is the 158th day of the year (159th in June 6 leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 207 days remaining until the end of the year.
1508 - Maximilian I, is defeated in Friulia by Venetian forces; he is forced to sign a three-year truce and cede several territories to Venice
1513 - Italian Wars: Battle of Novara. Swiss troops defeat the French under Louis de la Tremoille, forcing the French to abandon Milan. Duke Massimiliano Sforza is restored.
1523 - Gustav Vasa is elected King of Sweden, marking the end of the Kalmar Union.
1644 - the Qing Dynasty Manchu forces led by the Shunzhi Emperor capture Beijing during the collapse of the Ming Dynasty. The Manchus would rule China until 1912 when the Republic of China was established.
1654 - Charles X succeeds his abdicated cousin Queen Christina to the Swedish throne.
1683 - The Ashmolean Museum in Oxford, England, opens as the world's first university museum.
1752 - A devastating fire destroys one-third of Moscow, including 18,000 homes.
1808 - Napoleon's brother, Joseph Bonaparte is crowned King of Spain.
1809 - Sweden promulgates a new Constitution, which restores political power to the Riksdag of the Estates after 20 years of Enlightened absolutism.
1813 - War of 1812: Battle of Stoney Creek - A British force of 700 under John Vincent defeat an American force three times its size under William Winder and John Chandler.
1832 - The barricades fall and the Paris student uprisings of 1832 end.
1833 - U.S. President Andrew Jackson becomes the first President to ride a train.
1844 - The Young Men's Christian Association ( YMCA) is founded in London.
1857 - Sophia of Nassau marries the future King Oscar II of Sweden-Norway.
1859 - Australia: Queensland is established as a separate colony from New South Wales ( Queensland Day).
1862 - American Civil War: Battle of Memphis - Union forces capture Memphis, from the Confederates.
1882 - More than 100,000 inhabitants of Bombay are killed as a cyclone in the Arabian Sea pushes huge waves into the harbour.
1882 - The Shewan forces of Menelik defeat the Gojjame army in the Battle of Embabo. The Shewans capture Negus Tekle Haymanot of Gojjam, and their victory leads to a Shewan hegemony over the territories south of the Abay River.
1889 - The Great Seattle Fire destroys the entirety of downtown Seattle.
1894 - Governor Davis H. Waite orders the Colorado state militia to protect and support the miners engaged in the Cripple Creek miners' strike.
1906 - Paris Métro Line 5 is inaugurated with a first section from Place d'Italie to the Gare d'Orléans (today known as Gare d'Austerlitz).
1912 - Eruption of Novarupta in Alaska begins. Second largest volcanic eruption in historic time.
1918 - Battle of Belleau Wood begins .
1921 - Southwark Bridge in London, is opened for traffic by King George V and Queen Mary
1925 - The Chrysler Corporation is founded by Walter Percy Chrysler.
1932 - The Revenue Act of 1932 is enacted, creating the first gas tax in the United States, at a rate of 1 cent per US gallon (1/4 ¢/L) sold.
1933 - The first drive-in theater opens, in Camden, United States.
1934 - New Deal: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the Securities Act of 1933 into law, establishing the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.
1939 - German dictator Adolf Hitler gives a public address to returning German volunteers who fought as Legion Kondor during the Spanish Civil War.
1944 - World War II: Battle of Normandy begins. D-Day, code named , commences with the landing of 155,000 Operation Overlord Allied troops on the beaches of Normandy in France. The allied soldiers quickly break through the Atlantic Wall and push inland in the largest amphibious military operation in history.
1946 - The Basketball Association of America is formed in New York City.
1950 - Turkey: The Adhan in Arabic is legalized.
1956 - David Marshall, Singapore's first Chief Minister, resigns.
1964 - Under a temporary order, the rocket launches at Cuxhaven, Germany, are terminated, though they never resume.
1966 - James Meredith, civil rights activist, is shot while trying to march across Mississippi.
1968- Don Drysdale, Los Angeles Dodgers pitcher throws record sixth consecutive complete game shutout, a major league record.
1969 - The first Internet connection was created when network control protocol packets were sent from the data port of one IMP to another
1971 - Soyuz program: Soyuz 11 launches.
