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Kolomna (English)
Коломна (Russian)
-  City[1]  -
Kolomna center.jpg
Historic center of Kolomna
Coat of Arms of Kolomna (Moscow oblast).png
Flag of Kolomna (Moscow oblast).png
Coat of arms
Flag
Administrative status (as of January 2013)
Country Russia
Federal subject Moscow Oblast[1]
Administratively subordinated to Kolomna City Under Oblast Jurisdiction[1]
Administrative center of Kolomna Rayon. Moscow Oblast,[1] Kolomna City Under Oblast Jurisdiction[1]
Municipal status (as of May 2010)
Urban okrug Kolomna Urban Okrug[2]
Administrative center of Kolomna Urban Okrug,[3] Kolomensky Municipal District[2]
Head Valery Shuvalov
Representative body Council of Deputies
Statistics
Area (urban okrug) (May 2010) 67.12 km2 (25.92 sq mi)[2]
Population (2010 Census) 144,589 inhabitants[4]
Rank in 2010 119th
Density 2,154 /km2 (5,580 /sq mi)[5]
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[6]
Founded 1177
Postal code(s) 140400
Dialing code(s) +7 496
Official website

Kolomna Kremlin

Kolomna (Russian: Колóмна, IPA: [kɐˈlomnə]) is an ancient city of Moscow Oblast, Russia, situated at the confluence of the Moskva and Oka Rivers, 114 kilometers (71 mi) (by rail) southeast of Moscow. Population: 144,589 (2010 Census);[4] 150,129 (2002 Census);[7] 161,881 (1989 Census).[8]

History[]

Mentioned for the first time in 1177, Kolomna[9] was founded in 1140–1160 according to the latest archaeological surveys.[10] Kolomna's name may originate from the Old Russian term for "on the bend (in the river)", especially as the old city is located on a sharp bend in the Moscow River. In 1301, Kolomna was incorporated into the Moscow Principality.[11]

Like some other ancient Russian cities, it has a kremlin, which is a citadel similar to the more famous one in Moscow and also built of red brick.[12] The stone Kolomna Kremlin was built from 1525–1531 under the Russian Tsar Vasily III. The Kolomna citadel was a part of the Great Abatis Border[13] and, although much of the surrounding wall was removed in the eighteenth century and materials used to construct other public buildings, the remaining stretch of wall, several towers, and some interior buildings have been preserved and held in a good shape. A museum is located inside. In front of the façade stands a statue of Dmitry Donskoy, celebrating the gathering of his troops in Kolomna prior to the Battle of Kulikovo in 1380.

The civic arms of Kolomna were granted by Empress Catherine II, who was influenced by the similar-sounding name of the famous Colonna family of Rome. Hence, the similar appearance of the arms, despite there being no connection between the Roman family and the city of Kolomna.

Due to sensitive military production of missile components, Kolomna was a closed city until 1994. It is still not listed as a city of the Golden Ring, despite its kremlin and the large number of well-preserved churches and monasteries.

Old Town of Kolomna

Administrative and municipal status[]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Kolomna serves as the administrative center of Kolomna Rayon District, even though it is not a part of it.[1] As an administrative division, it is incorporated separately as Kolomna City Under Oblast Jurisdiction—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, Kolomna City Under Oblast Jurisdiction is incorporated as Kolomna Urban Okrug.[2]

Transportation[]

Tram line in the centre of Kolomna

Rail[]

Kolomna is located on the Ryazan line of the Moscow railroad, 116 kilometers (72 mi) from Moscow. In Kolomna, there are five railway stations (Kolomna, Shchurovo, Bochmanovo, 6 km, and Sychevo) and one terminal (Golutvin).

Public transportation[]

Two bus terminals are located in the city. Public transport in the city is represented by tram and city bus lines.

Water[]

Kolomna is situated on three rivers, and has passenger and transport berths. Most known one is the Bochmanovo (Russian: Бочманово) berth.

