|July 30 in recent years
July 30 is the 211th day of the year (212th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 154 days remaining until the end of the year.
- 1419 - First Defenestration of Prague.
- 1502 - Christopher Columbus lands at Guanaja in the Bay Islands off the coast of Honduras during his fourth voyage.
- 1608 - At Ticonderoga (now Crown Point), Samuel de Champlain shoots and kills two Iroquois chiefs. This was to set the tone for French-Iroquois relations for the next one hundred years.
- 1619 - In Jamestown, the first representative assembly in the Americas, the House of Burgesses, convenes for the first time.
- 1629 - An earthquake in Naples, Italy kills 10,000 people.
- 1729 - Baltimore is founded.
- 1733 - First Freemasons lodge opened in what will become the United States.
- 1756 - Bartolomeo Rastrelli presents the newly-built Catherine Palace to Empress Elizabeth and her courtiers.
- 1825 - Malden Island discovered.
- 1863 - Indian Wars: Chief Pocatello of the Shoshone tribe signs the Treaty of Box Elder, promising to stop harassing the emigrant trails in southern Idaho and northern Utah.
- 1864 - American Civil War: Battle of the Crater - Union forces attempt to break Confederate lines by exploding a large bomb under their trenches.
- 1866 - New Orleans's Democratic government ordered police to raid an integrated GOP meeting, killing 40 people and injuring 150.
- 1930 - In Montevideo, Uruguay win the first Football World Cup.
- 1932 - Olympic Games: The Games of the X Olympiad open in Los Angeles.
- 1932 - Walt Disney's Flowers and Trees, the first Academy Award winning cartoon and first cartoon short to use Technicolor, premieres.
- 1945 - World War II: Japanese submarine I-58 sinks the USS Indianapolis, killing 883 seamen.
- 1953 - Rikidōzan holds a ceremony announcing the establishment of the Japan Pro Wrestling Alliance.
- 1954 - Elvis Presley makes his debut as a public performer.
- 1956 - A Joint resolution of the U.S. Congress is signed by President Dwight D. Eisenhower, authorizing "In God We Trust" as the U.S. national motto.
- 1965 - US President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Social Security Act of 1965 into law, establishing Medicare and Medicaid.
- 1969 - Vietnam War: US President Richard M. Nixon makes an unscheduled visit to South Vietnam and meets with President Nguyen Van Thieu and with U.S. military commanders.
- 1971 - Apollo program: Apollo 15 Mission - David Scott and James Irwin on Apollo Lunar Module module, Falcon, land with first Lunar Rover on the moon.
- 1971 - An All Nippon Airways Boeing 727 and a Japanese Air Force F-86 collide over Morioka, Japan killing 162.
- 1974 - Watergate Scandal: US President Richard M. Nixon releases subpoenaed White House recordings after being ordered to do so by the United States Supreme Court.
- 1975 - Jimmy Hoffa disappears from the parking lot of the Machus Red Fox restaurant in Bloomfield Hills, a suburb of Detroit, at about 2:30 p.m. He is never seen or heard from again.
- 1980 - Vanuatu gains independence.
- 1990 - The first Saturn automobile rolls off the assembly line.
- 1997 - Eighteen lives are lost in the Thredbo Landslide in New South Wales, Australia.
- 2002 - The accounting law referred to as "The Sarbanes Oxley Act" was signed into law by United States President George W. Bush.
- 2003 - In Mexico, the last 'old style' Volkswagen Beetle rolls off the assembly line.
- 2006 - World's longest running music show Top of the Pops broadcast for the last time on BBC Two. The show had aired for 42 years.
- 2006 - At least 28 Lebanese civilians, including 16 children, were killed when Israel Air Force attacked a building in Qana in what is called the Second Qana massacre.
- 2007 - John Brumby becomes Premier of Victoria following the resignation of Steve Bracks.
