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Gurdaspur district
—  district  —
Districts of Punjab along with their headquarters

Gurdaspur district
Districts of Punjab along with their headquarters
Coordinates: 31°55′N 75°15′E / 31.917, 75.25Coordinates: 31°55′N 75°15′E / 31.917, 75.25
Country India
State Punjab
Headquarters Gurdaspur
 • Total 3,562 km2 (1,375 sq mi)
Population (2001)‡[›]
 • Total 2,104,011
 • Density 590/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
 • Official Punjabi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Literacy 63.95%

Gurdaspur district (Doabi:ਗੁਰਦਸਪੂਰ ਜ਼ਿਲਾ) is a district in the state of Punjab, situated in the northwest part of the Republic of India. Gurdaspur is the district headquarters. It internationally borders Narowal District of the Pakistani Punjab, Kathua District of Jammu and Kashmir, the Punjab districts of Amritsar and Hoshiarpur, and Chamba and Kangra districts of Himachal Pradesh. Two main rivers Beas and Ravi passes through the district. The Mughal emperor Akbar is said to have been enthroned in a garden near Kalanaur, a historically important town in the district.[1] The district is at the foothills of the Himalayas.

The current member of Parliament of Gurdaspur is Pratap Singh Bajwa .

As of 2011 it is the third most populous district of Punjab (out of 22), after Ludhiana and Amritsar.[2]

History[edit | edit source]

Gurdaspur was founded by Guriya Ji in the beginning of 17th century. On his name, this city was named as Gurdaspur. He bought land for Gurdaspur from Jats of Sangi Gotra. It is also established that some people used to live in huts in the old city. Guriya Ji a Sanwal Brahmin of Kaushal Gotra belonged to a village Paniar situated 5 miles north of Gurdaspur. The ancestors of Guriya Ji came from Ayodhaya long time ago and settled in Paniar. Guriya Ji had two sons Sh.Nawal Rai and Sh.Pala Ji. The descendants of Nawal Rai settled in Gurdaspur Nawal Rai’s son Baba Deep Chand was a contemporary of Guru Gobind Singh Ji. It is believed that Guru Gobind Singh Ji gave the title of Ganj Bakhsh (Owner Of Treasure) to Baba Deep Chand. The descendants of Baba Deep Chand are known as Mahants.

Little is known about the ancient history of the district except a few antiquities like the rock temples at Mukheshwar Gurdaspur along with its neighbouring districts was the same of the explicits of Alexander, who came up to River Beas in his grand design of world conquest. He fought a grim battle with the Kathaians at Sangala which is located near Fatehgarh in Gurdaspur.

From the latter half of the 10th century up to 1919 A.D this district was ruled by the Shahi dynasty under Jayapal and Anandpal. Kalanaur in this district was the most important town during the period of Delhi Emperor from 14th to 16 th century it wastwice attacked by Jasrath Khokhar, once after his un successful assault on Lahore in 1422 and again in 1428 when Malik Sikander marched to relieve the place and defeated Jasrath It was have that Akbar was installed by Bairam Khan on a throne on Feb 1556. The messonary, plat form which still exists about a kilometre and a half to the east of the town is the actual spot upon which his installation took place.

In the decline and fall of the Mughal supermacy and the rise of the Sikh power this district saw, its most stirring scenes. Some of the sikh Gurus have been closely associated with the district. Guru Nanak, born in 1469 in the Lahore district, married in 1485 with Sulkhani, daughter of Mool Chand, a Khatri of Pakhoke (Dera Baba Nanak) in the Batala Tehsil. There is still a wall known as Jhoolana Mahal which swings in Gurdaspur. The Sikh Guru Hargobind refounded Shri Hargobindpur which had been formerly known by the name of Rahila. Banda Bahadur, the disciple of Guru Gobind Singh used this district as a base to raid the country up to Lahore, the emperor Bahadur Shah conducted an expedition against him in 1711 but with only temporary effect. Banda Bahadar fought his last battle with the Mughal at Gurdas Nangal in the district and was captured. The history of the district then degenerates into an account of their restruggles of the rival Ramgarhia and Kanhaya Misals for supermacy in this part of the Doab, the power of the former was broken in 1808 and of the latter in 1811 by

Maharaja Ranjit Singh, who thus assumed way over the whole district. Dinanagar, with its pleasant mango gardens and running canal was a favourite summer residence of the lion of the Punjab, who when not elsewhere engaged used spent here the two hot weather months of May and June.

