is the 186th day of the year (187th in July 5 leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 179 days remaining until the end of the year.
1295 - Scotland and France form an alliance, the beginnings of the Auld Alliance, against England.
1610 - John Guy sets sail from Bristol with 39 other colonists for Newfoundland.
1687 - Isaac Newton publishes .
Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica 1770 - Battle of Chesma and Battle of Larga between the Russian Empire and the Ottoman Empire.
1775 - US Congress adopts the Olive Branch Petition.
1803 - The convention of Artlenburg leads to the French occupation of Hanover (which had been ruled by the British king).
1809 - Battle of Wagram starts, the two-day battle was the largest yet of the Napoleonic Wars.
1811 - Venezuela declares independence from Spain.
1813 - War of 1812: Three weeks of British raids on Fort Schlosser, Black Rock and Plattsburgh, New York begin.
1814 - War of 1812: Battle of Chippewa - American Major General Jacob Brown defeats British General Phineas Riall at Chippewa.
1830 - France invades Algeria.
1833 - Admiral Charles Napier defeats the navy of the Portuguese usurper Dom Miguel at the third Battle of Cape St. Vincent.
1865 - The world's first maximum speed law is enacted in England.
1865 - The Salvation Army is founded in the East End of London, England.
1878 - The coat of arms of the Baku governorate was established.
1884 - Germany takes possession of Cameroon.
1934 - " Bloody Thursday" - Police open fire on striking longshoremen in San Francisco.
1935 - The National Labor Relations Act, which governs labor relations in the United States, is signed into law by President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
1937 - Spam, the luncheon meat, was introduced into the market by the Hormel Foods Corporation.
1937 - Highest recorded temperature in Canada, at Yellow Grass: 45 °C.
1940 - World War II: The United Kingdom and the Vichy France government break off diplomatic relations.
1941 - World War II: German troops reach the Dniepr River.
1943 - The Battle of Kursk, the largest tank battle in history, starts with a German tank attack on Soviet forces.
1943 - World War II: An Allied invasion fleet sails for Sicily ( Operation Husky, July 10, 1943).
1945 - World War II: Liberation of the Philippines declared.
1946 - The bikini is introduced in Paris, France.
1947 - Larry Doby signs a contract with the Cleveland Indians baseball team, becoming the first black player in the American League. ( Jackie Robinson had broken the color barrier with the Brooklyn Dodgers in the National League 11 weeks earlier.)
1948 - British National Health Service Act enacted.
1950 - Korean War: Task Force Smith - First clash between American and North Korean forces.
1950 - Zionism: The Knesset passes the Law of Return which grants all Jews the right to immigrate to Israel.
1951 - William Shockley invents the junction transistor.
1954 - Elvis Presley has his first commercial recording session. He sang and That's All Right (Mama) . Widely considered to be the birth of Blue Moon of Kentucky Rock and Roll.
1954 - The BBC broadcasts its first television news bulletin.
1954 - Andhra Pradesh High Court is established.
1958 - First ascent of Gasherbrum I, 11th highest peak on the earth.
1962 - Algeria becomes independent from France.
1970 - Air Canada Flight 621 crashes near Toronto International Airport killing 108 people.
1971 - Right to vote: the Twenty-sixth Amendment to the United States Constitution, lowering the voting age from 21 to 18 years, is formally certified by President Richard Nixon.
1973 - Catastrophic BLEVE (Boiling Liquid Expanding Vapor Explosion) in Kingman, following a fire that broke out as propane was being transferred from a railroad car to a storage tank, kills 11 firefighters. This explosion has become a classic incident studied in fire department training programs worldwide.
1975 - Arthur Ashe becomes the first black man to win the Wimbledon singles title.
1975 - Cape Verde gains its independence from Portugal.
1977 - Military coup in Pakistan Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto the very first elected Prime Minister of Pakistan overthrown.
1982 - NBC's experiment in late-night news programming, , debuts.
