is the 202nd day of the year (203rd in July 21 leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 163 days remaining until the end of the year.
356 BC - A young man called Herostratus set fire to the Temple of Artemis in Ephesus, one of the Seven Wonders of the World.
1403 - Battle of Shrewsbury: King Henry IV of England defeats rebels to the north of the county town of Shropshire, England
1568 - Eighty Years' War: Battle of Jemmingen - Fernando Álvarez de Toledo defeats Louis of Nassau
1718 - Treaty of Passarowitz between the Ottoman Empire, Austria and the Republic of Venice is signed.
1774 - Russo-Turkish War: Russia and the Ottoman Empire sign the Treaty of Kuchuk-Kainarji ending the war.
1831 - Inauguration of Léopold I of Belgium, first king of the Belgians.
1861 - American Civil War: First Battle of Bull Run - At Manassas Junction, Virginia, the first major battle of the war begins ( Confederate victory).
1865 - In the market square of Springfield, Wild Bill Hickok shoots Dave Tutt dead in what is regarded as the first true western showdown.
1873 - At Adair, Jesse James and the James-Younger gang pull off the first successful train robbery in the American West.
1877 - After rioting by Baltimore and Ohio Railroad workers and the deaths of nine rail workers at the hands of the Maryland militia, workers in Pittsburgh stage a sympathy strike that is met with an assault by the state militia.
1919 The dirigible crashed into the Illinois Trust and Savings Building in Wingfoot Air Express Chicago, killing 12 people.
1925 - Scopes Trial: In Dayton, high school biology teacher John T. Scopes is found guilty of teaching evolution in class and fined $100.
1931 - CBS's New York City station begins broadcasting the first regular seven days a week television schedule in the U.S.
1944 - World War II: Battle of Guam - American troops land on Guam starting the battle (ends on August 10).
1954 - First Indochina War: The Geneva Conference partitions Vietnam into North Vietnam and South Vietnam.
1960 - Sirimavo Bandaranaike becomes the first woman prime minister in the world, making her the first elected female national leader in the world ( Sri Lanka).
1961 - Mercury program: Mercury-Redstone 4 Mission - Gus Grissom piloting "Liberty Bell 7" becomes the second American to go into space (in a suborbital mission).
1969 - Neil A. Armstrong and Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin become the first men to walk on the Moon, during the Apollo 11 mission.
1970 - After 11 years of construction, the Aswan High Dam in Egypt is completed.
1972 - Bloody Friday bombing by the Provisional Irish Republican Army (PIRA) around Belfast, Northern Ireland - 22 bomb explosions, 9 people killed and 130 people seriously injured.
1973 - In the Lillehammer affair in Norway, Israeli Mossad agents kill a waiter whom they mistakenly thought was involved in 1972's Munich Olympics Massacre.
1976 - Christopher Ewart-Biggs British ambassador to the Republic of Ireland is assassinated by the Provisional IRA.
1977 - Start of a four day long Libyan-Egyptian War.
1983 - The world's lowest temperature is recorded at Vostok Station, Antarctica at −89.2°C (−129°F).
1984 - In Jackson, a factory robot crushes a worker against a safety bar in apparently the first robot-related death in the United States.
1994 - Tony Blair is declared the winner of the leadership election of the British Labour Party, paving the way to him becoming Prime Minister in 1997.
1995 - Third Taiwan Strait Crisis: The People's Liberation Army begins firing missiles into the waters north of Taiwan.
1997 - The fully restored USS Constitution (aka "Old Ironsides") celebrates her 200th birthday by setting sail for the first time in 116 years.
2002 - Telecom giant WorldCom files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in the largest such filing in United States history.
2004 - The United Kingdom government publishes a paper detailing wide-ranging reform of the country's Delivering Security in a Changing World, armed forces.
2005 - Four terrorist bombings, occurring exactly two weeks after the similar July 7 bombings, target London's public transportation system. All four bombs fail to detonate and all four suspected suicide bombers escaped. 2007 - Release of Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows by J K Rowling-the final book in the Harry Potter series.
