|July 10 in recent years
July 10 is the 191st day of the year (192nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 174 days remaining until the end of the year.
- 48 BC - Battle of Dyrrhachium, Caesar barely avoids a catastrophic defeat to Pompey in Macedonia.
- 988 - The City of Dublin is founded on the banks of the river Liffey.
- 1212 - The most severe of several early fires of London burns most of the city to the ground.
- 1553 - Lady Jane Grey takes the throne of England.
- 1584 - William I of Orange was assassinated in his home in Delft, Holland by Balthasar Gérard.
- 1645 - English Civil War: Battle of Langport.
- 1778 - American Revolution: Louis XVI of France declares war on the Kingdom of Great Britain.
- 1789 - Alexander Mackenzie reaches Mackenzie River Delta.
- 1796 - Carl Friedrich Gauss discovered that every positive integer is representable as a sum of at most three triangular numbers.
- 1800 - The British Indian Government established Fort William College to promote Urdu, Hindi and other vernaculars of sub continent.
- 1806 - The Vellore Mutiny was the first instance of a mutiny by Indian sepoys against the British East India Company
- 1821 - The United States takes possession of its newly-bought territory of Florida from Spain.
- 1832 - President Andrew Jackson vetoes a bill that would re-charter the Second Bank of the United States.
- 1850 - Millard Fillmore is inaugurated as the 13th President of the United States.
- 1877 - The then villa of Mayagüez formally receives its city charter from the Royal Crown of Spain.
- 1890 - Wyoming is admitted as the 44th U.S. state.
- 1913 - Death Valley, California hits 134 °F (~56.7 °C), which is the highest temperature recorded in the United States.
- 1925 - The Telegraph Agency of the Soviet Union (TASS), the official news agency of the Soviet Union , is established.
- 1925 - Meher Baba begins his silence of 44 years. His followers still observe Silence Day on this date in commemoration.
- 1925 - Scopes Trial: In Dayton, the so-called "Monkey Trial" begins with John T. Scopes, a young high school science teacher, accused of teaching evolution in violation of a Tennessee state law.
- 1938 - Howard Hughes sets a new record by completing a 91 hour airplane flight around the world.
- 1940 - World War II: Vichy France government established.
- 1940 - World War II: Battle of Britain - The German Luftwaffe begin to hit British convoys in the English Channel thus starting the battle (this start date is contested, though).
- 1941 - Jedwabne Pogrom was a massacre of Jewish people living in and near the village of Jedwabne in Poland.
- 1943 - World War II: The launching of Operation Husky begins the Italian Campaign.
- 1947 - Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah is recommended as the first Governor General of Pakistan by then Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Clement Attlee.
- 1951 - Korean War: At Kaesong, armistice negotiations begin.
- 1951 - Randy Turpin becomes the middleweight boxing champion after defeating Sugar Ray Robinson.
- 1958 - Alaska, highest tsunami wave ever recorded at Lituya Bay, at 524 m high.
- 1962 - Telstar, the world's first communications satellite, is launched into orbit.
- 1967 - Uruguay becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.
- 1967 - New Zealand adopts decimal currency.
- 1968 - Maurice Couve de Murville becomes Prime Minister of France
- 1973 - The Bahamas gain full independence within the Commonwealth of Nations.
- 1973 - National Assembly of Pakistan passes a resolution on Bangladesh recognition.
- 1976 - The Seveso Disaster occurs in Italy.
- 1976 - One US and three UK mercenaries executed in Angola following the Luanda Trial.
- 1978 - World News Tonight premieres on ABC
- 1978 - Mauritania, President Moktar Ould Daddah is ousted in a bloodless coup.
- 1985 - Greenpeace vessel Rainbow Warrior is bombed and sunk in Auckland Harbor by French DGSE agents.
- 1991 - Boris Yeltsin begins his 5-year term as the first elected President of Russia.
- 1991 - South African cricket team readmitted into the International Cricket Council (ICC) following the end of Apartheid.
- 1992 - In Miami, former Panamanian leader Manuel Noriega is sentenced to 40 years in prison for drug and racketeering violations.
- 1997 - London, scientists report their DNA analysis findings from a Neandertal skeleton which support the out of Africa theory of human evolution placing an "African Eve" at 100,000 to 200,000 years ago.
- 1997 - Spain, Partido Popular member Miguel Ángel Blanco is kidnapped in the Basque city of Ermua by ETA members, sparking widespread protests.
- 1998 - Roman Catholic sex abuse cases: The Diocese of Dallas agrees to pay $23.4 million to nine former altar boys who claimed they were sexually abused by former priest Rudolph Kos.
