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Kennebunkport, Maine
—  Town  —
Kennebunkport Dock Square.jpg
Downtown, looking towards Dock Square
Official seal of Kennebunkport, Maine
Seal



USA Maine location map
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Kennebunkport, Maine
Location within the state of Maine
Coordinates: 43°22′51″N 70°27′7″W / 43.38083, -70.45194
Country United States
State Maine
County York
Incorporated July 5, 1653
Government
 • Type Town Meeting
 • Town Manager Larry Mead
 • Board of Selectmen D. Michael Weston
Shelia Matthews-Bull
Stuart Barwise
Mathew Lanigan
Allen Daggett
Area[1]
 • Total 49.35 sq mi (127.82 km2)
 • Land 20.52 sq mi (53.15 km2)
 • Water 28.83 sq mi (74.67 km2)
Elevation 26 ft (8 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 3,474
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 3,506
 • Density 169.3/sq mi (65.4/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 04046
Area code(s) 207
FIPS code 23-36745
GNIS feature ID 0582540
Website town.kennebunkportme.gov

Kennebunkport is a town in York County, Maine, United States. The population was 3,474 people at the 2010 census.[4] It is part of the PortlandSouth PortlandBiddeford metropolitan statistical area.

The town center, the area in and around Dock Square, is located along the Kennebunk River, approximately 1 mile (1.6 km) from the mouth of the river on the Atlantic Ocean. Historically a shipbuilding and fishing village, for well over a century the town has been a popular summer colony and seaside tourist destination. The Dock Square area has a district of souvenir shops, art galleries, seafood restaurants, and bed and breakfasts. Cape Porpoise, while retaining its identity as a fishing harbor, has a very small village area with several restaurants, a church, grocery store, coffee shop, small library, and art gallery. Kennebunkport has a reputation as a summer haven for the upper class and is one of the wealthiest communities in the state of Maine.

Kennebunkport and neighboring towns Kennebunk and Arundel comprise school district RSU 21.

HistoryEdit

Kennebunkport was first incorporated in 1663 as Cape Porpus, subject to the government of the Massachusetts Bay Colony (Maine was admitted to the Union in 1820 as part of the Missouri Compromise). Due to Indian depredations, the town was depopulated by 1689, and not resettled by Europeans again until the early 18th century. The town was renamed Arundel, and the town center located inland at Burbank Hill. In 1821 the town was renamed again, this time to Kennebunkport in response to its economy becoming one of shipbuilding and trade along the Kennebunk River.[5]

By the 1870s the town had developed as a popular summer destination, with both hotels and homes constructed along its coastline. Cape Arundel, Cape Porpoise, and Beachwood (now called Goose Rocks) were some of the early summer colonies; although Cape Porpoise was, and still is, a working fishing harbor. Many tourists still travel from across the country today to walk through downtown Kennebunkport.

The Great Fires of 1947, which devastated much of York County, affected Kennebunkport and especially the area near Goose Rocks Beach. Much of the housing near Goose Rocks Beach was destroyed by the fire, but the area has since recovered and been rebuilt.[6]

GeologyEdit

Like much of the northeast coast, the geography of the southern Maine coast was largely directed by the retreat of the Laurentide ice cap about 23,000 years ago.[7] The coast is framed by bedrock, left during the formation of the Appalachian mountains, and the irregular shape of the coast (characteristic of much of the New England coast, with the exception of Cape Cod and the islands) is attributed to differential erosion of the underlying rock layer.

The coast along Kennebunkport differs sharply from the Maine coast north and east of Portland due to differences in the composition of this rock layer. Beyond Portland, the layer is largely metamorphic rock, but here the coast is a mixture of igneous rock, and embayments of more deeply eroded sedimentary and metamorphic rock. These embayments result in the sandy beaches that can be found in southern Maine (such as Goose Rocks Beach, Colony Beach, and nearby Kennebunk Beach), but are uncommon north of Portland. Likewise the geology here differs from that of the outer lands (Cape Cod, Nantucket, and Martha's Vineyard in Massachusetts, Block Island in Rhode Island, and Long Island in New York), which were formed as terminal and recessional moraines, and do not contain much in the way of a bedrock skeleton.[8]

GeographyEdit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 49.35 square miles (127.82 km2), of which, 20.52 square miles (53.15 km2) of it is land and 28.83 square miles (74.67 km2) is water.[1]

The town has several distinct areas, each developed during a phase of the town's history. The original town center was at Cape Porpoise, which today has a small village center, is both a summer colony and year-round community, and hosts a working fishing harbor. Inland from Cape Porpoise is a mix of forest and agricultural land, punctuated by an historic town center at Burbank Hill (there are a few historic buildings of interest here, including a schoolhouse and jail). Heading west towards the mouth of the Kennebunk river is Dock Square, the current town center.[9]

In the late 19th and early 20th century, Kennebunkport, and especially Cape Arundel (also known as Point Arundel), developed as a summer colony for the wealthy. Traveling from Dock Square along Ocean Avenue is the Cape Arundel Summer Colony Historic District.[10] This district of many well-preserved examples of early 20th-century shingle-style cottages begins at Chick's Creek and ends at Walker's Point.[11]

Adjacent townsEdit

Rachel Carson National Wildlife RefugeEdit

The Rachel Carson National Wildlife Refuge has a significant portion of lands in Kennebunkport northeast of Cape Porpoise and through Goose Rocks.[12] Within Kennebunkport, much of this protected land is salt-water marsh.

