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Location of Jammu District within Jammu & Kashmir state


Jammu District is a district in Jammu and Kashmir. Jammu is the winter capital of the state. The majority of the population of the district practise Hinduism; people of all religions, Muslims, Sikhs live in peace and harmony. Jammu is also known as city of temples with major attraction as Maa Vaishno Devi which is located around 50 km from Jammu City. There are other temples with historical importance which add to the rich heritage of Jammu.

As of 2011 it is the most populous district of Jammu and Kashmir (out of 22).[1]

Administration[edit | edit source]

Jammu district comprises 4 tehsils -

This district consists of 8 blocks: Akhnoor, Bhalwal, Bishnah, Khour, Marh, Ranbirsinghpora, Satwari and Dansal.[2] Each block consists of a number of panchayats.

Demographics[edit | edit source]

According to the 2011 census Jammu district has a population of 1,526,406,[1] roughly equal to the nation of Gabon[3] or the US state of Hawaii.[4] This gives it a ranking of 326th in India (out of a total of 640).[1] The district has a population density of 596 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,540 /sq mi) .[1] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 12.48 %.[1] Jammu has a sex ratio of 871 females for every 1000 males,[1] and a literacy rate of 83.98 %.[1]

Languages[edit | edit source]

The most widely spoken language of Jammu is Dogri. Other languages spoken are Hindi,kashmiri,Punjabi,English and Urdu.

Food[edit | edit source]

Wheat is the main staple food with significant proportion of people associated with rice.Jammu is nationally and internationally famous for its Rajma Chawal which is Red Kidney Beans and Rice.

Politics[edit | edit source]

Jammu District has 11 assembly constituencies: Nagrota, Gandhinagar, Jammu East, Jammu West, Bishnah, R.S.Pura (S.C.), Suchetgarh, Marh, Raipur Domana (S.C.), Akhnoor and Chhamb (S.C.).[5]

Weather and Tourism[edit | edit source]

Jammu's altitude ranges from 300 meters to 4200 meters. Due to extreme whether in summers and winters it is also known as the City of Rocks. Jammu has lots of Major tourist attractions, including, Patnitop, Mansar Lake, Jhajar Kotli, Baag-E-Bahu (Bahu Fort), Peer Kho, Jammu Tawi and many more.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. http://www.census2011.co.in/district.php. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  2. ^ Statement showing the number of blocks in respect of 22 Districts of Jammu and Kashmir State including newly Created Districts dated 2008-03-13, accessed 2008-08-30
  3. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/rankorder/2119rank.html. Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Gabon 1,576,665" 
  4. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. http://2010.census.gov/2010census/data/apportionment-pop-text.php. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "Hawaii 1,360,301" 
  5. ^ "ERO's and AERO's". Chief Electoral Officer, Jammu and Kashmir. http://ceojammukashmir.nic.in/ERos_AERos.html. Retrieved 2008-08-28. 

External links[edit | edit source]

Coordinates: 32°45′N 74°50′E / 32.75, 74.833


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