nucleus of what is now known as the German Belt."
  404. ^ [207] "The German Belt is the product of concepts and processes well known to students of migration, particularly the concept of "dominant personality", the process called "chain migration", and the device of "America letters." Voluntary migrations generally were begun by a dominant personality, or "true pioneer." This individual was forceful and ambitious, a natural leader, who perceived emigration as a solution to economic, social, political, or religious problems in his homeland. He used his personality to convince others to follow him in migration. In the case of the Texas Germans, Friedrich Diercks, known in Texas under his alias, Johann Friedrich Ernst, was the dominant personality."
  405. ^ Reitwiesner, William Addams. "Ancestry of Bobby Fischer (Extracts from the U.S. Federal Decennial Census)". Retrieved January 28, 2014. 
  406. ^ Quinn, Ben; Alan Hamilton (January 28, 2008). "Bobby Fischer, chess genius, heartless son". The Sunday Times. Retrieved September 14, 2008. (subscription required)
  407. ^ [208] "... born in Kassel, Hesse, in 1805. He left Europe late in 1833 and spent a year each in London and New York and two years in New Orleans. In 1837 or early 1838 he came to Houston, Texas, where he was consul for the Hanseatic League (modern-day Germany). He became interested in the exploration and colonization of the San Saba area and in 1839 was acting treasurer of the San Saba Company, which was later reorganized as the San Saba Colonization Company."
  408. ^ [209] "Meyer, though a native speaker of German, was Swiss-German."
  409. ^ a b [210] "Peter Gusenberg (Gusenberger) 'Goosey'. 434 Roscoe St. Born September 28, 1888 in Chicago, Illinois. Married to Myrtle Coppleman Gorman. He tells her he is salesman and uses the last name Gorman. His father was named Peter Gusenberg also. He was from Germany."
  410. ^ [211] "German-born American carpenter and burglar"
  411. ^ "German American Corner: HECKER, Friedrich Karl Franz (1811–1881)". Retrieved 2014-05-22. 
  412. ^ [212] "A Pennsylvania German named Michael Hillegas was the first Continental Treasurer. "
  413. ^ [213] "Alexander Friedrich Antonius Johannes Prinz von Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen was born on 16 March 1987 at New York City, New York, U.S.A."
  414. ^ [214] "Hoffa's father was a coal miner and of Pennsylvania "Dutch" (German) lineage"
  415. ^ "German American Bund". 2013-06-10. Retrieved 2014-05-22. 
  416. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-07-17. Retrieved 2006-06-29.  "Lederer, a German-born physician"
  417. ^ [215] "The unknown interior of the latter colony was first explored by a young German scholar, Johann Lederer. who, born in Hamburg, came to Jamestown in 1668."
  418. ^ [216] "German-born Jacob Leisler"
  419. ^ "Hume, Edgar Erskine, "The German Artist Who Designed the Confederate Flag and Uniform". The American-German Review, August 1940."
  420. ^ [217] "Miller, Benjamin Kurtz"
  421. ^ [218] "German-American"
  422. ^ [219] "Charles Mohr (1824–1901), German-born Mobile pharmacist and botanist, is best known for the monumental Plant Life of Alabama"
  423. ^ [220] "Irish, German; Pat Nixon's mother immigrated from the Ober Rosbach region of Germany ..."
  424. ^ "Hessen is the Official Partner State of the 51st Annual German-American Steuben Day Parade in NYC". Business Wire. 2008.;col1. 
  425. ^ EUM. "German-American Steuben Parade of New York". Archived from the original on 2014-05-22. Retrieved 2014-05-22. 
  426. ^ "Bonnie Parker's Genealogy". Retrieved 2014-05-22. 
  427. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-12-20. Retrieved 2015-11-08.  "In 1683 Francis Daniel Pastorius was commissioned by the Frankfort Land Company and a group of merchants from Crefeld, Germany to form a settlement in America. They purchased fifteen thousand acres in Pennsylvania and Germantown was born."
  428. ^ [221] "In future years many leaders of American labor were German American, including Walter Reuther"
  429. ^ [222] "The founder, August Schrader was a creative and inventive German immigrant"
  430. ^ [223] "Carl Schurz, one of the most celebrated German Americans"
  431. ^ [224] "the Schwarzkopfs emigrated to the US long before the rise of Nazism, are not known to have voiced Nazi leanings, and were a respected part of the substantial German-American community in New Jersey."
