LIBRIS (Library Information System) is a Swedish national union catalogue maintained by the National Library of Sweden in Stockholm. It is possible to freely search about 6.5 million titles nationwide.
In addition to bibliographic records, one for each book or publication, LIBRIS also contains an authority file of people. For each person there is a record connecting name, birth and occupation with a unique identifier.
The development of LIBRIS can be traced to the mid 1960s. While rationalization of libraries had been an issue for two decades after World War II, it was in 1965 that a government committee published a report on the use of computers in research libraries. The government budget of 1965 created a research library council (Forskningsbiblioteksrådet, FBR). A preliminary design document, Biblioteksadministrativt Information System (BAIS) was published in May 1970, and the name LIBRIS, short for Library Information System, was used for a technical subcommittee that started on July 1, 1970. The newsletter LIBRIS-meddelanden (ISSN 0348-1891) has been published since 1972 and is online since 1997.
- ^ "LIBRIS" (in Swedish). Nationalencyklopedin. http://www.ne.se/libris. Retrieved 27 July 2010. (subscription required)
- ^ "LIBRIS database contents". National Library of Sweden. http://librishelp.libris.kb.se/help/content_eng.jsp?open=about. Retrieved 27 July 2010.
- ^ Library of Congress Network Development and MARC Standards Office (5 April 2011). "Search the MARC Code List for Organizations Database". Library of Congress. http://www.loc.gov/marc/organizations/org-search.php. Retrieved 22 August 2012.
- ^ Lena Olsson, Det datoriserade biblioteket. Maskindrömmar på 70-talet (1995), PhD dissertation from Linköping University, Linköping Studies in Arts and Science 121, ISSN 0282-9800, ISBN 91-7871-492-3, Abstract online
- ^ Databehandling i forskningsbibliotek (1965; in LIBRIS), cited in Olsson (1995), p. 51.
- ^ Olsson (1995), p. 55.
- ^ Olsson (1995), p. 103.
- ^ Olsson (1995), p. 31.
- ^ LIBRIS-meddelanden
- National Library of Sweden: LIBRIS (select "In English" from the top menu, default language is Swedish)
- Open Data, Information about LIBRIS bibliographic records and authority file as open data, April 3, 2012.
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