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Holly Springs, North Carolina
—  Town  —
NCMap-doton-HollySprings.PNG
Location of Holly Springs, North Carolina
Coordinates: 35°39′16″N 78°49′29″W / 35.65444, -78.82472Coordinates: 35°39′16″N 78°49′29″W / 35.65444, -78.82472
Country United States
State North Carolina
County Wake
Government
 • Mayor Dick Sears
Area
 • Total 7.5 sq mi (19.4 km2)
 • Land 7.5 sq mi (19.4 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 443 ft (135 m)
Population (2008)
 • Total 20,870
 • Density 1,227.6/sq mi (474.0/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 27540
Area code(s) 919
FIPS code 37-32260[1]
GNIS feature ID 1020807[2]
Website http://www.hollyspringsnc.us

Holly Springs is a town in Wake County, North Carolina, United States. As of 2009, the town population was estimated at 21,749,[3] and it had gained the title of "The fastest growing town in North Carolina".[4]

GeographyEdit

Holly Springs is located at 35°39′16″N 78°49′29″W / 35.65444, -78.82472 (35.654583, -78.824624).[5]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 7.5 square miles (19.4 km²), all of it land.

DemographicsEdit

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 9,192 people, 3,316 households, and 2,609 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,227.6 people per square mile (473.8/km²). There were 3,642 housing units at an average density of 486.4 per square mile (187.7/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 77.14% White, 18.65% African American, 0.42% Native American, 1.23% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.12% from other races, and 1.43% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.02% of the population.

There were 3,316 households out of which 45.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 68.1% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.3% were non-families. 16.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 2.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.14.

In the town the population was spread out with 31.3% under the age of 18, 5.0% from 18 to 24, 45.0% from 25 to 44, 15.9% from 45 to 64, and 2.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 97.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.4 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $69,550, and the median income for a family was $74,010. Males had a median income of $52,275 versus $32,396 for females. The per capita income for the town was $28,580. About 3.3% of families and 4.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.0% of those under age 18 and 14.8% of those age 65 or over.

History Edit

Native Americans Edit

The Tuscarora Indians used the area around Holly Springs as a hunting ground prior to colonial settlement. This tribe fled North Carolina around 1720 to escape the influx of Europeans and eventually became the sixth nation of the Iroquois.[6]

Pre-1800 Edit

The Town of Holly Springs grew around fresh water springs, believed to be the original “holly springs,” near the intersection of what is now Avent Ferry Road and Cass Holt Road. These roads linked Raleigh to the Cape Fear River and ultimately to Fayetteville as well as linking Hillsborough to Smithfield.

Early 19th Century Edit

By 1800, the crossroads had spawned a village, including a general store built by Richard Jones, a Baptist Church, and a Masonic Lodge. These were soon followed by a sawmill and cotton gin.

Archibald Leslie, a Scottish tailor, arrived in the community around 1817, opened a tailoring business and a store and soon began construction of a home near the springs. This 38-room mansion, now known as the Leslie-Alford-Mims House, is located off Avent Ferry Road near Town Hall.

Holly Springs Baptist Church, established in 1822, was the town's first successful church. The Masonic Lodge #115 was formed in 1847, and in 1854 a two-story lodge building was erected. This building also served as the town's first school. Holly Springs Academy opened its doors in 1854 to prepare young men for admission to Wake Forest College. Two years later, the first floor of the lodge was used as a school for local girls. The lodge was honored with a historical-site plaque in the fall of 2006.

Civil War Edit

During the Civil War, North Carolina seceded from the Union. Captain Oscar R. Rand recruited willing men of all ages to join Governor Zebulon Baird Vance's 26th Infantry Regiment. On a single day at the Battle of Gettysburg, during an assault known as "Pickett's Charge," 13 of the 14 commanding officers died. Only 81 soldiers out of a unit of 880 lived to tell the story.

With the men of the town gone, both schools in Holly Springs closed, and Holly Springs became a virtual ghost town. When the Union Army receded northward, Holly Springs lay in its path. Bands of marauding robbers known as "bummers" raided the area farms and homesteads, taking food, supplies, silver, clothes and anything of value.

Also during the war, for a two-week period, a segment of the Union Army encamped near Holly Springs and set up headquarters in the Leslie-Alford-Mims House. It is reported that Mrs. Leslie hated the Yankees bitterly but loved her home more, so she treated them with cool civility. This may have protected the home from destruction, the fate of many other grand southern homes. Mrs. Leslie is said to have “charmed the soldiers so that they didn't burn the house down, but they did get the chickens.”

The little community of Holly Springs had appeared to be on its way to becoming a bustling town, but the Civil War ultimately left the community economically devastated. Some families moved away. The exodus was encouraged by construction of the Chatham Railroad through the village of Apex, giving that neighboring town a link to the outside world which Holly Springs did not have. Historian M. N. Amis described Holly Springs in 1871 as "a deserted village."

Late 19th Century Edit

In 1875, George Benton Alford moved his successful mercantile business from Middle Creek Township to Holly Springs and was instrumental in beginning an economic revival in the community. A year later he bought the Leslie house which was the centerpiece of the village. Over the years he made significant additions and improvements to the house until it became one of the largest mansions in Wake County, one of the few with its own ballroom.