  432. ^ [225] "Dutch Schultz (August 6, 1902 – October 25, 1935) was a New York City-area gangster of the 1920s and 1930s. Born Arthur Flegenheimer into a German Jewish family in the Bronx, he made his fortune in bootlegging illegal alcohol and the numbers racket in Harlem."
  433. ^ The Five Families. MacMillan. September 5, 2006. ISBN 978-0-312-36181-5. Retrieved June 22, 2008. 
  434. ^ [226] "Prolific mob hitman Frank "the German" Schweihs has been indicted for alleged involvement with organized crime, including 19 unsolved homicides."
  435. ^ [227] "German-born Swiss pioneer settler and colonizer in California"
  436. ^ [228] "Accordingly, in May 1842 the association sent two of its members, counts Joseph of Boos-Waldeck and Victor August of Leiningen-Westerburg-Alt-Leiningen to Texas to investigate the country firsthand and purchase a tract of land for the settlement of immigrants."
  437. ^ [229] "The Baron told the curt his grandfather was a count in Czarist Russia and that his father is a German nobleman."
  438. ^ [230] "In 1910, a German immigrant, Paul Warburg"
  439. ^ [231] "John Wetzel was a German Palatine emigrant who had survived indentured servitude and had become successful enough to win the hand of Captain Bonnet's daughter in marriage."
  440. ^ [232]"Murdered German-American Mobsters: Frank Gusenberg, Peter Gusenberg, Gus Winkler, Andrew Von Etter"
  441. ^ [233] "Wurzelbach (from Wurzel = root and Bach = creek) is a town in Germany. Wurzelbacher just means person from Wurzelbach."
  442. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-04-20. Retrieved 2008-04-15.  "German immigrant printer named John Peter Zenger"
  443. ^ Judy Putnam (January 12, 2018). "Ingham judge has creative life off the bench with new crime thriller". Lansing State Journal. "[Aquilina's] father was born in Malta, a Mediterranean country near Sicily, and her mother in Germany." 
  444. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2007-04-29.  "German-Prussian officer, served under General Jeb Stuart"
  445. ^ George Armstrong Custer "Originally his ancestry came from Westphalia in Northern Germany. They emigrated and arrived in America in the 17th century. The original family name was 'Küster'."
  446. ^ a b Wert, Jeffry D. (1996). Custer: The Controversial Life of George Armstrong Custer. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0-684-81043-3. , p. 15.
  447. ^ a b Connell, Evan S. (1984). Son Of The Morning Star. San Francisco, California: North Point Press. ISBN 0-86547-160-6. , p. 352.
  448. ^ "Originally his ancestry came from Westphalia in Northern Germany. They emigrated and arrived in America in the 17th century. The original family name was 'Küster'."
  449. ^ Webpage for Dilger "Dilger was born march 5, 1836 in Eugen, a Black Forest town. Named Hubert Anton Casimir Dilger, taking the two middle names from the boys paternal and maternal grandparents."
  450. ^ Hubert Dilger at Find A Grave "Civil War Congressional Medal of Honor Recipient. An immigrant from Germany, in support of the Union at the start of the Civil War, he enlisted and was commissioned a Captain in the 1st Ohio Light Artillery Corps."
  451. ^ German-American Cultural Center Script error
  452. ^ Koster, John P.. "Survivor Frank Finkel's Lasting Stand". Retrieved 2014-05-22. 
  453. ^ [234]
  454. ^ "German-American History". Retrieved 2014-05-22. 
  455. ^ Archiv der Franckeschen Stiftungen, AF St/S B I 94 I, 575–577
  456. ^ [235] Script error
  457. ^ [236] "Notable among many German-Americans who have shaped our military to meet later challenges were John J. Pershing, whose ancestral family name was Pfoerschin."
  458. ^ [237] "Schoonmaker, German..."
  459. ^ [238] "military officer/Union general"
  460. ^ Sohn: "a German word meaning "son""
  461. ^ Boatner III, Mark M. (1996), The Biographical Dictionary of World War II, Presidio, pp. 518–519, ISBN 0891415483 
  462. ^ [239] "German-Prussian General who served with George Washington in the American Revolutionary War and is credited with teaching the Continental Army the essentials of military drill and discipline. He reorganised the Continental Army and guided it to victory."
  463. ^ [240] "Weitzel was born on November 1, 1835, in Germany. His family moved to Cincinnati, Ohio when he was quite young. He was educated in public schools and received an appointment to the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1851."
