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Ivan II Ivanovich the Fair of Moscow was born 30 March 1326 in Moscow, Russia to Ivan I Danilovich Kalita of Moscow (1288-1340) and Elena and died 23 November 1359 Moscow, Russia of unspecified causes. He married Fedosiya Dmitrievna of Bryansk (c1330-1342) 1341 JL . He married Aleksandra Ivanovna Velyaminova (c1332-1364) 1345 JL . Alfred the Great (849-899)/s, Charlemagne (747-814)/s.

Ivan II Ivanovich the Fair (Иван II Иванович Красный in Russian) (30 March 1326 – 13 November 1359) was the Grand Prince of Moscow and Grand Prince of Vladimir in 1353. Until that date, he had ruled the towns of Ruza and Zvenigorod. He was the second son of Ivan Kalita, and succeeded his brother Simeon the Proud, who died of the Black Death.

Reign[]

Upon succeeding his brother and because of increased civil strife among the Golden Horde, Ivan briefly toyed with the idea of abandoning traditional Moscow allegiance to the Mongols and allying himself with Lithuania, a growing power in the west. This policy was quickly abandoned and Ivan asserted his allegiance to the Golden Horde.[1]

Contemporaries described Ivan as a pacific, apathetic ruler, who didn't flinch even when Algirdas of Lithuania captured his father-in-law's capital, Bryansk.[2] He also allowed Oleg of Ryazan to burn villages on his territory. However, Orthodox churchmen aided consolidating the power of the Grand Prince. He received much aid from the capable Metropolitan Alexius. Like his brother, Ivan II was not as successful as his father or grandfather with regards to territorial expansion. Nevertheless, he was able to annex areas southwest of Moscow, including the areas of Borovsk, and Vereya.

He is buried in the Cathedral of the Archangel, Moscow.



Children




Offspring of Ivan II of Moscow (Иван II Иванович Красный) and Aleksandra Ivanovna Velyaminova (c1332-1364)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Dmitri Ivanovich Donskoy (1350-1389) 12 October 1350 Moscow, Russia 19 May 1389 Moscow, Russia Yevdokiya Dmitriyevna (1352-1407)
Lyuba Ivanovna
Ivan Ivanovich of Zvenigorod (1354-1364) 1354 23 October 1364
Mariya Ivanovna









Siblings

Residences

 



Ivan Ivanovich
Born: 1326 Died: 1359
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Simeon Ivanovich of Moscow
Grand Prince of Moscow
27 Apr 1353–13 Nov 1359
Succeeded by
Dmitri Donskoy of Moscow
Preceded by
Simeon Ivanovich of Moscow
Grand Prince of Vladimir
25 Mar 1353–13 Nov 1359
Succeeded by
Dmitri Konstantinovich of Suzdal
Preceded by
Simeon Ivanovich of Moscow
Prince of Novgorod
1355–1359
Succeeded by
Dmitri Konstantinovich of Suzdal
Preceded by
New created principality
Prince of Zvenigorod (Moscow)
1339–1353
Succeeded by
Ivan Ivanovich of Zvenigorod
Russian royaltyWp globe tiny.gif
Preceded by
Simeon Ivanovich of Moscow
Heir to the Russian Throne
1340–1348, 1353
Succeeded by
Dmitri Donskoy of Moscow

References[]

  1. ^ Janet Martin (1995). Medieval Russia, 980-1584. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0521368324. 
  2. ^ Alfred Rambaud, Edgar Saltus (1902). Russia. P. F. Collier & Son. pp. 146, 147.  [1]

External links[]

Template:Lists of Russians

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