NBC News Overnight 1987 - First instance of the LTTE using suicide attacks on Sri Lankan Army. The Black Tigers are born and in the following years continue to use it to deadly effect.
1989 - Iran-Contra Affair: Oliver North is sentenced by U.S. District Judge Gerhard A. Gesell to a three-year suspended prison term, two years probation, $150,000 in fines and 1,200 hours community service.
1994 - The United States announced it would refuse further unrestricted immigration from Haiti.
1998 - Japan launches a probe to Mars, and thus joins the United States and Russia as a space exploring nation.
2003 - SARS is declared to be contained by the WHO.
2004 - First Indonesian presidential election by the nation.
2006 - North Korea launched at least two short-range Nodong-2 missiles, one SCUD missile and one long-range Taepodong-2 missile.
2006 - Emergency United Nations Security Council meeting held at the U.N in New York City because of the North Korean missile tests a day before.
1321 - Joan of The Tower, Queen consort of Scotland (d. 1362)
1586 - Thomas Hooker, Connecticut colonist (d. 1647)
1653 - Thomas Pitt, British Governor of Madras (d. 1726)
1675 - Mary Walcott, American accuser at the Salem witch trials
1717 - Pedro III of Portugal, consort of Maria I of Portugal (d. 1786)
1718 - Francis Seymour-Conway, Viceroy of Ireland (d. 1794)
1794 - Sylvester Graham, American nutritionist (d. 1851)
1801 - David Farragut, American naval commander (d. 1870)
1805 - Robert Fitz Roy, British seaworthy and meteorologic (d. 1865)
1810 - P.T. Barnum, American circus owner (d. 1891)
1820 - William John Macquorn Rankine, Scottish engineer and physicist (d. 1872)
1829 - Ignacio Mariscal, Writer and Mexican diplomat (d. 1910)
1841 - William C. Whitney, American financier (d. 1904)
1853 - Cecil Rhodes, South African politician, founder of Rhodesia (d. 1902)
1860 - Robert Bacon, American politician (d. 1919)
1872 - Edouard Herriot, French politician (d. 1957)
1874 - Eugen Fischer, Nazi physician (d. 1967)
1879 - Wanda Landowska, Polish harpsichordist (d. 1959)
1879 - Joe Russell, English philosopher
1879 - Dwight F. Davis, American tennis player and politician (d. 1945)
1880 - Jan Kubelík, Czech violinist (d. 1940)
1882 - Inayat Khan, Indian sufi (d. 1927).
1885 - Blas Infante, Spanish politician (d. 1936)
1885 - André Lhote, French painter (d. 1962)
1886 - Willem Drees, Dutch politician (d. 1988)
1888 - Herbert Spencer Gasser, American physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1963)
1889 - Jean Cocteau, French writer (d. 1963)
1890 - Frederick Lewis Allen, American social historian (d. 1954)
1891 - John Howard Northrop, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1987)
1895 - Gordon Jacob, English composer (d. 1984)
1898 - Yip Man, Ving Tsun Sifu and Master of Style (Gung-Gung) (d. 1972)
1899 - Marcel Achard, French playwright, screenwriter and author (d. 1974)
1901 - Sergey Obraztsov, Soviet puppet master (d. 1992)
1902 - Henry Cabot Lodge, American diplomat (d. 1985)
1904 - Harold Acton, American writer and dilettante (d. 1994)
1904 - Ernst Mayr, American biologist (d. 2005)
1904 - Milburn Stone, American actor (d. 1980)
1910 - Georges Vedel, French public law (d. 2002)
1911 - Georges Pompidou, French politician (d. 1974)
1913 - Smiley Lewis, American musician (d. 1966)
1915 - John Woodruff, American athlete (d. 2007)
1918 - George Rochberg, American composer (d. 2005)
1918 - René Lecavalier, French Canadian radio host and television sportscaster (d. 1999)
1924 - Niels Jannasch, Canadian historian and museum curator (d. 2001)
1924 - János Starker, Hungarian cellist
1928 - Warren Oates, American actor (d. 1982)
1928 - Pierre Mauroy, French politician
1928 - Katherine Helmond, American actress
1932 - Billy Laughlin, American actor (d. 1948)
1932 - Gyula Horn, former Hungarian prime minister
1935 - John Gilmore, American true crime author
1936 - Shirley Knight, American actress
1936 - James Mirrlees, Scottish economist, Nobel Prize laureate
1938 - Ronnie Self, American rock singer and songwriter (d. 1981)
1939 - Booker Edgerson, American football player
1940 - Chuck Close, American painter and photographer
1942 - Johannes Löhr, German footballer and trainer
1943 - Curt Blefary, American baseball player (d. 2001)
1943 - Robbie Robertson, Canadian guitarist ( The Band).
