|Kent County, Michigan|
Kent County Courthouse
Location in the state of Michigan
Michigan's location in the U.S.
|Founded||March 2, 1831|
|Named for||James Kent|
|Largest city||Grand Rapids|
872.18 sq mi (2,259 km²)
856.17 sq mi (2,217 km²)
16.01 sq mi (41 km²), 1.84%
711/sq mi (274.7/km²)
|Congressional districts||2nd, 3rd|
|Time zone||Eastern: UTC-5/-4|
Kent County is a county in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 census, the county had a population of 602,622. Its county seat is Grand Rapids. The county was set off in 1831, and organized in 1836. It is named for New York jurist and legal scholar James Kent, who represented the Michigan Territory in its dispute with Ohio over the Toledo Strip.
Kent County is the economic and manufacturing center of West Michigan, with the Steelcase corporation based in the county. It is also the home of the Frederik Meijer Gardens, a significant cultural landmark of the Midwest. The county is a traditional stronghold for the Republican Party, with a substantial conservative population, although the 2008 Presidential Election marked the first time since 1964 a Democratic Presidential candidate received more votes than his Republican opponent. The Gerald R. Ford International Airport is located within the county.
- 1 History
- 2 Demographics
- 3 Geography
- 4 Transportation
- 5 Major businesses
- 6 Government
- 7 Politics
- 8 Cities, villages, and townships
- 9 See also
- 10 References
- 11 External links
History[edit | edit source]
The Grand River runs through the county. On its west bank are burial mounds, remnants of the Hopewell Indians who once lived there. The valley of the river served as an important center for the fur trade in the early 19th century. After the War of 1812, Rix Robinson and Louis Campau were the earliest traders in the area.
In 1831, it was set off from Kalamazoo County. In 1838, Grand Rapids incorporated as the county's first village. By the end of the century, stimulated by the construction of several sawmills, the area was a significant center for agriculture, logging, and manufacturing furniture.
Demographics[edit | edit source]
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 602,622 people residing in the county. 79.9% were White, 9.7% Black or African American, 2.3% Asian, 0.5% Native American, 4.5% of some other race and 3.0% of two or more races. 9.7% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race). 16.7% were of Dutch, 14.6% German, 7.0% Irish, 6.8% English and 6.3% Polish ancestry.
As of the census of 2000, there were 574,335 people, 212,890 households, and 144,126 families residing in the county. The current estimated population is 604,323. The population density was 671 people per square mile (259/km²). There were 224,000 housing units at an average density of 262 per square mile (101/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 83.13% White, 8.93% Black or African American, 0.52% Native American, 1.86% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 3.34% from other races, and 2.16% from two or more races. 7.00% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 19.6% reported being of Dutch ancestry; 14.9% German, 7.6% English, 7.4% Irish, 7.1% Polish and 5.5% American ancestry according to the 2000 census. 90.0% spoke only English at home, while 6.0% spoke Spanish.
There were 212,890 households out of which 35.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.30% were married couples living together, 11.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.30% were non-families. 25.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.20.
The age distribution of the county was as follows:28.30% were under the age of 18, 10.50% from 18 to 24, 31.20% from 25 to 44, 19.70% from 45 to 64, and 10.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 96.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.70 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $45,980, and the median income for a family was $54,770. Males had a median income of $39,878 versus $27,364 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,629. 8.90% of the population and 6.30% of families were below the poverty line. 10.20% of the population under the age of 18 and 7.50% of those 65 or older were living in poverty.
Geography[edit | edit source]
According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 872.18 square miles (2,258.9 km2), of which 856.17 square miles (2,217.5 km2) (or 98.16%) is land and 16.01 square miles (41.5 km2) (or 1.84%) is water. The highest point in Kent County is Fisk Knob Park, in Solon Township, at 1048 feet.
Rivers[edit | edit source]
The Grand River flows through the county from its eastern border to the west, and after passing through Ottawa County, empties into Lake Michigan at Grand Haven. It has three tributaries in Kent County, listed in order of convergence:
- Flat River, enters the county from the east, and joins the Grand from the north, in Lowell.
- Thornapple River, enters the county from the south, and joins the Grand in Ada.
- Rogue River, enters the county from the north, and joins the Grand in Belmont.
Trails[edit | edit source]
- North Country Trail, runs north/south the length of the county, passing through Cedar Springs, Grattan and Lowell. Lowell is the half-way point of the trail, and the national headquarters of the North Country Trail Association is located here.
- Thornapple Trail, begins in Kentwood and runs southeast through Dutton and Caledonia.
- White Pine Trail begins in Comstock Park and runs northeast through Belmont, Rockford, Cedar Springs, and Sand Lake.
- Kent Trails (which is singular in spite of the 's') runs north/south from John Ball Park in Grand Rapids to 84th Street in Byron Township, with an extension that runs east/west along 76th Street and north/south from 76th Street to Douglas Walker Park on 84th street.
- The Frederik Meijer Trail, which, as of November, 2008, was incomplete, runs east/west mostly along the M-6 freeway and will connect the Kent Trails and the Thornapple Trail when completed.
- Cannon Township Trail runs through Cannon Township in the eastern part of the county from Cannon Township Center on M-44. It runs along M-44 then south near Sunfish Lake Road, turning east through the Cannonsburg Cemetery, and ends at Warren Townsend Park near Cannonsburg.
