Familypedia
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{{dablink|This article is about the historical kingdom, before the [[Acts of Union 1800]] with [[Kingdom of Ireland|Ireland]]. For the modern state, see [[United Kingdom]]. For the island, see [[Great Britain]].}}
 
{{dablink|This article is about the historical kingdom, before the [[Acts of Union 1800]] with [[Kingdom of Ireland|Ireland]]. For the modern state, see [[United Kingdom]]. For the island, see [[Great Britain]].}}
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{{Infobox Former Country
 
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|native_name =
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|conventional_long_name = Kingdom of Great Britain<sup>1</sup>
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|common_name = Great Britain
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|continent=Europe
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|region=British Isles
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|country=United Kingdom
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|status=State union
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|era = 18th century
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|year_start =
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|year_end = 1800
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|date_start = 1 May 1707
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|date_end = 1 January
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|event_start = [[Acts of Union 1707|1707 Union]]
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|event_end = [[Act of Union 1800|1801 Union]]
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|p1 = Kingdom of England
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|flag_p1 = Flag of England.svg
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|p2 = Kingdom of Scotland
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|flag_p2 = Flag of Scotland.svg
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|s1 = United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
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|flag_s1 = Flag of the United Kingdom.svg
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|image_flag = Union flag 1606 (Kings Colors).svg
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|image_coat = Coat of Arms of Great Britain (1714-1801).svg
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|symbol_type=Royal coat of arms
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|image_map = Kingdom of Great Britain.png
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|image_map_caption = Territory of the Kingdom of Great Britain
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|national_motto = ''[[Dieu et mon droit]]''<br>(English: "God and my right")<sup>2</sup>
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|national_anthem = [[God Save the Queen|God Save the King/Queen]]
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|capital = London
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|latd=51|latm=30|latNS=N|longd=0|longm=07|longEW=W
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|common_languages = English (''de facto'' official), [[Cornish language|Cornish]], [[Scots language|Scots]], [[Scottish Gaelic]], [[Welsh language|Welsh]]
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|government_type = [[Parliamentary system|Parliamentary democracy]] and [[constitutional monarchy]]
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|title_leader = [[List of British Monarchs#House of Stuart|Monarch]]
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|leader1 = [[Anne of Great Britain|Anne]]
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|year_leader1=1707–14
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|leader2 = [[George I of Great Britain|George I]]
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|year_leader2 = 1714–27
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|leader3 = [[George II of Great Britain|George II]]
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|year_leader3 = 1727–60
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|leader4 = [[George III of the United Kingdom|George III]]
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|year_leader4=1760–1801
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|title_deputy = [[Prime Minister of the United Kingdom|Prime Minister]]
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|deputy1 = [[Robert Walpole]]
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|year_deputy1=1721–42
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|deputy2 = [[William Pitt the Elder]]
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|year_deputy2=1766-1768
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|deputy3 = [[William Pitt the Younger]]
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|year_deputy3=1783–1801
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|legislature = [[Parliament of Great Britain|Parliament]]
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|house1 = [[British House of Lords|House of Lords]]
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|house2 = [[House of Commons of Great Britain]]
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|stat_year1=1801
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|stat_area1=230977
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|stat_pop1 = 16345646
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|currency = Pound sterling
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|today = {{flag|United Kingdom}}<sup>3</sup>
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|footnotes = <sup>1</sup>{{lang-kw|Rywvaneth Breten Veur}}; {{lang-sco|Kinrick o Great Breetain}}; {{lang-gd|Rìoghachd na Breatainne Mòire}}; {{lang-cy|Teyrnas Prydain Fawr}}.<br> <sup>2</sup> The Royal motto used in Scotland was {{lang|sco|''[[In My Defens God Me Defend]]''}}.<br> <sup>3</sup>{{flag|England}}, {{flag|Scotland}}, {{flag|Wales}}.
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}}
   
 
The '''Kingdom of Great Britain''', also known as the '''United Kingdom of Great Britain''',<ref>[http://collections.europarchive.org/ukparliament/20090701100701/http://www.parliament.uk/actofunion/ Welcome] parliament.uk, accessed 2 September 2010</ref><ref>[http://www.ltscotland.org.uk/scotlandshistory/unioncrownsparliaments/unionofparliaments/index.asp The Union of the Parliaments 1707] [[Learning and Teaching Scotland]], accessed 2 September 2010</ref> was a [[sovereign state]] in [[North-West Europe|northwest Europe]], in existence from 1707 to 1801. It was created by the [[Political union|merger]] of the [[Kingdom of Scotland]] and the [[Kingdom of England]], under the [[Acts of Union 1707]], to create a single kingdom encompassing the whole of the island of [[Great Britain]] and its minor outlying islands, excluding [[Ireland]]—which remained a separate jurisdiction under the British crown. A single parliament and government, based in [[Parliament of Great Britain|Westminster]], controlled the new kingdom. The kingdoms had [[Union of the Crowns|shared the same monarch]] since [[James VI of Scotland and I of England|James VI, King of Scots]] became [[King of England]] in 1603 following the death of [[Elizabeth I of England|Queen Elizabeth I]].
 
