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{{About|the district|its eponymous headquarters|Jind}}
'''Jind''' ([[Wikipedia:Hindi|Hindi]]: जींद) is one of the [[Districts of Haryana|districts]] of [[Wikipedia:Haryana|Haryana]] state, [[India|India]], and [[Wikipedia:Jind|Jind]] town is the district headquarters.
 
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{{India Districts
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|Name = Jind
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|Local = जींद जिला
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|State = Haryana
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|Division = [[Hisar Division|Hisar]]
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|HQ = Jind
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|Map = HaryanaJind.png
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|Area = 2702
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|Rain = 434
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|Population = 1,189,872
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|Urban =
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|Year = 2001
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|Density = 440
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|Literacy = 52.33%
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|SexRatio =
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|Tehsils = 1. Jind 2. Julana 3. Narwana 4. Safidon
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|Sub- Tehsils = 1. Alewa 2. Uchana 3. Pillu Khera
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|LokSabha = 1. [[Sonipat (Lok Sabha constituency)|Sonipat]] (shared with [[Sonipat district]]), 2, [[Hissar (Lok Sabha constituency)|Hisar]] (shared with [[Hisar district]]), 3. [[Sirsa (Lok Sabha constituency)|Sirsa]] (shared with [[Sirsa district]])
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|Assembly = 5
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|Highways =
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|Website = http://jind.nic.in/
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}}
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'''Jind district''' ({{lang-hi|जींद जिला}}) is one of the 21 [[Districts of Haryana|districts]] of [[Haryana]] state in northern [[India]]. [[Jind]] town is the administrative headquarters of the district. It is part of [[Hisar Division]].
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It was one of the first Sikh Kingdoms. It lies in central Haryana and is the fourth district of the Jat belt (i.e. Sonipat, Rohtak, Hissar, Jind).
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==Origin of name==
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The district derives its name from its headquarters town Jind that is said to be derived from ''Jaintapuri''. It is also said that this town had been founded at the time of the [[Mahabharta]]. According to a legend, the Pandavas built a temple in honour of ''Jainti Devi'' (the goddess of victory), offered prayers for success, and then launched the battle with the Kauravas. The town grew up around the temple and was named Jaintapuri (Abode of Jainti Devi) which later on came to be known as Jind.
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==History==
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Raja Gajpat Singh, a great grandson of Phul, the founder of the Phulkian [[Misl]], established an independent kingdom by seizing a large tract of country which included the territory occupied by the present district of Jind from the Afghan governor Zain Khan in 1763 and made Jind city, the capital of the state in 1776. He made a fort here in 1775. Later, Sangrur was chosen as capital of Jind State by Raja Sangat Singh (reigned 1822 to 1834). After independence, [[Jind State]] was merged with the Indian union and the territory of the present district became part of [[Sangrur district]] of [[Patiala and East Punjab States Union]] on 15 July 1948. At the time of its creation of Haryana state on 1 November 1966, Sangrur district was bifurcated and its Jind and Narwana [[tehsil]]s were merged to form Jind district, one of the seven districts of the newly formed state. Jind tehsil was bifurcated to two tehsils: Jind and Safidon in 1967.
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==Divisions==
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The district comprises three sub-divisions: Jind, Narwana and Safidon. Jind sub-division is further divided into three tehsils: Jind, Julana and Alewa (sub-tehsil). Narwana sub-division is further divided into two tehsils: Narwana and Uchana (sub-tehsil), and Safidon sub-division is also divided into two tehsils: Safidon and Pillu-Khera (sub-tehsil).
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There are five Vidhan Sabha constituencies in this district: Jind, Julana, Safidon, Uchana Kalan and Narwana. Jind, Julana and Safidon are part of [[Sonipat (Lok Sabha constituency)|Sonipat Lok Sabha constituency]]. Narwana and Uchana Kalan are part of [[Sirsa (Lok Sabha constituency)|Sirsa]] and [[Hissar (Lok Sabha constituency)|Hisar]] Lok Sabha constituencies respectively.<ref name="eci1">{{cite web|url=http://eci.nic.in/eci_main/CurrentElections/CONSOLIDATED_ORDER%20_ECI%20.pdf|title=Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order, 2008|publisher=The Election Commission of India|pages=151, 157}}</ref>
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Jind town, the administrative headquarters, has an Arjun stadium, milk plant, cattle feed plant, Bulbul restaurant and a large grain market. There are facilities for stay at PWD rest house, canal rest house and market committee rest house. The town is well provided with schools, colleges, hospitals and other basic amenities. Jind is noted for its numerous temples sacred to the worship of Shiva. Tradition assigns the settlement of the town to the Mahabharat period. Rani Talab is the major tourist attraction and Pandu-Pidara and Ramrai are the main devotional places attracting devotees for Amaavas bath.
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==Demographics==
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According to the [[2011 census of India|2011 census]] Jind district has a [[Demographics of India|population]] of 1,332,042,<ref name=districtcensus>{{cite web | url = http://www.census2011.co.in/district.php | title = District Census 2011 | accessdate = 2011-09-30 | year = 2011 | publisher = Census2011.co.in}}</ref> roughly equal to the nation of [[Mauritius]]<ref name="cia">{{cite web | author = US Directorate of Intelligence | title = Country Comparison:Population | url = https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/rankorder/2119rank.html | accessdate = 2011-10-01 | quote =
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Mauritius
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1,303,717
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July 2011 est.
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}}</ref> or the US state of [[Maine]].<ref>{{cite web|url=http://2010.census.gov/2010census/data/apportionment-pop-text.php|title=2010 Resident Population Data|publisher=U. S. Census Bureau|accessdate=2011-09-30| quote =
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Maine
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1,328,361
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}}</ref> This gives it a ranking of 364th in India (out of a total of [[Districts of India|640]]).<ref name=districtcensus/> The district has a population density of {{convert| 493 |PD/sqkm|PD/sqmi}} .<ref name=districtcensus/> Its [[Family planning in India|population growth rate]] over the decade 2001-2011 was 11.95 %.<ref name=districtcensus/> Jind has a [[sex ratio]] of 870 [[Women in India|females]] for every 1000 males,<ref name=districtcensus/> and a [[Literacy in India|literacy rate]] of 72.7 %.<ref name=districtcensus/>
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==References==
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{{reflist}}
   