  464. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-12-02. Retrieved 2013-11-27.  "His last real name was von Willich. His father was an officer in the Prussian army. He was born in Braunsberg, Prussia in 1810."
  465. ^ Heinrich Hartmann Wirz Script error
  466. ^ [241] "Zumwalt Family Name"
  467. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-02-13. Retrieved 2006-06-29.  "Felix Adler, a German-American educator"
  468. ^ Liukkonen, Petri. "Hannah Arendt". Finland: Kuusankoski Public Library. Archived from the original on 6 February 2007. . Quote: "Arendt, a Jew, gained fame as a German-Jewish refugee scholar"
  469. ^ [242] "The phrase comes from the German philosopher Ernst Bloch"
  470. ^ [243] "Rudolf Carnap, a German-born philosopher and naturalized US citizen"
  471. ^ [244] "Francis Lieber German-born US political philosopher"
  472. ^ [245] "1806 – ...Martin Baum, riverboat pioneer on the Ohio and Mississippi, becomes mayor of Cincinnati"
  473. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-05-16. Retrieved 2008-05-02.  "Beginning in 1795, when Martin Baum, a Maryland German industrialist, came to Cincinnati and quickly established himself as one Cincinnati's wealthiest and most influential citizens. Through his agents in Baltimore, New Orleans and Philadelphia, Baum attracted even greater numbers of German immigrants to work in his various enterprises – steamboats, a sugar refinery, a foundry and real estate. Soon, Cincinnati's German population began to soar."
  474. ^ [246] Rep. John Boehner Gets Huge Overnight
  475. ^ [247] "1842 – William Bouck (Bauk) becomes Governor of New York"
  476. ^ "Ancestry of George W. Bush (b. 1946)". Retrieved 2014-05-22. 
  477. ^ [248] "... a descendant of Hans Nikolas Eisenhauer."
  478. ^ [249] Script error, rootsweb
  479. ^ [250] "His father, Lou Gephardt, was the grandson of German immigrants"
  480. ^ "Ancestry of Dick Gephardt". Retrieved 2014-05-22. 
  481. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-11-14. Retrieved 2007-08-07.  "Hagel's name is German."
  482. ^ Bill Twomey South Bronx pages 77, 78 Picturing America
  483. ^ [251] "John Paul Hammerschmidt was born on May 4, 1922, in Harrison to Arthur Paul and Junie M. Hammerschmidt. Hammerschmidt was the fourth of five children. Both sets of grandparents migrated to Boone County in the early years of the twentieth century and were of German descent."
  484. ^ [252] "1820 – Joseph Heister becomes Governor of Pennsylvania"
  485. ^ Leighton, David (June 15, 2015). "Street Smarts: Road honors husband of Tucson's first Christian Scientist". Arizona Daily Star. 
  486. ^ [253] "German-American Corner"
  487. ^ "Born in Fürth, Germany to Jewish parents. Naturalized as US citizen in 1943"
  488. ^ Fuhrig, Wolf D (24 April 2010). "Gustav Koerner, a German-American Liberal". New Harmony, Indiana: 34th Symposium of the Society of German-American Studies. Belleville Heritage Society. Archived from the original on 4 October 2013. Retrieved 17 August 2013. 
  489. ^ Capers, Henry D. (1893), The Life and Times of C. G. Memminger, Richmond: Everett Waddey Co., OCLC 4790450, 
  490. ^ "Paul Nitze Biography – Academy of Achievement". Archived from the original on 2014-04-23. Retrieved 2014-05-22. 
  491. ^ "Researchers: Obama has German roots". USA Today. June 4, 2009. 
  492. ^ "Live blogging the RNC chairman's debate". Yahoo! News. 
  493. ^ Huey-Burns, Caitlin (January 24, 2011). "10 Things You Didn't Know About Reince Priebus". U.S. News & World Report. Archived from the original on September 12, 2012. Retrieved December 4, 2011. 
  494. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-01-10. Retrieved 2007-06-11.  "The surname Ravenstahl, of German origin, might be translated as "steadfast raven" or "steel raven." ... one of only a few German-American mayors in Pittsburgh's history."
  495. ^ [254] "The prefix -stahl, in German, actually means steel to begin with."
  496. ^ a b c [255] "Americans with Odd German Names"
  497. ^ Reynier Tyson, born in Krefeld, Germany is the 4th great-grandfather of American President Theodore Roosevelt."