The '''Kingdom of Great Britain''', also known as the '''United Kingdom of Great Britain''',<ref>[http://collections.europarchive.org/ukparliament/20090701100701/http://www.parliament.uk/actofunion/ Welcome] parliament.uk, accessed 2 September 2010</ref><ref>[http://www.ltscotland.org.uk/scotlandshistory/unioncrownsparliaments/unionofparliaments/index.asp The Union of the Parliaments 1707] [[Learning and Teaching Scotland]], accessed 2 September 2010</ref> was a [[sovereign state]] in [[North-West Europe|northwest Europe]], in existence from 1707 to 1801. It was created by the [[Political union|merger]] of the [[Kingdom of Scotland]] and the [[Kingdom of England]], under the [[Acts of Union 1707]], to create a single kingdom encompassing the whole of the island of [[Great Britain]] and its minor outlying islands, excluding [[Ireland]]—which remained a separate jurisdiction under the British crown. A single parliament and government, based in [[Parliament of Great Britain|Westminster]], controlled the new kingdom. The kingdoms had [[Union of the Crowns|shared the same monarch]] since [[James VI of Scotland and I of England|James VI, King of Scots]] became [[King of England]] in 1603 following the death of [[Elizabeth I of England|Queen Elizabeth I]].
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[[Category:Established in 1707]]
 
[[Category:Established in 1707]]
   
{{usedwps}}
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{{usedwps|Kingdom of Great Britain}}
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{{#set:Definite article=1}} <!-- refer to "the Kingdom of Great Britain" -->

Latest revision as of 20:30, 19 December 2016

Kingdom of Great Britain1

 

1800
Coordinates : 51°30′N 0°07′W / 51.5, -0.117
Flag Royal coat of arms
Motto
Dieu et mon droit
(English: "God and my right")2
Anthem
God Save the King/Queen
Territory of the Kingdom of Great Britain
Capital London
Languages English (de facto official), Cornish, Scots, Scottish Gaelic, Welsh
Government Parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy
Monarch
 -  1707–14 Anne
 -  1714–27 George I
 -  1727–60 George II
 -  1760–1801 George III
Prime Minister
 -  1721–42 Robert Walpole
 -  1766-1768 William Pitt the Elder
 -  1783–1801 William Pitt the Younger
Legislature Parliament
 -  Upper house House of Lords
 -  Lower house House of Commons of Great Britain
Historical era 18th century
 -  1707 Union 1 May 1707
 -  1801 Union 1 January 1800
Area
 -  1801 230,977 km² (89,181 sq mi)
Population
 -  1801 est. 16,345,646 
     Density 70.8 /km²  (183.3 /sq mi)
Currency Pound sterling
Today part of  United Kingdom3
1Cornish: Rywvaneth Breten Veur; Scots: Kinrick o Great Breetain; Scottish Gaelic: Rìoghachd na Breatainne Mòire; Welsh: Teyrnas Prydain Fawr.
2 The Royal motto used in Scotland was In My Defens God Me Defend.
3 England,  Scotland,  Wales.

The Kingdom of Great Britain, also known as the United Kingdom of Great Britain,[1][2] was a sovereign state in northwest Europe, in existence from 1707 to 1801. It was created by the merger of the Kingdom of Scotland and the Kingdom of England, under the Acts of Union 1707, to create a single kingdom encompassing the whole of the island of Great Britain and its minor outlying islands, excluding Ireland—which remained a separate jurisdiction under the British crown. A single parliament and government, based in Westminster, controlled the new kingdom. The kingdoms had shared the same monarch since James VI, King of Scots became King of England in 1603 following the death of Queen Elizabeth I.

The Kingdom of Great Britain was superseded by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on 1 January 1801, when Great Britain was united with the Kingdom of Ireland by the Acts of Union of 1800 following the suppression of the Irish Rebellion of 1798.

Name[]

The Kingdom of Great Britain is also given the alternative name of the United Kingdom of Great Britain, which is often shortened to United Kingdom, though there is debate over whether the latter name is acceptable.[3] While the Treaty of Union refers to the new state as the United Kingdom of Great Britain in several places, others believe that the word "United" is only an adjective, and not part of the style, citing the subsequent Acts of Union themselves, which state explicitly that the name of the new kingdom is to be Great Britain.[4]

The name "United Kingdom" is sometimes preferred for purposes of continuity, particularly in the military and colonial spheres. At the time of the Act of Union 1800, which unambiguously styled the new state as the "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland", the British were embroiled in the Great French War and the British Empire possessed many colonies in North America, India, and Australia. Some who would otherwise prefer the term "Kingdom of Great Britain" thus use "United Kingdom" to avoid using two different names for a single military and colonial power, which may confuse the discussion.

Monarchs[]

  • Anne (1707–1714), previously Queen of England, Queen of Scots, and Queen of Ireland since 1702.
  • George I (1714–1727)
  • George II (1727–1760)
  • George III (1760–1801), continued as King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until 1820.

See also[]

  • Early Modern Britain
  • Georgian era

References[]

  1. ^ Welcome parliament.uk, accessed 2 September 2010
  2. ^ The Union of the Parliaments 1707 Learning and Teaching Scotland, accessed 2 September 2010
  3. ^ "Rough guide to British history". 29 April 2006. The Times. URL accessed 13 May 2006.
  4. ^ Act of Union 1707, Article I.

External links[]

Preceded by:
Kingdom of England
c. 927–1 May 1707
Kingdom of Scotland
c. 843 – 1 May 1707
Kingdom of Great Britain
1 May 1707 – 1 January 1801
Succeeded by:
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
1 January 1801 – 6 December 1922


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Kingdom of Great Britain. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.