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Harrison County, Ohio
Harrison County Courthouse Ohio.jpg
Harrison County Courthouse
Seal of Harrison County, Ohio
Seal
Map of Ohio highlighting Harrison County
Location in the state of Ohio
Map of the U.S. highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location in the U.S.
Founded February 1, 1813[1][2]
Named for William Henry Harrison
Seat Cadiz
Largest village Cadiz
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

411 sq mi (1,064 km²)
402 sq mi (1,041 km²)
8.4 sq mi (22 km²), 2.1%
Population
 - (2020)
 - Density

14,483
auto/sq mi (Expression error: Unrecognized word "auto"./km²)
Congressional district 6th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.harrisoncountyohio.org

Harrison County is a county located in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2020 census, the population was 14,483,[3] making it the fifth-least populous county in Ohio. Its county seat is Cadiz.[4] The county is named for General William Henry Harrison, who was later President of the United States.[5]

History[]

The Conotton Creek Trail begins in Bowerston

Harrison County was formed from parts of Jefferson and Tuscarawas Counties in 1813. The county was named after General William Henry Harrison, the hero of the battle of Tippecanoe in the War of 1812 (and later to become the 9th US president).

Oil was discovered near Jewett, Ohio in 1895, and then in the Scio, Ohio area in 1898. However, by 1901, the Scio oil boom had essentially ceased.[6]

Geography[]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 411 square miles (1,060 km2), of which 402 square miles (1,040 km2) is land and 8.4 square miles (22 km2) (2.1%) is water.[7]

On May 16, 2013, the Chicago Tribune Business section reported that the Utica Shale underlying Harrison County shows promise as a tight oil production zone.[8] To produce tight oil in large quantities would require horizontal drilling and fracturing of the shale formation as is being done in North Dakota and Texas.[9][10]

Adjacent counties[]

Conotton Creek Trail[]

The Conotton Creek Trail is a rails-to-trails path that runs along Conotton Creek from Bowerston to Jewett in northern Harrison County, Ohio. The paved multi-use trail is 11.4 miles (18.3 km) long.

Demographics[]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1820 14,345
1830 20,916 45.8%
1840 20,099 −3.9%
1850 20,157 0.3%
1860 19,110 −5.2%
1870 18,682 −2.2%
1880 20,456 9.5%
1890 20,830 1.8%
1900 20,486 −1.7%
1910 19,076 −6.9%
1920 19,625 2.9%
1930 18,844 −4.0%
1940 20,313 7.8%
1950 19,054 −6.2%
1960 17,995 −5.6%
1970 17,013 −5.5%
1980 18,152 6.7%
1990 16,085 −11.4%
2000 15,856 −1.4%
2010 15,864 0.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]
1790-1960[12] 1900-1990[13]
1990-2000[14] 2020 [15]

2000 census[]

As of the census[16] of 2000, there were 15,856 people, 6,398 households, and 4,516 families living in the county. The population density was 39 people per square mile (15/km2). There were 7,680 housing units at an average density of 19 per square mile (7/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 96.49% White, 2.19% Black or African American, 0.08% Native American, 0.11% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.09% from other races, and 1.03% from two or more races. 0.37% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 6,398 households, out of which 29.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.5% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.4% were non-families. 25.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 23% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 26.6% from 25 to 44, 25.8% from 45 to 64, and 17.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 94.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.9 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,318, and the median income for a family was $36,646. Males had a median income of $30,485 versus $18,813 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,479. 13.3% of the population and 11% of families were below the poverty line. 17.5% of those under the age of 18 and 8.4% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.

2010 census[]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 15,864 people, 6,526 households, and 4,452 families living in the county.[17] The population density was 39.4 inhabitants per square mile (15.2 /km2). There were 8,170 housing units at an average density of 20.3 per square mile (7.8 /km2).[18] The racial makeup of the county was 95.9% white, 2.1% black or African American, 0.1% Asian, 0.1% American Indian, 0.1% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.5% of the population.[17] In terms of ancestry, 20.9% were German, 15.5% were Irish, 9.0% were English, 8.9% were American, and 5.7% were Polish.[19]

Of the 6,526 households, 28.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.4% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.8% were non-families, and 27.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.88. The median age was 44.4 years.[17]

The median income for a household in the county was $35,363 and the median income for a family was $44,325. Males had a median income of $38,489 versus $24,063 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,318. About 14.1% of families and 18.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.3% of those under age 18 and 12.6% of those age 65 or over.[20]

Politics[]

Harrison County was considered a swing county in presidential elections prior to 2016. The last Democrat to win the county was Bill Clinton in 1996, although Al Gore came within 66 votes in 2000 and Barack Obama came within 189 votes in 2008.