  498. ^ "''Biographical Directory of the United States Congress''". Retrieved 2014-05-22. 
  499. ^ Many sources give March 10 as Schroeder's date of birth, but M. Isay (1901). Der Lebenslauf eines Trierischen Auswanderers. In: Trierisches Archiv, Ergänzungsheft. Vol. 1. PP. 14–28 who quotes from the birth certificate is probably the most reliable source.
  500. ^ [256] "This snapshot of Frederick A Schroeder’s life was captured by the 1940 U.S. Census. Frederick A Schroeder was born about 1873 in Germany. On April 1, 1940, he was 67 years old and lived in New York, New York."
  501. ^ [257] " SCHURZ, Carl, a senator from Missouri; born in Liblar, near Cologne, Germany, March 2, 1829; educated at the gymnasium of Cologne and the University of Bonn; having taken part in the German revolutionary movement of 1848, he was compelled to flee from Germany; was a newspaper correspondent in Paris and later taught school in London; immigrated to the United States in 1852 and settled in Philadelphia, Pa.; moved to Watertown, Wis., in 1855; studied law; admitted to the bar and practiced in Milwaukee, Wis ..."
  502. ^ "Our Candidates Emil Seidel", Cleveland Socialist, whole no. 48 (September 21, 1912), pg. 2.
  503. ^ "MANFRED SPEIER Obituary". Originally published in the San Francisco Chronicle issue dated September 6, 2012. 
  504. ^ A Nation Divided: The 1968 Presidential Campaign, by Darcy G. Richardson page 219
  505. ^ "Guide, Harold Edward Stassen Papers, 1940–1957, 1914–1919, University of Pennsylvania University Archives". Retrieved 2010-10-19. 
  506. ^ Krebs, Albin (March 5, 2001). "Harold E. Stassen, Who Sought G.O.P. Nomination for President 9 Times, Dies at 93". The New York Times. Retrieved May 4, 2010. 
  507. ^
  508. ^ [258] "Birthplace: Nastatten, Hessen-Nassau, Germany"
  509. ^ [259] "Conrad Beissel, founder of Ephrata, was born in Eberbach am Neckar, Germany, in March 1691."
  510. ^ American anthropologist, Volume 10 (1908), American Anthropological Association
  511. ^ [260] "His German grandfather was an ardent Lutheran who, upon seeing that his own son had chosen a career in chemical engineering, prepped his grandson for a life in the ministry."
  512. ^ "GermAmChron". Retrieved 2014-05-22. 
  513. ^ [261] Script error "She was born in Concordia, Missouri to German parents and died in Tulsa, following open-heart surgery."
  514. ^ [262] "Mack was born in the obscure agricultural village of Schriesheim, a few miles from Heidelberg, Germany in 1679..."
  515. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-02-20. Retrieved 2008-03-16.  "Led by Christian Metz, they hoped to find religious freedom in America and left Germany in 1843–44"
  516. ^ [263] "German-born American clergyman"
  517. ^ The Passavant House (Zelienople Historical Society)
  518. ^ Robert Paul Sutton, Communal Utopias and the American Experience: Religious Communities (2003) p. 38
  519. ^ "Blessed Francis X. Seelos", Redemptorists of the Baltimore Province Script error
  520. ^ "The Very Rev. Joseph Strub" (PDF). The New York Times. January 28, 1890. Retrieved January 30, 2008. 
  521. ^ [264] "Wuerl Surname"
  522. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-08-03. Retrieved 2007-08-06.  "Zinzendorf himself visited St. Thomas, and later visited America. There he sought to unify the German Protestants of Pennsylvania, even proposing a sort of "council of churches" where all would preserve their unique denominational practices, but would work in cooperation rather than competition. He founded the town of Bethlehem, where his daughter Benigna organized the school which would become Moravian College."
  523. ^ [265] "German-Swiss Heritage"
  524. ^ [266] "Reinhold Albert Aman was born on April 8, 1936, in Fürstenzell (Bavaria), Germany. He grew up in Straubing and Oberschneiding, studied chemical engineering in Augsburg, and worked in Frankfurt and Munich."