Alford, a businessman and politician, started several businesses including a mercantile store, a sawmill, a cotton gin and the Holly Springs Land and Improvement Company, and eventually, the General Assembly granted the town a charter. He started a newspaper, the Cape Fear Enterprise, which he used to promote the town. He also got other prominent men in the community to join him in seeking a charter of incorporation for the Cape Fear and Northern Railroad, which became the Durham and Southern Railway.

During the post-war period, several attempts were made to revive the Holly Springs Academy, but none were successful. For a time, children were taught in private homes, and eventually the first co-educational school serving 125 students was opened by the Masons. In 1906, the town addressed the need for a larger and better-equipped facility to educate the children. Under the leadership of Raymond A. Burt, J. Carter, and the Women's School Betterment Association, 10 acres (40,000 m²) near the springs were purchased (this was, in time, the site of the library and cultural arts center). The first bell rang for classes in 1908.

World War I Edit

By this point, Alford was a wealthy man, and he had dreams of turning Holly Springs into an industrial city of 10,000 people. The town’s population had not increased a great deal, holding at around 300, but the business community and the schools were drawing outsiders. The flourishing village was once again struck down by war with the start of World War I. The young men went off to fight, and many others went away to work in war-related industry.

The Depression Edit

In 1923 Alford died, leaving the town without an effective voice in political circles. Then came the Great Depression. The Bank of Holly Springs, established before the turn of the 20th century, failed in 1924. Holly Springs experienced difficulty during this time, although [WPA] funds were used to build a school auditorium. The town missed out on the new federal road-building projects being carried out to provide employment.

World War II Edit

World War II did what World War I had done, drawing more young people away from Holly Springs to war and/or to cities for jobs. At the close of the war Holly Springs was faced with a depleted population. During the early 1950s, while most Piedmont cities were booming, Holly Springs was stagnant.

1960–1980 Edit

During the early 1960s, with a population stabilized at around 580, the town installed fluorescent street lights about the same time that Highway 55 (Main Street) was widened. A general clean-up effort netted the town an award from a state appearance committee. Racially the town became less balanced with a stronger minority population existing to the late 80's. During this period several black businesses were flourishing: a dry cleaning business, barbershop, three neighborhood stores, and the local gathering place of the "Packhouse" built by one of the town's prominent black citizens by the name of George Grigsby, for whom Grigsby Avenue (previously called Old Fuquay Road) was named. The town board consisted of many of its prominent black citizens, among them Burnis Lassiter, Cora Lassiter, James Norris (Holly Springs' first black mayor), John McNeil, Edison Perkins, George Kimble, and "Preacher" Beckwith. Later, in the 1980s other prominent black citizens joined the town council, among them Nancy Womble, Reverend Otis Byrd, and one who remains on the town council today, Parrish "Ham" Womble.[7] During this period the town also hired its first black female chief of police, Dessie Mae Womble, who was also the first black female chief of police for the state of North Carolina. As segregation gave way to integration, the Holly Springs School for Blacks was closed and many of its students were sent to surrounding communities to further their educations. This was the beginning of an era of busing for the community and busing was continued until the late 90's when Holly Springs Elementary School on Holly Springs Road was opened.[6]

1980–Present Edit

It was not until the town built its first sewer plant in 1987 that any real growth occurred. It was 1992 before Holly Springs, in line for the spillover from increased populations in Cary and Apex, suddenly boomed. Population increased from 900 in 1992 to an estimated 6000 in 1998.

A Wake County Southwest Branch Library and a cultural arts facility opened in early December 2006.

On July 18, 2006, it was announced that the pharmaceutical company Novartis would be building a manufacturing facility in Holly Springs and employing approximately 350 to produce flu vaccines using new technologies. The manufacturing facility was built on 167 acres (0.676 km2) in Holly Springs Business Park off N.C. 55 Bypass. Construction was completed in late 2008. Novartis's investment is at least $267 million USD and eventually could reach $600 million USD.[8]

Bristol-Myers Squibb expressed interest in county-owned land along N.C. 55 Bypass at the future interchange of Interstate 540. When the company decided not to locate on the site, Wake County commissioners voted five to two to proceed with plans to build a landfill there.

For years, town leaders have become increasingly confident that Holly Springs is positioned to experience high growth, propelled by the economic engine of Research Triangle Park (RTP).[9] At a distance of 18 miles (29 km), Holly Springs is close to RTP.

In 2007, it was ranked the 22nd best small town to live in, according to a CNNMoney.com evaluation.[10]

On April 16, 2011 a large tornado touched down close to Holly Springs town center, uprooting trees and destroying homes and buildings.[11]

Education Edit

  • Holly Grove Elementary School
  • Holly Ridge Elementary School
  • Holly Springs Elementary School
  • Holly Ridge Middle School
  • Holly Grove Middle School
  • Holly Springs High School
  • The New School Montessori Center
  • Southern Wake Academy Charter High School

References Edit

SourcesEdit

External linksEdit


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Holly Springs, North Carolina. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.