|Jefferson County, Missouri|
Location in the state of Missouri
Missouri's location in the U.S.
664.09 sq mi (1,720 km²)
656.80 sq mi (1,701 km²)
7.29 sq mi (19 km²), 1.10%
333/sq mi (128.52/km²)
Jefferson County is a county located in east central Missouri in the United States. The county was included as the mean center of U.S. population in 1980. It is the sixth most-populous county in Missouri. As of the 2010 U.S. Census, the county's population was 218,733. Its county seat is Hillsboro. The county was organized in 1818 and named in honor of former President Thomas Jefferson. Governor Mel Carnahan was killed near Goldman, Missouri in a plane crash on October 16, 2000.
- 1 Geography
- 2 Demographics
- 3 Cities and towns
- 4 Education
- 5 County Parks and Recreation
- 6 Politics
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
According to the 2000 U.S. Census, the county has a total area of 664.09 square miles (1,720.0 km2), of which 656.80 square miles (1,701.1 km2) (or 98.90%) is land and 7.29 square miles (18.9 km2) (or 1.10%) is water. Much of Jefferson County will be in the totality path of the solar eclipse of August 21, 2017.
- St. Louis County (north)
- Monroe County, Illinois, across the Mississippi River (east)
- Ste. Genevieve County (southeast)
- St. Francois County (south)
- Washington County (southwest)
- Franklin County (west)
National Protected Area
- Middle Mississippi River National Wildlife Refuge (part)
As of the census of 2000, there were 198,099 people, 71,499 households, and 54,553 families residing in the county. The population density was 302 people per square mile (116/km²). There were 75,586 housing units at an average density of 115 per square mile (44/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.48% White, 0.08% Black or African American, 0.29% Native American, 0.36% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.24% from other races, and 0.93% from two or more races. Approximately 1.01% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 71,499 households out of which 38.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.00% were married couples living together, 10.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.70% were non-families. 18.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.12.
In the county the population was spread out with 27.90% under the age of 18, 8.50% from 18 to 24, 31.80% from 25 to 44, 22.50% from 45 to 64, and 9.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 98.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.90 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $60,636, and the median income for a family was $66,697. Males had a median income of $37,822 versus $25,440 for females. The per capita income for the county was $25,058. About 4.90% of families and 6.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.10% of those under age 18 and 6.30% of those age 65 or over.
Cities and towns
- † incorporated
- Crystal City School District 47 - Crystal City
- Crystal City Elementary School (K-08)
- Crystal City High School (09-12)
- De Soto School District 73 - De Soto
- Early Childhood Center (PK)
- Athena Elementary School (K-06)
- Vineland Elementary School (K-06)
- De Soto Jr. High School (07-08)
- De Soto High School (09-12)
- Dunklin R-V School District - Herculaneum
- Pevely Elementary School (K-04) - Pevely
- Senn-Thomas Middle School (05-08) - Herculaneum
- Herculaneum High School (09-12)
- Festus R-VI School District - Festus
- Festus Elementary School (K-03)
- Festus Intermediate School (04-06)
- Festus Middle School (07-08)
- Festus High School (09-12)
- Fox C-6 School District - Arnold
- Antonia Elementary School (K-06) - Imperial
- Clyde Hamrick Elementary School (K-06) - Imperial
- Don Earl Early Childhood Center (PK) - Arnold
- Fox Elementary School (K-06) - Arnold
- George Guffey Elementary School (K-06) - Fenton
- Lone Dell Elementary School (K-06) - Arnold
- Meramec Heights Elementary School (K-06) - Arnold
- Raymond & Nancy Hodge Elementary School (K-06) - Imperial
- Richard Simpson Elementary School (K-06) - Arnold
- Rockport Heights Elementary School (K-06) - Arnold
- Seckman Elementary School (K-06) - Imperial
- Sherwood Elementary School (K-06) - Arnold
- Antonia Middle School (06-08) - Barnhardt
- Fox Middle School (07-08) - Arnold
- Ridgewood Middle School (07-08) - Arnold
- Seckman Middle School (07-08) - Imperial
- Fox High School (09-12) - Arnold
- Seckman High School (09-12) - Imperial
- Grandview R-II School District - Hillsboro
- Grandview Elementary School (K-05) - Hillsboro
- Grandview Middle School (06-08) - Hillsboro
- Grandview High School (09-12) - Hillsboro
- Hillsboro R-III School District - Hillsboro
- Hillsboro Primary School (K-02)
- Hillsboro Elementary School (03-04)