  525. ^ (German) Structurae [en]: Othmar Herrmann Ammann (1879–196)
  526. ^ The Intelligence of Vision: An Interview with Rudolf Arnheim
  527. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2005-11-03. Retrieved 2006-06-29.  "Baade wanted to go there to observe with it himself, but his German citizenship prevented him"
  528. ^ [267] "Dr. Max Bentele (born Ulm, Germany January 15, 1909 – died New York May 19, 2006, at age 97) was a pioneer in the field of jet aircraft turbines and mechanical engineering"
  529. ^ [268] "German-born American citizen"
  530. ^ Ordway, Frederick I, III; Sharpe, Mitchell R (1979). The Rocket Team. Apogee Books Space Series 36. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell. pp. 4,7–12,53,311,391,423. ISBN 0-690-01656-5. 
  531. ^ [269] "Wernher von Braun, the German physicist who oversaw most of the achievements of the US space program until his death in 1977"
  532. ^ NOAA Central Library Script error
  533. ^ [270] "Werner K. Dahm, an internationally recognized rocket pioneer whose work in Germany and the United States made important contributions to the nation's ballistic missile programs ..."
  534. ^ [271] "Werner K. Dahm, an internationally recognized rocket pioneer whose work in Germany and the United States."
  535. ^ [272] "German-born American physicist who shared one-half of the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1989 with the German physicist Wolfgang Paul"
  536. ^ [273] "Max Delbruck German-born US biologist, a pioneer in the study of molecular genetics."
  537. ^ [274] "The MDC is named after the German-American Nobel Prize winner Max Delbrück."
  538. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-10-19. Retrieved 2010-08-29.  "Krafft Arnold Ehricke American Engineer. Born 24 March 1917. Died December 1984. Personal: Male, Married, Three daughters. Born in Berlin, Germany. BEng"
  539. ^ [275] "Nationality: United States, Germany"
  540. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-01-04. Retrieved 2008-12-02.  "German-born Harvard economist and developer of large-scale macroeconometric models (for which he founded a forecasting corporation, Data Resources Inc. (DRI))"
  541. ^ "Albert Einstein – Biographical". 1955-04-18. Retrieved 2014-05-22. 
  542. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-09-01. Retrieved 2006-06-29.  "German-born botanist"
  543. ^ [276] "The city was named originally after Katherine the Great who promoted agriculture in the steppes of the Ukraine by inviting settlers from Germany, among them the Mennonites. Dr. Esau's family is Mennonite. Dr. Esau's great-grandfather Aron Esau immigrated to the Ukraine In 1804 from Prussia"
  544. ^ "Edmond Fischer". University of Washington. Retrieved 2014-05-22. 
  545. ^ [277] "James Franck German-born American physicist"
  546. ^ [278] "Born in Karlsruhe, Germany, in 1890, Frieda Fromm-Reichmann graduated from medical school at Königsberg, Eastern Prussia, in 1913."
  547. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-10-19. Retrieved 2010-08-29.  "German engineer in WW2, member of the Rocket Team in the United States thereafter."
  548. ^ "Memorials: GLAESER, LUDWIG", The New York Times, September 27, 2007
  549. ^ [279] "German-born American physicist"
  550. ^ "pixel panache | design, illustration, photography, websites – Cincinnati, Ohio". Retrieved 2014-05-22. 
  551. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-07-15. Retrieved 2010-08-29.  "German-American engineer. Worked on V-2 gyro platform at Peenemünde 1939–1942. Returned to von Braun's team in US in 1948, working on Hermes II and Redstone guidance systems, becoming Director, Guidance and Control Division, at Huntsville."
  552. ^ [280] Script error "Herman Hollerith was the German American who first automated US census information"
  553. ^ [281] "German-American psychiatrist"
  554. ^ [282] "German psychologist"
  555. ^ [283] "Heinrich Klüver, son of Wilhelm and Dorothes (Wübbers) Klüver, was born on May 25, 1897, in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. He arrived in the United States in 1923, married Cessa Feyerabend on February 4, 1927, and was naturalized as a US citizen in 1934."
  556. ^ [284] "Naturalized US Citizen – Birthplace: Blankenburg, Germany"
  557. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-12-20. Retrieved 2008-12-20.  "Willy Ley was an extremely effective populariser of the idea of space flight – first in Germany and then in the United States. Ley was born in Berlin. Fluent in German, English, Italian, French, and Russian, he studied astronomy, physics, zoology, and paleontology at the University of Berlin."
  558. ^ [285] "German engineer who was a founder of the German Rocket Society. In 1934, he emigrated to the United States rather than pursuing military applications of rocketry. In the U.S., he became a popularizer of space exploration and travel, writing many popular books."
  559. ^ [286] "Ottmar Mergenthaler, a German invento