is the 194th day of the year (195th in July 12 leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 171 days remaining until the end of the year.
1191 - Salaudin's garrison surrenders, ending the two-year siege of Acre. Conrad of Montferrat, who has negotiated the surrender, raises the banners of the Kingdom of Jerusalem and of the Third Crusade leaders Richard I of England, Philip II of France, and Leopold V of Austria on the city's walls and towers.
1543 - King Henry VIII of England marries his sixth and last wife, Catherine Parr at Hampton Court Palace.
1573 - Spanish forces under the Duke of Alba capture Haarlem after a seven month siege.
1580 - Ostrog Bible, the first printed Bible in a Slavic language, is published.
1690 - Battle of the Boyne ( Gregorian calendar) - The armies of William III defeat those of the former James II.
1691 - Battle of Aughrim ( Julian calendar) - The decisive victory of William's forces in Ireland.
1759 - Seven Years' War - French and Indian War: British cannons start firing on French at Quebec City, from Lévis.
1790 - The Civil Constitution of the Clergy is passed in France by the National Assembly.
1804 - Former United States Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton dies after being shot in the duel.
1806 - Sixteen German imperial states leave the Holy Roman Empire and form the Confederation of the Rhine.
1812 - War of 1812: The United States invade Canada at Windsor.
1862 - Medal of Honor authorized by the United States Congress.
1892 - A hidden lake bursts out of a glacier on the side of Mont Blanc, flooding the valley below and killing around 200 villagers and holidaymakers in [Saint-Gervais-les-Bains|Saint Gervais].
1916 - Matawan Creek, New Jersey attacks, a bull shark swam 15 miles upstream and attacked three people, killing two.
1932 - Lambeth Bridge, London, opened by King George V of the United Kingdom.
1932 - Hedley Verity establishes a first-class record by taking all ten wickets for only ten runs against Nottinghamshire on a pitch affected by a storm.
1933 - The United States Congress passes the first federal minimum wage law in the United States: 33 cents per hour.
1942 - Tragedy in village Podhum, near Rijeka. Italian fascists shot 91 men aged from 15 to 60 years, took 889 people to concentration camps, burned 515 buildings, and took all cattle from the village. Although the perpetrators of this crime were known, they were never prosecuted.
1943 - World War II: Battle of Prokhorovka - German and Soviet forces engage in largest tank engagement of all time.
1950 - René Pleven becomes Prime Minister of France.
1960 - Orlyonok, the main Young Pioneer camp of the Russian SFSR, is founded.
1960 - Etch A Sketch, the drawing toy goes on sale.
1962 - the Rolling Stones played their first gig at the Marquee club in London.
1967 - Six days of race riots begin in Newark that will claim the lives of 27 people.
1973 - A fire destroys the entire 6th floor of the National Personnel Records Center of the United States.
1975 - São Tomé and Príncipe declare independence from Portugal.
1979 - The island nation of Kiribati declares independence from Great Britain.
1979 - During a double-header between the Chicago White Sox and the Detroit Tigers, riots occurred at Comiskey Park to what became known as Disco Demolition Night.
1993 - A magnitude 7.8 earthquake off the shore of Hokkaidō, Japan launches a devastating tsunami, killing 202 on the small island of Okushiri.
2002 - Gay rights: The Superior Court of Ontario orders Ontario to recognize same-sex marriages.
2004 - Pedro Santana Lopes is officially appointed Prime Minister of Portugal.
2005 - Prince Albert II is enthroned as ruler of the Principality of Monaco.
2006 - Hezbollah initiates Operation True Promise.
