|January 27 in recent years
January 27 is the 27th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 338 days remaining until the end of the year (339 in leap years).
- 98 - Trajan becomes Roman Emperor after the death of Nerva.
- 672 - St. Vitalian ends his reign as Catholic Pope.
- 847 - Sergius II ends his reign as Catholic Pope.
- 1142 - Wrongful execution of noted Song Dynasty General Yue Fei.
- 1186 - Henry VI, the son and heir of the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick I, weds Constance of Sicily.
- 1343 - Pope Clement VI issues the Bull Unigenitus.
- 1416 - Republic of Dubrovnik, as a first state in Europe, outlaw slavery
- 1593 - Vatican opens 7 year trial against scholar Giordano Bruno.
- 1606 - Gunpowder Plot: The trial of Guy Fawkes and other conspirators begins, and ending in their execution on January 31.
- 1678 - The first fire engine company in the United States went into service.
- 1695 - Mustafa II becomes the Ottoman sultan in Istanbul on the death of Ahmed II. Mustafa rules until his death in 1703.
- 1785 - The University of Georgia is founded, the first public university in the United States.
- 1825 - U.S. Congress approves Indian Territory (in what is present-day Oklahoma), clearing the way for forced relocation of the Eastern Indians on the "Trail of Tears."
- 1870 - The first college sorority, Kappa Alpha Theta, is formed at DePauw University.
- 1880 - Thomas Edison files a patent for his electric incandescent lamp.
- 1888 - In Washington, the National Geographic Society is founded.
- 1909 - The Young Left is founded in Norway.
- 1915 - United States Marines occupy Haiti.
- 1918 - The first hostilities occurred in the Finnish Civil War, beginning the war.
- 1926 - John Logie Baird makes the first television broadcast.
- 1939 - First flight of the Lockheed P-38 Lightning.
- 1941 - World War II: Fighting at Derna, Libya, begins. Following the capture of Tobruk, two brigades of the 6th Australian Division under Major General Iven Mackay pursue the Italians westwards and encounters an Italian rear guard at Derna.
- 1943 - World War II: The Greek destroyer Adrias is believed to have sunk the German U/Boat U-553 near Cape Finisterre.
- 1943 - World War II: Fifty bombers mount the first entirely American air raid against Germany, targeting Wilhelmshaven.
- 1944 - World War II: The two-year Siege of Leningrad is lifted.
- 1945 - World War II: The Red Army arrives at the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp in Poland.
- 1945 - World War II: Lt.Col. Mucci comades Army Rangers to liberate the prisoners of the Cabanatuan POW camp.
- 1951 - Nuclear testing at the Nevada Test Site begins with a one-kiloton bomb dropped on Frenchman Flats.
- 1967 - Apollo program: Apollo 1 - Astronauts Gus Grissom, Edward White and Roger Chaffee are killed in a fire during a test of the spacecraft at the Kennedy Space Center.
- 1967 - More than sixty nations sign the Outer Space Treaty banning nuclear weapons in space.
- 1973 - Paris Peace Accords officially end the Vietnam War, Colonel William Nolde falls, becoming the conflict's last recorded American combat casualty.
- 1977 - Record company EMI sacks the controversial United Kingdom punk rock group the Sex Pistols.
- 1983 - Pilot shaft of World's longest subaqueous tunnel (53.85 km) between the Japanese islands of Honshū and Hokkaidō breaks through.
- 1984 - Carl Lewis beats his own indoor world long jump record by 9¼ inches (23.5 centimeters) with a 28-foot, 10¼-inch (8.795-meter) jump.
- 1996 - Colonel Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara deposes the first democratically elected president of Niger, Mahamane Ousmane, in a military coup.
- 1996 - Germany first observes International Holocaust Remembrance Day.
- 1997 - It is revealed that French museums have nearly 2,000 pieces of art that were stolen by Nazis.
- 1998 - First Lady of the United States Hillary Rodham Clinton appears on The Today Show, calling the attacks against her husband part of a vast right-wing conspiracy.
- 2001 - Ten members of the Oklahoma State University men's basketball team and support staff die in a plane crash in Colorado.
