is the 31st day of the year in the January 31 Gregorian calendar. There are 334 days remaining until the end of the year (335 in leap years).
1504 - France cedes Naples to Aragon.
1606 - Gunpowder Plot: Guy Fawkes is executed for his plotting against Parliament and James I of England.
1747 - The first venereal diseases clinic opens at London Lock Hospital.
1814 - Gervasio Antonio de Posadas becomes Supreme Director of Argentina.
1846 - After the Milwaukee Bridge War, Juneautown and Kilbourntown unified as the City of Milwaukee.
1849 - Corn Laws abolished in the United Kingdom (following legislation in 1846).
1865 - American Civil War: Confederate General Robert E. Lee becomes general-in-chief.
1867 - Maronite nationalist leader Youssef Karam leaves Lebanon on board of a French ship for Algeria
1876 - The United States orders all Native Americans to move into reservations.
1900 - Datu Muhammad Salleh is shot dead in Kampung Teboh, Tambuan, ending the Mat Salleh Rebellion
1910 - The Portuguese republican revolution broke out in the northern city of Porto.
1915 - World War I: Germany uses poison gas against Russians.
1917 - World War I: Germany announces its U-boats will engage in unrestricted submarine warfare.
1918 - A series of accidental collisions on a misty Scottish night leads to the loss of two Royal Navy submarines with over a hundred lives, and damage to another five British warships.
1919 - 1919 Battle of George Square
David Kirkwood being detained by police during the 1919 Battle of George Square 1929 - The Soviet Union exiles Leon Trotsky.
1930 - 3M begins marketing Scotch Tape.
1936 - The Green Hornet radio show debuts.
1941 - Layforce set sail.
1944 - World War II: American forces land on Kwajalein Atoll and other islands in the Japanese-held Marshall Islands.
1944 - World War II: Anzio campaign. (Darby's Rangers) 1st Ranger Battalion The entire 6615th Ranger Force (Provisional) was destroyed behind enemy lines in a heavily outnumbered encounter at Cisterna, Italy.
1945 - US Army private Eddie Slovik is executed, the first American soldier since the Civil War to be executed for desertion.
1946 - Yugoslavia's new constitution, modeling the Soviet Union, establishes six constituent republics ( Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Slovenia).
1950 - President Harry S. Truman announces a program to develop the hydrogen bomb.
1953 - The North Sea flood of 1953 causes over 1,800 deaths in the Netherlands.
1956 - Guy Mollet becomes Prime Minister of France.
1957 - Three students on a junior high school playground in Pacoima are among the eight persons killed following the mid-air collision between a Douglas DC-7 airliner and a Northrop F-89 Scorpion fighter jet above the San Fernando Valley section of Los Angeles.
1958 - Explorer program: - The first successful launch of an Explorer I American satellite into orbit.
1958 - James Van Allen discovers the Van Allen radiation belt.
1961 - Project Mercury: Mercury-Redstone 2 - Ham the Chimp travels into outer space.
1965 - Dr Umar Alisha was Born at Pithapuram.
1968 - Viet Cong attack the United States embassy in Saigon.
1968 - Nauru declares independence from Australia.
1969 - A Saskatchewan Court convicts 17-year-old hippie David Milgaard of murder; he is sentenced to life in prison. He spent 23 years in jail until April 14, 1992 when DNA evidence proves him innocent of all charges.
1971 - Apollo program: Apollo 14 Mission - Astronauts Alan Shepard, Stuart Roosa, and Edgar Mitchell, aboard a Saturn V, lift off for a mission to the Fra Mauro Highlands on the Moon.
1971 - The Winter Soldier Investigation, organized by the Vietnam Veterans Against the War to publicize war crimes and atrocities by Americans and allies in Vietnam, begin in Detroit, Michigan.
1980 - Thirty-nine people burn to death in the occupation of the Spanish Embassy in Guatemala.
1990 - The first McDonald's in the Soviet Union opens in Moscow, USSR.
1995 - President Bill Clinton authorizes a $20 billion loan to Mexico to stabilize its economy.