- 1511 - Giorgio Vasari, Italian painter and architect (d. 1574)
- 1549 - Ferdinando I de' Medici (d. 1609)
- 1641 - Regnier de Graaf, Dutch physician and anatomist (d. 1673)
- 1751 - Maria Anna Mozart, Austrian musician (d. 1829)
- 1763 - Samuel Rogers, English author (d. 1855)
- 1818 - Emily Brontë, English novelist (d. 1848)
- 1855 - Georg Wilhelm von Siemens, German industrialist (d. 1919)
- 1857 - Thorstein Veblen, American economist (d. 1929)
- 1859 - Henry Simpson Lunn, English humanitarian (d. 1939)
- 1863 - Henry Ford, American industrialist (d. 1947)
- 1872 - Princess Clémentine of Belgium (d. 1955)
- 1881 - Smedley Butler, American Marine general (d. 1940)
- 1889 - Vladimir Zworykin, Russian physicist (d. 1982)
- 1890 - Casey Stengel, American baseball manager (d. 1975)
- 1893 - Fatima Jinnah, Pakistani Mother of the Nation (d. 1967)
- 1895 - Wanda Hawley, American actress (d. 1963)
- 1898 - Henry Moore, English sculptor (d. 1986)
- 1899 - Gerald Moore, English pianist (d. 1987)
- 1901 - Alfred Lépine, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (d. 1955)
- 1904 - Salvador Novo, Mexican writer (d. 1974)
- 1909 - C. Northcote Parkinson, English historian (d. 1993)
- 1910 - Edgar de Evia, American photographer (d. 2003)
- 1914 - Lord Killanin, Irish IOC president (d. 1999)
- 1916 - Dick Wilson, American actor (d. 2007)
- 1919 - Berniece Baker Miracle, half-sister of Marilyn Monroe
- 1921 - Grant Johannesen, American pianist (d. 2005)
- 1922 - Henry W. Bloch, American co-founder of H&R Block
- 1925 - Alexander Trocchi, Scottish writer (d. 1984)
- 1925 - Jacques Sernas, French actor
- 1926 - Christine McGuire, American singer (The McGuire Sisters)
- 1927 - Victor Wong, American actor (d. 2001)
- 1928 - Eunice Muñoz, Portuguese actress
- 1928 - Joe Nuxhall, American baseball player and sportscaster (d. 2007)
- 1929 - Sid Krofft, Canadian children's television producer
- 1933 - Edd Byrnes, American actor
- 1934 - Bud Selig, American Commissioner of Baseball
- 1935 - Ted Rogers, English comedian and game show host (d. 2001)
- 1936 - Buddy Guy, American guitarist and singer
- 1936 - Infanta Pilar of Spain
- 1938 - Hervé de Charette, French politician
- 1939 - Peter Bogdanovich, American film director
- 1939 - Eleanor Smeal, American feminist
- 1940 - Pat Schroeder, American politician
- 1940 - Clive Sinclair, English entrepreneur and inventor
- 1941 - Paul Anka, Canadian singer and composer
- 1943 - Henri-François Gautrin, Quebec politician
- 1945 - David Sanborn, American saxophonist
- 1946 - Neil Bonnett, American race car driver (d. 1994)
- 1947 - William Atherton, American actor
- 1947 - Jonathan Mann, AIDS activist (d. 1998)
- 1947 - Arnold Schwarzenegger, Austrian-born American actor, bodybuilder, and 38th Governor of California
- 1948 - Jean Reno, Moroccan-born French actor
- 1949 - Duck Baker, American guitarist
- 1950 - Frank Stallone, American singer and actor
- 1954 - Ken Olin, American actor
- 1956 - Delta Burke, American actress
- 1956 - Réal Cloutier, Canadian ice hockey player
- 1956 - Anita Hill, American author
- 1957 - Clint Hurdle, American baseball player and manager
- 1957 - Nery Pumpido, Argentine footballer
- 1957 - Rat Scabies, English drummer (The Damned)
- 1958 - Kate Bush, English singer/songwriter
- 1958 - Daley Thompson, English decathlete
- 1961 - Laurence Fishburne, American actor
- 1961 - Richard Linklater, American filmmaker
- 1962 - Alton Brown, American television host and chef
- 1963 - Lisa Kudrow, American actress