100 BC - Julius Caesar, Roman military and political leader (d. 44 BC) (born either July 12 or July 13)
1394 - Ashikaga Yoshinori, Japanese shogun (d. 1441)
1468 - Juan del Encina, Spanish poet and composer (d. ? 1533)
1596 - Tsar Michael I of Russia (d. 1645)
1651 - Margaret Theresa of Spain, Empress consort of the Holy Roman Empire (d. 1673)
1674 - Abigail Williams, American accuser in the Salem witch trials (d. 1765)
1675 - Evaristo Abaco, Italian composer (d. 1742)
1730 - Josiah Wedgwood, English potter (d. 1795)
1803 - Peter Chanel, French priest and saint (d. 1841)
1807 - Thomas Hawksley, English civil engineer (d. 1893)
1817 - Henry David Thoreau, American writer and philosopher (d. 1862)
1824 - Eugène Boudin, French painter (d. 1898)
1828 - Nikolai Chernyshevsky, Russian philosopher (d. 1889)
1849 - Sir William Osler, Canadian physician and author (d. 1919)
1850 - Otto Schoetensack, German anthropologist (d. 1912)
1852 - Hipólito Yrigoyen, President of Argentina (d. 1933)
1854 - George Eastman, American inventor (d. 1932)
1863 - Albert Calmette, French physician (d. 1933)
1863 - Paul Karl Ludwig Drude, German physicist (d. 1906)
1864 - George Washington Carver, American botanist (d. 1943)
1868 - Stefan George, German poet (d. 1933)
1870 - Louis II of Monaco (d. 1949)
1876 - Max Jacob, French poet (d. 1944)
1880 - Tod Browning, American film director (d. 1962)
1884 - Amedeo Modigliani, Italian painter and sculptor (d. 1920)
1886 - Jean Hersholt, Danish film director and actor (d. 1956)
1892 - Bruno Schulz, Polish writer and painter (d. 1942)
1895 - Kirsten Flagstad, Norwegian soprano (d. 1962)
1895 - Buckminster Fuller, American architect (d. 1983)
1895 - Oscar Hammerstein II, American lyricist (d. 1960)
1904 - Pablo Neruda, Chilean poet, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1973)
1908 - Milton Berle, American comedian (d. 2002)
1909 - Curly Joe DeRita, American actor and comedian (d. 1993)
1909 - Fritz Leonhardt, German civil engineer (d. 1999)
1913 - Willis Lamb, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
1917 - Andrew Wyeth, American artist
1920 - Pierre Berton, Canadian journalist and writer (d. 2004)
1920 - Beah Richards, American actress (d. 2000)
1921 - Bob Fillion, French Canadian ice hockey player
1922 - Mark Hatfield, U.S. Senator from Oregon
1923 - René Favaloro, Argentine scientist (d. 2000)
1925 - Roger B. Smith, American automobile executive
1928 - Elias James Corey, American chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
1930 - Gordon Pinsent, Canadian actor, director, and writer
1932 - Otis Davis, American runner
1933 - Donald E. Westlake, American author
1934 - Van Cliburn, American pianist
1937 - Bill Cosby, American comedian and actor
1937 - Lionel Jospin, Prime Minister of France 1997- 2002
1937 - Michel Louvain, French Canadian singer
1938 - Ron Fairly, American baseball player
1938 - Wieger Mensonides, Dutch swimmer
1941 - Benny Parsons, American NASCAR driver (d. 2007)
1942 - Billy Smith, Australian rugby league footballer
1943 - Christine McVie, British singer, musician, and songwriter ( Fleetwood Mac)
1943 - Walter Murch, American film editor
1946 - Fujioka Hiroshi, Japanese martial artist and actor
1947 - Gareth Edwards, Welsh rugby union footballer
1948 - Walter Egan, American singer
1948 - Richard Simmons, American fitness trainer
1948 - Jay Thomas, American actor
1949 - Rick Hendrick, American NASCAR Team Owner, and car dealer.
1950 - Eric Carr, American drummer ( Kiss) (d. 1991)
1950 - Gilles Meloche, French Canadian ice hockey goaltender
1951 - Brian Grazer, American film producer
1951 - Cheryl Ladd, American actress
1951 - Sylvia Sass, Hungarian soprano
1951 - Jamey Sheridan, American actor
1952 - Voja Antonić, Serbian inventor and writer
1954 - Wolfgang Dremmler, German footballer
1956 - Sandi Patty, American singer
1956 - Mario Soto, Dominican professional baseball player
1957 - Richard Douglas Husband, American astronaut (d. 2003)
1958 - Jennifer Saunders, English actress
1959 - Steve Fuller, Anglo-American philosopher and sociologist
1961 - Cal Wilson, New Zealand comedian
1962 - Dan Murphy, American guitarist ( Soul Asylum)
1962 - Julio César Chávez, Mexican boxer
1962 - Dean Wilkins, English football manager
1964 - Tim Gane, English musician ( Stereolab, McCarthy)
1964 - Gaby Roslin, English television presenter
1965 - Robin Wilson, American singer
1967 - Richard Herring, English comedian
1967 - John Petrucci, American guitar player ( Dream Theater)
1967 - Bruny Surin, Canadian athlete
1968 - Catherine Plewinski, French swimmer
1969 - Lisa Nicole Carson, American actress
1969 - Jesse Pintado, American guitarist ( Napalm Death) (d. 2006)
1970 - Brian Lee Byung-Hun, South Korean actor
1971 - Kristi Yamaguchi, American figure skater
