|Kamrup district district
|— [[Districts of Assam|District of Assam]] —|
|• Total||6,882 km2 (2,657 sq mi)|
|• Density||520/km2 (1,400/sq mi)|
|• Literacy||70.95 per cent|
|• Sex ratio||914|
|Average annual precipitation||1,400 mm|
Kamrup district (Assamese: কামৰূপ জিলা) is an administrative district in the state of Assam in India, named after Kamarupa, a name by which Assam was previously known in ancient times. The district, however, is now a small western part of Assam, with a distinctive native Kamrupi culture and dialect (both known as Kamrupi). The distinctive dialect etc. are, however, shared with the present administrative districts of Nalbari and Barpeta, these districts being part of an un-divided Kamrup before the 1980s.
History[edit | edit source]
The history of Kamarup dates back to 3 A.D under Kamarupa Kingdom and later a district of British India, in the Brahmaputra valley division of Eastern Bengal and Assam. The headquarters was at Guwahati. In the immediate neighbourhood of the Brahmaputra the land is low, and exposed to annual inundation. In this marshy tract reeds and canes flourish luxuriantly, and the only cultivation is that of rice. At a comparatively short distance from the river banks the ground begins to rise in undulating knolls towards the mountains of Bhutan on the north, and towards the Khasi hills on the south. The hills south of the Brahmaputra in some parts reach the height of 800 ft. The Brahmaputra, which divides the district into two nearly equal portions, is navigable by river steamers throughout the year, and receives several tributaries navigable by large native boats in the rainy season. The chief of these are the Manas, Chaul Khoya and Barnadi on the north, and the Kulsi and Dibru on the south bank. There is a government forest preserve in the district and also a plantation where seedlings of teak, sal, sissu, sum, and nahor are reared, and experiments are being made with the caoutchouc tree. The population is entirely rural, the only major town being Guwahati. The temples of Hajo and Kamakhya attract many pilgrims from all quarters. The people of Kamrup also donated a sacred Arya Avalokitesvara statue to Stakna Monastery in Ladakh. The staple crop of the district is rice, of which there are three crops. The indigenous manufactures are confined to the weaving of silk and cotton cloths for home use, and to the making of brass cups and plates. The cultivation and manufacture of tea by European capital is not very prosperous. The chief exports are rice, oilseeds, timber and cotton; the imports are fine rice, salt, piece goods, sugar, betelnuts, coconuts and hardware. A section of the Assam-Bengal railway starts from Guwahati, and a branch of the Eastern Bengal railway has recently been opened to the opposite bank of the river. A metalled road runs due south from Guwahati to Shillong.
During British rule, this settlement had been one of the peasant uprising center against Britishers.Armed peasants vowed to through British rule but eventually suppressed by British administration with iron fist.
Recent Reorganisation[edit | edit source]
Kamrup district has been steadily decreasing in size for decades. In 1983 Barpeta district was split from Kamrup. Nalbari district was then similarly split off on 14 August 1985. On 3 February 2003 Kamrup Metropolitan district was formed to cover the urban core of the district, and 1 June 2004 saw the formation of Baksa district which was formed from parts of three districts, including Kamrup.
Geography[edit | edit source]
Demographics[edit | edit source]
According to the 2011 census Kamrup district has a population of 1,517,202 , roughly equal to the nation of Gabon or the US state of Hawaii. This gives it a ranking of 327th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 436 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,130 /sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 15.67 %. Kamrup has a sex ratio of 946 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 72.81 %.
Languages[edit | edit source]
Languages used in the district include Amri, a Tibeto-Burman language related with Karbi, with 125 000 speakers; and A'Tong, also Tibeto-Burman, spoken by 10 000 people in Bangladesh, the Garo Hills, and southern Kamrup.
Flora and fauna[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
- ^ "Stakna Gompa". Buddhist-temples.com. http://www.buddhist-temples.com/buddhist-monastery/ladakh/stakna.html. Retrieved October 19, 2009.
- ^ Social science history, Volume 10, Issue 1, Pages 1-96
- ^ a b c d Law, Gwillim (2011-09-25). "Districts of India". Statoids. http://www.statoids.com/yin.html. Retrieved 2011-10-11.
- ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Assam: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1116. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7.
- ^ "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 1998-02-18. http://islands.unep.ch/Tiarea.htm. Retrieved 2011-10-11. "Kangaroo Island 4,374km2"
- ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. http://www.census2011.co.in/district.php. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/rankorder/2119rank.html. Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Gabon 1,576,665"
- ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. http://2010.census.gov/2010census/data/apportionment-pop-text.php. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "Hawaii 1,360,301"
- ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed (2009). "Amri Karbi: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th edition ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=ajz. Retrieved 2011-09-28.
- ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed (2009). "A'Tong: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th edition ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=aot. Retrieved 2011-09-28.
- ^ Indian Ministry of Forests and Environment. "Protected areas: Assam". http://oldwww.wii.gov.in/envis/envis_pa_network/index.htm. Retrieved September 25, 2011.
- This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.
[edit | edit source]
|Goalpara district||Marigaon district|
|East Garo Hills district, Meghalaya||West Khasi Hills district, Meghalaya||Ri-Bhoi district, Meghalaya|
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