1996 - An explosives-filled truck rams into the gates of the Central Bank of Sri Lanka in Colombo, Sri Lanka killing at least 86 and injuring 1,400.
2000 - An Alaska Airlines MD-83, experiencing horizontal stabilizer problems, crashes in the Pacific Ocean off the coast of Point Mugu, killing all 88 persons aboard.
2001 - In the Netherlands a Scottish court convicts a Libyan and acquits another for their part in the bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 which crashed into Lockerbie in 1988.
2002 - A large section of the Antarctic Larsen Ice Shelf begins disintegrating, eventually consuming about 3,250 km² (1,254 miles²) over a 35-day period.
2003 - Waterfall train disaster, NSW, Australia.
2006 - Samuel A. Alito Jr. assumes office as the 110th Supreme Court justice of the United States.
2007 - Suspects are arrested in Birmingham in the UK, accused of plotting the kidnap, holding and eventual beheading of a serving Muslim British soldier in Iraq.
1512 - King Henry of Portugal (d. 1580)
1543 - Tokugawa Ieyasu, Shogun of Japan (d. 1616)
1550 - Henry I, French Catholic leader (d. 1588)
1597 - John Francis Regis, French saint (d. 1640)
1624 - Arnold Geulincx, Flemish philosopher (d. 1669)
1673 - Louis de Montfort, French catholic priest and saint (d. 1716)
1686 - Hans Egede, Norwegian Lutheran missionary (d. 1758)
1752 - Gouverneur Morris, American lawmaker and diplomat (d. 1816)
1759 - François Devienne, French composer (d. 1803)
1797 - Franz Schubert, Austrian composer (d. 1828)
1865 - Henri Desgrange, Founder of the Tour-de-France (d. 1940)
1865 - Shastriji Maharaj, Indian spiritual leader (d. 1951)
1866 - Lev Shestov, Russian philosopher (d. 1938)
1868 - Theodore William Richards, American chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1928)
1872 - Zane Grey, American Western writer (d. 1939)
1881 - Irving Langmuir, American chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1957)
1884 - Theodor Heuss, 1st President of Germany (Bundespräsident) (d. 1963)
1889 - Frank Foster, English cricketer (d. 1958)
1892 - Eddie Cantor, American actor and singer (d. 1964)
1894 - Isham Jones, American musician (d. 1956)
1896 - Sofya Yanovskaya, Russian mathematician (d. 1966)
1902 - Tallulah Bankhead, American actress (d. 1968)
1902 - Alva Myrdal, Swedish politician, Nobel laureate (d. 1986)
1905 - John O'Hara, American writer (d. 1970)
1911 - Eddie Byrne, British actor (d. 1981)
1913 - Don Hutson, American football player (d. 1997)
1914 - Carey Loftin, American actor and stuntman (d. 1997)
1914 - Sri Daya Mata, Hindu religious figure
1914 - Jersey Joe Walcott, American boxer (d. 1994)
1915 - Alan Lomax, American musicologist (d. 2002)
1915 - Thomas Merton, American author and monk (d. 1968)
1915 - Garry Moore, American comedian (d. 1993)
1919 - Jackie Robinson, American baseball player (d. 1972)
1921 - John Agar, American actor (d. 2002)
1921 - Carol Channing, American actress and singer
1921 - E. Fay Jones, American architect (d. 2004)
1921 - Mario Lanza, American singer (d. 1959)
1922 - Joanne Dru, American actress (d. 1996)
1923 - Norman Mailer, American writer and journalist (d. 2007)
1925 - Benjamin Hooks, American civil rights leader
1926 - Tom Alston, American baseball player (d. 1993)
1928 - Chuck Willis, American singer and songwriter (d. 1958)
1929 - Rudolf Mössbauer, German physicist, Nobel laureate
1929 - Jean Simmons, English actress
1930 - Lynn Carlin, American actress
1931 - Ernie Banks, American baseball player