1971 - A midair collision between a Hughes Airwest Douglas DC-9 jetliner and a U.S. Marine Corps McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II jet fighter near Duarte claims 50 lives.
1974 - A new Instrument of Government is promulgated making Sweden a parliamentary monarchy.
1981 - A passenger train travelling between Mansi and Saharsa, India, jumps the tracks at a bridge crossing the Bagmati river. The government places the official death toll at 268 plus another 300 missing; however, it is generally believed that the actual figure is closer to 1,000 killed.
1982 - 1982 Lebanon War begins: Forces under Israeli Defense Minister Ariel Sharon invade southern Lebanon in their " Operation Peace for the Galilee," eventually reaching as far north as the capital Beirut.
1984 - The Indian Army attacks the Golden Temple in Amritsar in an effort to flush out terrorists, following an order from Indira Gandhi. Official casualties are 576 combatants killed and 335 wounded; independent observers estimate that thousands of unarmed Sikh civilians are also killed in the crossfire.
1985 - The grave of " Wolfgang Gerhard" is exhumed in Embu, Brazil; the remains found are later proven to be those of Josef Mengele, Auschwitz's " Angel of Death". Mengele is thought to have drowned while swimming in February 1979.
1990 - U.S. District court judge Jose Gonzales rules that the rap album by the As Nasty As They Wanna Be 2 Live Crew violates Florida's obscenity law; he declares that the predominant subject matter of the record is "directed to the 'dirty' thoughts and the loins, not to the intellect and the mind."
1993 - Mongolia holds its first direct presidential elections.
1999 - At the Putim maximum security prison in Brazil, 345 prisoners run from the main gate in the largest jailbreak in Brazilian history, marking the 10th escape for the three-year-old facility. In the ensuing manhunt, two fugitives are killed and five innocent bystanders are accidentally jailed.
2002 - Eastern Mediterranean Event. A near-Earth asteroid estimated at 10 metres diameter explodes over the Mediterranean Sea between Greece and Libya. The resulting explosion is estimated to have a force of 26 kilotons, slightly more powerful than the Nagasaki atomic bomb.
2004 - Tamil was established as a Classical language by the President of India, Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam in a joint sitting of the two houses of the Indian Parliament.
2005 - the United States Supreme Court votes to ban medical marijuana in .
Gonzales v. Raich
1236 - Wen Tianxiang, Chinese prime minister (d. 1283)
1436 - Regiomontanus, German mathematician (d. 1476)
1502 - King John III of Portugal (d. 1557)
1519 - Andrea Cesalpino, Italian philosopher, physician, and botanist (d. 1603)
1542 - Richard Grenville, English soldier and explorer (d. 1591)
1576 - Giovanni Diodati, Swiss Protestant clergyman (d. 1649)
1580 - Godefroy Wendelin, Flemish astronomer (d. 1667)
1599 - Diego Velázquez, Spanish painter (d. 1660)
1606 - Pierre Corneille, French dramatist (d. 1684)
1622 - Claude-Jean Allouez, French Jesuit missionary and explorer (d. 1857)
1714 - King Joseph I of Portugal (d. 1777)
1755 - Nathan Hale, American writer and patriot (d. 1776)
1756 - John Trumbull, American painter (d. 1843)
1772 - Maria Teresa of the Two Sicilies, Holy Roman Empire Empress consort (d. 1807)
1799 - Alexander Pushkin, Russian poet (d. 1837)
1810 - Friedrich Wilhelm Schneidewin, German classical scholar (d. 1856)
1829 - Shusaku Honinbo, Japanese Go player (d. 1862)
1841 - Eliza Orzeszkowa, Polish novelist (d. 1910)
1844 - Konstantin Savitsky, Russian painter (d. 1905)
1850 - Karl Ferdinand Braun, German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1918)
1857 - Aleksandr Lyapunov, Russian mathematician (d. 1918)
1862 - Henry John Newbolt, English author (d. 1938)
