Familypedia
Advertisement


Rev. John Wheelwright was born circa 1593 in Alford, Lincolnshire, England to Robert Wheelwright (1568-1611) and Catherine Mawer (1572-1605) and died 15 November 1679 Salisbury, Essex County, Massachusetts of unspecified causes. He married Maria Storres (1583-1629) 8 November 1621 in Lincolnshire, England.


Timeline

  • 1592 - Birth in Lincolnshire
  • 1615 - earns B.A. degree at Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge
  • 1618 - earns M.A. degree at Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge
  • 1621 - marriage to Mary Storre
  • 1623-1633 - Vicar of church in Bilsby, Lincolnshire
  • 1629 - death of Maria Storres (1583-1629) / marriage to Mary Hutchinson (1606-)
  • 1636 - migration to New England with 2nd wife and five living children
  • 1637 - Antinomian Controversy, banishment from Boston Colony.
  • 1637 - settlement of Exeter NH
  • 1641 - settlement of Wells ME
  • 1647 - return to Exeter NH
  • 1655 - return to Alford, Lincolnshire, England
  • 1662 - return to Salisbury MA
  • 1679 - dies at age 87 - buried in Salisbury MA

Biography

John Wheelwright (c.1592–1679), was a Puritan clergyman in England and America, and was most noted for being banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony during the Antinomian Controversy, and for subsequently establishing the town of Exeter, New Hampshire. Born in Lincolnshire, England, he was raised in a family with substantial means, and received both a B.A. and M.A. at Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge where he was a noted athlete and where Oliver Cromwell was a college mate of his. Ordained in 1619, he became the vicar of the church in Bilsby, Lincolnshire, and held this position for ten years until removed for simony.

Leaving for New England in 1636, he was warmly welcomed in Boston, where his brother-in-law's wife, Anne Hutchinson, was beginning to attract negative attention for her religious outspokenness. Soon he and Hutchinson, as adherents of Reverend John Cotton's "covenant of grace" theology, accused the majority of the colony's ministers and magistrates of espousing a "covenant of works". As the pitch of this controversy reached a peak, both Hutchinson and Wheelwright were banished from the colony. Wheelwright went north with a group of followers, among them was William Wentworth (elder) during the harsh winter of 1637–1638, and in April 1638 established the town of Exeter in the Province of New Hampshire. Wheelwright's stay in Exeter lasted only a few years, because Massachusetts activated an earlier claim on the lands there, forcing the banished Wheelwright to leave. He went further east, to Wells, Maine, where he was living when his order of banishment was retracted, though it was done in a way that still placed guilt upon him. From Wells he returned to Massachusetts to preach at Hampton (then in the Bay Colony, but later in New Hampshire), where in 1654 his parishioners helped him get the complete vindication that he sought from the Massachusetts Court for the events of 17 years earlier.

In 1655 Wheelwright moved back to England with his family, and preached near his home in Lincolnshire. While in England he was entertained by two of his very powerful friends, Oliver Cromwell, who became England's Lord Protector, and Sir Henry Vane, who occupied several key positions in the government. The political tide turned markedly during the more than six years he was there, and following Cromwell's death and Vane's execution, Wheelwright returned to New England to become the minister in Salisbury, Massachusetts, where he spent the remainder of his life. He was characterized as being contentious and unbending, but also forgiving, energetic and courageous. His sincere piety was never called into question, even by those whose opinions differed greatly from his.

Marriage & Family

Wheelwright had 12 children, 10 of whom survived to adulthood. W With his second wife, Mary Hutchinson, Wheelwright had eight more children. The first three were baptized in England, and two survived, leaving him with five children during his immigration to New England. They had five more children born after arriving in New England, all of whom survived and married

1st Marriage: Storre

With his first wife, Mary Storre, Wheelwright had four children, three of whom survived childhood, and came to New England. Children(by first marriage):

  1. John Wheelwright (1622-1679) Jr, - The oldest child of this marriage, John, lived in Wells and was a Colonel in the Maine militia, involved in the Indian wars at home.
  2. Thomas Wheelwright (1624-),
  3. William Wheelwright (1623-1627), and
  4. Susanna Wheelwright Risworth.


2nd Marriage: Hutchinson

With his second wife, Mary Hutchinson, Wheelwright had eight more children. The first three were baptized in England, and two survived, leaving him with five children during his immigration to New England. They had five more children born after arriving in New England, all of whom survived and married. Children(by second marriage):

  1. Catherine Wheelwright (1630-) Nanny Naylor,
  2. Mary Wheelwright (1632-1632),
  3. Elizabeth Wheelwright Parsons (1633-),
  4. Mary Wheelwright Lyde Atkinson,
  5. Samuel Wheelwright (1635-1700)
  6. Rebecca Wheelwright (1640-1678) - md Maverick & Bradbury
  7. Hannah Wheelwright Checkley (1634-),
  8. Sarah Wheelwright Crispe Williams.




Children



Offspring of Rev. John Wheelwright and Maria Storres (1583-1629)
Name Birth Death Joined with
John Wheelwright (1622-1679)
Thomas Wheelwright (1624-)
William Wheelwright (1623-1627)
Susanna Wheelwright



Offspring of Rev. John Wheelwright and Mary Hutchinson (1606-)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Catherine Wheelwright (1630-)
Mary Wheelwright (1632-1632)
Elizabeth Wheelwright (1633-)
Mary Wheelwright
Samuel Wheelwright (1635-1700)
Rebecca Wheelwright (1640-1678)
Hannah Wheelwright (1634-)
Sarah Wheelwright









Siblings

References

Residences

Footnotes (including sources)

MainTour

Advertisement