Adjacent counties[edit | edit source]
- Newaygo County, Michigan - north
- Montcalm County, Michigan - northeast
- Muskegon County, Michigan - northwest
- Ionia County, Michigan - east
- Ottawa County, Michigan - west
- Allegan County, Michigan - southwest
- Barry County, Michigan - southeast
|Muskegon County||Newaygo County||Montcalm County|
|Ottawa County||Ionia County|
Kent County, Michigan
|Allegan County||Barry County|
Transportation[edit | edit source]
Air service[edit | edit source]
- Commercial air service to Grand Rapids is provided by Gerald R. Ford International Airport (GRR). Previously named Kent County International Airport, it holds Grand Rapids' mark in modern history with the United States' first regularly scheduled airline service, beginning July 31, 1926, between Grand Rapids and Detroit.
Bus service[edit | edit source]
- Public bus transportation is provided by the Interurban Transit Partnership, which brands itself as "The Rapid." Transportation is also provided by the DASH buses: the "Downtown Area Shuttle." These provide transportation to and from the parking lots in the city of Grand Rapids to various designated loading and unloading spots around the city.
Railroad[edit | edit source]
- Amtrak provides direct train service to Chicago from the passenger station via the Pere Marquette line. Freight service is provided by CN, CSX Transportation, and by a local short-line railroad, the Grand Rapids Eastern Railroad.
Highways[edit | edit source]
- I-196 (Gerald R. Ford Freeway)
- I-296 is unsigned and runs concurrently with US 131, in part, in Grand Rapids.
- US 131
- M-6 (Paul B. Henry Freeway, South Beltline Freeway)
County-Designated Highways[edit | edit source]
Major businesses[edit | edit source]
These corporations are headquartered in Kent County, in the following communities:
- Amway, Ada
- American Seating, Grand Rapids
- Bissell Homecare, Walker
- Gordon Food Service, Wyoming
- Meijer, Walker
- Old Orchard, Sparta
- Spartan Stores, Byron Township
- Steelcase, Grand Rapids
- The Geek Group, Grand Rapids
- Universal Forest Products, Northview
- Wolverine Worldwide, Rockford
- X-Rite, Kentwood
- Praxis Packaging Solutions, Byron Township
- Zondervan, Cascade Township
Government[edit | edit source]
The county government operates the jail, maintains rural roads, operates the major local courts, keeps files of deeds and mortgages, maintains vital records, administers public health regulations, and participates with the state in the provision of welfare and other social services. The county board of commissioners controls the budget but has only limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In Michigan, most local government functions—police and fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, street maintenance, etc.—are the responsibility of individual cities and townships.
Kent County elected officials[edit | edit source]
- Prosecuting Attorney: William A. Forsyth (Republican)
- Sheriff: Lawrence Stelma (Republican)
- County Clerk/Register of Deeds: Mary Hollinrake (Republican)
- County Treasurer: Kenneth Parrish (Republican)
- Drain Commissioner: William Byl (Republican)
- County Commission or Board of Commissioners: 19 members, elected from districts (15 Republicans, 4 Democrats)
- Circuit Court: 9 judges (non-partisan)
- Probate Court: 3 judges (non-partisan)
(information as of post-2008 election)
Politics[edit | edit source]
Kent County has historically been a stronghold of the Republican Party, and usually supports its candidates for local and federal office. In 2008, Democratic presidential candidate Barack Obama narrowly carried the county, receiving 149,909 votes (49.34% of the total) to Republican John McCain's 148,336 (48.83%). In contrast, Obama received 57.4% of the vote statewide.
Cities, villages, and townships[edit | edit source]
(* denotes Charter status)
See also[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
- ^ a b "Bibliography on Kent County". Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University. http://clarke.cmich.edu/resource_tab/bibliographies_of_clarke_library_material/michigan_local_history/county_material/kent.html. Retrieved January 19, 2013.
- ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/26/26081.html. Retrieved August 28, 2013.
- ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off.. pp. 173. http://books.google.com/books?id=9V1IAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA173#v=onepage&q&f=false.
- ^ Beld, Gordon G. (2012). Grand Times in Grand Rapids: Pieces of Furniture City History, pp. 17-19. The History Press.
- ^ Fuller, George Newman (1916). Economic and Social Beginnings of Michigan, p. 423. Wynkoop Hallenbeck Crawford Co.
- ^ Purkey, Thomas H. (1986). Soil Survey of Kent County, Michigan, p. 2. United States Department of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service.
- ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. http://www.census.gov/prod/www/decennial.html. Retrieved March 17, 2013.
- ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". http://factfinder2.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/PEP/2012/PEPANNRES/0400000US26.05000. Retrieved March 17, 2013.
- ^ "American FactFinder"
- ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder2.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- ^ "Census 2010 Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/docs/gazetteer/counties_list_26.txt. Retrieved July 2, 2013.
- ^ Fisk Knob, Grand Valley State University - Kent County Parks
- ^ Highest Point in Kent County, Google Earth/Maps
- ^ http://www.uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS/statesub.php?year=2008&fips=26081&off=0&elect=0&f=0
- ^ http://www.uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS/statesub.php?year=2004&fips=26081&off=0&elect=0&f=0
- ^ http://www.uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS/statesub.php?year=2000&off=0&elect=0&fips=26081&f=0
[edit | edit source]
- Official Website of Kent County, Michigan
- Official GIS Map of Kent County, Michigan
- History and Genealogy of Kent County, Michigan
- Kent County Open Government Project - A non-partisan resource for comparing tax rates, school districts, and local government transparency across Kent County
- "Bibliography on Kent County". Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University. http://clarke.cmich.edu/resource_tab/bibliographies_of_clarke_library_material/michigan_local_history/county_material/kent.html. Retrieved January 19, 2013.
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