1945 - Humberto Benítez Treviño, Mexican Policitian and Attorney General of México.
1946 - Pierre-Marc Johnson, American lawyer, physician and politician
1946 - Paul Smith, British fashion designer
1948 - William Hootkins, American actor (d. 2005)
1950 - Huey Lewis, American musician
1950 - Michael Monarch, American guitarist ( Steppenwolf)
1951 - Rich Gossage, American baseball player
1954 - Leni Björklund, Swedish politician
1954 - John Wright, New Zealand cricketer
1955 - Peter McNamara, Australian tennis player
1956 - Patsy Pease, American actress
1956 - James Lofton, American football player and coach
1957 - David Hanson, Canadian politician
1957 - David Pinkney , British Touring Car Racer
1957 - Doug Wilson, Canadian hockey player
1958 - Paul Daniel, British opera and symphony conductor
1958 - Tzipi Livni, Israeli politician
1958 - Bill Watterson, American cartoonist
1959 - Marc Cohn, American singer and songwriter
1960 - Pruitt Taylor Vince, American actor
1960 - James M. Kelly, American politician
1961 - Isabelle Poulenard, French soprano
1963 - Edie Falco, American actress
1963 - Russ Lorenson, American singer and actor
1965 - Eyran Katsenelenbogen, a famous international jazz pianist
1966 - Kathryn Erbe, American actress
1966 - Susannah Doyle, British actress
1966 - Gianfranco Zola, Italian footballer
1967 - Silvia Ziche, Italian comics artist
1968 - Ken Akamatsu, Mangaka
1968 - Kenji Ito, Japanese composer
1968 - John Ruskin a.k.a. Nardwuar the Human Serviette, Canadian journalist
1968 - Alex Zülle, Swiss cyclist
1969 - John LeClair, American hockey player
1969 - RZA, American rapper ( Wu-Tang Clan)
1969 - Jenji Kohan, American television writer and producer
1970 - Mac Dre, American rapper (d. 2004)
1971 - Derek McInnes, Scottish footballer
1972 - Letha Weapons, porn actress
1973 - Marcus Allbäck, Swedish footballer
1973 - Bengt Lagerberg, Swedish musician ( The Cardigans)
1973 - Róisín Murphy, Irish musician
1973 - René Spies, German bobsledder
1974 - Márcio Amoroso, Brazilian footballer
1975 - Hernán Crespo, Argentinian footballer
1975 - Gunnar H. Thomsen, Faroese musician ( Týr)
1975 - Kip Gamblin, Australian dancer and actor
1976 - Nuno Gomes, Portuguese footballer
1976 - Marina Dias, Brazilian model
1976 - Bizarre, American rapper ( D12)
1977 - Royce Da 5'9", American rapper
1977 - Nicolas Kiefer, German tennis player.
1979 - Stiliyan Petrov, Bulgarian footballer
1979 - Shane Filan, Irish musician ( Westlife)
1979 - Amélie Mauresmo, French tennis player
1980 - Eva Green, French actress
1980 - Jason Wade, American musician ( Lifehouse)
1980 - David Rozehnal, Czech footballer
1981 - Jesse Crain, Canadian-born baseball player
1982 - Alberto Gilardino, Italian footballer
1985 - Stephanie McIntosh, Australian pop singer and actress
1985 - Nick O'Malley, Bass player for ( Arctic Monkeys).