1931 - Christopher Chataway, English athlete, newscaster and politician
1933 - Camille Henry, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1997)
1934 - James Franciscus, American actor (d. 1991)
1934 - Bob Turner, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2005)
1935 - Kenzaburo Oe, Japanese writer, Nobel laureate
1937 - Regimantas Adomaitis, Lithuanian actor
1937 - Andrée Boucher, Canadian politician (d. 2007)
1937 - Philip Glass, American composer
1937 - Suzanne Pleshette, American actress
1938 - Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands
1938 - James G. Watt, American politician
1939 - Claude Gauthier, Canadian singer and songwriter
1940 - Kitch Christie, South African rugby union coach (d. 1998)
1941 - Richard A. Gephardt, American politician
1941 - Jessica Walter, American actress
1942 - Daniela Bianchi, Italian actress
1942 - Derek Jarman, British director and writer (d. 1994)
1944 - Charlie Musselwhite, American musician
1945 - Joseph Kosuth, American conceptual artist
1946 - Terry Kath, American musician ( Chicago) (d. 1978)
1947 - Jonathan Banks, American actor
1947 - Nolan Ryan, American baseball player
1948 - Muneo Suzuki, Japanese politician
1949 - Johan Derksen, Dutch footballer and sports journalist
1949 - Ken Wilber, American philosopher
1950 - Alexander Korzhakov, Boris Yeltsin's bodyguard
1951 - Dave Benton, Aruban-born singer
1951 - Harry Wayne Casey, American singer and musician ( KC and the Sunshine Band)
1951 - Phil Manzanera, English guitarist ( Roxy Music, Quiet Sun, 801)
1952 - Nadya Rusheva, Russian painter (d. 1969)
1954 - Adrian Vandenberg, Dutch musician ( Whitesnake)
1956 - John Lydon aka Johnny Rotten, English singer ( Sex Pistols, Public Image Ltd.)
1959 - Anthony LaPaglia, Australian actor
1959 - Kelly Lynch, American actress
1959 - Kelly Moore, American stock car driver
1960 - Grant Morrison, British comic book author
1961 - Lloyd Cole, British singer
1963 - Brian Adams, Crush from the WWE (d 2007 )
1964 - Sylvie Bernier, Canadian diver
1964 - Jeff Hanneman, American musician ( Slayer)
1964 - Billey Shamrock, Swedish singer
1966 - Dr Umar Alisha, A Sufi Master was Born at Pithapuram.
1967 - Fat Mike, American musician
1967 - Irene Wan, Hong Kong actress
1967 - Joey Wong, Taiwanese actress
1970 - Minnie Driver, British actress
1971 - Lee Young Ae, South Korean actress
1971 - Patrick Kielty, Northern Irish comedian
1971 - Dimitris Markos, Greek footballer
1973 - Portia de Rossi, Australian actress
1974 - Wil Anderson, Australian comedian
1974 - Ariel Pestano, Cuban baseball player
1975 - Jackie O, Australian radio host
1975 - Preity Zinta, Indian actress
1976 - Traianos Dellas, Greek footballer
1976 - Buddy Rice, American race car driver
1977 - Mark Dutiaume, Canadian ice hockey player
1977 - Shingo Katori, Japanese actor and singer ( SMAP)
1977 - Jim Kleinsasser, American football player
1977 - Kerry Washington, American actress
1978 - Ray Shah, Irish DJ, TV, radio presenter
1978 - Brad Rutter, champion
Jeopardy! 1979 - Daniel Tammet, British autistic savant
1980 - Tiffany Limos, American actress
1981 - Julio Arca, Argentinian footballer
1981 - Justin Timberlake, American singer
1982 - Yuniesky Betancourt, Cuban baseball player
1982 - Andreas Görlitz, German footballer
1982 - Bruno Nogueira, Portuguese actor, comedian and TV host
1982 - Helena Paparizou, Greek singer
1982 - Jānis Sprukts, Latvian ice hockey player
1982 - Brad Thompson, American baseball player
