|Jefferson County, Kansas|
Jefferson County Courthouse in Oskaloosa
Location in the state of Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
|Founded||August 25, 1855|
556.94 sq mi (1,442 km²)
536.11 sq mi (1,389 km²)
20.83 sq mi (54 km²), 3.74%
35.2/sq mi (13.6/km²)
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Jefferson County (county code JF) is a county located in Northeast Kansas, in the Central United States. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 19,126. Its county seat is Oskaloosa, and its most populous city is Valley Falls. The county along with Shawnee, Jackson, Osage, and Wabaunsee counties is included in the Topeka, Kansas, Metropolitan Statistical Area.
History[edit | edit source]
Settlement of the county was slowed by events prior to and during the Civil War, but the present day unincorporated community of Thompsonville (3 miles northwest of Perry on the Delaware River) was the first established in 1851 by Mormon settlers who initially refused to accompany the main group led by Brigham Young to the Salt Lake Valley. The settlement was first abandoned due to the violence resulting from the border wars, but was re-established when the Civil War ended.
Law and government[edit | edit source]
Jefferson County was a prohibition, or "dry", county until the Kansas Constitution was amended in 1986 and voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30% food sales requirement.
Geography[edit | edit source]
According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 556.94 square miles (1,442.5 km2), of which 536.11 square miles (1,388.5 km2) (or 96.26%) is land and 20.83 square miles (53.9 km2) (or 3.74%) is water.
Adjacent counties[edit | edit source]
- Atchison County (north)
- Leavenworth County (east)
- Douglas County (south)
- Shawnee County (southwest)
- Jackson County (northwest)
Demographics[edit | edit source]
As of the U.S. Census in 2000, there were 18,426 people, 6,830 households, and 5,190 families residing in the county. The population density was 34 people per square mile (13/km²). There were 7,491 housing units at an average density of 14 per square mile (5/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.70% White, 0.92% Native American, 0.37% Black or African American, 0.17% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.42% from other races, and 1.41% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.28% of the population.
There were 6,830 households out of which 35.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.20% were married couples living together, 7.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.00% were non-families. 20.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.07.
In the county the population was spread out with 27.40% under the age of 18, 7.00% from 18 to 24, 28.00% from 25 to 44, 24.90% from 45 to 64, and 12.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 102.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.90 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $45,535, and the median income for a family was $50,557. Males had a median income of $36,174 versus $25,468 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,373. About 5.30% of families and 6.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.90% of those under age 18 and 7.70% of those age 65 or over.
Cities and towns[edit | edit source]
Incorporated cities[edit | edit source]
Name and population (2006 estimate):
- Valley Falls, 1,190
- Oskaloosa, 1,127 (county seat)
- Perry, 884
- McLouth, 832
- Meriden, 713
- Nortonville, 590
- Winchester, 570
- Ozawkie, 567
Unincorporated communities[edit | edit source]
Townships[edit | edit source]
Jefferson County is divided into twelve townships. None of the cities within the county are considered governmentally independent, and all figures for the townships include those of the cities. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.
/km² (/sq mi)
km² (sq mi)
km² (sq mi)
|Water %||Geographic coordinates|
|Delaware||17425||Valley Falls||2,034||9 (23)||229 (88)||0 (0)||0.11%|
|Fairview||22525||Rural Ozawkie||1,510||22 (56)||70 (27)||20 (8)||22.20%|
|Jefferson||35250||Winchester||1,240||8 (21)||151 (58)||0 (0)||0.24%|
|Kaw||36125||Grantville||1,409||16 (43)||86 (33)||2 (1)||1.78%|
|Kentucky||36575||Perry||1,576||17 (44)||93 (36)||14 (5)||13.18%|
|Norton||51475||Nortonville||955||9 (25)||101 (39)||0 (0)||0.30%|
|Oskaloosa||53400||Oskaloosa||2,142||14 (37)||149 (58)||0 (0)||0.17%|
|Ozawkie||53950||Ozawkie||1,408||15 (38)||97 (37)||14 (5)||12.74%|
|Rock Creek||60575||Meriden||2,718||19 (50)||140 (54)||1 (1)||0.92%|
|Rural||61700||Williamstown||804||10 (25)||82 (32)||1 (0)||1.14%|
|Sarcoxie||63100||Rural Lawrence||958||12 (31)||80 (31)||0 (0)||0.45%|
|Union||72150||McLouth||1,672||15 (39)||111 (43)||0 (0)||0.30%|
|Sources: "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/places2k.html.|
Education[edit | edit source]
Unified school districts[edit | edit source]
- Valley Falls USD 338
- Jefferson County North USD 339
- Jefferson West USD 340
- Oskaloosa USD 341
- McLouth USD 342
- Perry-Lecompton USD 343
See also[edit | edit source]
Information on this and other counties in Kansas
- List of counties in Kansas
- List of Kansas county name etymologies
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Kansas
- Kansas locations by per capita income
Other information for Kansas
- List of cities in Kansas
- List of unified school districts in Kansas
- List of colleges and universities in Kansas
References[edit | edit source]
- ^ "2010 County Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=DEC_10_PL_GCTPL2.ST05&prodType=table. Retrieved March 31, 2011.
- ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2006. http://www.ksrevenue.org/abcwetdrymap.htm. Retrieved 2007-12-28.
- ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. http://www.census.gov/tiger/tms/gazetteer/county2k.txt. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
- ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
Further reading[edit | edit source]
- History of the State of Kansas; William G. Cutler; A.T. Andreas Publisher; 1883. (Online HTML eBook)
- Kansas : A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc; 3 Volumes; Frank W. Blackmar; Standard Publishing Co; 944 / 955 / 824 pages; 1912. (Volume1 - Download 54MB PDF eBook),(Volume2 - Download 53MB PDF eBook), (Volume3 - Download 33MB PDF eBook)
[edit | edit source]
- Official sites
- Additional information
- Jefferson County Map, KDOT
- Kansas Highway Map, KDOT
- Kansas Railroad Map, KDOT
- Kansas School District Boundary Map, KSDE
|Jackson County||Atchison County|
Jefferson County, Kansas
|Shawnee County||Douglas County|
|This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Jefferson County, Kansas. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.|