1515 - Philip Neri, Italian churchman (d. 1595)
1620 - Jean Picard, French astronomer (d. 1682)
1664 - Matthew Prior, English poet and diplomat (d. 1721)
1693 - Thomas Pelham-Holles, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1768)
1710 - Paul Möhring, German physician (d. 1792)
1810 - Henri Victor Regnault, French chemist (d. 1878)
1858 - Lovis Corinth, German painter (d. 1925) 1858 -
Maria Christina of Austria, queen of Spain (d. 1929) 1858 -
Alfred Henry O'Keeffe, New Zealand artist (d. 1941)
1870 - Emil Orlik, Czech painter (d. 1932)
1880 - Milan Rastislav Štefánik, Slovak politician, French general and astronomer (d. 1919)
1882 - David Burliuk, Ukrainian artist (d. 1967)
1893 - Hans Fallada, German writer (d. 1947)
1899 - Hart Crane, American poet (d. 1932) 1899 -
Ernest Hemingway, American writer, Nobel laureate (d. 1961)
1903 - Roy Neuberger, American financier
1911 - Marshall McLuhan, Canadian author (d. 1980)
1920 - Constance Dowling, American actress (d. 1969) 1920 -
Isaac Stern, Ukrainian-born violinist (d. 2001)
1923 - Rudolph A. Marcus, Canadian chemist, Nobel laureate
1922 - Kay Starr, American singer
1924 - Don Knotts, American actor (d. 2006)
1925 - Anne Meacham, American actress
1926 - Norman Jewison, Canadian film director 1926 -
Rahimuddin Khan, Pakistani general 1926 -
Paul Burke, American actor
1928 - Marcel Gauthier, Canadian wrestler (d. 1998)
1929 - Bob Orton, American wrestler (d. 2006)
1932 - Ernie Warlick, American football player
1933 - John Gardner, American author (d. 1982)
1935 - Norbert Blüm, German politician 1935 -
Moe Drabowsky, baseball player (d. 2006)
1938 - Janet Reno, 79th United States Attorney General
1939 - John Negroponte, 1st United States Director of National Intelligence
1943 - Edward Herrmann, American actor
1944 - Tony Scott, British film director 1944 -
Paul Wellstone, American politician (d. 2002)
1945 - John Lowe, English darts player
1946 - Kenneth Starr, American lawyer
1948 - Ed Hinton, American sportswriter 1948 -
Yusuf Islam, formerly Cat Stevens, English singer 1948 -
Garry Trudeau, American cartoonist
1949 - Al Hrabosky, baseball player
1950 - Ubaldo Fillol, Argentinian footballer
1951 - Robin Williams, American comedian/actor
1953 - Brian Talbot, British footballer 1953 -
Jeff Fatt, Chinese Australian actor
1955 - Howie Epstein, American musician (d. 2003) 1955 -
Taco Ockerse, Indonesian singer
1957 - Jon Lovitz, American comedian 1957 -
George Landress, American songwriter and music producer
1959 - Paul "Fatty" Vautin, Australian rugby league player
1960 - Lance Guest, American actor 1960 -
Fritz Walter, German footballer
1961 - Amar Singh Chamkila, Punjabi folk singer 1961 -
"Big" Jim Martin, American musician ( Faith No More)
1963 - Kevin Poole, English footballer
1964 - Jens Weißflog, German ski jumper
1965 - Gudni Bergsson, Icelandic footballer
1965 - Mike Bordick, American baseball player
1966 - Arija Bareikis, American actress
1968 - Brandi Chastain, American soccer player 1968 -
Lyle Odelein, Canadian hockey player
1969 - Emerson Hart, American musician ( Tonic)
1970 - Shawn Stasiak, American professional wrestler
1971 - Emmanuel Bangué, French long jumper 1971 -
Charlotte Gainsbourg, French actress and singer 1971 -
Nuno Markl, Portuguese comedian and radio host
1978 - Josh Hartnett, American actor 1978 -