Sports[]

The Kolomna Speed Skating Center is an indoor ice speed skating oval used for Russian and international championships. It hosted the 2008 European Speed Skating Championships and the 2016 World Single Distance Speed Skating Championships. The Kolomna Speed Skating Center is considered as one of the most modern ice speed skating ovals in the world.

Demographics[]

Historical populations of Kolomna (figures in thousands)
Year 1897 1926 1939 1959 1962 1967 1970 1973 1976 1979
Рopulation 20.9 35 85 118 125 131 136 140 145 146.5
Year 1982 1986 1989 1992 1996 1998 2000 2001 2003 2006
Рopulation 151 158 162 163.7 153.6 152.1 150.7 149.6 150.1 148.0

Notable people[]

  • Filaret, Metropolitan of Moscow
  • Dmitry Dorofeyev, speed skater
  • Nikolay Epshtein (born 1918), Soviet ice hockey coach
  • Sergey Gorshkov, Soviet admiral
  • Mikhail Katukov, commander of armored troops in the Red Army
  • Yekaterina Lobysheva, speed skater
  • Eduard Malofeyev, football player and manager
  • Mikhail Tyurin, cosmonaut
  • Edward Frenkel, mathematician
  • Olga Graf, speed skater
  • Sergey Malitsky, fantasy fiction writer
  • Vitalik Buterin, programmer and writer and inventor of Ethereum

Attractions[]

Speed skating center

  • Kolomna Kremlin
  • Bobrenev cloister
  • Staro-Golutvin cloister
  • Novo-Golutvin cloister
  • Posad, with several churches
  • Church of John the Baptist, one of only three 14th-century buildings preserved in Moscow Oblast.
  • Museum of pastila, a locally produced fruit candy
  • Kolomna Speed Skating Center
  • Museum of Organic Culture

International relations[]

Twin towns and sister cities[]

Kolomna is twinned with:

References[]

Notes[]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Law #11/2013-OZ
  2. ^ a b c d Law #153/2004-OZ
  3. ^ Law #43/2005-OZ
  4. ^ a b "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1)]" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. http://www.gks.ru/free_doc/new_site/perepis2010/croc/perepis_itogi1612.htm. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  5. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  6. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  7. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. http://www.perepis2002.ru/ct/doc/1_TOM_01_04.xls. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  8. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров. [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]" (in Russian). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. http://demoscope.ru/weekly/ssp/rus89_reg.php. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  9. ^ "The History of Kolomna". https://www.moscovery.com/kolomna/. 
  10. ^ (Russian) Мазуров А. Б. Средневековая Коломна в XIV — первой трети XVI вв. / Под ред. В. Л. Янина. М.: Александрия, 2001. С. 58
  11. ^ Nossov K. S. Medieval Russian Fortresses AD 862-1480. Osprey Publishing. 2012. P. 8
  12. ^ Brumfield W. C. Landmarks of Russian Architecture: A Photographic Survey. Routledge. Pp. 94-95
  13. ^ Several towers and two parts of walls

Sources[]

  • Московская областная Дума. Закон №11/2013-ОЗ от 31 января 2013 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Московской области», в ред. Закона №24/2014-ОЗ от 21 марта 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Московской области "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Московской области"». Вступил в силу на следующий день после официального опубликования (13 января 2013 г.). Опубликован: "Ежедневные Новости. Подмосковье", №24, 12 февраля 2013 г. (Moscow Oblast Duma. Law #11/2013-OZ of January 31, 2013 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Moscow Oblast, as amended by the Law #24/2014-OZ of March 21, 2014 On Amending the Law of Moscow Oblast "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Moscow Oblast". Effective as of the day following the day of the official publication (January 13, 2013).).
  • Template:RussiaAdmMunRef/mos/munlist/kolomna
  • Template:RussiaAdmMunRef/mos/munlist/kolomensky
  •  "Kolomna". Encyclopædia Britannica. 15 (11th ed.). 1911. 

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