During partition of India in 1947 the future of Gurdaspur could not be decided for many days. As majority of population of this district was that of Muslims with 51.14% Muslim majority. Radcliffe Awards of Boundary transferred only Shakargarh Tehsil Of Gurdaspur district to Pakistan, and the rest of the district was transferred to India. Muslim population of the district migrated to Pakistan and refugees, the Hindus and the Sikhs of Sialkot and Tehsil Shakargarh migrated to Gurdaspur after crossing the Ravi bridge. They settled and spread in Gurdaspur district.

During British Rule the district of Gurdaspur was a subdivision of Lahore Division, the district itself was administratively subdivided into four tehsils: Gurdaspur, Batala, Shakargarh and the disputed claimed Pathankot. According to the 1881 census the population of district was 823,695 this had risen by over 100,000 to 943,922 in the 1891 census. However the 1901 census recorded a fall in population - 940,334, this was largely due to emigration - some 44,000 settlers settling in Chenab colony. According to the 1901 census there were 463,371 Muslims (49%), 380,636 Hindus (over 40%) and 91,756 (10%) sikhs. Mirza Ghulam Ahmad who founded the Ahmadiyya movement had followers here.[3] In 1947 as part of the partition of India - Punjab was divided between Pakistan and India, Shakargarh Tehsil became part of Sialkot District which was part of the West Punjab province of Pakistan whilst the rest of the district, retaining the name Gurdaspur, became part of India's East Punjab state.[4] The division of the district was followed by a population transfer between the two nations, with Muslims leaving for Pakistan and Hindus and Sikhs arriving.

On 27 July 2011 a part of district is carved out to form a new district Pathankot, which was earlier a part of Gurdaspur. Pathankot district now comprises two sub-divisions of Pathankot and Dharkalan along with two Sub-Tehsils namely Narot Jaimal Singh and Bamial.

Population of District Before 1947[edit | edit source]

  • Muslims 49%
  • Hindus 40%
  • Sikhs 10%

Some Famous Villages, Towns, Cities[edit | edit source]

  • Tibber
  • Batala
  • Ghuman
  • Sri Hargobindpur
  • Qadian
  • Nasarke
  • Budha Theh
  • Kala Afghana
  • Dhariwal
  • Talwandi Virk
  • Mann Sandwal
  • Khaira
  • Umarpura
  • Gosal Afghana
  • Borewala Afghana
  • Parowal
  • Dera Baba Nanak
  • Gosal Zimidaran
  • Chhina
  • Ghuman Khurd
  • Jogowal Jattan
  • Fatehgarh Churian
  • kalanaur
  • Mian Kot
  • Dula Nangal
  • Mastkot
  • kaler Kalan
  • Rattangarh
  • Kathiali
  • Dina Nagar
  • Achal
  • Janial

Tehsils[edit | edit source]

  1. Gurdaspur
  2. Batala
  3. Dera Baba Nanak

Towns[edit | edit source]

Demographics[edit | edit source]

According to the 2011 census Gurdaspur district has a population of 2,299,026,[2] roughly equal to the nation of Latvia[5] or the US state of New Mexico.[6] This gives it a ranking of 196th in India (out of a total of 640).[2] The district has a population density of 649 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,680 /sq mi) .[2] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 9.3 %.[2] Gurdaspur has a sex ratio of 895 females for every 1000 males,[2] and a literacy rate of 81.1 %.[2]

Notable people[edit | edit source]

File:Dilbag singh.jpg

Former Air Chief of India Dilbagh Singh was from Gurdaspur

  • Iqbal Bahu, Pakistani Sufi singer, born in Gurdaspur but migrated to Pakistan after Independence. Awardee of the Tamgha-i-Imtiaz honor by the Government of Pakistan in 2008.

Shiv Kumar Bataalvi (Batala){the famous Punjabi writer}

References[edit | edit source]

Business directory of Gurdaspur

External links[edit | edit source]

Template:Gurdaspur district

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