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January 1 in recent years
2009 (Thursday)
2008 (Tuesday)
2007 (Monday)
2006 (Sunday)
2005 (Saturday)
2004 (Thursday)
2003 (Wednesday)
2002 (Tuesday)
2001 (Monday)
2000 (Saturday)

January 1 is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 364 days remaining until the end of the year (365 in leap years). The preceding day is December 31 of the previous year.

January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. Here a calendar year refers to the order in which the months are displayed, January to December. The first day of the medieval Julian year was usually a day other than January 1. This day was adopted as the first day of the Julian year by some European countries between 1522 and 1579 (that is, before the creation of the Gregorian calendar in 1582). See beginning of the year. The British Empire (including its American colonies) did not adopt the Gregorian calendar until 1752. This change can lead to dating confusion between Old Style and New Style dates. The Gregorian calendar as promulgated in 1582 did not specify that January 1 was to be either New Year's Day or the first day of its numbered year. Although England began its numbered year on March 25 (Lady Day) between the thirteenth century and 1752, January 1 was called New Year's Day, which was a holiday when gifts were exchanged.

New Year[edit | edit source]

The Ancient Romans began their year on 1 January. During the Middle Ages under the influence of the Christian Church, many countries moved the start of the year to one of several important Christian festivals - 25 December (the Nativity of Jesus), 1 March, 25 March (the Annunciation), or even Easter. Eastern European countries (most of them with populations showing allegiance to the Orthodox Church) began their numbered year on 1 September from about 988.

In England 1 January was celebrated as the New Year festival,[1] but from the 12th century to 1752 the year in England began on 25 March (Lady Day). [2] So for example the Parliamentary record records the execution of Charles I occurring in 1648, (as the year did not end until 24 March,)[3] although modern histories adjust the start of the year to January 1 and record the execution as occurring in 1649.[4]

Most Western European countries changed the start of the year to 1 January before they adopted the Gregorian calendar. For example Scotland changed the start of the Scottish New Year to 1 January in 1600. England, Ireland and the British colonies changed the start of the year to 1 January in 1752. Later that year in September the Gregorian calendar was introduced throughout Britain and the British colonies (See the section Adoption). These two reforms were implemented by the Calendar (New Style) Act 1750.[2]

In the 9th century, 25th March (the Feast of the Annunciation) was used in parts of southern Europe as the start of a new year. The practice became more widespread in Europe from the 11th century and in England from the late 12th. 1st January started to be used as the start of the year followed:

Events[edit | edit source]

Births[edit | edit source]

Deaths[edit | edit source]

Holidays and observances[edit | edit source]

By observance[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. ^ Tuesday 31 December 1661, Pepys Diary "I sat down to end my journell for this year, ..."
  2. ^ a b Nørby, Toke. The Perpetual Calendar: What about England Version 29 February 2000
  3. ^ "House of Commons Journal Volume 8, 9 June 1660 (Regicides)". British History Online. http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=26211#s5. Retrieved 2007-03-18. 
  4. ^ Death warrant of Charles I web page of the UK National Archives.A demonstration of New Style meaning Julian calendar with a start of year adjustment.

External links[edit | edit source]

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at January 1. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

180 Familypedia people were born on January 1

 FatherMotherAge mother at birth
Diahnne Abbott (1945)Anthony Abbott (1911-1993)Kathleen Malherbe (1919-1991)
Bertrand Blanchard Acosta (1895-1954)Miguel Acosta (bef1895)Martha Blanche Reilly (bef1895)
James Wesley Adair (1841-1865)Thomas Jefferson Adair (1814-1895)Frances Rogers (1818-1847)
Henry Adams (1609-1676)Henry Adams (1582-1646)Edith Squire (1587-1673)
Louis Addleson (1880-1963)
Mahidol Adulyadej (1892-1929)Chulalongkorn the Great (1853-1910)Savang Vadhana (1862-1955)
Fuyumi Akizuki (1952-2019)
Mary Alden (1709-1789)Benjamin Alden (1681-1741)Hannah Brewster (1688-1763)
Agnes Aldridge (1861-1949)Edward Aldridge (1826-1909)Elizabeth Blackman (1837-1929)
Johan Jan Henrik Aldrin (1817-1895)Johan Henrik Aldrin (1776-1847)Anna Katarina Ekman (1787-1876)
Harold Bernard Alford (1919-1999)Samuel Nathaniel Alford (1885-1961)Hattie Jane Magee (1890-1973)
Phillip Ament (1755-1836)Philip AmentSusannah Margaret Forrisen
Thomas Amis (1744-1797)John Amis (1724-1764)Mary Dillard (1726-aft1764)
Anthony John Anson (1904-1981)Claud Anson (1864-1947)Clodagh Beresford (1879-1957)
Franz I. von Sachsen-Lauenburg (1510-1581)Magnus I. von Sachsen-Lauenburg (1470-1543)Katharina von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel (1488-1563)
... further results