- 2000 - A leaking southern Nigerian petroleum pipeline explodes, killing about 250 villagers scavenging gasoline.
- 2000 - EADS, the world's second largest aerospace group is formed by the merger of Aérospatiale-Matra, DASA, and CASA.
- 2002 - At a Sotheby's auction, Peter Paul Rubens' painting The Massacre of the Innocents is sold for £49.5million (US$76.2 million) to Lord Kenneth Thomson.
- 2003 - A Neoplan bus, owned by Kowloon Motor Bus, collides with a truck, falls off a bridge on Tuen Mun Road, Hong Kong, and plunges into the underlying valley, killing 21 people. This is the deadliest traffic accident to date in Hong Kong.
- 2005 - Hurricane Dennis slams into the Florida Panhandle causing billions of dollars in damage.
- 2006 - Pakistan International Flight PK-688 crashes in Multan, Pakistan shortly after takeoff, killing all 45 people on board.
- 1419 - Emperor Go-Hanazono of Japan (d. 1471)
- 1452 - King James III of Scotland (d. 1488)
- 1509 - John Calvin, French religious reformer (d. 1564)
- 1517 - Odet de Coligny, French cardinal and Protestant (d. 1571)
- 1592 - Pierre d'Hozier, French historian (d. 1660)
- 1614 - Arthur Annesley, English royalist statesman (d. 1686)
- 1625 - Jean Herauld Gourville, French adventurer (d. 1703)
- 1638 - David Teniers III, Flemish painter (d. 1685)
- 1666 - John Ernest Grabe, German-born Anglican theologian (d. 1711)
- 1682 - Bartholomaeus Ziegenbalg, German Lutheran missionary to India (d. 1719)
- 1682 - Roger Cotes, English mathematician (d. 1716)
- 1711 - Princess Amelia Sophia of Great Britain (d. 1783)
- 1723 - William Blackstone, English jurist (d. 1780)
- 1736 - Maria (d. 1807)
- 1792 - George Mifflin Dallas, U.S. Senator from Pennsylvania and the 11th Vice President of the United States (d. 1864)
- 1804 - Emma Smith Inaugural President of the Women's Relief Society of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
- 1809 - Friedrich August von Quenstedt, German geologist (d. 1889)
- 1830 - Camille Pissarro, French painter (d. 1903)
- 1832 - Alvan Graham Clark, American telescope maker and astronomer (d. 1897)
- 1834 - James McNeil Whistler, American painter (d. 1903)
- 1835 - Henryk Wieniawski, Polish composer (d. 1880)
- 1839 - Adolphus Busch, German-born brewer (d. 1913)
- 1856 - Nikola Tesla, Serb-American inventor (d. 1943)
- 1867 - Prince Maximilian of Baden, Chancellor of Germany (d. 1929)
- 1871 - Marcel Proust, French writer (d. 1922)
- 1874 - Sergey Konenkov, Russian painter (d. 1971)
- 1875 - Mary McLeod Bethune, American educator (d. 1955)
- 1883 - Johannes Blaskowitz, German general (d. 1948)
- 1888 - Giorgio de Chirico, Italian painter (d. 1978)
- 1895 - Carl Orff, German composer (d. 1982)
- 1896 - Thérèse Casgrain, French Canadian politician and senator (d. 1981)
- 1897 - Karl Plagge, German officer (d. 1957)
- 1899 - John Gilbert, American actor (d. 1936)
- 1899 - Heiri Suter, Swiss cyclist (d. 1978)
- 1900 - Sampson Sievers, Russian Orthodox Christian monk, priest and wonder-worker (d. 1979)
- 1900 - Mitchell Parish, American lyricist (d. 1993)
- 1902 - Kurt Alder, German chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1958)
- 1903 - John Wyndham, British author (d. 1969)
- 1903 - Werner Best, German jurist and nazi leader (d. 1989)
- 1905 - Thomas Gomez, American actor (d. 1971)
- 1905 - Wolfram Sievers, Nazi physician (d. 1948)
- 1913 - Salvador Espriu, Spanish poet (d. 1985)
- 1914 - Joe Shuster, Canadian-born cartoonist (d. 1992)
- 1917 - Don Herbert aka "Mr. Wizard", American television host (d. 2007)
- 1920 - David Brinkley, American television reporter (d. 2003)