- 1963 - Chris Mullin, American basketball player
- 1964 - Vivica A. Fox, American actress
- 1964 - Jürgen Klinsmann, German footballer and manager
- 1964 - Alek Keshishian, Lebanese-born American film director
- 1968 - Robert Korzeniowski, Polish athlete
- 1968 - Sean Moore, Welsh drummer (Manic Street Preachers)
- 1969 - Simon Baker, American actor
- 1970 - Christopher Nolan, English film director
- 1971 - Tom Green, Canadian comedian and actor
- 1971 - Christine Taylor, American actress
- 1973 - Markus Naslund, Swedish ice hockey player
- 1973 - Sonu Nigam, Indian singer/actor
- 1974 - Hilary Swank, American actress
- 1974 - Radostin Kishishev, Bulgarian footballer
- 1974 - Jason Robinson, English Rugby Union Player
- 1975 - Graham Nicholls, English artist
- 1975 - Cherie Priest, American writer
- 1977 - Jaime Pressly, American actress
- 1977 - Ian Watkins, Welsh singer (Lostprophets)
- 578 - Jacob Baradaeus, Bishop of Edessa
- 579 - Pope Benedict I
- 1540 - Thomas Abel, English priest (martyred)
- 1540 - Robert Barnes, English churchman (martyred) (b. 1495)
- 1550 - Thomas Wriothesley, English politician (b. 1505)
- 1652 - Charles Amédée de Savoie, French soldier (b. 1624)
- 1680 - Thomas Butler, Irish naval commander (b. 1634)
- 1683 - Maria Theresa of Spain, queen of Louis XIV of France (b. 1638)
- 1691 - Daniel Georg Morhof, German writer and scholar (b. 1639)
- 1718 - William Penn, English founder of the Province of Pennsylvania (b. 1644)
- 1771 - Thomas Gray, English poet and letter-writer (b. 1716)
- 1811 - Miguel Hidalgo, Mexican patriot and Independence leader (b. 1753)
- 1875 - George Pickett, American Confederate general (b. 1825)
- 1898 - Otto von Bismarck, 1st Chancellor of the German Empire (b. 1815)
- 1900 - Alfred (b. 1844)
- 1912 - Emperor Meiji, Japanese emperor (b. 1852)
- 1918 - Joyce Kilmer, American poet (b. 1886)
- 1930 - Joan Gamper, Swiss-Catalan businessman and founder of FC Barcelona (b. 1877)
- 1947 - Joseph Cook, 6th Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1860)
- 1965 - Jun'ichirō Tanizaki, Japanese author (b. 1886)
- 1970 - George Szell, Hungarian conductor (b. 1897)
- 1971 - Kenneth Slessor, Australian poet (b. 1901)
- 1983 - Howard Dietz, American lyricist (b. 1896)
- 1983 - Lynn Fontanne, English actress (b. 1887)
- 1985 - Julia Hall Bowman Robinson, American mathematician (b. 1919)
- 1989 - Lane Frost, American bull rider (b. 1963)
- 1992 - Joe Shuster, Canadian comic book artist (b. 1914)
- 1992 - Brenda Marshall, American actress (b. 1915)
- 1996 - Claudette Colbert, American actress (b. 1903)
- 1997 - Bảo Đại, Emperor of Vietnam (b. 1913)
- 1998 - Buffalo Bob Smith, American television host (Howdy Doody) (b. 1917)
- 2004 - Andre Noble, Canadian actor (b. 1979)
- 2005 - Ray Cunningham, American baseball player (b. 1905)
- 2005 - John Garang, Vice President of Sudan (b. 1945)
- 2005 - Anthony Walker, English hate crime murder victim (b. 1987)
- 2006 - Anthony Galla-Rini, American accordionist (b. 1904)
- 2006 - Al Balding, Canadian golfer (b. 1924)
- 2006 - Murray Bookchin, American libertarian socialist (b. 1921)
- 2007 - Michelangelo Antonioni, Italian film director (b. 1912)
- 2007 - Teoctist, Ex-Patriarch of the Romanian Orthodox Church (b. 1915)
- 2007 - Ingmar Bergman, Swedish stage and film director (b. 1918)
- 2007 - Bill Walsh, American football coach (b. 1931)
Holidays and observances
72 Familypedia people were born on July 30
130 Familypedia people died on July 30
71 Familypedia people were first married on July 30