Highgate seen from Parliament Hill
|Population||10,955 (2011 Census. Ward)|
|OS grid reference|
|Ceremonial county||Greater London|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|UK Parliament||Holborn and St Pancras|
|London Assembly||Barnet and Camden|
|Enfield and Haringey|
|List of places: UK • England • London|
Highgate is one of the most expensive London suburbs in which to live. It has an active conservation body, the Highgate Society, to protect its character.
Until late Victorian times it was a distinct village outside London, sitting astride the main road to the north. The area retains many green expanses including the eastern part of Hampstead Heath, three ancient woods, Waterlow Park and the eastern-facing slopes known as Highgate bowl.
At its centre is Highgate village, a collection of largely Georgian shops, pubs, restaurants and residential streets, interspersed with diverse landmarks such as St Michael's Church and steeple, St. Joseph's Church and its green copper dome, Highgate School (1565), Jacksons Lane arts centre housed in a Grade II listed former church, the Gatehouse Inn dating from 1670 which houses the theatre Upstairs at the Gatehouse and Berthold Lubetkin's 1930s Highpoint buildings. Highgate also contains the Victorian cemetery in which the Communist philosopher Karl Marx is buried, and many other notable people.
The village is at the top of North Hill which provides views across London: it is 129 metres (423 ft) above sea level at its highest point.
Historically, Highgate adjoined the Bishop of London's hunting estate. Highgate gets its name from these hunting grounds, as there was a high, deer-proof hedge surrounding the estate: 'the gate in the hedge'.
The bishop kept a toll-house where one of the main northward roads out of London entered his land. A number of pubs sprang up along the route, one of which, the Gatehouse, commemorates the toll-house.
In later centuries Highgate was associated with the highwayman Dick Turpin.
Hampstead Lane and Highgate Hill contain the red brick Victorian buildings of Highgate School and its adjacent Chapel of St Michael. The school has played a paramount role in the life of the village and has existed on its site since its founding was permitted by letters patent from Queen Elizabeth I in 1565.
The area north of the High Street and Hampstead Lane was part of Hornsey parish and also later the Municipal Borough of Hornsey and the seat of that borough's governing body for many years.
Highgate Hill, the steep street linking Archway (traditionally called part of Upper Holloway) and Highgate village, was the route of the first cable car to be built in Europe. It operated between 1884 and 1909.
Like much of London, Highgate suffered damage during World War II by German air raids. The local tube station was used as a bomb shelter.
Transport and locale
Nearest tube stations
- Highgate tube station
- Archway tube station
Places of interest
Highgate is known for its pubs which line the old high street and surrounding streets. Some notable favourites are the Angel, the Flask, the Duke's Head and the Wrestlers.
- Highgate Cemetery
- Highgate School
- Highgate Wood
- Jacksons Lane
- Kenwood House
- Highpoint I and II
- Athlone House formally known as Caen Wood Towers - (Home of the RAF Intelligence School 1942-48)
- Archway Bridge
- Furnival House
- St Michael's Church
The name of the village is commonly //; however, the London Underground in announcements at Highgate tube station uses the alternative pronunciation of /ᵻ/, where the final syllable matches the last syllable in "frigate".
The 2011 census showed that the Highgate ward of Haringey was 82% white (60% British, 19% Other, 3% Irish). The Highgate ward of Camden meanwhile was 80% white (61% British, 15% Other, 4% Irish), and 3% Black African.
- For details of education in the Haringey portion of Highgate see the London Borough of Haringey article.
On Friday 26 August 1988, Michael Williams, a 43-year-old father from Highgate who worked for the Home Office in Pimlico, disappeared whilst travelling back home after an employee social. His body was found at Highgate Wood the next day. His killer has never been found.
The case remains unsolved despite being featured heavily in the national press and on BBC TV's Crimewatch programme.
Highgate Cemetery is the burial place of Communist philosopher Karl Marx, Michael Faraday, Douglas Adams, George Eliot, Jacob Bronowski, Sir Ralph Richardson, Christina Rossetti, Sir Sidney Nolan, Alexander Litvinenko, Malcolm McLaren, Radclyffe Hall, Joseph Wolf and singer-songwriter George Michael.
- Adjacent to Highgate Cemetery is Holly Lodge Estate, one of only two housing-estates built in the UK for single women; formerly, it was the home and grounds of Baroness Angela Georgina Burdett-Coutts.
- Between 1930 and 1939, the wife and son of Adolf Hitler's half-brother, Alois, lived in Highgate, before moving to the United States. Bridget and Patrick Hitler lived at 26 Priory Gardens.
- Leslie Compton, formerly an Arsenal footballer and a Middlesex cricketer, owned a pub in Highgate after he retired from sports.
- Singer George Michael owned an ₤8 million house in Highgate.
- Southend United striker Nile Ranger was born in Highgate.
- Rock star Rod Stewart was born and raised in Highgate.
- Rock star Ray Davies of the Kinks was born and raised in nearby Muswell Hill and lives in Highgate.
Between 1983 and 2010 Highgate was part of the Hampstead and Highgate constituency. The Boundary Commission report of 2003 recommended removing the Camden part of Highgate from the remainder of that constituency and joining it with Kentish Town and Holborn to the south in order to form an enlarged Holborn and St Pancras constituency from the 2010 general election. The present MP, elected in 2015, is Keir Starmer of the Labour Party.
