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Hennepin County, Minnesota
Hennepin County Government Center 5.jpg
The Hennepin County Government Center, located in the county seat of Minneapolis. Its stylized letter "H" shape serves as the logo for Hennepin County.
Logo of Hennepin County, Minnesota
Map of Minnesota highlighting Hennepin County
Location in the state of Minnesota
Map of the U.S. highlighting Minnesota
Minnesota's location in the U.S.
Founded March 6, 1852[1]
Named for Louis Hennepin
Seat Minneapolis
Largest city Minneapolis
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

607 sq mi (1,572 km²)
554 sq mi (1,435 km²)
53 sq mi (137 km²), 8.7%
 - (2015)
 - Density

2,082/sq mi (804/km²)
Congressional districts 3rd, 5th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Hennepin County /ˈhɛnəpɪn knti/ is a county located in the U.S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 census the population was 1,152,425.[2] It is the most populous county in Minnesota and the 34th-most populous county in the United States; more than one in five Minnesotans live in Hennepin County. Its county seat is Minneapolis,[3] the most populous city in the state. The county is named in honor of the 17th-century explorer Father Louis Hennepin.[4]

Hennepin County is included in the Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI Metropolitan Statistical Area.

The center of population of Minnesota is located in Hennepin County, in the city of Minneapolis.

History[edit | edit source]

Hennepin County was created in 1852 by the Minnesota Territorial Legislature. Father Louis Hennepin's name was chosen because he originally named St. Anthony Falls and recorded some of the earliest accounts of the area for the Western world. Hennepin County's early history is closely linked to the establishment of the cities of Minneapolis and St. Anthony.[5] The history of Hennepin County is cataloged at the Hennepin History Museum, located in Minneapolis.

Geography[edit | edit source]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 607 square miles (1,570 km2), of which 554 square miles (1,430 km2) is land and 53 square miles (140 km2) (8.7%) is water.[6] Hennepin is one of 17 Minnesota counties with more savanna soils than either prairie or forest soils, and is one of only two Minnesota counties with more than 75% of its area in savanna soils (the other is Wright County). File:Hennepin Co Pie Chart No Text Version.pdf

The highest waterfall on the Mississippi River, the Saint Anthony Falls (discovered by Louis Hennepin) is in Hennepin County next to downtown Minneapolis, but in the 19th century, the falls were converted to a series of dams. Barges and boats now pass through locks to move between the parts of the river above and below the dams.

Adjacent counties[edit | edit source]

National protected areas[edit | edit source]

Demographics[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1860 12,849
1870 31,566 145.7%
1880 67,013 112.3%
1890 185,294 176.5%
1900 228,340 23.2%
1910 333,480 46.0%
1920 415,419 24.6%
1930 517,785 24.6%
1940 568,899 9.9%
1950 676,579 18.9%
1960 842,854 24.6%
1970 960,080 13.9%
1980 941,411 −1.9%
1990 1,032,431 9.7%
2000 1,116,200 8.1%
2010 1,152,425 3.2%
Est. 2015 1,223,149 [8] 9.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
1790-1960[10] 1900-1990[11]
1990-2000[12] 2010-2015[2]

Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 U.S. census data

Located across the street from the Government Center, the Hennepin County Public Safety Facility serves as the county jail

As of the census of 2000,[13] there were 1,116,200 people, 456,129 households, and 267,291 families residing in the county. The population density was 774/km² (2,005/mi²). There were 468,824 housing units at an average density of 325/km² (842/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 80.53% White, 8.95% Black or African American, 1.00% Native American, 4.80% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 2.06% from other races, and 2.60% from two or more races. 4.07% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 22.8% were of German, 12.0% Norwegian, 7.6% Irish and 7.2% Swedish ancestry.

There were 456,129 households out of which 28.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.30% were married couples living together, 9.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.40% were non-families. 31.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the county 24.00% of the population was under the age of 18, 9.70% was between 18 and 24, 33.70% from 25 to 44, 21.70% from 45 to 64, and 11.00% were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 97.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $51,711, and the median income for a family was $65,985 (these figures had risen to $60,115 and $79,970 respectively as of a 2007 estimate) Accounting for inflation, these figures rise again to $76,202.87 for individuals, and $92,353.46 for households, adjusted for 2014 dollars.[14] Males had a median income of $42,466 versus $32,400 for females. The per capita income for the county was $28,789. About 5.00% of families and 8.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.50% of those under age 18 and 5.90% of those age 65 or over.

Hennepin County is the wealthiest county in the state of Minnesota and one of the 100 highest-income counties in the United States.

