|— District —|
|• Collector||Yamini Sarangi, IAS|
|• Member of Lok Sabha||Jhina Hikaka, BJD|
|• Total||8,379 km2 (3,235 sq mi)|
|• Density||140.58/km2 (364.1/sq mi)|
|• Official||Oriya, Hindi, English|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Sex ratio||1.038 ♂/♀|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Koraput|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||5|
|Precipitation||1,522 millimetres (59.9 in)|
|Avg. summer temperature||38 °C (100 °F)|
|Avg. winter temperature||12 °C (54 °F)|
History[edit | edit source]
Koraput district was ruled by several dynasities such as Satavahans, Ikshvakus, Nalas, Ganga kings and kings of Surya vansha. It was a part of the erstwhile Madras Presidency and became a district of Odisha state on 1 April 1936 .
Geography[edit | edit source]
Major Towns[edit | edit source]
Administration[edit | edit source]
Koraput district is divided into 2 sub-divisions and 14 blocks. The 2 sub-divisions are Koraput and Jeypore Blocks in Koraput sub-division 1. Koraput 2. Semiliguda 3. Nandapur 4. Pottangi 5. Dasmanthpur 6. Lamtaput 7. Laxmipur 8. Narayanapatna 9. Bandugaon Blocks in Jeypore sub-division 1. Jeypore 2. Boipariguda 3. Kotpad 4. Kundra 5. Boriguma
Culture[edit | edit source]
Places Of Interest[edit | edit source]
- Gupteswar Shiv Temple
- Sabara Srikhetra
- Upper Kolab Botanical Garden
- Maliguda Tunnel
- Duduma Waterfall
- Deomali Hill
- Batisinhasana & Ganesh Temple
- Maa Kanta Bausuni Pitha Damanjodi
- Jain Temple Subai Nandapur
- Padua Town
- Maa Sitala Temple Kotpad
- Damayanty Sagar Kotpad
- Deoda Siva Temple,Chandili G.P of Kotpad
- hilltop at Damonjodi
People[edit | edit source]
Koraput is an Adivasi district, known for high concentration of Adivasi communities (tribes). Each community has its own language, hailed as a great repository of ecological knowledge. These communities have been practicing their own indigenous religions, but are termed as 'Hindus' by the constitution of India. This paves the way for their assimilation into the 'Hindu Mainstream'. Adivasi religion thus faces an onslaught from both Hinduism as well as evangelical Christianity.   
Agriculture[edit | edit source]
Jeypore tract of the Koraput district is known as one of the centres of origin of rice. The people of Koraput district, notably the adivasis have generated and conserved many indigenous cultivars of rice that are suitable for both dryland and wetland cultivation. The Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO) in 2012 recognised the service of the communities of Koraput in ensuring food security by declaring the Koraput district as a Global Agricultural Heritage Site
Economy[edit | edit source]
In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Koraput one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640). It is one of the 19 districts in Odisha currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).
Major Industries[edit | edit source]
- Hindustan Aeronautics Limited- Sunabeda
- Kolab Hydroelectric Power Station
- Machkund Hydroelectric Power Station
Colleges[edit | edit source]
- 1. The Aeronautics College, formerly known as A.C.A. College, (established in 1981)
- 2. Vyomayana Samstha Vidyalaya (founded in 1968)
- 3. DAV College, Koraput (established on 10 August 1981)
- 4. Vikram Dev College Jeypore (established in 1947)
- 5. Gopal Krushna College of Engineering & Technology(established in the year 1989)
- 6. Institute of engineering & Management, Jeypore
- 7. Hi-Tech Institute of Information & Technology(HIIT), Jeypore
- 8. Jeypore School of Engineering and Technologies, Jeypore
- 9. Samanta Chandra Sekhar Institute of Technology and Management(established in 2001)
- 10.Bhairaba Mahavidayalaya College,Borigumma.
- 11.Central University of Orissa, Koraput
- 12. Kotpad College, Kotpad.
- 13. Maa Santoshi Sanskrit College,Kotpad
- 14. Siddharth Institute of Engineering and Technology (SIET), Koraput.(http://www.sietkoraput.in/)
Demographics[edit | edit source]
According to the 2011 census Koraput district has a population of 1,376,934, roughly equal to the nation of Swaziland or the US state of Hawaii. This gives it a ranking of 356th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 156 inhabitants per square kilometre (400 /sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 16.63%. Koraput has a sex ratio of 1031 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 49.87%.
Languages[edit | edit source]
Languages include Bhatri, which falls within the Oriya language group but only shares about 60% lexical similarity with Oriya, spoken by about 600 000; and Bhunjia, spoken by approximately 7000 Bhunjia Adivasis.
Naxalism[edit | edit source]
Naxalism is a serious matter of concern in south Odisha, including Koraput district, since around 2000. Earlier, the naxalite activities were confined to districts such as Malkangiri, which share its borders with the neighboring states. With time, the naxal activities has spread to Koraput as well as other districts like Rayagada or Nabarangpur. The inaccessible hilly terrain, dense forests, lack of development, grievances of the tribals and poor, and the absence of administration have been conducive to the spread of left-wing extremism in Odisha. The seriousness of the problem was underlined by a co-ordinated Naxalite attack on the District Headquarters and armoury at Koraput on February 6, 2004.