 
==External links==
 
==External links==
 
*[http://jind.nic.in/ Jind - official website]
 
*[http://jind.nic.in/ Jind - official website]
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*[http://jindcity.com/ Jind - Telephone Directory]
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*[http://jind.co.in/ Jind - community portal]
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*[http://yellowpages.jind.co.in/ Jind - yellow pages]
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*[http://jind.nic.in/ Jind - tehsils & sub tehsils]
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{{Geographic location
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|Centre = Jind district
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|North = [[Kaithal district]]
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|Northeast = [[Karnal district]]
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|East = [[Panipat district]]
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|Southeast = [[Sonipat district]]
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|South = [[Rohtak district]]
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|Southwest = [[Hisar district]]
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|West = [[Fatehabad district]]
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|Northwest = [[Patiala district]], [[Punjab (India)|Punjab]] <br> [[Sangrur district]], [[Punjab (India)|Punjab]]
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}}
   
 
{{Districts of Haryana}}
 
{{Districts of Haryana}}
[[Category:Districts of Haryana]]
 
{{Haryana-geo-stub}}
 
[[Category:Jind]]
 
   
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{{coord missing|Haryana}}
   
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{{Hindu temples in Haryana}}
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{{DEFAULTSORT:Jind District}}
 
[[Category:Districts of Haryana]]
 
[[Category:Jind district| ]]
   
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{{usedwp}}
<noinclude><small>{{usedwp|Jind district}}</small></noinclude>
 

