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Jefferson County, Florida
Seal of Jefferson County, Florida
Map of Florida highlighting Jefferson County
Location in the state of Florida
Map of the U.S. highlighting Florida
Florida's location in the U.S.
Founded 20 January 1827
Seat Monticello
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

637 sq mi (1,650 km²)

39 sq mi (101 km²), 6.11%
 - (2000)
 - Density

21/sq mi (8/km²)

Jefferson County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida. As of 2000, the population is 12,902. The U.S. Census Bureau 2005 estimate for the county is 14,490 [1]. Its county seat is Monticello6.

History[edit | edit source]

Jefferson County was created in 1827. It was named for Thomas Jefferson, third President of the United States of America, who served from 1801 to 1809.

Forts of Jefferson County[edit | edit source]

  • Fort Roger Jones (1839), Aucilla (Ocilla Ferry), north of US 90.
  • Fort Noel (1839 - 1842), south of Lamont on the Aucilla River, six miles northwest of Fort Pleasant in Taylor County. Also known as Fort Number Three (M).
  • Camp Carter (1838), near Waukeenah.
  • Fort Welaunee (1838), a settlers' fort on the Welaunee Plantation near Wacissa. Fort Gamble (1839 - 1843) was later established here.
  • Fort Aucilla (1843), two miles south-east of Fort Gamble, southwest of Lamont, between the Aucilla and Wacissa Rivers. Also spelled Ocilla.
  • Fort Wacissa (1838), a settlers' fort located south of Wacissa on the Wacissa River, west of Cabbage Grove.

Geography[edit | edit source]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,649 km² (637 sq mi). 1,548 km² (598 sq mi) of it is land and 101 km² (39 sq mi) of it (6.11%) is water.

Jefferson County is part of the Tallahassee Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Jefferson County is the only county in Florida which borders both the state of Georgia and the Gulf of Mexico

Adjacent Counties[edit | edit source]

Waterbodies[edit | edit source]

Demographics[edit | edit source]

As of the census2 of 2000, there were 12,902 people, 4,695 households, and 3,305 families residing in the county. The population density was 8/km² (22/sq mi). There were 5,251 housing units at an average density of 3/km² (9/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 59.27% White, 38.34% Black or African American, 0.39% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.57% from other races, and 1.09% from two or more races. 2.25% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 4,695 households out of which 29.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.00% were married couples living together, 15.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.60% were non-families. 25.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the county the population was spread out with 22.70% under the age of 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 28.90% from 25 to 44, 25.70% from 45 to 64, and 14.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 104.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,998, and the median income for a family was $40,407. Males had a median income of $26,271 versus $25,748 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,006. About 13.30% of families and 17.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.70% of those under age 18 and 17.00% of those age 65 or over.

Politics[edit | edit source]

Jefferson County is one of only a handful of counties in the Florida Panhandle that politically favors the Democratic Party.

Municipalities[edit | edit source]

Incorporated[edit | edit source]

Unincorporated[edit | edit source]

External links[edit | edit source]

Government links[edit | edit source]

Constitutional Offices[edit | edit source]

Jefferson County Schools[edit | edit source]

Judicial Branch[edit | edit source]

Special Districts[edit | edit source]

Coordinates: 30°25′N 83°54′W / 30.42, -83.90

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