Naxal group, namely People's War Group (PWG), has carried out numerous operations (attacks on rich farmers, police, bureaucrats and politicians, loots from godowns) within last few years in Koraput as well as in its neighboring districts.
Transport[edit | edit source]
Koraput railway station is a junction station on Kirandul-Visakhapatnam railway line that branches towards Rayagada railway station on the other side. many trains like Kirandul Vskp passenger, Jagdalpur-Howrah, Jagdalpur-Bhubaneswar Hirakhand Exp halt for 10–25 minutes at Koraput. Other main railheads include Jeypore, Kotpad Road Station, Damanjodi, and Lakshmipur Road. Koraput District is served by NH-26, from Raipur to Visakhapatnam. One can go to nearby Malkangiri through Jeypore Road. Distance from other cities-
- Visakhapatnam-207 km
- Bhubaneswar 483 km without touching Berhampur
- Kolkata 923 km Via Bhubaneswar
- Vizianagaram- 120 km
- Jagdalpur 100 km
- Raipur 400 km via Jagdalpur
- Vijayawada 575 km via Visakhapatnam
- Hyderabad 610 km via Bhadrachalam, Sukma and Malkangiri
22 railway stations ; RTC depoits - 03
Politics[edit | edit source]
'Bold text'===Vidhan sabha constituencies===
|No.||Constituency||Reservation||Extent of the Assembly Constituency (Blocks)||Member of 14th Assembly||Party|
|141||Lakshmipur||ST||Lakshmipur, Dasamanthapur, Bandhugaon, Narayanpatana||Jhina Hikaka||BJD|
|142||Kotpad||ST||Kotpad (NAC), Kotpad, Kundra, Borigumma (part), Boipariguda (part)||INC|
|143||Jeypore||None||Jeypore (M), Jeypore, Borigumma (part)||Rabi Narayan Nanda||BJD|
|144||Koraput||SC||Koraput (NAC), Sunabeda (NAC), Lamptaput, Koraput(PART), Boipariguda (part)||Raghuram Padal||BJD|
|145||Pottangi||ST||Pottangi, Semiliguda, Nandapur, Koraput (part)||Rama Chandra Kadam||INC|
References[edit | edit source]
- ^ "83 districts under the Security Related Expenditure Scheme". IntelliBriefs. 2009-12-11. http://intellibriefs.blogspot.com/2009/12/naxal-menace-83-districts-under.html. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
- ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme". National Institute of Rural Development. http://www.nird.org.in/brgf/doc/brgf_BackgroundNote.pdf. Retrieved September 27, 2011.
- ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. http://www.census2011.co.in/district.php. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/rankorder/2119rank.html. Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Swaziland 1,370,424"
- ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. http://2010.census.gov/2010census/data/apportionment-pop-text.php. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "Hawaii 1,360,301"
- ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed (2009). "Bhatri: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th edition ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=bgw. Retrieved 2011-09-28.
- ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed (2009). "Bhunjia: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th edition ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=bhu. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- ^ "Maoists in Orissa Growing Tentacles and a Dormant State". http://www.satp.org/satporgtp/publication/faultlines/volume17/nihar.htm.
- ^ "Naxalite Consolidation In Orissa". http://www.outlookindia.com/article.aspx?220969.
- ^ Assembly Constituencies and their EXtent
- ^ Seats of Odisha
- ^ "List of Member in Fourteenth Assembly". ws.ori.nic.in. http://ws.ori.nic.in/ola/mlaprofile/listofmem1.asp. Retrieved 19 February 2013. "MEMBER NAME"
Bibliography[edit | edit source]
Berger, Peter (2002). The Gadaba and the 'non-ST' Desia of Koraput, Orissa. Article
Burrow, T. and S. Bhattacharya (1961). Some notes on the Kui dialect as spoken by the Kuttia Kandhas of North-east Koraput. Indo-Iranian Journal. 5 (2): 118-135
Franco, Merlin F. and D. Narasimhan (2012). Ethnobotany of Kondh, Poraja, Gadaba and Bonda of the Koraput region of Orissa, India. D.K. Printworld. ISBN 978-81-246-0619-3
Franco, Merlin F and D. Narasimhan (2009). Plant names and uses as indicators of knowledge patterns. Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge. 8: 645-648 Article
Franco, Merlin F., D. Narasimhan and W. Stanley (2009). Relationship between Four Tribal Communities and their Natural Resources in the Koraput Region. Ethnobotany Research & Applications 6: 481-485
Franco, Merlin F and D. Narasimhan (2008). Ecological elements in the songs of the Poraja and the ancient Tamils. Indian Journal of Eco-criticism 1, 49-54
Thusu, Kidar Nath and Jha, Makhan (1972). Ollar Gadba of Koraput. Anthropological Survey of India, Kolkata
Thusu, Kidar Nath (1977). Pengo Parajas of Koraput. Anthropological Survey of India, Kolkata
[edit | edit source]
Dantewada district, Chhatisgarh
|Kalahandi district||Rayagada district|
|Bastar district, Chhatisgarh|
|Malkangiri district||Visakhapatnam district, Andhra Pradesh||Vizianagaram district, Andhra Pradesh|
|This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Koraput district. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.|