Main Births etc
Lancaster, South Carolina
—  City  —
Main street intersecting with East Arch Street.
Official seal of Lancaster, South Carolina
Nickname(s): The Red Rose City
Motto: "Forward Together, the Spirit of Lancaster"
Location of Lancaster, South Carolina
Coordinates: 34°43′16″N 80°46′24″W / 34.72111, -80.77333Coordinates: 34°43′16″N 80°46′24″W / 34.72111, -80.77333
Country United States
State South Carolina
County Lancaster
Incorporated 1830
 • Mayor Pending special election[1]
 • City 5.9 sq mi (15.3 km2)
 • Land 5.8 sq mi (15.1 km2)
 • Water 0.1 sq mi (0.2 km2)
Elevation 568 ft (173 m)
Population (2010)
 • City 10,160
 • Density 1,406.2/sq mi (543.0/km2)
 • Urban 24,843
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 29720-29722
Area code(s) 803
FIPS code 45-39895[2]
GNIS feature ID 1246285[3]

The city of Lancaster /ˈlŋkəstər/ is the county seat of Lancaster County, South Carolina located in the Charlotte Metropolitan Area. As of the United States Census of 2010, the city population was 10,160 but due to South Carolina's strict annexation laws its actual population is well over twenty thousand people. The city was named after the famous House of Lancaster. Locally, Lancaster is pronounced /ˈlŋkstər/ LANK-iss-tər, rather than the usual American pronunciation /ˈlænkæstər/ LAN-kast-ər. The modern British pronunciation is LANG-kast-ər.

History[edit | edit source]

The Robert Barnwell Allison House, Craig House, Cureton House, Thomas Walker Huey House, Lancaster Cotton Oil Company, Lancaster County Courthouse, Lancaster County Jail, Lancaster Downtown Historic District, Lancaster Presbyterian Church, Mount Carmel A.M.E. Zion Campground, North Carolina-South Carolina Cornerstone, Perry-McIlwain-McDow House, Leroy Springs House, Wade-Beckham House, and Waxhaw Presbyterian Church Cemetery are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[4][5]

Geography[edit | edit source]

Lancaster is located at 34°43′16″N 80°46′24″W / 34.72111, -80.77333 (34.721100, -80.773315).[6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.9 square miles (15 km2), of which 5.8 square miles (15 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) of it (1.36%) is water.

Demographics[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1850 376
1860 536 42.6%
1870 591 10.3%
1880 681 15.2%
1890 1,094 60.6%
1900 1,477 35.0%
1910 2,098 42.0%
1920 3,032 44.5%
1930 3,545 16.9%
1940 4,430 25.0%
1950 7,159 61.6%
1960 7,999 11.7%
1970 9,186 14.8%
1980 9,703 5.6%
1990 8,914 −8.1%
2000 8,177 −8.3%
2010 8,526 4.3%
Est. 2015 8,956 [7] 9.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]

Group of boys working in Lancaster Cotton Mills. November 1908. Photographed by Lewis Hine.

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 10,160 people, 5,396 households, and 3,115 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,406.2 people per square mile (543.4/km²). There were 3,778 housing units at an average density of 649.7 per square mile (251.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 49.49% African American, 47.54% White, 0.12% Native American, 0.88% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.15% from other races, and 0.78% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.25% of the population.

There were 3,396 households out of which 27.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.5% were married couples living together, 22.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.7% were non-families. 33.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the city, the population was spread out with 25.8% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 26.8% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, and 16.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 83.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 77.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $28,650, and the median income for a family was $33,380. Males had a median income of $27,090 versus $22,382 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,828. About 18.0% of families and 23.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 33.2% of those under age 18 and 17.8% of those age 65 or over.

Schools[edit | edit source]

Lancaster is home to the Lancaster County School District, SC which has around 11 elementary schools, 5 middle schools, and 4 high schools. In 2008 South Carolina Governor Mark Sanford named Andrew Jackson Middle School, located in nearby Kershaw, as the recipient of the state's Best Special Education School Award. The city of Lancaster is also home to the University of South Carolina at Lancaster also known as USCL.

Public Schools Located in Lancaster :

  • Lancaster High School
  • A.R. Rucker Middle School
  • Erwin Elementary School
  • South Middle School
  • North Elementary School
  • McDonald Green Elementary School
  • Brooklyn Springs Elementary School
  • Clinton Elementary School
  • Discovery Elementary School
  • Southside Pre-School

Private Schools


Notable people[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

External links[edit | edit source]

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Lancaster, South Carolina. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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