Summer home of the Bush familyEdit

Kennebunkport is also the summer home of former U.S. President George H. W. Bush, father of former U.S. President George W. Bush. First built by Bush's maternal grandfather George Herbert Walker, it has been a family home ever since, and has been owned by Bush since shortly before becoming Vice President in the 1980s. During his presidency, Bush often invited world leaders, from Margaret Thatcher to Mikhail Gorbachev, to Kennebunkport. In 2007, his son George W. Bush invited Vladimir Putin and Nicolas Sarkozy. The Bush compound is on Walkers Point, called Point Vesuvius prior to the Walker family's acquisition.

DemographicsEdit

As of 2000 the median income for a household in the town was $54,219, and the median income for a family was $66,505. Males had a median income of $43,125 versus $34,028 for females. The per capita income for the town was $36,707. About 1.7% of families and 4.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.4% of those under age 18 and 1.4% of those age 65 or over.

2010 censusEdit

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 3,474 people, 1,578 households, and 1,039 families residing in the town. The population density was 169.3 inhabitants per square mile (65.4 /km2). There were 2,897 housing units at an average density of 141.2 per square mile (54.5 /km2). The racial makeup of the town was 98.0% White, 0.2% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 0.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.9% of the population.

There were 1,578 households of which 22.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.7% were married couples living together, 6.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 34.2% were non-families. 28.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.20 and the average family size was 2.68.

The median age in the town was 51.8 years. 17.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 5.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 15.2% were from 25 to 44; 36.5% were from 45 to 64; and 24.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 47.5% male and 52.5% female.

GalleryEdit

Notable people Edit

Kennebunkport

The waterfront

Culture Edit

Scenes from Hollywood movies have been filmed in Kennebunkport including the film Empire Falls by Maine Author Richard Russo. Actors in that film included Robin Penn Wright, Paul Newman, Joanne Woodward, Helen Hunt, Ed Harris and Estelle Parsons. The movie was filmed in 2003 but released in 2005 http://www.bookweb.org/news/hbos-empire-falls-transforms-kennebunk-book-port

Other movies filmed in Kennebunkport:

Lost Boundaries 1949, The Man Who Knew Bush(2004 Documentary), The Living Wake 2007, 41 (2012 Documentary about George H.W. Bush), US Route 1-ME (2012 Documentary) http://www.imdb.com/search/title?locations=Kennebunkport%2C%20Maine%2C%20USA&ref_=ttloc_loc_2

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/gazetteer2010.html. Retrieved 2012-12-16. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/nav/jsf/pages/index.xhtml. Retrieved 2012-12-16. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/popest/data/cities/totals/2012/SUB-EST2012.html. Retrieved 2013-07-06. 
  4. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Kennebunkport town, York County, Maine". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. http://factfinder2.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_DP/G001/0600000US2303136745. Retrieved January 29, 2013. 
  5. ^ Coolidge, Austin J.; John B. Mansfield (1859). A History and Description of New England. Boston, Massachusetts. pp. 176–181. http://books.google.com/books?id=OcoMAAAAYAAJ&lpg=PA9&dq=coolidge%20mansfield%20history%20description%20new%20england%201859&pg=PA176#v=onepage&q&f=false. 
  6. ^ [1]
  7. ^ "North Atlantic Coast Ecoregion // LandScope America". Landscope.org. http://www.landscope.org/explore/natural_geographies/ecoregions/North%20Atlantic%20Coast/. Retrieved 2013-01-10. 
  8. ^ Kelley, Joseph T.. "Coastal Bluffs of New England". gulfofmaine.org. http://www.gulfofmaine.org/kb/files/9162/Kelley_Coastal%20bluffs%20of%20New%20England.pdf. Retrieved 2013-01-10. 
  9. ^ [2]
  10. ^ "Maine Historic Preservation Commission: National Register of Historic Places: Historic Properties: Historic District List". State.me.us. http://www.state.me.us/mhpc/national_register/historic_district_list.html. Retrieved 2013-01-10. 
  11. ^ "National Register of Historic Places". mykennebunks.com. http://www.mykennebunks.com/national_register_of_historic_places.htm. Retrieved 2013-01-10. 
  12. ^ Carson, Rachel. "National Wildlife Refuge". United States Fish and Wildlife Service. http://www.fws.gov/northeast/rachelcarson/pdf/carsonbro.pdf. Retrieved 2013-01-10. 

External linksEdit

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Coordinates: 43°21′42″N 70°28′36″W / 43.36167, -70.47667


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