- 2002 - Several explosions at a military dump in Lagos, Nigeria kill more than 1,000.
- 2007 - Approximately 100,000 protesters converge on the Mall in Washington for the January 27 sponsored by United for Peace and Justice.
- 1443 - Albert (d. 1500)
- 1546 - Joachim Friedrich, Elector of Brandenburg (d. 1608)
- 1585 - Hendrick Avercamp, Dutch painter (d. 1634)
- 1603 - Harbottle Grimston, English politician (d. 1685)
- 1621 - Thomas Willis, English physician (d. 1675)
- 1662 - Richard Bentley, English classical scholar (d. 1742)
- 1687 - Balthasar Neumann, German architect (d. 1753)
- 1701 - Johann Nikolaus von Hontheim, German historian (d. 1790)
- 1720 - Samuel Foote, English dramatist (d. 1777)
- 1741 - Hester Thrale, Welsh diarist (d. 1821)
- 1756 - Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Austrian composer (d. 1791)
- 1805 - Samuel Palmer, English artist (d. 1881)
- 1805 - Sophie of Bavaria, archduchess of Austria (d. 1872)
- 1805 - Maria Anna of Bavaria, queen consort of Saxony (d. 1877)
- 1806 - Juan Crisóstomo Arriaga, Spanish composer (d. 1826)
- 1814 - Eugène Viollet-le-Duc, French architect (d. 1879)
- 1823 - Edouard Lalo, French composer (d. 1892)
- 1826 - Mikhail Saltykov-Shchedrin, Russian writer (d. 1889)
- 1826 - Richard Taylor, American Confederate general (d. 1879)
- 1832 - Lewis Carroll, English author (d. 1898)
- 1836 - Leopold von Sacher-Masoch, Austrian writer (d. 1895)
- 1841 - Arkhip Kuindzhi, Russian painter (d. 1910)
- 1848 - Togo Heihachiro, Japanese admiral (d. 1934)
- 1850 - Samuel Gompers, American labor leader (d. 1924)
- 1850 - Edward J. Smith, English captain of the Titanic (d. 1912)
- 1859 - Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany (d. 1941)
- 1885 - Jerome Kern, American composer (d. 1945)
- 1885 - Eduard Künneke, German composer (d. 1953)
- 1885 - Maeda Seison, Japanese painter (d. 1977)
- 1891 - Ilya Ehrenburg, Russian writer (d. 1967)
- 1893 - Soong Ching-ling, Chinese wife of Sun Yat-sen (d. 1981)
- 1895 - Harry Ruby, American composer (d. 1974)
- 1900 - Hyman Rickover, American admiral (d. 1986)
- 1901 - Art Rooney, American football team owner (d. 1988)
- 1901 - Willy Fritsch, German actor (d. 1973)
- 1903 - John Carew Eccles, Australian neuropsychologist, Nobel Laureate (d. 1997)
- 1905 - Howard McNear, American actor (d. 1969)
- 1908 - Oran Page, American musician (d. 1954)
- 1908 - William Randolph Hearst, American newspaper magnate (d. 1993)
- 1912 - Arne Næss, Norwegian philosopher
- 1918 - Skitch Henderson, English bandleader (d. 2005)
- 1918 - Elmore James, American blues musician (d. 1963)
- 1918 - William Seawell, United States Army Brigadier General (d. 2005)
- 1919 - Ross Bagdasarian, American musician (d. 1972)
- 1920 - Helmut Zacharias, German violinist (d. 2002)
- 1920 - John Box, British film production designer and art director (d. 2005)
- 1921 - Donna Reed, American actress (d. 1986)
- 1924 - Sabu Dastagir, Indian actor (d. 1963)
- 1924 - Rauf Denktaş, founder of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus
- 1926 - Fritz Spiegl, Austrian journalist (d. 2003)
- 1926 - Ingrid Thulin, Swedish actress (d. 2004)
- 1928 - Michael Craig, British actor
- 1928 - Hans Modrow, a German politician, premier of East Germany
- 1929 - Gastón Suárez, Bolivian novelist (d. 1984)
- 1930 - Bobby Blue Bland, American singer