Since 1983 the northern half of Highgate village has been part of the Hornsey and Wood Green constituency. The MP is Catherine West of the Labour Party.
Many notable alumni have passed through Highgate School, either Masters or indeed Old Cholmeleians, the name given to old boys of the school. These include T.S. Eliot, who taught the poet laureate John Betjeman there, Gerard Manley Hopkins the poet, the composers John Taverner and John Rutter, John Venn the inventor of Venn diagrams, actor Geoffrey Palmer, Anthony Crosland MP and Labour reformer, and the cabinet minister Charles Clarke.
A blue plaque on a house at the top of North Hill notes that Charles Dickens stayed there in 1832, when he was 20 years old.
Peter Sellers lived as a boy in a cottage in Muswell Hill Road, where his mother had moved in order to send him to the Catholic St Aloysius Boys' School in Hornsey Lane.
In Victorian times St Mary Magdalene House of Charity in Highgate was a refuge for former prostitutes - "fallen women" - where Christina Rossetti was a volunteer from 1859 to 1870. It may have inspired her best-known poem, Goblin Market.
Siouxsie and the Banshees' bassist Steven Severin was born and brought up there.
In 1817 the poet, aesthetic philosopher and critic Samuel Taylor Coleridge came to live in the Highgate home of Dr James Gillman in order to rehabilitate from his desperate opium addiction. After Dr Gillman built a special wing for the poet, Coleridge lived there for the rest of his life, becoming known as the sage of Highgate. While here some of his most famous poems, though written years earlier, were first published including "Kubla Khan". His literary autobiography, Biographia Literaria, appeared in 1817. His home became a place of pilgrimage for figures such as Carlyle and Emerson. He died there on 25 July 1834 and is buried in the crypt of St Michael's Church. The writer J. B. Priestley subsequently lived in the same house.
In popular culture
- Highgate's historic feel - in particular the gothic atmosphere of its cemetery - has provided the backdrop to a considerable number of films, including Hammer Horror films of the 1970s and, more recently, Shaun of the Dead and Dorian Gray.
- The pub tradition of Swearing on the Horns originated in Highgate.
- In Dickens' novel David Copperfield James Steerforth lives in a house at the top of Highgate West Hill.
- In the popular BBC sitcom, Are You Being Served?, Mr. Lucas (played by Trevor Bannister) lives in Highgate.
- Hornsey (parish)
- Municipal Borough of Hornsey
- ^ "Camden Ward population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. http://www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadKeyFigures.do?a=7&b=13688644&c=Highgate&d=14&e=62&g=6321692&i=1001x1003x1032x1004&o=362&m=0&r=1&s=1477042767782&enc=1. Retrieved 21 October 2016.
- ^ Lowe, By Felix. "Highgate trumps Chelsea as priciest postcode". http://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/newsbysector/constructionandproperty/2784634/Highgate-trumps-Chelsea-as-priciest-postcode.html.
- ^ Walk London: Capital Ring Section 11, Hendon Park to Highgate
- ^ "London Areas". http://www.visitlondon.com/areas/villages/highgate-village.
- ^ "History of The Gatehouse Pub Highgate". http://www.upstairsatthegatehouse.com/Main%20Pages/History.html.
- ^ The Mountains of England and Wales - London Borough Tops
- ^ Murray, Ian (1993). Haringey before our time : a brief history. London: Hornsey Historical Society. p. 29. ISBN 0905794095.
- ^ Hillary, Mark. "Arriving at Highgate tube station". https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nrHtPjOnUaM. Retrieved 6 February 2016.
- ^ Services, Good Stuff IT. "Highgate - UK Census Data 2011". http://www.ukcensusdata.com/highgate-e05000272.
- ^ Services, Good Stuff IT. "Highgate - UK Census Data 2011". http://www.ukcensusdata.com/highgate-e05000137.
- ^ Chironss (27 December 2011). "Crimewatch UK 3.11.1988 2/3". https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OSPG9PBR8rM.
- ^ "Login". http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/comment/columnists/graham_stewart/article3054294.ece.
- ^ Stephen Jones (2016-12-28). "George Michael dead at 53: Recap as world-famous superstar singer found dead by boyfriend on Christmas Day - Mirror Online". Mirror.co.uk. http://www.mirror.co.uk/3am/celebrity-news/george-micheal-dead-53-live-9514177?service=responsive. Retrieved 2017-03-14.
- ^ Gillman, James (7 November 2016). "The Life of Samuel Taylor Coleridge". BiblioBazaar. https://books.google.com/books?id=Drg-OToJMt4C&pg=PA203&lpg=PA203&dq=james%20gillman%20highgate%20coleridge%201816%20opium&source=bl&ots=L7iLTqcHQk&sig=QP-Y9brraisB774LFr0T_yaWoNs&hl=en&ei=XMLrSqXFMILIsAOx-pHkCA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=10&ved=0CCkQ6AEwCQ#v=onepage&q=&f=false.
- ^ "Samuel Taylor Coleridge". http://www.poetsgraves.co.uk/coleridge.htm. Retrieved 6 February 2016.
- ^ "IMDb: Most Popular Titles With Filming Locations Matching "Highgate"". http://www.imdb.com/search/text?realm=title&field=locations&q=Highgate.
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