1867 - David Abercrombie, Abercrombie & Fitch founder (d. 1931)
1868 - Robert Falcon Scott, English explorer (d. 1912)
1872 - Tsarina Alexandra of Russia (d. 1918)
1875 - Thomas Mann, German writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1955)
1890 - Ted Lewis, American bandleader (d. 1971)
1892 - Donald F. Duncan Sr., American entrepreneur (d. 1971)
1896 - Henry Allingham, English pilot
1898 - Ninette de Valois, Irish dancer (d. 2001)
1898 - Walter Abel, American actor (d. 1987)
1900 - Manfred Sakel, Polish psychiatrist (d. 1957)
1901 - Sukarno, first President of Indonesia (d. 1970)
1902 - Jimmie Lunceford, American bandleader (d. 1947)
1903 - Aram Khachaturian, Armenian composer (d. 1978)
1906 - Max August Zorn, German-born mathematician (d. 1993)
1907 - Bill Dickey, American baseball player (d. 1993)
1913 - Carlo L. Golino, American scholar (d. 1991)
1915 - Vincent Persichetti, American composer (d. 1987)
1916 - Henriette Roosenburg, Dutch journalist (d. 1972)
1917 - Kirk Kerkorian, American businessman
1918 - Edwin G. Krebs, American biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
1923 - V. C. Andrews, American author (d. 1986)
1924 - Jinyong, Chinese novelist
1926 - Klaus Tennstedt, German conductor (d. 1998)
1929 - Sunil Dutt, Indian actor and politician (d. 2005)
1932 - David Scott, American astronaut
1933 - Heinrich Rohrer, Swiss physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
1934 - King Albert II of Belgium
1934 - Roy Innis, American civil rights activist
1936 - Levi Stubbs, American musician ( The Four Tops)
1936 - A. Venkatesh Naik, Indian politician
1939 - Louis Andriessen, Dutch composer
1939 - Gary U.S. Bonds, American musician
1939 - Ed Giacomin, hockey player
1940 - Larry Lujack, American disc jockey
1941 - Alexander Cockburn, Scottish-born American journalist
1943 - Richard Smalley, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
1944 - David Penhaligon, British politician
1944 - Phillip Allen Sharp, American scientist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
1945 - David E. Bonior, American politician
1945 - David Dukes, American actor (d. 2000)
1947 - David Blunkett, English politician
1947 - Robert Englund, American actor
1947 - Ada Kok, Dutch swimmer
1948 - Tony Levin, American bassist ( King Crimson)
1948 - Richard Sinclair, English musician ( Caravan)
1951 - Noritake Takahara, Japanese racing driver
1952 - Yukihiro Takahashi, Japanese musician and singer ( Yellow Magic Orchestra)
1952 - Harvey Fierstein, American actor
1952 - Jean Hamel, French Canadian ice hockey player
1954 - Cynthia Rylant, American author
1955 - Sandra Bernhard, American actress and comedian
1956 - Björn Borg, Swedish tennis player
1956 - Bubbi Morthens, Icelandic singer and songwriter
1957 - Mike Gatting, English cricketer
1959 - Jimmy Jam, American record producer
1959 - Colin Quinn, American comedian
1959 - David Schultz, American wrestler (d. 1996)
1960 - Gary Graham, American actor
1960 - Steve Vai, American musician
1960 - Jozef Pribilinec, Slovak athlete
1961 - Tom Araya, Chilean musician ( Slayer)
1961 - Aldo Costa, Italian engineer
1963 - Wolfgang Drechsler, German social scientist
1963 - Jason Isaacs, English actor
1965 - Cam Neely, Canadian hockey player
1966 - Tony Yeboah, Ghanaian footballer
1966 - Sean Yseult, American musician ( White Zombie)
1967 - Paul Giamatti, American actor
1968 - François Avard, Canadian writer and scenarist
1968 - Alan Licht, American guitarist, composer and journalist
1970 - Eugeni Berzin, Russian cyclist
1970 - Anthony Norris, American professional wrestler
1970 - James Shaffer, American rock musician ( Korn)
1972 - Cristina Scabbia, Italian singer ( Lacuna Coil)
1973 - Kat Swift, US Presidential Candidate ( Green Party)
1974 - Danny Strong, American actor
1975 - Cheer Chen, Taiwanese singer and musician