- Hillsboro Middle School (05-06)
- Hillsboro Jr. High School (07-08)
- Hillsboro High School (09-12)
- Jefferson County R-VII School District - Festus
- Plattin Primary School (PK-02) - Festus
- Telegraph Intermediate School (03-05) - Festus
- Danby-Rush Tower Middle School (06-08) - Festus
- Jefferson High School- Festus
- Northwest R-I School District - High Ridge
- Brennan Woods Elementary School (K-05) - High Ridge
- Cedar Springs Elementary School (K-05) - House Springs
- High Ridge Elementary School (K-05) - High Ridge
- House Springs Elementary School (K-05) - House Springs
- Maple Grove Elementary School (K-05) - Dittmer
- Murphy Elementary School (K-05) - High Ridge
- Woodridge Middle School (06-08) - High Ridge
- Valley Middle School (06-08) - House Springs
- Northwest High School (09-12) - Cedar Hill
- Sunrise R-IX School District - De Soto
- Sunrise Elementary School (K-08) - De Soto
- Windsor C-1 School District - Imperial
- James E. Freer Elementary School (K-03) - Barnhart
- Windsor Elementary School (K-02) - Imperial
- Windsor Intermediate School (03-05) - Imperial
- Windsor Middle School (06-08) - Imperial
- Windsor High School (09-12) - Imperial
- Christian Outreach School (K-12) - Hillsboro - Nondenominational Christian
- People's Christian Academy (K-12) - Arnold - Assembly of God/Pentecostal
- St. Pius X High School (09-12) - Festus - Roman Catholic
- Twin City Christian Academy (PK-12) - Festus - Baptist
- Good Shepherd Catholic School - (K-08) - Hillsboro - Roman Catholic
- Holy Child Elementary & Middle School - Arnold - (K-08) - Nondenominational Christianity
- Manna Christian Academy - De Soto - (K-12) - Southern Baptist
- Our Lady's Catholic School - Festus - (K-08) - Roman Catholic
- Our Lady Queen of Peace School - House Springs - (K-08) - Roman Catholic
- Sacred Heart Catholic School - Festus - (K-08) - Roman Catholic
- St. Anthony's Catholic School - High Ridge - (K-08) - Roman Catholic
- St. Joseph's Catholic School - Kimmswick - (K-08) - Roman Catholic
- St. Johns Lutheran School - Arnold - (PK-08) - Lutheran
- St. Johns School - Imperial - (K-08) - Nondenominational Christianity
- St. Rose of Lima Catholic School - De Soto - (K-08) - Roman Catholic
ITT Technical Institute - Arnold
Jefferson College - Hillsboro A public, two-year community college.
County Parks and Recreation
The Democratic Party predominantly controls politics at the local level in Jefferson County. Democrats hold all but two of the elected positions in the county.
|Jefferson County, Missouri|
|Elected countywide officials|
|Circuit Clerk||Howard Wagner||Democratic|
|County Clerk||Wes Wagner||Democratic|
|Prosecuting Attorney||Forrest Wegge||Democratic|
|Public Administrator||Bruce King||Democratic|
|Sheriff||Oliver Glenn Boyer||Democratic|
|2008||34.42% 35,947||63.87% 66,697||1.71% 1,781|
|2004||49.23% 45,891||49.25% 45,909||1.52% 1,424|
|2000||47.05% 36,060||49.33% 37,808||3.62% 2,775|
|1996||43.90% 28,986||52.96% 34,970||3.14% 2,077|
Jefferson County is divided into seven legislative districts in the Missouri House of Representatives; four of which are held by Democrats and three of which are held by Republicans. Prior to the 2010 midterm elections, all seven seats were held by Democrats.
- District 90 John McCaherty (R-High Ridge). Consists of all of the communities of High Ridge, Murphy, and Glendale.
|Missouri House of Representatives - District 90 - Jefferson County (2010)|
|Republican||John C. McCaherty||4,980||49.09|
|Independent||Charles Smith, Jr.||438||4.32|
- District 101 Timothy G. Meadows (D-Imperial). Consists of all of the cities of Arnold, Imperial, and Kimmswick.
|Missouri House of Representatives - District 101 - Jefferson County (2010)|
|Democratic||Timothy G. Meadows||5,968||56.33|
- District 102 Paul Wieland (R-Imperial). Consists of all of the city of Barnhart.
|Missouri House of Representatives - District 102 - Jefferson County (2010)|
- District 103 Ron Casey (D-Crystal City). Consists of all of the cities of Crystal City, Festus, Herculaneum, Horine, and Pevely.
|Missouri House of Representatives - District 103 - Jefferson County (2010)|
- District 104 Joseph Fallert, Jr. (D-Ste. Genevieve). Consists of the cities of De Soto and Olympian Village.
|Missouri House of Representatives - District 104 - Jefferson County (2010)|
|Democratic||Joseph Fallert, Jr.||4,164||100.00|
- District 105 Paul Curtman (R-Pacific). Consists of the communities of Byrnes Mill, Cedar Hill, and Cedar Hill Lakes.
|Missouri House of Representatives - District 105 - Jefferson County (2010)|
- District 110 Ben Harris (D-Hillsboro). Consists of the city of Hillsboro.
|Missouri House of Representatives - District 110 - Jefferson County (2010)|
Jefferson County is also divided into two districts in the Missouri Senate.
