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James Thomas Brudenell, 7th Earl of Cardigan, was born 16 October 1797 in Hambleden, Buckinghamshire, England, United Kingdom to Robert Brudenell, 6th Earl of Cardigan (1769-1837) and Penelope Anne Cooke (1770-1826) and died 28 March 1868 Deene Park, Corby, Northamptonshire, England, United Kingdom of injuries caused by a fall from his horse. He married Elizabeth Jane Henrietta Tollemache (1797-1858) 19 June 1826 in Chiswick, London, England, United Kingdom. He married Adeline Louisa Maria de Horsey (1824-1915) 20 September 1858 .

Lieutenant General James Thomas Brudenell, 7th Earl of Cardigan, KCB (16 October 1797 – 28 March 1868), was an officer in the British Army who commanded the Light Brigade during the Crimean War. He led the Charge of the Light Brigade at the Battle of Balaclava.

Throughout his life in politics and his long military career he characterised the arrogant and extravagant aristocrat of the period. His progression through the Army was marked by many episodes of extraordinary incompetence, but this can be measured against his generosity to the men under his command and genuine bravery. As a member of the landed aristocracy he had actively and steadfastly opposed any political reform in Britain, but in the last year of his life he relented and came to acknowledge that such reform would bring benefit to all classes of society.

He was childless and on his death in 1868 the titles were inherited by his second cousin.
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Footnotes (including sources)

‡ General


Peerage of England
Preceded by
Robert Brudenell
Earl of Cardigan
1837–1868
Succeeded by
George Brudenell
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