United States presidential election results for Harrison County, Ohio[21]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 5,792 75.58% 1,768 23.07% 103 1.34%
2016 5,098 71.75% 1,688 23.76% 319 4.49%
2012 4,019 56.19% 2,950 41.24% 184 2.57%
2008 3,872 49.53% 3,683 47.12% 262 3.35%
2004 4,274 52.71% 3,780 46.61% 55 0.68%
2000 3,417 47.72% 3,351 46.80% 393 5.49%
1996 2,310 31.21% 3,721 50.27% 1,371 18.52%
1992 2,289 29.24% 3,830 48.93% 1,708 21.82%
1988 3,298 45.48% 3,881 53.52% 73 1.01%
1984 4,276 55.45% 3,370 43.70% 66 0.86%
1980 3,639 52.62% 2,848 41.18% 429 6.20%
1976 3,509 45.68% 4,070 52.99% 102 1.33%
1972 4,554 64.96% 2,388 34.07% 68 0.97%
1968 3,532 45.87% 3,594 46.68% 574 7.45%
1964 2,928 36.21% 5,159 63.79% 0 0.00%
1960 5,191 58.77% 3,641 41.23% 0 0.00%
1956 5,444 65.79% 2,831 34.21% 0 0.00%
1952 5,306 59.48% 3,614 40.52% 0 0.00%
1948 4,215 54.74% 3,422 44.44% 63 0.82%
1944 5,194 60.57% 3,381 39.43% 0 0.00%
1940 5,729 55.69% 4,559 44.31% 0 0.00%
1936 4,779 47.58% 5,231 52.08% 35 0.35%
1932 4,759 56.39% 3,512 41.62% 168 1.99%
1928 6,095 79.40% 1,516 19.75% 65 0.85%
1924 4,904 65.97% 1,999 26.89% 531 7.14%
1920 5,053 66.63% 2,473 32.61% 58 0.76%
1916 2,517 55.76% 1,911 42.33% 86 1.91%
1912 1,950 42.43% 1,714 37.29% 932 20.28%
1908 3,069 59.36% 1,961 37.93% 140 2.71%
1904 3,115 63.40% 1,578 32.12% 220 4.48%
1900 3,274 57.94% 2,261 40.01% 116 2.05%
1896 3,151 57.36% 2,245 40.87% 97 1.77%
1892 2,541 51.60% 2,032 41.27% 351 7.13%
1888 2,763 54.93% 1,927 38.31% 340 6.76%
1884 2,765 55.39% 2,077 41.61% 150 3.00%
1880 2,767 56.53% 2,082 42.53% 46 0.94%
1876 2,564 55.55% 2,020 43.76% 32 0.69%
1872 2,303 57.36% 1,695 42.22% 17 0.42%
1868 2,267 58.32% 1,620 41.68% 0 0.00%
1864 2,236 58.81% 1,566 41.19% 0 0.00%
1860 2,175 60.00% 759 20.94% 691 19.06%
1856 2,060 56.55% 1,473 40.43% 110 3.02%



Communities[]

Map of Harrison County, Ohio with Municipal and Township Labels

Villages[]

  • Adena
  • Bowerston
  • Cadiz (county seat)
  • Deersville
  • Freeport
  • Harrisville
  • Hopedale
  • Jewett
  • New Athens
  • Scio

Townships[]

  • Archer
  • Athens
  • Cadiz
  • Franklin
  • Freeport
  • German
  • Green
  • Monroe
  • Moorefield
  • North
  • Nottingham
  • Rumley
  • Short Creek
  • Stock
  • Washington

https://web.archive.org/web/20160715023447/http://www.ohiotownships.org/township-websites

Census-designated place[]

  • Tippecanoe

Unincorporated communities[]

  • Brownsville
  • Conotton
  • East Cadiz
  • Georgetown
  • Germano
  • Laceyville
  • Moorefield
  • New Rumley
  • Piedmont
  • Pittsburgh Junction
  • Smyrna
  • Tappan

Notable residents[]

  • John Bingham - Representative to Congress and author of significant portions of the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution
  • Benjamin Cowen - Assistant Secretary of the Interior, who was principal political facilitator in establishing Yellowstone National Park and the idea that the use of national parks is for all Americans
  • George Custer - served in the American Civil War and was killed in the Battle of Little Big Horn
  • Thomas Custer - Medal of Honor recipient, and brother to George Custer
  • Clark Gable - actor
  • William Henry Holmes - anthropologist, archaeologist, geologist, and museum director
  • Edwin Stanton - Secretary of War in the Abraham Lincoln administration

See also[]

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Harrison County, Ohio
  • Petroleum industry in Ohio

References[]

  1. ^ "Ohio County Profiles: Harrison County" (PDF). Ohio Department of Development. http://www.odod.state.oh.us/research/FILES/S0/Harrison.pdf. 
  2. ^ "Harrison County, Ohio". http://www.harrisoncountyohio.org/community/community.htm. 
  3. ^ 2020 census
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. 
  5. ^ "Harrison County data". Ohio State University Extension Data Center. http://www.osuedc.org/profiles/profile_entrance.php?fips=39067&sid=0. 
  6. ^ Spencer, Jeff; Camp, Mark (2008). Ohio Oil and Gas (Images of America). Charleston: Arcadia Publishing. pp. 61–66. ISBN 9780738551715. 
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/docs/gazetteer/counties_list_39.txt. 
  8. ^ McAllister, Edward; Zawadzki, Sabina (May 16, 2013). "Ohio's well data shatters shale oil hopes". Chicago Tribune. Reuters. http://articles.chicagotribune.com/2013-05-16/business/sns-rt-us-ohio-utica-databre94g00b-20130516_1_gas-production-eagle-ford-oil-production. 
  9. ^ "How An Oil Boom in West Texas Is Reshaping the World" (in en). http://time.com/5492648/permian-oil-boom-west-texas/. 
  10. ^ "Hydraulic Fracking | Energy of North Dakota". https://energyofnorthdakota.com/home-menu/how-oil-is-produced/hydraulic-fracking/. 
  11. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/decennial-census.html. 
  12. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. 
  13. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/oh190090.txt. 
  14. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. https://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. 
  15. ^ 2020 census
  16. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov. 
  17. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_DP/DPDP1/0500000US39067. 
  18. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_SF1/GCTPH1.CY07/0500000US39067. 
  19. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP02/0500000US39067. 
  20. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP03/0500000US39067. 
  21. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS. 

External links[]

Coordinates: 40°17′N 81°05′W / 40.29, -81.09

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