- 1920 - Owen Chamberlain, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
- 1921 - Harvey Ball, American inventor (d. 2001)
- 1921 - Jake LaMotta, American boxer
- 1921 - Eunice Kennedy Shriver, American activist
- 1923 - Earl Hamner Jr., American author and television producer
- 1923 - Jean Kerr, American author (d. 2003)
- 1923 - G. A. Kulkarni, Indian (Marathi) writer (d. 1987)
- 1924 - Bobo Brazil, professional wrestler (d. 1998)
- 1925 - Mahathir bin Mohamad, fourth Malaysian Prime Minister
- 1926 - Fred Gwynne, American actor (d. 1993)
- 1927 - Grigory Barenblatt, Russian mathematician
- 1927 - Suzanne Cloutier, Canadian film actor (d. 2003)
- 1928 - Moshe Greenberg, American-Israeli Bible scholar
- 1928 - Alejandro de Tomaso, Argentine-Italian racing driver and car manufacturer (d. 2003)
- 1928 - Bernard Buffet, French painter (d. 1999)
- 1929 - Winnie Ewing, Scottish politician
- 1931 - Nick Adams, American actor (d. 1968)
- 1931 - Alice Munro, Canadian writer
- 1932 - Carlo Mario Abate, Italian racing driver
- 1934 - Jerry Nelson, American puppeteer
- 1935 - Tura Satana, American actress
- 1938 - Paul Andreu, French architect
- 1939 - Ahmet Taner Kışlalı, Turkish politician, journalist, and educator (d. 1999)
- 1940 - Tom Farmer, Scottish entrepreneur
- 1940 - Helen Donath, American soprano
- 1941 - David G. Hartwell, American editor and anthologist
- 1941 - Ian Whitcomb, English songwriter, entertainer and producer
- 1942 - Ronnie James Dio, American musician
- 1942 - Pyotr Klimuk, cosmonaut
- 1943 - Arthur Ashe, American tennis player (d. 1993)
- 1945 - John Motson, British sports (football) commentator
- 1945 - Jean-Marie Poiré, French film director
- 1945 - Virginia Wade, British tennis player
- 1945 - Ron Glass, American actor
- 1945 - Peter Michalica, Slovak violonist
- 1946 - Sue Lyon, American actress
- 1947 - Arlo Guthrie, American musician
- 1949 - Sunil Gavaskar, Indian cricketer
- 1950 - Greg Kihn, American musician
- 1951 - Cheryl Wheeler, American singer and songwriter
- 1952 - Ludmilla Tourischeva, Russian gymnast
- 1952 - Kim Mitchell, Canadian guitarist/singer
- 1952 - Peter van Heemst, Dutch politician
- 1953 - Zoogz Rift, singer/songwriter and wrestling booker
- 1953 - Rik Emmett, Canadian musician (Triumph)
- 1954 - Neil Tennant, British musician (Pet Shop Boys)
- 1954 - Andre Dawson, American baseball player
- 1956 - Tom McClintock, American politician
- 1957 - Cindy Sheehan, American anti-war/political activist
- 1958 - Béla Fleck, American musician
- 1961 - Jacky Cheung, Hong Kong singer and actor
- 1964 - Urban Meyer, American football coach
- 1965 - Alec Mapa, Filipino-American actor and comedian
- 1965 - Ken Mellons, American singer
- 1965 - Princess Alexia of Greece and Denmark
- 1966 - Johnny Grunge, wrestler (d. 2006)
- 1968 - Hassiba Boulmerka, Algerian athlete
- 1969 - Gale Harold, American actor
- 1969 - Alexandra Hedison, American actress
- 1970 - Helen Sjöholm, Swedish singer and actress
- 1970 - Gary LeVox, American singer (Rascal Flatts)
- 1970 - Jason Orange, UK pop singer and dancer (Take That)
- 1970 - John Simm, British actor
- 1972 - Sofia Vergara, Colombian actress
- 1974 - Chiwetel Ejiofor, English actor
- 1975 - Alain Nasreddine, Canadian ice hockey player
- 1975 - Stefán Karl Stefánsson, Icelandic actor
- 1976 - Elijah Blue Allman, American musician (Deadsy)
- 1976 - Adrian Grenier, American actor
- 1976 - Ludovic Giuly, French footballer
- 1976 - Brendon Lade, Australian rules footballer
- 1976 - Edmílson Gomes, Brazilian footballer
- 1978 - Jesse Lacey, American musician (Brand New)
- 1979 - Mvondo Atangana, Cameroon footballer
- 1980 - Thomas Ian Nicholas, American actor