- 1931 - Mordecai Richler, Canadian author (d. 2001)
- 1932 - Boris Shakhlin, Soviet gymnast
- 1936 - Troy Donahue, American actor (d. 2001)
- 1936 - Samuel C. C. Ting, American physicist, Nobel Laureate
- 1937 - John Ogdon, English pianist (d. 1989)
- 1940 - James Cromwell, American actor
- 1940 - Terry Harper, Canadian ice hockey player
- 1942 - Kate Wolf, American folk singer and songwriter (d. 1986)
- 1944 - Peter Akinola, Nigerian religious leader
- 1944 - Mairéad Corrigan, Irish activist, Nobel Prize Laureate
- 1944 - Nick Mason, English musician (Pink Floyd)
- 1945 - Harold Cardinal, Cree political leader (d. 2005)
- 1946 - Nedra Talley, American singer (Ronettes)
- 1948 - Jean-Philippe Collard, French pianist
- 1949 - Ethan Mordden, American author
- 1950 - Amos Grunebaum, Israeli-born physician
- 1950 - Derek Acorah, English spirit medium
- 1951 - Brian Downey, Irish musician (Thin Lizzy)
- 1952 - Billy "White Shoes" Johnson, American football player
- 1954 - Peter Laird, American comic-book artist
- 1954 - Joko Ninomiya, Japanese martial artist
- 1955 - Brian Engblom, Canadian ice hockey player
- 1955 - John Roberts, 17th Chief Justice of the United States
- 1955 - Alexander Stuart, British author
- 1955 - Koji Ushikubo, Japanese racing driver
- 1956 - Mimi Rogers, American actress
- 1957 - Janick Gers, British guitarist (Iron Maiden)
- 1957 - Frank Miller, American author
- 1958 - Kadri Mälk, Estonian artist and jewelry designer
- 1959 - Keith Olbermann, American news presenter
- 1959 - Göran Hägglund, Swedish politician
- 1959 - Cris Collinsworth, American football player
- 1961 - Margo Timmins, Canadian singer (Cowboy Junkies)
- 1961 - Gillian Gilbert, British musician (New Order)
- 1961 - Narciso Rodriguez, American fashion designer
- 1964 - Bridget Fonda, American actress
- 1965 - Alan Cumming, Scottish actor
- 1965 - Mike Newell, English football manager
- 1967 - Bobby Deol, Indian actor
- 1967 - Byron Mann, Hong Kong actor
- 1967 - Dave Manson, Canadian ice hockey player
- 1968 - Mike Patton, American singer (Faith No More)
- 1968 - Tricky, English rapper
- 1969 - Cornelius, Japanese musician (Flipper's Guitar)
- 1969 - Michael Kulas, Canadian singer (James)
- 1969 - Patton Oswalt, American actor and writer
- 1970 - Jon Douglas Rainey, American TV personality
- 1970 - Emmanuel Pahud, French-Swiss flautist
- 1971 - Fann Wong, Singapore entertainer (Shanghai Knights)
- 1971 - Lil Jon, American rapper and producer
- 1971 - Patrice Brisebois, Canadian ice hockey player
- 1972 - Guillermo, Mexican-born American TV personality
- 1972 - Keith Wood, Irish rugby player
- 1972 - Mark Owen, English pop singer
- 1972 - Janine Ilitch, Australian netballer
- 1974 - Chaminda Vaas, Sri Lankan cricketer
- 1974 - Andrei Pavel, Romanian tennis player
- 1976 - Clint Ford, American voice actor
- 1976 - Ahn Jung-Hwan, Korean football player
- 1976 - Ruby Lin, Taiwanese actress and singer
- 1978 - Pete Laforest, Canadian baseball player
- 1979 - Daniel Vettori, New Zealand cricketer
- 1979 - Rosamund Pike, British actress
- 1979 - Mario Fatafehi, American-born Canadian Football League player
- 1980 - Marat Safin, Russian tennis player
- 1980 - Chanda Gunn, Olympic Women's Ice Hockey Goalie
- 1981 - Alicia Molik, Australian tennis player
- 1983 - Carlo Colaiacovo, Canadian ice hockey player