143 Familypedia people died on January 1

 FatherMotherAge at death
John Abbot (1674-1754)John Abbot (1648-1721)Sarah Barker (1647-1729)80
Miriam Josephine Adair (1851-1873)George Washington Adair (1818-1897)Miriam Jane Billingsley (1829-1912)
Daniel Clifford Ashworth (1909-1997)Daniel Gunner Ashworth (1876-1949)Sybil H. Decker (1881-1946)
Daniel Burton Avery (1850-1930)Earl Willard Avery (1823-1867)Cordelia Thankful Wiles (1828-1879)
Dorothy Olive Baker (1905-1972)William Edward Baker (1861-1947)(Mary) Eliza Box (1868-1952)67
Joseph Baker (1755-1850)Bennett Baker (1725-)Mary Gilbert (1729-)
John de Beauchamp, 1st Baron Beauchamp of Hacche (1274-1337)John de Beauchamp (bef1249-1283)Cecily de Vivonne (1257-1321)
Catherine Ellen Berrell (1870-1951)Bernard Berrell (Bef 1846-Aft 1870)Bridgett Hogan (1840-1880)81
Jan Nepomucen Bisping von Gallen (1880-1947)Józef Bisping von Gallen (1845-1897)Helena Hołyńska (1860-1944)
Aristide Blank (1883-1960)Mauriciu Blank (1848-1929)Betina Goldenberg
Gregory Blaxland (1778-1853)John Blaxland (1729-1780)Mary Parker (1738-1813)
Arthur Edward Blunt (1882-1949)Frederick Lynch Blunt (1848-1898)Mary Richey (1850-1940)67
John Brewer (1642-1691)John Brewer (c1612-)Ann Unknown
Wrestling Brewster (1644-1697)Love Brewster (1611-1650)Sarah Collier (1613-1691)
Marcus Brown (1751-1820)
... further results

307 Familypedia people were first married on January 1

 FatherMotherJoined with
George Samuel Adams (1855-1888)George Edwin Adams (1823-1897)Ann T Cox (1838-1897)Sarah Ann Philp (1860-1893)
James Adams (1693-1729)Moses Adams (1654-1724)Lydia Whitney (1657-1719)Abigail Hill (1694-1736)
William John Adams (1842-1920)Henry Adams (1797-1866)Elizabeth Clarke (1822-1870)Martha E Cheney (1845-1920)
Teet Alberts (?-?)AlbertDieuwertje Kaarsemaker (?-?)Pieter Jonker (?-?)
Samuel Alden (1705-1783)Joseph Alden (1668-1747)Hannah Dunham (1670-1748)Abiah Edson (1706-1749) +Rebecca Washburn (1711-1785)
Joseph Anderson Allred (1831-1891)Isaac Allred (1788-1870)Mary Calvert (1793-1851)Rhoda Ann Palmer (1834-1879) + Naomi Brandham (1851-1900) + Georgiana Lambert (1857-1931)
Pamelia Andrus (1809-1877)Jonathan Andrus (1783-1870)Lucina Pearson Parsons (1789-1870)Ezra Taft Benson (1811-1869)
Bartel Arisz (c1670-)Aris Unknown (c1650-)Trijn Unknown (c1650-)Aaf Unknown (c1670-)
Adeline Jane Armagost (1916-2000)Walter James Armagost (1891-1980)Mary Fern Buckingham (1895-1961)Frankie Schriner (1909-1983)
Thomas Arndell (1799-1865)Thomas Arndell (1753-1821)Elizabeth Dalton (1766-1843)Sophia Loder (1803-1887)
Sophia von Sachsen-Lauenburg (1515-1571)Magnus I. von Sachsen-Lauenburg (1470-1543)Katharina von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel (1488-1563)Anton I. von Oldenburg (1505-1573)
Bethiah Atkins (1736-1807)Joshua Atkins (1702-1790)Rebecca Atwood (1704-1776)Thomas Mayo (1732-1759)+ Stephen Atwood (1733-1802)
William Austin (1800-1887)William Gilmore Austin (1769-1859)Elizabeth Stevenson (1772-1845)Agness Nancy Nicol (1803-1887)+Isabella Nicol (1801-1852)+Agnes McIntire (1830-1900)
Catharina Baas (1764-1818)Cornelis Adrianusz (1735-)Trijntje Bakker (1739-)Aris Spek (1761-1841)
Arnold Bach (1870-1952)Hannah Heidegger (1872-1960)
... further results
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