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Izyaslav I Yaroslavich Rurik of Kiev, Prince of Turov and Pinsk, Grand Prince of Kiev, King of Rus', was born circa 1024 to Yaroslav I Vladimirovich of Kiev (c978-1054) and Ingegerd Olofsdotter of Sweden (1001-1050) and died 3 October 1078 at the Battle of Nezhatina Niva (1078) of unspecified causes. He married Gertrude of Poland (c1025-1108) 1043 JL . Ancestors are from Russia, Ukraine, Sweden.
Izyaslav I
Grand Prince of Kiev

Reign 1054–1068, 1069–1073, and 1076–1078
Predecessor Yaroslav the Wise
Successor Svyatoslav II
Prince of Turov and Pinsk
Reign 1045–1052
Prince of Novgorod
Reign 1052–1054
Spouse Gertrude of Poland, Casimir's sister
Issue
Yaropolk Izyaslavich, Mstislav Izyaslavich, Svyatopolk II Izyaslavich
Full name
Izyaslav Yaroslavovich
Dynasty Rurikid
Father Yaroslav the Wise
Mother Ingegerd Olofsdotter (a daughter of Olof Skötkonung)
Signature Alex K Izyaslav I.svg

Izyaslav Yaroslavich (1024 – 3 October 1078, baptized as Demetrius) Prince of Turov and Pinsk, Grand Prince of Kiev (from 1054).

Izyaslav's children Yaropolk and Svyatopolk would rule the Principality of Turov and Pinsk. Their authority was mainly challenged by the Rostilavichi of Rostislav Vsevolodovich.

Biography

Izyaslav was the oldest son of Yaroslav the Wise by his second wife Ingigerd Olafsdottir. Izyaslav succeeded his father, after Yaroslav's oldest child, Vladimir (the only child by Yaroslav's first wife), had predeceased his father. Izyaslav was one of the authors of "Pravda Yaroslavichiv" – a part of the first legal code of Rus, called Russkaya Pravda.

He is also credited with the foundation of the Kiev Pechersk Monastery. Prince Izyaslav I of Kiev ceded the whole mountain to Antonite monks who founded a monastery built by architects from Constantinople. According to the Primary Chronicle, in the early 11th century, Antony, a Greek Orthodox monk from Esphigmenon monastery on Mount Athos, originally from Lyubech in the Principality of Chernigov, returned to Rus' and settled in Kiev as a missionary of the monastic tradition to Kievan Rus'. He chose a cave at the Berestov Mount that overlooked the Dnieper River and a community of disciples soon grew.

In 1043 his father Grand Prince of Kiev Yaroslav made an agreement with King Casimir I of Poland that recognized the Cherven Cities as part of Kiev. The agreement was sealed with a double marriage—Casimir to Maria Dobronega, Yaroslav's sister; and Izyaslav to Gertrude, Casimir's sister.[1] From this marriage were born three sons: Yaropolk Izyaslavich, |Mstislav Izyaslavich and Svyatopolk II Izyaslavich. Upon the death of Yaroslav the Wise, his realm was divided between three of his older sons (Vladimir died before that), Izyaslav, Svyatoslav, and Vsevolod, creating the Yaroslavichi triumvirate that ruled the country for the next 20 years.

As a result of the popular uprising in 1068, Izyaslav was deposed and fled to Poland.[1] In 1069 he retook Kiev with the help of the Polish army; however, he was ousted again by his brothers in 1073. Izyaslav turned to the Holy Roman Emperor Heinrich IV, King of Poland Bolesław II the Bold, and Pope Gregory VII, for help on several occasions. Izyaslav became the first King of Rus' in 1075 when the Pope sent him a crown. He succeeded in retaking Kiev once again in 1076, but soon died in an internecine war against Princes Oleg Svyatoslavich and Boris Vyacheslavich.

Children

Izyaslav had the following children with Gertrude:

Ancestry

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Simon Franklin, Jonathan Shepard, The Emergence of Rus 750–1200, (Routledge, 2013), 253.

Sources

  • Martin, Janet. Medieval Russia, 980–1584 (Cambridge Medieval Textbooks)

External links

Izyaslav I Yaroslavich
Rurikovich
Born: 1024 Died: 1078
Regnal titles
Preceded by
reestablished
Prince of Turov and Pinsk
1042–1054
Succeeded by
Yaropolk Izyaslavich
Preceded by
Yaroslav Vladimirovich
Grand Prince of Kiev
1054–1073
Succeeded by
Svyatoslav Yaroslavich
Preceded by
Svyatoslav Yaroslavich
Grand Prince of Kiev
1054–1073
Succeeded by
Vsevolod Yaroslavich



Children


Offspring of Izyaslav I Yaroslavich Rurik of Kiev and Gertrude of Poland (c1025-1108)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Yaropolk Izyaslavich of Kiev (c1044-1087) 1044 1087 Kunigunde von Weimar (1055-1140)
Unknown concubine

Mstislav Izyaslavich of Novgorod (c1046-1069) 1046 1069 Nomen nescio

Eupraxia of Kiev (c1048-c1095) 1048 1095 Mieszko of Poland (c1069-1089)

Svyatopolk II Izyaslavich of Kiev (1050-1113) 8 November 1050 16 April 1113 Vyshgorod Daughter of Bohemia (c1060-c1093)
Olena of Kipchak (c1070-c1125)
NN

Siblings


Offspring of Yaroslav I Vladimirovich of Kiev
(Ярослав Владимирович Мудрый, великий князь киевский) and Nomen nescio
Name Birth Death Joined with
Ilya Yaroslavich of Novgorod (1018-c1034) 1018 1034

Offspring of Yaroslav I Vladimirovich of Kiev
(Ярослав Владимирович Мудрый, великий князь киевский) and Ingegerd Olofsdotter of Sweden (1001-1050)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Vladimir Yaroslavich of Novgorod (1020-1052) 1020 Veliky Novgorod, Veliky Novgorod Urban Okrug, Novgorod Oblast, Russia 4 October 1052 Veliky Novgorod, Veliky Novgorod Urban Okrug, Novgorod Oblast, Russia Nomen nescio

Anastasya Yaroslavna of Kiev (1023-c1074) 1023 1074 Andrew I of Hungary (c1014-1060)

Izyaslav I Yaroslavich of Kiev (1024-1078) 1024 3 October 1078 Gertrude of Poland (c1025-1108)

Anna Yaroslavna of Kiev (c1028-1075) 1024 1075 Henry I of France (1008-1060)
Raoul IV de Vexin (?-1074)

Daughter
Svyatoslav II Yaroslavich of Kiev (1027-1076) 1027 27 December 1076 Kiev Cecilia of Dithmarschen (c1030-c1070)
Oda von Babenberg (c1040-c1087)

Vsevolod I Yaroslavich of Kiev (1030-1093) 1030 13 April 1093 Vyshgorod, Vyshhorod Rayon, Kiev Oblast, Ukraine Anastasia Monomachos (c1035-1067)
Anna Polovetskaya (c1050-1111)

Vyacheslav Yaroslavich of Smolensk (1036-1057) 1036 Kiev, Ukraine 1057 Oda of Stade (c1036-c1075)

Yelizaveta Yaroslavna of Kiev (1025-1067) 1025 1067 Harald III Hardrada (c1046-1066)

Igor Yaroslavich of Volhynia (1036-1060) 1036 Veliky Novgorod, Novgorod Oblast, Russia 1060 Smolensk, Smolensk Oblast, Russia Kunigunde of Orlamünde

Residences

Footnotes (including sources)

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