Latest revision as of 08:27, 6 February 2012

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Jind district
जींद जिला
—  District of Haryana  —
Location of Jind district in Haryana
Country India
State Haryana
Administrative division Hisar
Established
Headquarters Jind
Tehsils 1. Jind 2. Julana 3. Narwana 4. Safidon
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituencies 1. Sonipat (shared with Sonipat district), 2, Hisar (shared with Hisar district), 3. Sirsa (shared with Sirsa district)
 • Assembly seats 5
Area
 • Total 2,702 km2 (1,043 sq mi)
Population (2001)
 • Total 1,189,872
 • Density 440/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy 52.33%
 • Sex ratio
Average annual precipitation 434 mm
Website Official website

Jind district (Hindi: जींद जिला) is one of the 21 districts of Haryana state in northern India. Jind town is the administrative headquarters of the district. It is part of Hisar Division.

It was one of the first Sikh Kingdoms. It lies in central Haryana and is the fourth district of the Jat belt (i.e. Sonipat, Rohtak, Hissar, Jind).

Origin of name[]

The district derives its name from its headquarters town Jind that is said to be derived from Jaintapuri. It is also said that this town had been founded at the time of the Mahabharta. According to a legend, the Pandavas built a temple in honour of Jainti Devi (the goddess of victory), offered prayers for success, and then launched the battle with the Kauravas. The town grew up around the temple and was named Jaintapuri (Abode of Jainti Devi) which later on came to be known as Jind.

History[]

Raja Gajpat Singh, a great grandson of Phul, the founder of the Phulkian Misl, established an independent kingdom by seizing a large tract of country which included the territory occupied by the present district of Jind from the Afghan governor Zain Khan in 1763 and made Jind city, the capital of the state in 1776. He made a fort here in 1775. Later, Sangrur was chosen as capital of Jind State by Raja Sangat Singh (reigned 1822 to 1834). After independence, Jind State was merged with the Indian union and the territory of the present district became part of Sangrur district of Patiala and East Punjab States Union on 15 July 1948. At the time of its creation of Haryana state on 1 November 1966, Sangrur district was bifurcated and its Jind and Narwana tehsils were merged to form Jind district, one of the seven districts of the newly formed state. Jind tehsil was bifurcated to two tehsils: Jind and Safidon in 1967.

Divisions[]

The district comprises three sub-divisions: Jind, Narwana and Safidon. Jind sub-division is further divided into three tehsils: Jind, Julana and Alewa (sub-tehsil). Narwana sub-division is further divided into two tehsils: Narwana and Uchana (sub-tehsil), and Safidon sub-division is also divided into two tehsils: Safidon and Pillu-Khera (sub-tehsil).

There are five Vidhan Sabha constituencies in this district: Jind, Julana, Safidon, Uchana Kalan and Narwana. Jind, Julana and Safidon are part of Sonipat Lok Sabha constituency. Narwana and Uchana Kalan are part of Sirsa and Hisar Lok Sabha constituencies respectively.[1]

Jind town, the administrative headquarters, has an Arjun stadium, milk plant, cattle feed plant, Bulbul restaurant and a large grain market. There are facilities for stay at PWD rest house, canal rest house and market committee rest house. The town is well provided with schools, colleges, hospitals and other basic amenities. Jind is noted for its numerous temples sacred to the worship of Shiva. Tradition assigns the settlement of the town to the Mahabharat period. Rani Talab is the major tourist attraction and Pandu-Pidara and Ramrai are the main devotional places attracting devotees for Amaavas bath.

Demographics[]

According to the 2011 census Jind district has a population of 1,332,042,[2] roughly equal to the nation of Mauritius[3] or the US state of Maine.[4] This gives it a ranking of 364th in India (out of a total of 640).[2] The district has a population density of 493 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,280 /sq mi) .[2] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 11.95 %.[2] Jind has a sex ratio of 870 females for every 1000 males,[2] and a literacy rate of 72.7 %.[2]

References[]

External links[]


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Jind district. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.