Biography

Jehoram or Joram - King of Judah, son of Jehoshaphat, married the daughter of Ahab (1 Kgs. 22:50; 2 Kgs. 8:16–29; 11:2; 12:18; 1 Chr. 3:11; 2 Chr. 21:1–16; 22:1, 6, 11).

Jehoram of Judah (Hebrew: יְהֹורָם, Yəhôrām) or Joram (Hebrew: יוֹרָם, Yôrām; Greek: Ιωραμ, translit. Ioram; Latin: Joram),[1] was a king of Judah, and the son of Jehoshaphat. Jehoram took the throne at the age of 32 and reigned for 8 years. (2 Kings 8:17)

William F. Albright has dated his reign to 849 – 842 BC. Edwin Thiele placed a coregency of Jehoram with his father Jehoshaphat, starting in 853/852 BC, with the beginning of his sole reign occurring in 848/847 and his death in 841/840 BC.[2] As explained in the Rehoboam article, Thiele's chronology for the first kings of Judah contained an internal inconsistency that later scholars corrected by dating these kings one year earlier, so that Jehoram's dates are taken as one year earlier in the present article: coregency beginning in 854/853, sole reign commencing in 849/848, and death in 842/841 BC.

Reign

According to 2 Kings 8:16, Jehoram became king of Judah in the fifth year of Jehoram of Israel, when his father Jehoshaphat was (still) king of Judah, indicating a co-regency. Jehoram took the throne at the age of 32 and reigned for 8 years. To secure his position Jehoram killed his six brothers.[3] (2 Chronicles 21:2-4)

Jehoram formed an alliance with the Kingdom of Israel by marrying Athaliah, the daughter of Ahab. Despite this alliance with the stronger northern kingdom, Jehoram's rule of Judah was shaky. Edom revolted, and when Jehoram marched against this people, his army fled before the Edomites, and he was forced to acknowledge their independence.[4] The town of Libnah revolted during his reign, according to 2 Chronicles 21:10, because he "had abandoned Yahweh, God of his fathers."

During his reign a raid by Philistines, Arabs and Ethiopians looted the king's house, and carried off all of his family except for his youngest son Jehoahaz. (2 Chronicles 21:16-17) During this time the king received a letter of warning from Elijah. After this, Jehoram suffered a painful inflammation of the abdomen, and he died two years later.[4] (2 Chronicles 21:18-19)

Marriage and Family



Children



Offspring of Jehoram and Athaliah bat Ahab
Name Birth Death Joined with
Uzziah of Judah 9999 Land of Canaan 739 Land of Canaan
Jehoahaz of Judah










Siblings

Jehoram of Judah
39th Biblical Patriarch
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Jehoshaphat
8th King of Judah
Coregent: 852 – 847 BC
Sole reign: 847 – 840 BC
Succeeded by
Uzziah

References


Footnotes (including sources)

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