Besides English, languages with significant numbers of speakers in Hennepin County include Arabic, Hmong, Khmer, Lao, Russian, Somali, Spanish, and Vietnamese.[15]

Law and government[edit | edit source]

Presidential Election Results 1960–2012[16]
Year Democratic Republican
2012 62.34% 423,982 35.30% 240,073
2008 63.42% 420,958 34.81% 231,054
2004 59.33% 383,841 39.43% 255,133
2000 53.60% 307,599 39.32% 225,657
1996 54.4% 285,126 33.2% 173,887
1992 47.5% 278,648 30.6% 179,581
1988 54.4% 292,909 44.6% 240,209
1984 51.5% 272,401 48.0% 253,921
1980 47.4% 239,592 38.6% 194,898
1976 53.2% 257,380 43.8% 211,892
1972 46.5% 205,943 51.6% 228,951
1968 54.1% 220,078 41.8% 170,002
1964 60.8% 241,020 39.0% 154,736
1960 48.5% 188,250 51.3% 198,992

Commissioners[edit | edit source]

Like all counties in Minnesota, Hennepin is governed by an elected and nonpartisan board of commissioners. In Minnesota, county commissions usually have five members, but Hennepin, Ramsey, Dakota, Anoka and St Louis counties have seven members. Each commissioner represents a district of approximately equal population. In Hennepin the county commission appoints the medical examiner, county auditor-treasurer and county recorder. The sheriff and county attorney are also elected on a nonpartisan ticket. The county government's headquarters are in downtown Minneapolis in the Hennepin County Government Center. The county oversees the Hennepin County Library system (which merged with the Minneapolis Public Library system in 2008), and Hennepin County Medical Center.

The county commission elects a chair who presides at meetings. Commissioners as of May 17, 2016

District Commissioner In office since Current term expires in January
1st Mike Opat 1993 2017
2nd Linda Higgins 2012 2019
3rd Marion Greene 2014 2019
4th Peter McLaughlin 1991 2019
5th Randy Johnson 1979 2017
6th Jan Callison (chair) 2009 2017
7th Jeff Johnson 2009 2017

Key staff[edit | edit source]

Hennepin County's normal operations are coordinated by the County Administrator David Hough, Deputy County Administrator for Health and Human Services Jennifer DeCubellis, Assistant County Administrator for Operations Judy Regenscheid, Assistant County Administrator for Human Services Rex A. Holzemer, Assistant County Administrator for Public Works Carl Michaud, and Assistant County Administrator for Public Safety Mark Thompson. Under Administrator Hough's leadership, the number senior management positions in the county has grown by 40%.

Transportation[edit | edit source]

Major highways[edit | edit source]

Airports[edit | edit source]

The Minneapolis–Saint Paul International Airport serves the Twin Cities area. It is the 17th-busiest airport in the United States by passenger traffic and serves as a hub for Delta Air Lines.

Economy[edit | edit source]

Hennepin County has major economic centers in downtown Minneapolis and Bloomington.

Mall of America[edit | edit source]

The Mall of America is located in the southernmost portion of the county in the city of Bloomington. The Mall is the largest in the United States and 31st largest in the world, if the indoor amusement park is not counted. Including the park, Nickelodeon Universe, the Mall is largest on the continent and 12th largest in the world. The famous shopping center contributes to the City of Bloomington having more jobs per capita than Minneapolis. Bloomington is also home to several large corporations, including HealthPartners and Ceridian.

Target Field[edit | edit source]

In August 2006, the Board voted 4–3 to levy a 0.15% sales tax within the county to fund the majority of the cost of a baseball stadium for the Minnesota Twins. Legislation passed by the Minnesota Legislature in the waning hours of the 2005-2006 session, and signed by Governor Tim Pawlenty, authorized the county to levy the tax without a voter referendum. It also created the Minnesota Ballpark Authority which constructed and manages the stadium on behalf of the county. The tax will be in effect for 30 years, with clauses allowing it to be increased by the board of commissioners. The stadium, Target Field, opened in April 2010.

Education[edit | edit source]

Colleges and universities in the county include:

Culture[edit | edit source]

The Hennepin History Museum, established in 1957, provides exhibits related to the history of the county. Records of Hennepin County are available for research use. They include school records, district and municipal court files, county attorney files, Hennepin County Sheriff records, birth and death records, marriage records, tax lists, and agency history records.

Communities[edit | edit source]

Cities[edit | edit source]

Unorganized territory[edit | edit source]

See also[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. ^ "Minnesota Place Names". Minnesota Historical Society. Retrieved March 18, 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 1, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off.. pp. 155. 
  5. ^ JoEllen Haugo and Mary Jo Laakso (2001). "History of Minneapolis". Minneapolis Public Library. Retrieved September 7, 2007. 
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved October 15, 2014. 
  7. ^ Nelson, Steven (2011). Savanna Soils of Minnesota. Minnesota: Self. pp. 49-52. ISBN 978-0-615-50320-2.
  8. ^ "County Totals Dataset: Population, Population Change and Estimated Components of Population Change: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 15, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved October 15, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 15, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 15, 2014. 
  13. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  14. ^
  15. ^ "Welcome Languages." Hennepin County Public Library. Retrieved on July 8, 2010.
  16. ^ Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved on 2013-08-16.

External links[edit | edit source]

Coordinates: 45°00′N 93°28′W / 45.00, -93.47

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