- 1983 - Gavin Floyd, American baseball player
- 1983 - Mike Zagurski, American baseball player
- 1987 - Lily Donaldson, British model
- 1987 - Katy Rose, American pop singer
- 1988 - Kerlon Moura Souza, Brazilian footballer
- 98 - Nerva, Roman Emperor (b. 35)
- 1490 - Ashikaga Yoshimasa, Japanese shogun (b. 1435)
- 1629 - Hieronymus Praetorius, German composer (b. 1560)
- 1638 - Gonzalo de Céspedes y Meneses, Spanish novelist
- 1688 - Empress Dowager Xiaozhuang, grandmother of the Kangxi Emperor in Qing Dynasty China
- 1731 - Bartolomeo Cristofori, Italian maker of musical instruments (b. 1655)
- 1740 - Louis Henri, Prime Minister of France (b. 1692)
- 1814 - Johann Gottlieb Fichte, German philosopher (b. 1762)
- 1816 - Samuel Hood, British admiral (b. 1724)
- 1851 - John James Audubon, French-American naturalist, ornithologist, and painter (b. 1789)
- 1857 - Dorothea Lieven, Russian noblewoman (b. 1785)
- 1860 - János Bolyai, Hungarian mathematician (b. 1802)
- 1880 - Edward Middleton Barry, English architect (b. 1830)
- 1901 - Giuseppe Verdi, Italian composer (b. 1813)
- 1910 - Thomas Crapper, English inventor (b. 1836)
- 1919 - Endre Ady, Hungarian poet (b. 1877)
- 1921 - Maurice Vincent Buckley, Australian winner of theVictoria Cross (b. 1891)
- 1927 - Georgios Grivas, Cyprus-born general of the Greek Army
- 1940 - Isaac Babel, Ukrainian writer (b. 1894)
- 1956 - Erich Kleiber, Argentine conductor (b. 1890)
- 1967 - Crew of Apollo 1:
- 1967 - Alphonse Juin, Marshal of France (b. 1888)
- 1970 - Rita Angus, New Zealand painter (b. 1908)
- 1971 - Jacobo Arbenz, President of Guatemala (b. 1913)
- 1972 - Mahalia Jackson, American singer (b. 1911)
- 1972 - Richard Courant, German-American mathematician (b. 1888)
- 1973 - William Nolde, last American combat casualty of Vietnam War (b. 1929)
- 1975 - Bill Walsh, American producer and writer (b. 1913)
- 1979 - Qalander Ba Ba Auliya, founder of Azeemia sufi order (b. 1898)
- 1983 - Louis de Funès, French actor (b. 1914)
- 1986 - Lilli Palmer, German-born actress (b. 1914)
- 1988 - Massa Makan Diabaté, Malian author (b. 1938)
- 1989 - Thomas Sopwith, British aviation pioneer (b. 1888)
- 1993 - André the Giant, French professional wrestler and actor (b. 1946)
- 1994 - Claude Akins, American actor (b. 1918)
- 1996 - Ralph Yarborough, American politician (b. 1903)
- 1997 - Gerald Marks, American songwriter (All of Me) (b. 1900)
- 2000 - Friedrich Gulda, Austrian pianist (b. 1930)
- 2001 - Stavros Damianides, Greek musician (b. 1941)
- 2003 - Henryk Jabłoński, President of communist People's Republic of Poland (b. 1909)
- 2003 - Louis Archambault, Quebec actor (b. 1915)
- 2004 - Jack Paar, American television show host (b. 1918)
- 2004 - Salvador Laurel, 9th Vice President of the Philippines (b. 1928)
- 2006 - Johannes Rau, 8th Bundespräsident (President of Germany) (b. 1931)
- 2006 - Gene McFadden, American singer and songwriter (b. 1949)
- 2006 - disappearance of Jean-Christophe Lafaille, French mountaineer (b. 1965)
- 2007 - Tige Andrews, American actor (b. 1920)
- 2007 - Marcheline Bertrand, actress and mother of Angelina Jolie (b. 1950)
- 2007 - Yang Chuan-kwang, Taiwanese athlete (b. 1933)
Holidays and observances
121 Familypedia people were born on January 27
127 Familypedia people died on January 27
89 Familypedia people were first married on January 27