- District 3 – Kevin Engler (R-Farmington) Consists of Olympian Village in Jefferson County.
|Missouri Senate - District 3 - Jefferson County (2008)|
- District 22 – Ryan McKenna (D-Crystal City) Consists of most of the entire county.
|Missouri Senate - District 22 - Jefferson County (2010)|
All of Jefferson County is included in Missouri's 3rd Congressional District and is currently represented by Russ Carnahan (D-St. Louis) in the U.S. House of Representatives. Following redistricting, Jefferson County was carved up into multiple districts and will be represented by three U.S. Representatives in 2012.
|U.S. House of Representatives - District 3 - Jefferson County (2010)|
|Libertarian||Steven R. Hedrick||2,460||3.72|
|Constitution||Nicholas J. Ivanovich||1,725||2.61|
|2008||47.91% 50,804||50.42% 53,467||1.67% 1,779|
|2004||49.99% 46,624||49.38% 46,057||0.63% 583|
|2000||47.62% 36,766||50.02% 38,616||2.36% 1,822|
|1996||36.12% 23,877||48.52% 32,073||15.36% 10,152|
A predominantly suburban county, Jefferson County is fairly independent-leaning at the federal level but does have a tendency to tilt Democratic. Presidential elections in Jefferson County are almost always extremely close; George W. Bush just narrowly carried the county in 2004 by less than 600 votes and by just over a half of a percentage point. Al Gore and Barack Obama also just narrowly carried the county in 2000 and 2008, respectively. Bill Clinton, however, did manage to carry Jefferson County by double digits both times in 1992 and 1996.
Typical of the suburban culture in most counties throughout the country, voters in Jefferson County tend to be rather centrist on social issues but more liberal on economic issues. In 2004, Missourians voted on a constitutional amendment to define marriage as the union between a man and a woman—it overwhelmingly passed Jefferson County with 72.56 percent of the vote. The initiative passed the state with 71 percent of support from voters as Missouri became the first state to ban same-sex marriage. In 2006, Missourians voted on a constitutional amendment to fund and legalize embryonic stem cell research in the state—it narrowly passed Jefferson County with 51.85 percent voting for the measure. The initiative narrowly passed the state with 51 percent of support from voters as Missouri became one of the first states in the nation to approve embryonic stem cell research. In 2006, Missourians voted on a proposition (Proposition B) to increase the minimum wage in the state to $6.50 an hour—it passed Jefferson County with 79.90 percent of the vote. The proposition strongly passed every single county in Missouri with 78.99 percent voting in favor as the minimum wage was increased to $6.50 an hour in the state. During the same election, voters in five other states also strongly approved increases in the minimum wage.
2008 Missouri Presidential Primary
U.S. Senator John McCain (R-Arizona) won Jefferson County with 33.54 percent of the vote. Former Governor Mitt Romney (R-Massachusetts finished in a not-so-distant second place with 30.45 percent of the vote while former Governor Mike Huckabee (R-Arkansas) came in third place with 30.19 percent in Jefferson County. Libertarian-leaning U.S. Representative Ron Paul (R-Texas) finished a distant fourth place with 3.94 percent of the vote in Jefferson County.
Huckabee slightly led Missouri throughout much of the evening until the precincts began reporting from St. Louis where McCain won and put him over the top of Huckabee. In the end, McCain received 32.95 percent of the vote to Huckabee’s 31.53 percent—a 1.42 percent difference. McCain received all of Missouri’s 58 delegates as the Republican Party utilizes the winner-take-all system.
Former U.S. Senator and now Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton (D-New York) won Jefferson County over now President Barack Obama (D-Illinois) by an almost two-to-one margin with 61.32 percent of the vote while Obama received 35.02 percent of the vote. Although he withdrew from the race, former U.S. Senator John Edwards (D-North Carolina) still received 2.74 percent of the vote in Jefferson County. Jefferson County gave Clinton one of her strongest showings in a predominantly suburban county in the entire country.
Clinton had a large initial lead in Missouri at the beginning of the evening as the rural precincts began to report, leading several news organizations to call the state for her; however, Obama rallied from behind as the heavily African American precincts from St. Louis began to report and eventually put him over the top. In the end, Obama received 49.32 percent of the vote to Clinton’s 47.90 percent—a 1.42 percent difference. Both candidates split Missouri’s 72 delegates as the Democratic Party utilizes proportional representation.
- Hillary Rodham Clinton received more votes, a total of 19,075, than any candidate from either party in Jefferson County during the 2008 Missouri Presidential Primaries. She also received more votes than the total number of votes cast in the entire Republican Primary in Jefferson County.
- List of counties in Missouri
- Missouri census statistical areas
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Jefferson County, Missouri
- ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. http://www.census.gov/tiger/tms/gazetteer/county2k.txt. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
- ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- ^ Registered Voters in Missouri 2008
- ^ http://www.sos.mo.gov/elections/countyclerks.asp# Retrieved on Feb. 7, 2012
- Jefferson County MO Historical Society
- Jefferson County Online
- Jefferson County Sheriff's Department
- Jefferson County portion of Goodspeed's History (1888)
- Digitized 1930 Plat Book of Jefferson County from University of Missouri Division of Special Collections, Archives, and Rare Books
|St. Louis County|
|Franklin County||Monroe County, Illinois|
Jefferson County, Missouri
|Washington County||St. Francois County||Ste. Genevieve County|
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