|— County (Judeţ) —|
|Lake Sfânta Ana, southern Harghita County|
|Capital city (Reşedinţă de judeţ)||Miercurea Ciuc|
|• Type||County Board|
|• President of the County Board||Csaba Borboly (UDMR)|
|• Prefect2||Constantin Strujan|
|• Total||6,639 km2 (2,563 sq mi)|
|Area rank||13th in Romania|
|• Rank||33rd in Romania|
|• Density||52/km2 (130/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||EEST (UTC+3)|
|Area code(s)||+40 x664|
|GDP||US$ 2.63 billion (2008)|
|GDP/capita||US$ 8,064 (2008)|
|1The developing regions of Romania have no administrative role. They were formed just to attract funds from the European Union
2 as of 2007, the Prefect is not a politician, but a public functionary. He (or she) is not allowed to be a member of a political party, and is banned from having any political activity in the first six months after the resignation (or exclusion) from the public functionary corps
3w, x, y, and z are digits that indicate the city, the street, part of the street, or even the building of the address
4x is a digit indicating the operator: 2 for the former national operator, Romtelecom, and 3 for the other ground telephone networks
5used on both the plates of the vehicles that operate only in the county limits (like utility vehicles, ATVs, etc.), and the ones used outside the county
Harghita (Romanian: Judeţul Harghita, pronounced [harˈɡita]; Hungarian: Hargita megye, Hungarian pronunciation: [hɒrɡitɒ]) is a county (judeţ) in the center of Romania, in eastern Transylvania, with the county seat at Miercurea Ciuc.
Demographics[edit | edit source]
Harghita county has the highest percentage of Hungarians in Romania, just ahead of Covasna county. The primary Hungarian group, the Székely (Szeklers, Secui in Romanian), form the majority of the population in most of the county's municipalities, with Romanians concentrated in the northern and eastern part of the county (particularly Topliţa and Bălan), as well as in the enclave of Voşlăbeni.
Geography[edit | edit source]
Harghita County has a total area of 6,639 km².
The mountains are volcanic in origin, and the region is known for its excellent hot mineral springs. Harghita is known as one of the coldest regions in Romania, although summers can be quite warm.
It is in this county that two of the most important rivers in Romania, the Mureş and the Olt, originate. These rivers' origins, near the villages of Izvoru Mureşului and Sândominic, are only a few miles apart; yet the Mureş flows west to the Tisza, while the Olt flows south to the Danube. In the western part of the county the two Târnava rivers (Târnava Mare and Târnava Mică) flow to the Târnava Plateau, which is part of the Transylvanian Plateau.
Harghita's spectacular natural scenery includes Sfânta Ana Lake, a volcanic crater lake near the town of Băile Tuşnad; Lacul Roşu a mountain lake in the northeast near the town of Gheorgheni, and Cheile Bicazului, a dramatic, narrow canyon formed by the Bicaz stream. The county is renowned for its spa resorts and mineral waters.
Neighbours[edit | edit source]
- Neamţ County and Bacău County to the East.
- Mureş County to the West.
- Suceava County to the North.
- Braşov County and Covasna County to the South.
Economy[edit | edit source]
The county's main industries:
- Wood industry – up to 30%;
- Foods and beverages industry;
- Textile and leather processing;
- Mechanical components.
Tourism[edit | edit source]
The main tourist attractions in Harghita county are
- The cities of Miercurea Ciuc, Odorheiu Secuiesc, Gheorgheni, Toplița.
- The mountain resorts of
- Lake Sfânta Ana (crater lake)
Politics[edit | edit source]
The Harghita County Assembly has 31 members:
|Political Party||Number of Seats|
|Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania||19|
|Hungarian Civic Party||10|
|Social Democratic Party||2|
Administrative divisions[edit | edit source]
Harghita County has 4 municipalities, 5 towns and 58 communes
References[edit | edit source]
- ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populaţia la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992 şi 2002"
- ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populaţia după etnie" ("Population by ethnicity")
[edit | edit source]