1989 - Joseph King, American musician ( Canvas).
1991 - Jason Dolley, American actor
1316 - Infante Ferdinand of Majorca (b. 1278)
1375 - Charles III of Alençon, French archbishop (b. 1337)
1472 - Charles of Artois, French military leader (b. 1394)
1539 - St. Anthony Maria Zaccaria, Italian saint (b. 1502)
1666 - Albert VI of Bavaria (b. 1584)
1676 - Carl Gustaf Wrangel, Swedish soldier (b. 1613)
1715 - Charles Ancillon, French Huguenot pastor (b. 1659)
1719 - Meinhardt Schomberg, Irish general (b. 1641)
1773 - Francisco José Freire, Portuguese historian and philologist (b. 1719)
1833 - Nicéphore Niépce, French inventor (b. 1765)
1859 - Charles Cagniard de la Tour, French physicist (b. 1777)
1862 - Heinrich Georg Bronn, German geologist (b. 1800)
1904 - Abai Kunanbaiuli, Kazakh poet (b. 1845)
1908 - Jonas Lie, Norwegian author (b. 1833)
1920 - Max Klinger, German artist (b. 1857)
1927 - Albrecht Kossel, German physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1853)
1932 - Sasha Cherny, Russian poet (b. 1880)
1945 - John Curtin, 14th Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1885)
1948 - Georges Bernanos, French writer (b. 1888)
1957 - Charles Sherwood Noble, American-born inventor
1965 - Porfirio Rubirosa, Dominican diplomat and international playboy (b. 1909)
1966 - George de Hevesy, Hungarian chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1885)
1969 - Walter Gropius, German architect (b. 1883)
1969 - Wilhelm Backhaus, German pianist (b. 1884)
1969 - Leo McCarey, American film director (b. 1898)
1969 - Tom Mboya, Kenyan politician (b. 1930)
1975 - Gilda dalla Rizza, Italian soprano (b. 1892)
1983 - Harry James, American musician (b. 1916)
1991 - Howard Nemerov, American poet (b. 1920)
1996 - Erik Wickberg, The Salvation Army general (b. 1904)
1997 - Mrs. Miller, American singer (b. 1907)
1998 - Sid Luckman, American football player (b. 1916)
2001 - Ernie K-Doe, American singer (b. 1936)
2002 - Katy Jurado, Mexican actress (b. 1924)
2002 - Ted Williams, American baseball player (b. 1918)
2003 - Roman Lyashenko, Russian ice hockey player (b. 1979)
2004 - Hugh Shearer, Prime Minister of Jamaica (b. 1923)
2004 - Rodger Ward, American race car driver (b. 1921)
2005 - James Stockdale, U.S. Navy vice admiral (b. 1923)
2005 - Shirley Goodman, American singer (b. 1936)
2006 - Kenneth Lay, American businessman (b. 1942)
2007 - Kerwin Mathews, American actor (b. 1926)
2007 - George Melly, British jazz & blues musician (b. 1926)
Holidays and observances Edit
Liturgical feasts Edit
Saint Antonio Maria Zaccaria, priest [common] (died 1539)
Saint Domitian (Donation, Dominic), bishop, confessor, or martyr [Bruges]
Saint Jacutus, abbot, confessor [Tours]
Saint Nicomedes, martyr
Saint Numerianus, bishop (of Trier), confessor [Trier]
Saint Paul, bishop of Sens [Sens]
Saint Peter of Luxemburg, bishop of Metz, cardinal, confessor
Saint Wendelin, confessor [Strassburg, Trier (Translation)]
Saint Catherine, virgin, martyr (Translation) [Regensburg]
Saint Dominica [Paris, as Dominic]
Saint Edana, virgin
Saint Zoe (died 286)
External links Edit
80 Familypedia people were born on July 5
93 Familypedia people died on July 5
80 Familypedia people were first married on July 5