Justin Bartha, American actor 1978 -
Damian Marley, Jamacian musician 1978 -
Gary Teale, Scottish football player
1979 - David Carr, American football player 1979 -
Tamika Catchings, American basketball player
1980 - C. C. Sabathia, American baseball player
1981 - Titus Bramble, English footballer 1981 -
Stefan Schumacher, German cyclist 1981 -
Veronica Belmont, CNET TV personality 1981 -
Blake Lewis, finalist American Idol 1981 -
Joaquín Sánchez, Spanish footballer
1982 - Claudette Ortiz, American soul singer
1983 - Eivør Pálsdóttir, Faroese singer 1983 -
Kellen Winslow II, American football player
1984 - Liam Ridgewell, English footballer
1985 - Von Wafer, American basketball player
1989 - Jamie Waylett, British actor 1989 -
Rory Culkin, American actor 1992 - Rachael Flatt, American figure skater
1403 - Henry Percy, English soldier (killed in battle)
1425 - Manuel II Palaeologus, Byzantine Emperor (b. 1350)
1688 - James Butler, English statesman and soldier (b. 1610)
1793 - Bruni d'Entrecasteaux, French explorer (b. 1739)
1796 - Robert Burns, Scottish poet (b. 1759)
1798 - François Sebastien Charles Joseph de Croix, Austrian field marshal (b. 1733)
1880 - Hiram Walden, American politician (b. 1800)
1889 - Nelson Dewey, American politician, 1st Governor of Wisconsin (b. 1813)
1899 - Robert G. Ingersoll, American politician and military officer (b. 1833)
1932 - Bill Gleason, late 19th century baseball player
1938 - Owen Wister, American author (b. 1860)
1941 - Bohdan Lepky, Ukrainian writer and poet (b. 1872)
1943 - Charlie Paddock, American athlete (b. 1900)
1944 - Claus von Stauffenberg, German army colonel who tried to assassinate Hitler (b. 1907) 1944 -
Ludwig Beck, German Chief of Staff (b. 1880)
1946 - Gualberto Villarroel, President of Bolivia (b. 1908)
1967 - Jimmie Foxx, baseball player (b. 1907) 1967 -
Albert Lutuli, South African politician, Nobel Peace Prize laureate 1967 -
Basil Rathbone, English actor (b. 1892)
1968 - Ruth St. Denis, dancer and choreographer (b. 1878)
1970 - Mikhail Gerasimov, Russian anthropologist and sculptor (b. 1907) 1970 -
Bob Kalsu, American football player (b. 1945)
1972 - Ralph Craig, American athlete (b. 1889)
1982 - Dave Garroway, American television host (b. 1913)
1986 - Ernest Maas, American screenwriter (b. 1892)
1998 - Alan Shepard, astronaut (b. 1923) 1998 -
Robert Young, American actor (b. 1907)
2001 - Steve Barton, American actor (b. 1954) 2001 -
Sivaji Ganesan, South Indian Tamil actor (b. 1927)
2003 - John Davies, New Zealand Olympic Committee president (b. 1938) 2003 -
Walter M. "Matt" Jefferies, American film art director (b. 1921)
2004 - Jerry Goldsmith, American composer (b. 1929) 2004 -
Edward B. Lewis, American geneticist, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine laureate (b. 1918)
2005 - Andrzej Grubba, Polish table tennis player (b. 1958) 2005 -
Long John Baldry, British blues musician (b. 1941) 2005 -
Lord Alfred Hayes, British Wrestling Announcer for WWE (b. 1928)
2006 - Mako, Japanese-born American actor (b. 1933) 2006 -
Ta Mok, "The Khmer Rouge Butcher", war criminal in Democratic Kampuchea (b. 1926) 2007 - Jesús de Polanco, Spanish businessman and press mogul (b. 1929)
129 Familypedia people were born on July 21
120 Familypedia people died on July 21
84 Familypedia people were first married on July 21