- 1980 - Adam Petty, American race car driver (d. 2000)
- 1980 - Jessica Simpson, American singer
- 1980 - Orlando Jordan, American wrestler
- 1982 - Alex Arrowsmith, American musician
- 1982 - Sebastian Mila, Polish footballer
- 1992 - Brendan McEntee, Korean musician
- 138 - Hadrian, Roman Emperor (b. 76)
- 649 - Li Shimin, Emperor of China (b.599)
- 1099 - El Cid, of Castile (b. 1044)
- 1103 - King Eric I of Denmark
- 1290 - King Ladislaus IV of Hungary (b. 1262)
- 1460 - Humphrey Stafford, English military leader (b. 1402)
- 1480 - King René I of Naples (b. 1410)
- 1559 - King Henry II of France (b. 1519)
- 1584 - William I of Orange (b. 1533)
- 1590 - Archduke Charles II of Austria (b. 1540)
- 1594 - Paolo Bellasio, Italian composer (b. 1554)
- 1621 - Karel Bonaventura Buquoy, French soldier (b. 1571)
- 1653 - Gabriel Naudé, French librarian and scholar (b. 1600)
- 1680 - Louis Moréri, French encyclopedist (b. 1643)
- 1683 - François-Eudes de Mézeray, French historian (b. 1610)
- 1686 - John Fell, English churchman (b. 1625)
- 1776 - Richard Peters, English-born clergyman (b. 1704)
- 1806 - George Stubbs, British painter (b. 1724)
- 1851 - Louis-Jacques Daguerre, French inventor and photographer (b. 1787)
- 1881 - Georg Hermann Nicolai, German architect (b. 1812)
- 1884 - Paul Morphy, American chess player (b. 1837)
- 1908 - Phoebe Knapp, American hymn writer (b. 1839)
- 1920 - Jackie Fisher, British admiral (b. 1841)
- 1941 - Jelly Roll Morton, American musician (b. 1890)
- 1954 - Calogero Vizzini, Sicilian mafioso (b. 1877)
- 1963 - Teddy Wakelam, English sports broadcaster and rugby union player (b. 1893)
- 1970 - Bjarni Benediktsson, Icelandic foreign and later prime minister (b. 1908)
- 1972 - Lovie Austin, American jazz pianist (b. 1887)
- 1978 - John D Rockefeller III, American businessman (b. 1906)
- 1978 - Joe Davis, English snooker player (b. 1901)
- 1979 - Arthur Fiedler, American conductor (b. 1894)
- 1981 - Ken Rex McElroy, American hog rustler (b. 1936)
- 1987 - John H. Hammond, American record producer (b. 1910)
- 1989 - Mel Blanc, American voice actor (b. 1908)
- 2000 - Vakkom Majeed, Indian Freedom fighter, Travancore-Cochin Legislative member (b. 1909)
- 2000 - Justin Pierce, English-American actor and skateboarder (b. 1975)
- 2002 - Jean-Pierre Côté, French Canadian politician and Lieutenant Governor of Quebec (b. 1926)
- 2003 - Winston Graham, English writer (b. 1908)
- 2003 - Hartley Shawcross, British prosecutor at the Nuremberg Trials (b. 1902)
- 2003 - Bishnu Maden, Nepalese politician
- 2005 - A.J. Quinnell, English writer (b. 1940)
- 2005 - Freda Wright-Sorce, American radio performer (b. 1955)
- 2005 - Freddy Soto, American comedian and actor (b. 1970)
- 2006 - Shamil Basayev, Chechen rebel (b. 1965)
- 2007 - Abdul Rashid Ghazi, radical Pakistani cleric (b. 1951)
- 2007 - Doug Marlette, American cartoonist (b. 1949)
Holidays and observances
- Saint Etto, bishop, confessor [Mons]
- Saint Kanute IV, King of Denmark, martyr [Sleswig, Scandinavia]
- Translation of Saint Maclovius, bishop of Saint-Malo, confessor [St. Malo]
- The Seven Brothers (Januarius, Felix, Philip, Silvanus, Alexander, Vitalis, and Martialis), martyrs [common; Halberstadt, Hildesheim]
- Saint Witger of Hamme
- Saint Amalberga, virgin (died 690) [Brandenburg, Flanders]
- Saint Felicitas of Rome, martyr [Halberstadt, Hildesheim, Augsburg]
- Saint Maria Amandina of Schakkebroek and Companions (died 1900)
- Saints Rufina and Secunda, martyrs [common; Albi]
108 Familypedia people were born on July 10
108 Familypedia people died on July 10
60 Familypedia people were first married on July 10