1983 - James Sutton, British television actor
1984 - Jeremy Wariner, American 400m runner
743 - Muhammad al-Baqir, Shia Imam (b. 676)
1398 - Emperor Sukō (b. 1334)
1435 - Xuande, Emperor of China (b. 1398)
1561 - Bairam Khan, Great Mughal General, regent for Akbar
1561 - Menno Simons, Dutch Mennonite leader (b. 1496)
1580 - Henry of Portugal (b. 1512)
1606 - Gunpowder Plot conspirators:
1615 - Claudio Aquaviva, Italian Jesuit (b. 1543)
1632 - Joost Bürgi, Swiss clockmaker and mathematician (b. 1552)
1665 - Johannes Clauberg, German theologian and philosopher (b. 1622)
1686 - Jean Mairet, French dramatist (b. 1604)
1720 - Thomas Grey, English privy councillor (c. 1654)
1729 - Jakob Roggeveen, Dutch explorer (b. 1659)
1736 - Filippo Juvara, Italian architect (b. 1678)
1788 - Charles Edward Stuart, pretender to the British throne (b. 1720)
1790 - Thomas Lewis, Irish-born Virginia settler (b. 1718)
1794 - Marriott Arbuthnot, British admiral (b. 1711)
1815 - José Félix Ribas, Venezuelan independentist leader (b. 1775)
1828 - Alexander Ypsilantis, Phanariot Greek military commander and national hero of the Greek War of Independence
1844 - Henri Gratien, French general (b. 1773)
1888 - John Bosco, Italian priest, youth worker, educator, founder of the Salesian Society (b. 1815)
1892 - Charles Spurgeon, English preacher and evangelist (b. 1834)
1907 - Timothy Eaton, Canadian department store founder (b. 1834)
1923 - Eligiusz Niewiadomski, assassin of Gabriel Narutowicz (b. 1869)
1933 - John Galsworthy, English writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1867)
1942 - Henry Larkin, Baseball player (b. 1860)
1944 - Jean Giraudoux, French writer (b. 1882)
1945 - Eddie Slovik, American soldier (b. 1920)
1954 - Edwin Howard Armstrong, American electrical engineer and inventor of the FM radio (b. 1890)
1955 - John Mott, American YMCA leader, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1865)
1956 - A. A. Milne, English author (b. 1882)
1966 - General Arthur Ernest Percival, British Army Officer (b. 1887)
1967 - Eddie Tolan, American athlete (b. 1908)
1969 - Meher Baba, Indian guru (b. 1894)
1970 - Slim Harpo, American singer (b. 1924)
1971 - Viktor Maksimovich Zhirmunsky, Russian literary historian, linguist (b. 1891)
1973 - Ragnar Anton Kittil Frisch, Norwegian economist, Nobel laureate (b. 1895)
1974 - Samuel Goldwyn, Polish-born film studio executive (b. 1882)
1976 - Ernesto Miranda, American litigant (b. 1941)
1981 - Cozy Cole, American jazz drummer (b. 1909)
1987 - Yves Allégret, French film director (b. 1907)
1990 - Rashad Khalifa, Egyptian-born imam (b. 1935)
1995 - George Abbott, American stage director and producer (b. 1887)
1997 - John Joseph Scanlan, Irish Catholic prelate (b. 1930)
1999 - Norm Zauchin, American baseball player (b. 1929)
2000 - Gil Kane, Latvian-born comic book writer (b. 1926)
2001 - Gordon R. Dickson, Canadian writer (b. 1923)
2004 - Eleanor Holm, American swimmer (b. 1913)
2006 - Moira Shearer, Scottish actress ( The Red Shoes) and ballerina (b. 1926)
2007 - Kirka Babitzin, Finnish singer (b. 1950)
2007 - Molly Ivins, American political columnist and author (b. 1944)
2007 - Lee Bergere, American actor (b. 1924)
2007 - Adelaide Tambo, South African activist and wife of Oliver Tambo (b. 1929)
Holidays and observances Edit
External links Edit
91 Familypedia people were born on January 31
103 Familypedia people died on January 31
91 Familypedia people were first married on January 31