1975 - Nina Kaczorowski, American actress
1975 - Staci Keanan, American actress
1975 - Niklas Sundström, hockey player
1976 - aKido, Canadian musician
1976 - Ross Noble, British comedian
1976 - Geoff Rowley, British skateboarder
1977 - David Connolly, Irish footballer
1978 - Carl Barât, English musician ( The Libertines and Dirty Pretty Things)
1978 - Judith Barsi, American actress (d. 1988)
1978 - Mariana Popova, Bulgarian singer
1980 - Matt Belisle, American baseball player
1980 - Martin Devaney, English footballer
1983 - Gemma Bissix, British actress
1983 - Gianna Michaels, American porn actress
1985 - Drew Galloway, Scottish professional wrestler
1987 - Kyle Falconer, Scottish musician ( The View)
1393 - Emperor Go-En'yu of Japan (b. 1359)
1480 - Vecchietta, Italian artist and architect
1548 - Juan de Castro, Portuguese explorer (b. 1500)
1563 - Ikeda Nagamasa, Japanese samurai commander (b. 1519)
1583 - Nakagawa Kiyohide, Japanese warlord (b. 1556)
1730 - Alain Emmanuel de Coëtlogon, Marshal of France (b. 1646)
1740 - Alexander Spotswood, British governor of Virginia Colony
1784 - Joan van der Capellen tot den Pol, Dutch politician (b. 1741)
1799 - Patrick Henry, American revolutionary (b. 1736)
1813 - Alexandre-Théodore Brongniart, French architect
1832 - Jeremy Bentham, English philosopher (b. 1748)
1840 - Marcellin Champagnat, French priest (b. 1789)
1843 - Friedrich Hölderlin, German poet and dramatist (b. 1770)
1861 - Count Camillo Benso di Cavour, Prime Minister of Italy (b. 1810)
1865 - William Quantrill, American Confederate raider (b. 1837)
1878 - Robert Stirling, Scottish inventor (b. 1790)
1881 - Henri Vieuxtemps, Belgian composer (b. 1820)
1891 - John A. Macdonald, 1st Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1815)
1916 - Yuan Shikai, Chinese military officer and politician (b. 1859)
1922 - Lillian Russell, American actress (b. 1860)
1934 - Julije Kempf, Croatian historian and writer (b. 1864)
1935 - Julian Byng, British army officer (b. 1862)
1941 - Louis Chevrolet, American automotive pioneer (b. 1878)
1946 - Gerhart Hauptmann, German dramatist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1862)
1948 - Louis Lumière, French movie pioneer (b. 1864)
1951 - Olive Tell, American actress (b. 1894)
1955 - Max Meldrum, Scottish-born Australian painter (b. 1875)
1961 - Carl Jung, Swiss psychiatrist (b. 1875)
1962 - Yves Klein, French artist (b. 1928)
1968 - Robert F. Kennedy, United States Attorney General and Senator (b. 1925)
1968 - Randolph Churchill, son of Winston Churchill (b. 1911)
1975 - Larry Blyden, American actor (b. 1925)
1976 - J. Paul Getty, American industrialist (b. 1892)
1976 - Victor Varconi, Hungarian actor (b. 1891)
1979 - Jack Haley, American actor (b. 1898)
1981 - Carleton S. Coon, American anthropologist (b. 1904)
1982 - Kenneth Rexroth, American poet (b. 1905)
1984 - A. Bertram Chandler, Australian author (b. 1912)
1991 - Stan Getz, American musician (b. 1927)xd
1992 - Larry Riley, American actor (b. 1952)
1994 - Mark McManus, Scottish actor ( ) (b. Taggart 1935)
1994 - Barry Sullivan, American actor (b. 1912)
1996 - George Davis Snell, American geneticist, Nobel laureate (b. 1903)
1999 - Anne Haddy, Australian actress (b. 1930)
2000 - Frédéric Dard, French writer (b. 1921)
2002 - Robbin Crosby, American guitarist ( Ratt) (b. 1959)
2003 - Ken Grimwood, American writer (b. 1944)
2003 - Dave Rowberry, British musician ( The Animals) (b. 1940)
2005 - Anne Bancroft, American actress (b. 1931)
2005 - Dana Elcar, American actor (b. 1927)
2006 - Billy Preston, American musician (b. 1946)
2006 - Hilton Ruiz, Puerto Rican-American jazz pianist (b. 1952)
2006 - Arnold Newman, American photographer (b. 1918)
External links Edit
89 Familypedia people were born on June 6
129 Familypedia people died on June 6
89 Familypedia people were first married on June 6