1972 - Travis Best, American basketball player
1972 - Brett Reed, American musician ( Rancid)
1973 - Magoo, American rapper
1973 - Christian Vieri, Italian football player
1974 - Sharon den Adel, Dutch singer ( Within Temptation)
1974 - Stelios Giannakopoulos, Greek footballer
1974 - Gregory Helms, American professional wrestler
1976 - Dan Boyle, Canadian ice hockey player
1976 - Anna Friel, British actress
1976 - Tracie Spencer, American singer
1977 - Neil Harris, English footballer
1977 - Steve Howey, American actor
1977 - Airin Older, American musician
1977 - Brock Lesnar, American professional wrestler
1978 - Topher Grace, American actor
1978 - Michelle Rodriguez, American actress
1978 - Claire Chitham, New Zealand actress
1979 - Nikos Barlos, Greek basketball player
1981 - Adrienne Camp, South African singer/songwriter
1982 - Antonio Cassano, Italian footballer
1983 - Megumi Kawamura, Japanese volleyballer
1984 - Gareth Gates, British singer
1984 - Michael McGovern, Northern Irish footballer
1985 - Luiz Ejlli, Albanian singer
1985 - Natasha Poly, Russian supermodel
1986 - JP Pietersen, South African rugby player
1988 - Melissa O'Neil, Canadian singer
1991 - Erik Per Sullivan, American actor
783 - Bertrada of Laon, wife of Pippin III (b. 720)
1441 - Ashikaga Yoshinori, Japanese shogun (b. 1394)
1536 - Erasmus, Dutch writer and philosopher
1584 - Steven Borough, English explorer (b. 1525)
1664 - Stefano della Bella, Italian printmaker (b. 1610)
1682 - Jean Picard, French astronomer (b. 1620)
1693 - John Ashby, English admiral
1712 - Richard Cromwell, Lord Protector of England, Scotland, and Ireland (b. 1626)
1742 - Evaristo Abaco, Italian composer (b. 1675)
1749 - Charles de la Boische, Governor of New France
1773 - Johann Joachim Quantz, German flutist and composer (b. 1697)
1804 - Alexander Hamilton, 1st United States Secretary of the Treasury (b. 1755)
1845 - Henrik Wergeland, Norwegian author (b. 1808)
1849- Dolley Madison, 4th First Lady Of The United States (b. 1768)
1910 - Charles Stewart Rolls, British engineer and aviator (b. 1887)
1918 - Dragutin Lerman, Croatian explorer (b. 1864)
1926 - Gertrude Bell, English archaeologist, writer, spy, and administrator (b. 1868)
1931 - Nathan Söderblom, Swedish archbishop, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1866)
1934 - Ole Evinrude, Norwegian-American inventor and industrialist (b. 1877)
1935 - Alfred Dreyfus, French military officer (b. 1859)
1944 - Theodore Roosevelt, American general, received Medal of Honor (b. 1887)
1945 - Wolfram von Richthofen, German field marshal (b. 1895)
1945 - Boris Galerkin, Russian mathematician (b. 1871)
1947 - Jimmie Lunceford, American saxophonist and bandleader (b. 1902)
1949 - Douglas Hyde, first President of Ireland (b. 1860)
1950 - Elsie De Wolfe, American socialite and interior decorator (b. 1865)
1961 - Mazo de la Roche, Canadian author (b. 1879)
1962 - Roger Wolfe Kahn, American band leader (b. 1907)
1971 - Yvon Robert, French Canadian professional wrestler (b. 1914)
1973 - Lon Chaney, American actor (b. 1906)
1979 - Minnie Riperton, American soul singer (b. 1947)
1983 - Chris Wood, British musician, played with Traffic, (b. 1944)
1990 - João Saldanha, Brazilian journalist and football manager (b. 1917)
1993 - Dan Eldon, British photojournalist (b. 1970)
1996 - John Chancellor, American television journalist (b. 1927)
1996 - Jonathan Melvoin, American musician and keyboardist ( The Smashing Pumpkins) (b. 1961)
1998 - Serge Lemoyne, French Canadian artist (b. 1941)
1998 - Jimmy Driftwood, American folk songwriter and musician (b. 1907)
1999 - Bill Owen, British actor (b. 1914)
2003 - Benny Carter, American musician (b. 1907)
2004 - Betty Oliphant, co-founder of National Ballet of Canada (b. 1918)
2005 - Lord John King, Chief executive of British Airways since its privitisation. (b. 1917)
2007 - Stan Zemanek, Australian radio personality. (b. 1947)
2007 - Mr. Butch, Iconic Boston street figure. (b. 1951)
Holidays and observances Edit
Liturgical feasts Edit
Saint Amator, bishop of Auxerre, confessor (Translation of -) Auxerre
Saint Cletus, pope, martyr Liège
Saints Hermagoras and Fortunatus, martyrs Salzburg, Osnabrück, Paderborn, France, Aquileia
Saint John Gualbert, abbot, confessor common
Saint Marcellinus, pope, martyr Liège
Saint Menulf, bishop, confessor Bourges
Saints Nabor and Felix, martyrs common
Saint Prejectus, bishop, martyr (Translation)
Saint Viventiolus, bishop of Lyon, confessor Lyon
Sveti apostoli Petar i Pavle - (Sts. Peter and Paul, Foremost of Apostles).
Saint Margaret, virgin, martyr Salzburg and Suffragans
Saint Olivier, France
External links Edit
95 Familypedia people were born on July 12
102 Familypedia people died on July 12
95 Familypedia people were first married on July 12